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Dossow, M., Klüh, D., Umeki, K., Gaderer, M., Spliethoff, H. & Fendt, S. (2024). Electrification of gasification-based biomass-to-X processes - a critical review and in-depth assessment. Energy & Environmental Science, 17(3), 925-973
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Electrification of gasification-based biomass-to-X processes - a critical review and in-depth assessment
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2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 925-973Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

To address the impacts of climate change, it is imperative to significantly decrease anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Biomass-based chemicals and fuels will play a crucial role in substituting fossil-based feedstocks and reducing emissions. Gasification-based biomass conversion processes with catalytic synthesis producing chemicals and fuels (Biomass-to-X, BtX) are an innovative and well-proven process route. Since biomass is a scarce resource, its efficient utilization by maximizing product yield is key. In this review, the electrification of BtX processes is presented and discussed as a technological option to enhance chemical and fuel production from biomass. Electrified processes show many advantages compared to BtX and electricity-based processes (Power-to-X, PtX). Electrification options are classified into direct and indirect processes. While indirect electrification comprises mostly the addition of H2 from water electrolysis (Power-and-Biomass-to-X, PBtX), direct electrification refers to power integration into specific processing steps by converting electricity into the required form of energy such as heat, electrochemical energy or plasma used (eBtX). After the in-depth review of state-of-the-art technologies, all technologies are discussed in terms of process performance, maturity, feasibility, plant location, land requirement, and dynamic operation. H2 addition in PBtX processes has been widely investigated in the literature with process simulations showing significantly increased carbon efficiency and product yield. Similar studies on direct electrification (eBtX) are limited in the literature due to low technological maturity. Further research is required on both, equipment level technology development, as well as process and system level, to compare process options and evaluate performance, economics, environmental impact and future legislation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Royal Society of Chemistry, 2024
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103854 (URN)10.1039/d3ee02876c (DOI)2-s2.0-85181966035 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-03-26 (hanlid);

Funder: German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Action (03EE5044B); German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (01DD21005);

Full text license: CC BY-NC 3.0

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-25 Laget: 2024-01-25 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Dal Belo Takehara, M., Umeki, K. & Gebart, R. (2024). Investigation of oxygen-enriched biomass flames in a lab-scale entrained flow reactor. Fuel, 366, Article ID 131343.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Investigation of oxygen-enriched biomass flames in a lab-scale entrained flow reactor
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 366, artikkel-id 131343Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Oxygen-enriched air combustion of pulverized biomass fuel is an effective method to improve char combustion and improve flame stability. Moreover, understanding the impact of O2 addition is an important step toward oxyfuel combustion, one of the most promising technologies for bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS). Our previous studies focused on flow manipulation methods, e.g., swirling co-flow and acoustic forcing, to enhance particle dispersion during biomass combustion and gasification. This work aims to extend the understanding of the effect of different manipulation methods on oxygen-enriched combustion at different levels in a lab-scale entrained flow reactor. This methodology combines the analysis of visible flame characteristics, CO and NO gas emissions, and coarse particle emissions characterization with thermogravimetric analysis and particle size distribution by dynamic imaging. The results indicated that oxygen-enriched combustion leads to lower liftoff distance and higher flame brightness. Moreover, oxygen-enriched combustion presented coarse particle emissions with finer particle size distribution and lower carbon content. The acoustic forcing further decreased the flame liftoff and decreased CO emissions, increasing combustion efficiency under conditions with similar equivalence ratios and lower momentum flux at the secondary air.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2024
Emneord
Pulverized fuel, Biomass, Acoustic excitation, Oxygen-enrichment, Combustion
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104555 (URN)10.1016/j.fuel.2024.131343 (DOI)2-s2.0-85186518924 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency, 47485-1The Kempe Foundations, SMK-1632
Merknad

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-02 (joosat);

