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Nysten-Haarala, SoiliORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4176-2805
Publikationer (10 of 28) Visa alla publikationer
Britcyna, E., Nysten-Haarala, S. & Pappila, M. (2018). Extractive Industries and public participation in russia: The case of the oil industry in Izhemskii District, Komi Republic. The Yearbook of Polar Law, 9(1), 131-163
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Extractive Industries and public participation in russia: The case of the oil industry in Izhemskii District, Komi Republic
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: The Yearbook of Polar Law, ISSN 1876-8814, E-ISSN 2211-6427, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 131-163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on the participatory rights of local people living in the areas of extensive oil industry operations in the Izhemskii district of the Komi Republic in Russia. The district has long been suffering from oil leaks and resulting negative environmental impacts. Lukoil-Komi bought the business directly after the Soviet era and inherited the ecological threats related to old and rusty pipelines. Lukoil-Komi has promised to put things in order, but a great deal remains to be done.

This article scrutinizes how statutory law and private governance interact in protecting the participatory rights of local people living in the vicinity of oil production in Komi. First, we evaluate what participatory rights Russian legislation guarantees to local people when oil production arrives in a new area or when new wells are being explored or opened. Second, we elaborate how the major oil company in the region – Lukoil-Komi – fulfills its corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the area of participatory rights and how local people feel about their possibility to exercise their participatory rights. As participatory rights, we discuss both procedural justice with public hearings and distributive justice in the form of benefit-sharing between the company and local community. The wider perspective on participation is due to Russian CSR practices. In Russia, companies tend to earn their Social License to Operate (SLO) through benefit-sharing, often within private governance. This practice is based on the social partnership agreements between authorities and companies. These contracts have path-dependent features resembling earlier Soviet solutions. The same can be claimed to apply to a wider SLO with more focus on local communities. We argue that Lukoil-Komi has not yet been able to achieve an SLO (local acceptance) due to the lack of participatory rights and continuing environmental problems. Most local people are not willing to trade a clean environment and participatory rights for the social benefits the company offers. However, the social partnership agreement concluded between Lukoil-Komi and a local NGO, Izvatas, could be a step forward in achieving a local SLO.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Brill Nijhoff, 2018
Nyckelord
Participation rights, oil industry, corporate social responsibility
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66754 (URN)10.1163/22116427_009010007 (DOI)
Projekt
Oil industry networks in the Russian Arctic
Forskningsfinansiär
Finlands Akademi, 286791
Anmärkning

Validerad;2019;Nivå 1;2019-12-10 (johcin)

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-26 Skapad: 2017-11-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-12-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ek, K., Goytia, S., Lundmark, C., Nysten-Haarala, S., Pettersson, M., Sandström, A., . . . Stage, J. (2017). Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights. Research Ideas and Outcomes, 3, Article ID e21305.
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Research Ideas and Outcomes, E-ISSN 2367-7163, Vol. 3, artikel-id e21305Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Two systems working in parallel have contributed to implementation difficulties in Swedish water governance. While the old system is designed to be predictable and stable over time, the new system is intended to be transparent and holistic, guided by the principles of Integrated Water Resource Management. The paper disentangles the challenges in Swedish water governance and proposes a blueprint for future research. The proposed research project is unique in the sense that it explores the imbalances between the new and the old water governance systems from a multi-disciplinary perspective, elaborating upon the clashes between the traditional, nationally based regulatory system and the new holistic water governance system from legal, political and economic perspectives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Pensoft Publishers, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Nationalekonomi Juridik och samhälle Statsvetenskap Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle) Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier)
Forskningsämne
Nationalekonomi; Rättsvetenskap; Statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66029 (URN)10.3897/rio.3.e21305 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-10 Skapad: 2017-10-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-05-06Bibliografiskt granskad
Henry, L. A., Nysten-Haarala, S., Tulaeva, S. A. & Tysiachniouk, M. (2016). Corporate Social Responsibility and the Oil Industry in the Russian Arctic: Global Norms and Neo-Paternalism. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(8), 1340-1368
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Corporate Social Responsibility and the Oil Industry in the Russian Arctic: Global Norms and Neo-Paternalism
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Europe-Asia Studies, ISSN 0966-8136, E-ISSN 1465-3427, Vol. 68, nr 8, s. 1340-1368Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Examining the oil and gas industry in the Russian Arctic, this article investigates the gap between corporate social responsibility (CSR) as articulated in corporate offices and implemented at the local level. In Russia, global CSR norms interact with weak formal institutions and the strong informal expectations of state officials and local communities that companies bear responsibility for welfare and infrastructure. As a result, the concept of citizens as ‘stakeholders’ is underdeveloped. Instead, local residents remain subjects within a neo-paternalist system of governance that mimics some elements of the Soviet past. Compensation for damages to indigenous peoples has blurred legal obligations and the voluntary nature of CSR. However, the CSR in the region is constantly developing and formal methods of compensation may assist in clarifying the scope and practice of CSR

Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60381 (URN)10.1080/09668136.2016.1233523 (DOI)000387763300003 ()2-s2.0-84992745896 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 2016-11-14 (andbra)

Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-14 Skapad: 2016-11-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Nysten-Haarala, S. (2016). Legal Pluralism and Globalizing Business Contracts. Scandinavian Studies in Law, 62, 297-316
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Legal Pluralism and Globalizing Business Contracts
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scandinavian Studies in Law, ISSN 0085-5944, Vol. 62, s. 297-316Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm University: , 2016
Nyckelord
pluralism, contracts, business law
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60763 (URN)
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-08 (andbra)

Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-11-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Nuottila, J., Kauppila, O. & Nysten-Haarala, S. (2016). Proactive contracting: Emerging changes in attitudes toward project contracts and lawyers’ contribution. Journal of Strategic Contracting and Negotiation, 2(1-2), 150-165
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Proactive contracting: Emerging changes in attitudes toward project contracts and lawyers’ contribution
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Strategic Contracting and Negotiation, ISSN 2055-5636, E-ISSN 2055-5644, Vol. 2, nr 1-2, s. 150-165Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Proactive contracting is a practice-oriented research stream, and scholars focused on proactive contracting have suggested fundamental changes for corporate contracting. Researchers have proposed that companies should improve their contracting capabilities and corporate lawyers should serve business objectives instead of preparing for possible litigation. The research reported in this paper focuses on two key areas of proactive contracting: the purpose of the project contracts; and the role of lawyers contributing to project contracts. The research goal was to find out whether business managers and corporate lawyers recognize a need for evolution in project contracting as suggested by the proactive contracting literature. The research data were collected using a survey of commercial contracting professionals, and the research results indicate that managers and lawyers share the same view – that contracts are made for business objectives and benefits. However, it was found that the perspectives of managers and lawyers differ with regard to the role of lawyers in preventing and resolving disputes.

Nyckelord
contract management, contracting capabilities, contracts, proactive contracting, project contracting
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60765 (URN)10.1177/2055563616669738 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-11-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-04Bibliografiskt granskad
Lando, O., Holle, M.-L., Håstad, T., Konow, B.-E., Mogelvagn-Hansen, P., Nysten-Haarala, S., . . . Zachariasson, L. (Eds.). (2016). Restatement of Nordic Contract Law. Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Restatement of Nordic Contract Law
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2016 (Engelska)Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2016. s. 394
Nyckelord
contract law, Nordic law
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60766 (URN)9788757433289 (ISBN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-11-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad
Kujala, J., Nysten-Haarala, S. & Nuottila, J. (2015). Flexible Contracting in Project Business (ed.). International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, 8(1), 92-106
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Flexible Contracting in Project Business
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Managing Projects in Business/Emerald, ISSN 1753-8378, E-ISSN 1753-8386, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 92-106Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeThe objective of this paper is to increase our understanding of the main challenges of the contracting process and project contracts in the context of project business characterized by a high level of complexity and uncertainty. We argue that understanding contracting as a flexible process and as a business tool will contribute to creating more value in projects which are implemented in constantly changing circumstances or which require gradual and iterative development.Design/methodology/approachThis is a conceptual paper with illustrative examples from the software industry.FindingsA prevailing approach for both managing contracts and the contracting process focuses on careful planning and drafting of contracts that protect each party in the case of conflicts and disagreements. The underlying assumption is that all activities can be planned and documented in a formal contract. According to this approach, the contracting process is seen only as a bargaining negotiation and the project contract as a detailed agreement of the responsibilities and safeguarding clauses to protect one’s position in the event of conflicts and failures. However, in the context of project business characterized by complexity and uncertainty, there is a need for flexible project contracts. We suggest that there are two fundamentally different approaches to implementing flexibility in both the contracting process and the project contract: postponing the decision until there is adequate information for decision making or making decisions that allow flexible adaptation to changes during the project lifecycle.Practical implicationsWe suggest that organizations in project business should pay closer attention to how contracts are formed and how flexibility is introduced to projects. Organizations are encouraged to see contracts as a business tool, not as rigid documents which are taken into use in case something goes wrong.Originality/valueThis paper contributes to our understanding of how to adapt the contracting process to overcome challenges related to uncertainty, especially during the early phases of the project lifecycle. We provide a novel perspective on contracting as a process that extends over the lifecycle of a project and on the project contract as an agreement between parties formed during the contracting process. This perspective includes formal contract documents as well as various other documents, oral communication, commitments, actions and incidents.

Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4615 (URN)10.1108/IJMPB-10-2013-0062 (DOI)000355671400007 ()2-s2.0-84958528411 (Scopus ID)2971f0fa-7427-47b1-90df-a9ef4a32ae1f (Lokalt ID)2971f0fa-7427-47b1-90df-a9ef4a32ae1f (Arkivnummer)2971f0fa-7427-47b1-90df-a9ef4a32ae1f (OAI)
Anmärkning
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20141211 (andbra)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Nuottila, J., Kujala, J. & Nysten-Haarala, S. (2015). Flexible Contracting in Software Project Business: What Can we learn from agile methods in the Software industry. Lapland Law Review (2), 29-54
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Flexible Contracting in Software Project Business: What Can we learn from agile methods in the Software industry
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Lapland Law Review, ISSN 2242-3206, nr 2, s. 29-54Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
University of Lapland, 2015
Nyckelord
software contracts, agile methods, project contracts
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60769 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-11-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Nysten-Haarala, S., Klyuchnikova, E. & Helenius, H. (2015). Law and self-regulation: Substitutes or complements in gaining social acceptance? (ed.). Resources policy, 45, 52-64
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Law and self-regulation: Substitutes or complements in gaining social acceptance?
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Resources policy, ISSN 0301-4207, E-ISSN 1873-7641, Vol. 45, s. 52-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Mining industry needs a social license to operate (SLO) on local, national and global levels. In this research we study six companies in three different countries in the Kolarctic Area. All except one company seem to focus on getting the social license at the local level with agreements with other land users and local communities. For new companies a local social license seems to be more difficult to earn, but the old ones have gained it with their earlier behavior. In Sweden and Finland companies also focus on global standards, mostly because of the pressure from financers. In the mining branch, endusers are not yet interested in social responsibility of the companies. Globally functioning multinationals have, however, been alerted to develop industrial standards under the pressure of NGOs. In some mining sectors such as gold mining, international standards already play a significant role. In gaining the social license, the involvement of NGOs, which now is rather modest, might be one way to develop global standards and improve reputation. Companies, which are successfully focusing on the local level, might also gain from NGO cooperation on the national level, where the reputation of the mining industry in Sweden and especially in Finland has suffered from sporadic bad performers. Russian companies have their own challenges because of the weak formal institutions of the country. There both good national relations with the power structures and a strong role in developing the surrounding areas are fundamental

Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5338 (URN)10.1016/j.resourpol.2015.02.008 (DOI)000360951300007 ()2-s2.0-84926303163 (Scopus ID)369ddb0b-fc09-4b14-b81d-1321b74c217a (Lokalt ID)369ddb0b-fc09-4b14-b81d-1321b74c217a (Arkivnummer)369ddb0b-fc09-4b14-b81d-1321b74c217a (OAI)
Anmärkning
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150413 (andbra)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Nysten-Haarala, S., Bogdanova, E., Kondakov, A. & Makarova, O. (2015). The Interplay of Flexibility and Rigidity in Russian Business Contracting: The Formal and Informal Framework in Contracting. Lapland Law Review (2)
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Interplay of Flexibility and Rigidity in Russian Business Contracting: The Formal and Informal Framework in Contracting
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Lapland Law Review, ISSN 2242-3206, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
University of Lapland, 2015
Nyckelord
contracting, contract law, Russian law
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik (exklusive juridik och samhälle)
Forskningsämne
Rättsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60767 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-11-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-03-17Bibliografiskt granskad
Organisationer
Identifikatorer
ORCID-id: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4176-2805

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