Ändra sökning
Länk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
BETA
Alm, Håkan
Publikationer (10 of 80) Visa alla publikationer
Rouchitsas, A. & Alm, H. (2019). External Human-Machine Interfaces for Autonomous Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Communication: A Review of Empirical Work. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article ID 2757.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>External Human-Machine Interfaces for Autonomous Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Communication: A Review of Empirical Work
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, artikel-id 2757Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Interaction between drivers and pedestrians is often facilitated by informal communicative cues, like hand gestures, facial expressions, and eye contact. In the near future, however, when semi- and fully autonomous vehicles are introduced into the traffic system, drivers will gradually assume the role of mere passengers, who are casually engaged in non-driving-related activities and, therefore, unavailable to participate in traffic interaction. In this novel traffic environment, advanced communication interfaces will need to be developed that inform pedestrians of the current state and future behavior of an autonomous vehicle, in order to maximize safety and efficiency for all road users. The aim of the present review is to provide a comprehensive account of empirical work in the field of external human–machine interfaces for autonomous vehicle-to-pedestrian communication. In the great majority of covered studies, participants clearly benefited from the presence of a communication interface when interacting with an autonomous vehicle. Nevertheless, standardized interface evaluation procedures and optimal interface specifications are still lacking.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Nyckelord
traffic interaction, human–vehicle interaction, autonomous vehicles, vehicle-to-pedestrian communication, external human–machine interfaces, vulnerable road users
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77420 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02757 (DOI)000504252200001 ()
Anmärkning

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-29 (johcin)

Tillgänglig från: 2020-01-15 Skapad: 2020-01-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-01-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Gotcheva, N., Oedewald, P., Wahlström, M., Macchi, L., Osvalder, A.-L. & Alm, H. (2016). Cultural features of design and shared learning for safety: A Nordic nuclear industry perspective (ed.). Paper presented at . Safety Science, 81, 90-98
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cultural features of design and shared learning for safety: A Nordic nuclear industry perspective
Visa övriga...
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 81, s. 90-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Safe and functional nuclear industry design is a topic of growing interest due to new builds and modernization projects in the operating nuclear power plants. Provided that good design of components and systems is critical for safe operation of the plants, understanding what influences the process of learning for safety in design activities is of utmost importance. The existing literature emphasizes tensions of design activity but pays insufficient attention to the culture of design and its relation to safety and learning. This paper aims at identifying cultural features of design organizations, such as shared conceptions, assumptions, norms, beliefs, and exploring their influence on the process of shared learning for safety. Case studies were carried out in Finland and Sweden to generate insights on cultural characteristics of design in the nuclear domain. The paper indicates the importance of requirements as a media for sharing knowledge and learning in nuclear industry design projects. As the networked aspects of the design work are gradually acknowledged, the need to learn how to systematically manage the requirements and understand the big picture of the overall design project are highlighted.

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6986 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2015.04.014 (DOI)000366341500010 ()2-s2.0-84947126482 (Scopus ID)5518e886-699f-4687-86ce-e2189b081655 (Lokalt ID)5518e886-699f-4687-86ce-e2189b081655 (Arkivnummer)5518e886-699f-4687-86ce-e2189b081655 (OAI)
Anmärkning
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150504 (andbra)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Håkansson, A., Nergård, H. & Alm, H. (2015). Communicating the realization process during technology implementation (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Intelligent Decision Technologies, 9(1), 55-65
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Communicating the realization process during technology implementation
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Intelligent Decision Technologies, ISSN 1872-4981, E-ISSN 1875-8843, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 55-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

New technology implies improved efficiency. This potential is not always realized. It has been observed that implementation of new technology within Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, (SMEs), is not as widely spread as it could be. There are several likely grounds for this, e.g. difficulties to keep up to date on the latest technology, financial grounds due to expensive technology and uncertainty regarding what gain one would get from the new technology. Looking at technology implementation, a major part of the failed implementation attempts are caused by non-technological reasons, such as organizational and human reasons. Visualizing the expected result and also the implementation process to the SME prior to the actual implementation, the communication is much more direct and the actions the SME has to perform before, during and after the implementation is made clear. When implementing new technology, the information process is crucial. This paper discusses the value of communicating the entire process and the results thereof when evaluating a technology for eventual implementation. The results is viewed in two ways, first the realization of the products whether they meet the needs of the companies or not, second the actual realization process is developed and analysed to suit each company.