Full text: CC BY License

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-03-12 Laget: 2024-03-12 Sist oppdatert: 2024-04-02bibliografisk kontrollert
Ghasemi Monfared, Z., Hellström, J. G. & Umeki, K. (2024). The Impact of Discrete Element Method Parameters on Realistic Representation of Spherical Particles in a Packed Bed. Processes, 12(1), Article ID 183.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The Impact of Discrete Element Method Parameters on Realistic Representation of Spherical Particles in a Packed Bed
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Processes, E-ISSN 2227-9717, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikkel-id 183Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Packed bed reactors play a crucial role in various industrial applications. This paper utilizes the Discrete Element Method (DEM), an efficient numerical technique for simulating the behavior of packed beds of particles as discrete phases. The focus is on generating densely packed particle beds. To ensure the model accuracy, specific DEM parameters were studied, including sub-step and rolling resistance. The analysis of the packed bed model extended to a detailed exploration of void fraction distribution along radial and vertical directions, considering the impact of wall interactions. Three different samples, spanning particle sizes from 0.3 mm to 6 mm, were used. Results indicated that the number of sub-steps significantly influences void fraction precision, a key criterion for comparing simulations with experimental results. Additionally, the study found that both loosely and densely packed beds of particles could be accurately represented by incorporating appropriate values for rolling friction. This value serves as an indicator of both inter-particle friction and friction between particles and the walls. An optimal rolling friction coefficient has been thereby suggested for the precise representation for the densely packed bed of spherical char particles.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI, 2024
Emneord
packed bed, discrete element method, rolling friction, void fraction, sub-steps, wall effect
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik; Strömningslära
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103794 (URN)10.3390/pr12010183 (DOI)001151320700001 ()2-s2.0-85183389688 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency, P46974-1
Merknad

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-01-17 (joosat);

Full text: CC BY 4.0 License

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-01-17 Laget: 2024-01-17 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-12bibliografisk kontrollert
Khasevani, S. G., Nikjoo, D., Chaxel, C., Umeki, K., Sarmad, S., Mikkola, J.-P. & Concina, I. (2023). Empowering Adsorption and Photocatalytic Degradation of Ciprofloxacin on BiOI Composites: A Material-by-Design Investigation. ACS Omega, 8(46), 44044-44056
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Empowering Adsorption and Photocatalytic Degradation of Ciprofloxacin on BiOI Composites: A Material-by-Design Investigation
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2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: ACS Omega, E-ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 8, nr 46, s. 44044-44056Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Binary and ternary composites of BiOI with NH2-MIL-101(Fe) and a functionalized biochar were synthesized through an in situ approach, aimed at spurring the activity of the semiconductor as a photocatalyst for the removal of ciprofloxacin (CIP) from water. Experimental outcomes showed a drastic enhancement of the adsorption and the equilibrium (which increased from 39.31 mg g–1 of bare BiOI to 76.39 mg g–1 of the best ternary composite in 2 h time), while the kinetics of the process was not significantly changed. The photocatalytic performance was also significantly enhanced, and the complete removal of 10 ppm of CIP in 3 h reaction time was recorded under simulated solar light irradiation for the best catalyst of the investigated batch. Catalytic reactions supported by different materials obeyed different reaction orders, indicating the existence of different mechanisms. The use of scavengers for superoxide anion radicals, holes, and hydroxyl radicals showed that although all these species are involved in CIP photodegradation, the latter play the most crucial role, as also confirmed by carrying out the reaction at increasing pH conditions. A clear correlation between the reduction of BiOI crystallite sizes in the composites, as compared to the bare material, and the material performance as both adsorbers and photocatalyst was identified. 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2023
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik; Experimentell fysik; Avfallsteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103204 (URN)10.1021/acsomega.3c06243 (DOI)001108005100001 ()2-s2.0-85178352921 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
The Kempe Foundations, SMK-1974Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationBio4Energy
Merknad

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-12-11 (joosat);

License full text: CC BY

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-12-11 Laget: 2023-12-11 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Jayawickrama, T. R., Chishty, M. A., Haugen, N. E., Babler, M. U. & Umeki, K. (2023). The effects of Stefan flow on the flow surrounding two closely spaced particles. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 166, Article ID 104499.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>The effects of Stefan flow on the flow surrounding two closely spaced particles
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2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Journal of Multiphase Flow, ISSN 0301-9322, E-ISSN 1879-3533, Vol. 166, artikkel-id 104499Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of the work was to study the effects of neighboring particles with uniform Stefan flow in particle–fluid flows. Particle-resolved numerical simulations were carried out for particles emitting a uniform Stefan flow into the bulk fluid. The bulk fluid was uniform and isothermal. The Stefan flow volume emitted from the two particles is equal, such that it represents idealized conditions of reacting particles. Particles were located in tandem arrangement and particle distances were varied between 1.1 and 10 particle diameters (). Three particle Reynolds numbers were considered during the simulations ( and 14), which is similar to our previous studies. Three Stefan flow velocities were also considered during simulations to represent inward, outward, and no Stefan flow. The drag coefficient of the particles without Stefan flow showed that the results fit with previous studies on neighbor particle effects. When the particle distance is greater than 2.5 diameters (), the effects of Stefan flow and neighboring particles are independent of each other. I.e. an outward Stefan flow decreases the drag coefficient () while an inward Stefan flow increases it and the upstream particle experience a higher  than the downstream particle. When , the effect of Stefan flow is dominant, such that equal and opposite pressure forces act on the particles, resulting in a repelling force between the two neighboring particles. The pressure force showed a large increase compared to the viscous force at these distances. The effect of Stefan flow is weakened at higher Reynolds numbers. A model was developed for the calculation of the drag coefficient. The model, which reproduce the results from the numerical simulations presented above, is a product of independent models that describe the effects of both neighboring particles and two distinguished effects of the Stefan flow.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2023
Emneord
Drag coefficient, Stefan flow, Neighboring particles, Boundary layer, Multiphase reactive flow
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-97645 (URN)10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2023.104499 (DOI)2-s2.0-85159152810 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, (2018-05973, 2015-05588)EU, Horizon 2020, (764697)
Merknad

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-05-29 (joosat);

Funder: Swedish for Gasification Center; Research council of Norway (267916)

Licens fulltext: CC BY License

Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-05-29 Laget: 2023-05-29 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-06bibliografisk kontrollert
Kreitzberg, T., Phounglamcheik, A., Haugen, N. E., Kneer, R. & Umeki, K. (2022). A Shortcut Method to Predict Particle Size Changes during Char Combustion and Gasification under regime II Conditions. Combustion Science and Technology, 194(2), 272-291
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Shortcut Method to Predict Particle Size Changes during Char Combustion and Gasification under regime II Conditions
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Combustion Science and Technology, ISSN 0010-2202, E-ISSN 1563-521X, Vol. 194, nr 2, s. 272-291Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In most industrial applications, combustion and gasification of char progresses under regime II conditions. Unlike in other regimes, both particle size and density change simultaneously in regime II due to non-uniform consumption of carbon inside the particles. In this work, mathematical predictions of diameter changes in regime II were made by a one-dimensional simulation tool, where transient species balances are resolved locally inside the particle. This simulation is computationally expensive and usually not appropriate for the implementation in comprehensive CFD simulations of combustion or gasification processes. To overcome this restraint, an alternative shortcut method with affordable computation time has been developed and validated against the detailed model. This method allows the calculation of diameter changes during combustion and gasification from precalculated effectiveness factors. Additionally, the change of particle size has been investigated experimentally in a single particle converter setup. Therein, particles are fixed on a sample holder placed in the hot flue gas of a flat flame burner. Size and temperature trends are optically assessed by a 3CCD camera.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Emneord
combustion, gasification, char conversion, biomass, particle size change
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76792 (URN)10.1080/00102202.2019.1678919 (DOI)000492714600001 ()2-s2.0-85074512914 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Bio4EnergySwedish Research CouncilThe Kempe FoundationsThe Research Council of Norway, 267916
Merknad

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-03-01 (sofila);

Funder: German Research Foundation (215035359); Swedish Center for Biomass Gasification