Nyckelord
Manufacturing engineering and work sciences - Manufacturing engineering, Implementation, communication, visualization, realization, prototypes, CogInfoCom, Produktion och arbetsvetenskap - Produktionsteknik
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Industriell design; Produktinnovation; Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-2958 (URN)10.3233/IDT-140205 (DOI)000357256900006 ()2-s2.0-84921019415 (Scopus ID)0b45b99b-9a48-4670-b03e-c201f686cf06 (Lokalt ID)0b45b99b-9a48-4670-b03e-c201f686cf06 (Arkivnummer)0b45b99b-9a48-4670-b03e-c201f686cf06 (OAI)
Anmärkning
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20140402 (ahak)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Davidsson, S. & Alm, H. (2014). Context adaptable driver information: Or, what do whom need and want when? (ed.). Paper presented at . Applied Ergonomics, 45(4), 994-1002
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Context adaptable driver information: Or, what do whom need and want when?
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 45, nr 4, s. 994-1002Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study deals with a first step towards context adaptive functionality of a Driver Information System.Driving a car is a complex task for which the driver needs appropriate information to fulfil his or her goals. New technologies enable adaptability to driver state, task, personality etcetera and also to the context.The aim of this study was therefore to investigate what information people perceive that they need and want from the car in different contexts and to what extent there is consensus about the function. A new methodology was developed, and 33 private car drivers were interviewed and asked to rate a number of possible abstract functions in a car in different contexts.It was shown that people need and want different types of information in different contexts. It was furthermore indicated that there is sometimes a difference in drivers' opinions about what should be presented by the car and that there is varying consensus over different functions in different contexts. The rating result was illustrated by an easily perceived Context Function Matrix. The results may be used in the design of a context adaptive driver information system.

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6899 (URN)10.1016/j.apergo.2013.12.004 (DOI)000337013300020 ()24534693 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84899064791 (Scopus ID)53b1cd21-9120-44c7-a673-88826a85c964 (Lokalt ID)53b1cd21-9120-44c7-a673-88826a85c964 (Arkivnummer)53b1cd21-9120-44c7-a673-88826a85c964 (OAI)
Anmärkning
Validerad; 2014; 20140217 (andbra)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Grane, C. & Alm, H. (2013). Project: Life on Board. Paper presented at .
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Project: Life on Board
2013 (Engelska)Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

New generation of gear shifters in cars

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36260 (URN)ceb9f6f4-ca5d-41a6-bdfe-c0c188ecd509 (Lokalt ID)ceb9f6f4-ca5d-41a6-bdfe-c0c188ecd509 (Arkivnummer)ceb9f6f4-ca5d-41a6-bdfe-c0c188ecd509 (OAI)
Anmärkning

Status: Ongoing; Period: 01/04/2013 → 30/09/2015

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-30 Skapad: 2016-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Grane, C. & Alm, H. (2013). Project: MODAS - Methods for Designing Future Autonomous Systems. Paper presented at .
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Project: MODAS - Methods for Designing Future Autonomous Systems
2013 (Engelska)Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [en]

Research project with Scania. My research will focus driving simulation methods for evaluating driver safety and driver system functionality.

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36038 (URN)3b1fd990-fccd-40b3-b991-bc13658d81f1 (Lokalt ID)3b1fd990-fccd-40b3-b991-bc13658d81f1 (Arkivnummer)3b1fd990-fccd-40b3-b991-bc13658d81f1 (OAI)
Anmärkning

Publikationer: Automated driving put new demands on driving evaluation methods; The Methods for Designing Future Autonomous Systems (MODAS) project: Developing the cab for a highly autonomous truck; Status: Ongoing; Period: 26/02/2013 → 28/02/2015

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-30 Skapad: 2016-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Alm, H., Gärling, A., Bonnevier, S. . & Danielsson, M. (2012). How to increase safety in complex systems: an ongoing project (ed.). Paper presented at World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, 41(Suppl. 1), 3234-3237
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How to increase safety in complex systems: an ongoing project
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, nr Suppl. 1, s. 3234-3237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to describe an ongoing project with the aim of improving safety in an organization working with maintenance and development of the railway infrastructure in Sweden. The first sub goal was to investigate the Genta method, with 62 employees resulted in a description of these latent errors in the organization.eral Failure Types in the organization. Seminars and interviews, based on the Tripod Del Recommendations for an improvement toward a safety culture was suggested, action plans were formulated and, in some cases, implemented. A follow up study is planned in a two year perspective

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35152 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-0588-3234 (DOI)000306361803058 ()22317210 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84859823916 (Scopus ID)991dd81b-8e4c-48b4-bf22-e5aebe584b4e (Lokalt ID)991dd81b-8e4c-48b4-bf22-e5aebe584b4e (Arkivnummer)991dd81b-8e4c-48b4-bf22-e5aebe584b4e (OAI)
Konferens
World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2012; 20120213 (andbra)

; Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-30 Skapad: 2016-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Grane, C., Normark, C. J., Lundkvist, A., Alm, H., Ågren, A., Broström, R. & Davidsson, S. (2012). Project: EFESOS - Environmental Friendly efficient Enjoyable and Safety Optimized Systems. Paper presented at .
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Project: EFESOS - Environmental Friendly efficient Enjoyable and Safety Optimized Systems
Visa övriga...
2012 (Svenska)Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
Abstract [sv]

EFESOS is a Swedish Vehicle HMI (Human Machine Interaction) FFI research project. The overall ambition is to make driving of future cars more environmental friendly, enjoyable and safer by means of optimized systems. The project is managed by Volvo Car Corporation (VCC) and it is a collaboration between VCC and seven other research partners including Luleå University of Technology.

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi Övrig annan teknik Strömningsmekanik och akustik
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi; Industriell design; Teknisk akustik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36147 (URN)879926aa-fff1-4b13-8ed3-cc3539bb5811 (Lokalt ID)879926aa-fff1-4b13-8ed3-cc3539bb5811 (Arkivnummer)879926aa-fff1-4b13-8ed3-cc3539bb5811 (OAI)
Anmärkning

Publikationer: Driving performance during visual and haptic menu selection with in-vehicle rotary device; Assessment of automotive visual display guidelines and principles: a literature review; A comparison of two contemporary types of in-car multifunctional interfaces; Towards a model to interpret driver behaviour in terms of mismatch between real world complexity and invested effort; Correlation between safety assessments in the driver-car interaction design process; Personalizable in-vehicle systems, technology acceptance and product attachment; Exploring user needs in automobiles; Personalizable Vehicle Interfaces for Better User Experience; What drivers really want: Investigating dimensions in automobile user needs; Design and evaluation of a personalizable interface in a vehicle contexts; Status: Ongoing; Period: 01/01/2009 → 30/06/2013

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-30 Skapad: 2016-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-25Bibliografiskt granskad
Alm, H. & Osvalder, A.-L. (2012). The alarm system and a possible way forward (ed.). Paper presented at World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 41(Suppl. 1), 2840-2844
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The alarm system and a possible way forward
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, nr Suppl. 1, s. 2840-2844Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to make a review of studies concerning problems with alarm systems and to make a theoretical analysis of these problems. The aim is also to show some general design ideas to improve alarm presentation in process descriptions. Using research results from situation awareness and decision making a number of suggestions for further development of alarm systems are presented. Recommendations include providing operators of complex systems feedback that can support their mental models and situational awareness. Furthermore a recommendation is to design alarm systems that can learn from experience

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39496 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-0532-2840 (DOI)000306361802161 ()22317149 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84859855896 (Scopus ID)e47ad5c9-9fb5-49c3-95de-4271ef8bd41a (Lokalt ID)e47ad5c9-9fb5-49c3-95de-4271ef8bd41a (Arkivnummer)e47ad5c9-9fb5-49c3-95de-4271ef8bd41a (OAI)
Konferens
World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2012; 20120213 (andbra); Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-03 Skapad: 2016-10-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Danielsson, M. & Alm, H. (2012). Usability and decision support systems in emergency management (ed.). Paper presented at World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012. Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, 41(Suppl. 1), 3455-3458
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Usability and decision support systems in emergency management
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 41, nr Suppl. 1, s. 3455-3458Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The actors in charge of an emergency response are confronted with severe difficulties in coordination and decision making, especially in major accidents. To facilitate coordination, various decision support systems (DSS) integrated in communication systems have been developed. However, many DSS in the rescue service organizations are afflicted with under-use and other usability problems. Drawing on both a literature review and an analysis of recently obtained survey data from rescue personnel concerning usability of common communication system in Swedish emergency organizations, this paper addresses the issue of usability of DSS. It is concluded that the impetus for developing DSS in many cases has been the technological possibilities per se, not taking the decision makers task structure and contextual factors into account. It is argued that priority should be given to functions that provide a visual overview of the event and facilitate storing of the series of decisions made during the response

Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Teknisk psykologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38246 (URN)10.3233/WOR-2012-0624-3455 (DOI)000306361803095 ()22317247 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84859810073 (Scopus ID)c91b40bf-d70a-44f4-9afd-3d6cdd22cb48 (Lokalt ID)c91b40bf-d70a-44f4-9afd-3d6cdd22cb48 (Arkivnummer)c91b40bf-d70a-44f4-9afd-3d6cdd22cb48 (OAI)
Konferens
World Congress on Ergonomics : 12/02/2012 - 16/02/2012
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2012; 20120213 (andbra); Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Tillgänglig från: 2016-10-03 Skapad: 2016-10-03 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer

Sök vidare i DiVA

Visa alla publikationer