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-20 Laget: 2019-11-20 Sist oppdatert: 2022-07-04bibliografisk kontrollert
Yu, J., Xia, W., Areeprasertc, C., Ding, L., Umeki, K. & Yu, G. (2022). Catalytic effects of inherent AAEM on char gasification: A mechanism study using in-situ Raman. Energy, 238, part C, Article ID 122074.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Catalytic effects of inherent AAEM on char gasification: A mechanism study using in-situ Raman
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 238, part C, artikkel-id 122074Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite a small proportion of mineral in coal, inherent alkali and alkaline earth metals (AAEM) catalytically affected thermal conversion of coal. The gasification of raw and leached coal char was investigated by using an operando microscopic Raman spectroscopy to explore the effect of content and chemical form of the inherent AAEM on morphology and carbon structure evolution of a single particle during in-situ char gasification. The removal of water-soluble and ion-exchangeable AAEM reduced the R0.5 of SF, NM and YN char by 53.31%, 49.09% and 35.02%, respectively. As a result, the shrinkage of leached coal char progressed slower than that of the raw coal char. Besides, both water-soluble and ion-exchangeable AAEM accelerated char gasification because of an inhibition of the orderly evolution of carbon structure. Higher gasification temperature weakened the catalytic performance of ion-exchangeable AAEM. With the consumption of carbon, carbon microcrystalline structure of the residual char tended to be ordered, which led to a decrease in active free carbon sites for gasification reaction. Kinetic analysis indicated both water-soluble and ion-exchangeable AAEM reduced the activation energy of SF, NM and YN char by 20.97, 20.82 and 9.38kJ∙mol-1, respectively, and the effect of ion-exchangeable AAEM was more significant.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2022
Emneord
gasification, operando Raman, in-situ characterization, catalytic mechanism
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87104 (URN)10.1016/j.energy.2021.122074 (DOI)000701789000013 ()2-s2.0-85115180165 (Scopus ID)
Merknad

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-09-23 (alebob);

Forskningsfinansiär: National Natural Science Foundation of China (21878093); National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFB0602601); Fund of Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (20230742400, 20PJ1402800); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JKB012011013)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-09-17 Laget: 2021-09-17 Sist oppdatert: 2021-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Umeki, K. (2022). Dataset - Self-Heating of Biochar during Postproduction Storage by O2 Chemisorption at Low Temperatures.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Dataset - Self-Heating of Biochar during Postproduction Storage by O2 Chemisorption at Low Temperatures
2022 (engelsk)Dataset, Primärdata
Abstract [en]

Biochar is attracting attention as an alternative carbon/fuel source to coal in the process industry and energy sector. However, it is prone to self-heating and often leads to spontaneous ignition and thermal runaway during storage, resulting in production loss and health risks. This study investigates biochar self-heating upon its contact with O2 at low temperatures, i.e., 50–300 °C. First, kinetic parameters of O2 adsorption and CO2 release were measured in a thermogravimetric analyzer using biochar produced from a pilot-scale pyrolysis process. Then, specific heat capacity and heat of reactions were measured in a differential scanning calorimeter. Finally, a one-dimensional transient model was developed to simulate self-heating in containers and gain insight into the influences of major parameters. The model showed a good agreement with experimental measurement in a closed metal container. It was observed that char temperature slowly increased from the initial temperature due to heat released during O2 adsorption. Thermal runaway, i.e., self-ignition, was observed in some cases even at the initial biochar temperature of ca. 200 °C. However, if O2 is not permeable through the container materials, the temperature starts decreasing after the consumption of O2 in the container. The simulation model was also applied to examine important factors related to self-heating. The results suggested that self-heating can be somewhat mitigated by decreasing the void fraction, reducing storage volume, and lowering the initial char temperature. This study demonstrated a robust way to estimate the cooling demands required in the biochar production process.

Emneord
biochar, self-heating, thermal runaway, O2 chemisorption, large-scale storages, packed-bed simulation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88668 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-01-04 Laget: 2022-01-04 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-21
Dal Belo Takehara, M., Llamas, A. D., Chishty, M. A., Umeki, K. & Gebart, R. (2022). Effect of acoustic perturbation on particle dispersion in a swirl-stabilized pulverized fuel burner: Cold-flow conditions. Fuel processing technology, 228, Article ID 107142.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effect of acoustic perturbation on particle dispersion in a swirl-stabilized pulverized fuel burner: Cold-flow conditions
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2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fuel processing technology, ISSN 0378-3820, E-ISSN 1873-7188, Vol. 228, artikkel-id 107142Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Inter-particle distance and particle dispersion during gasification of biomass have been found to significantly affect soot emission. Consequently, enhanced particle dispersion decreases energy losses and the risk for blockages of downstream equipment, increasing the efficiency and reliability of entrained flow reactors (EFRs). In this work, we investigated the interactions between imposed acoustic oscillations and particle dispersion under non-reacting conditions in a co-axial burner for a lab-scale EFR. A flow of air, laden with pulverized stem wood particles (Norwegian Spruce) of three different sizes (63–112 μm, 200–250 μm, and 500–600 μm), was forced axially through the burner center tube at Reynolds numbers ranged from 800 to 1700, and loading ratio of 0.7–4.2. The influences on particle dispersion from variations of the Strouhal number (0.12–0.6), the pressure amplitude at synthetic jet cavity (0.5–4.0 kPap-p), the swirl number (0–2.3), and the center jet velocity (1.9–3.9 m s−1) were investigated. Post-processed shadowgraph images revealed the influence of acoustic perturbations, which generate large structures with high particle concentration for both swirling and non-swirling conditions. Time-averaged contour maps showed a significantly higher particle dispersion, quantified as dispersion angle, for higher values of forcing amplitude and swirl numbers, with a stronger influence from the forcing amplitude, especially at lower Stokes number.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2022
Emneord
Biomass, Acoustic excitation, Particle-laden flow, Particle dispersion, Gas-particle coaxial jets
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88606 (URN)10.1016/j.fuproc.2021.107142 (DOI)000749923000004 ()2-s2.0-85121808061 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency, 47485-1The Kempe Foundations, SMK-1632
Merknad

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-01-01 (johcin)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2021-12-29 Laget: 2021-12-29 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Dal Belo Takehara, M., Chishty, M. A., Umeki, K. & Gebart, R. (2022). Pulverized biomass flame under imposed acoustic oscillations: Flame morphology and emission characteristics. Fuel processing technology, 238, Article ID 107484.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Pulverized biomass flame under imposed acoustic oscillations: Flame morphology and emission characteristics
2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fuel processing technology, ISSN 0378-3820, E-ISSN 1873-7188, Vol. 238, artikkel-id 107484Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Forced intermittent combustion with periodical variations of pressure, velocity, and air-fuel ratios is a promising method to increase efficiency and reduce emissions from combustion and gasification applications. In this work, flame characteristics and emissions from a pulverized biomass burner are investigated under oscillations induced by an acoustically-driven synthetic jet. Instantaneous images of incandescent light emitted from flame were captured using high-speed cameras. The images were analyzed to identify the liftoff distance, flame length, and shape. The flame liftoff distance decreased under excited conditions, notably at high forcing amplitude applied to small particle size distribution (63-112 μm). In such conditions, acoustic forcing increases particle dispersion as presented in the previous work, providing conditions for earlier ignition due to enhanced fuel-air mixing besides reducing CO emissions. Flue gas emissions were influenced mainly by the particle size distribution, from which the 63-112 μm particle size presented the lowest values of CO and highest levels of NO emissions. The results presented stable flame edge positions for the particle size of 63-112 μm, while wide range particle distributions (0–600, 0-400 μm) had strong fluctuations, indicating high flame instability. The experimental work adds new insights regarding acoustic excitation in swirl burners, which could be used to optimize pulverized fuel combustion.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2022
Emneord
Pulverized solid biomass, Acoustic excitation, Swirl stabilized burner, Particle-laden flow, Flame
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93053 (URN)10.1016/j.fuproc.2022.107484 (DOI)000893047000004 ()2-s2.0-85138799832 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Energy Agency, 47485-1The Kempe Foundations, SMK-1632
Merknad

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-09-15 (joosat);

Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-09-15 Laget: 2022-09-15 Sist oppdatert: 2023-09-05bibliografisk kontrollert
Organisasjoner
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6081-5736