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Thorgren, S. & Williams, T. A. (2023). Progress without a venture? Individual benefits of post-disruption entrepreneuring. Journal of Business Venturing, 38(3), Article ID 106292.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Progress without a venture? Individual benefits of post-disruption entrepreneuring
2023 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing, ISSN 0883-9026, E-ISSN 1873-2003, Vol. 38, no 3, article id 106292Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial action only rarely results in the full transition to venture creation. Yet, extant research has focused almost exclusively on explaining how entrepreneurial action influences venture performance outcomes such as emergence and growth. Therefore, to advance theory, there is a need to uncover other outcomes of entrepreneurial action by decoupling it from venture creation. In this study, we begin such decoupling by exploring how entrepreneurial action can create individual benefits irrespective of venture emergence and financial success. We collected longitudinal data from a group of individuals who, due to forced migration, experienced significant disruption and then engaged in entrepreneurial action with the general goal of adapting to a new (to them) context. From this data, we integrated theory on entrepreneuring to develop a grounded model of post-disruption entrepreneuring. This model has three main components: (a) disruption assessment impact—interpretation of how the disruption will influence one's ability to pursue tasks and goals that provide meaning in life; (b) use of entrepreneuring—function and application of entrepreneuring activities in addressing opportunities or threats; and (c) projected goals—anticipated outcomes that provide meaning, motivation, and purpose. These attempts at assessing the contextual conditions provide individuals with an objective way of framing their situation. Thus, entrepreneuring can serve as an accessible mental structure that facilitates adaptation. In elaborating on post-disruption entrepreneuring, this study contributes to the literature by demonstrating the generative capacity of entrepreneurial action even in the absence of venture creation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc., 2023
Keywords
Disruption, Entrepreneurial action, Entrepreneuring, Individual outcomes, Rewards
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95678 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusvent.2023.106292 (DOI)2-s2.0-85147882936 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-02-21 (joosat);

Funder: Kamprad Family Foundation for Entrepreneurship, Research & Charity (20170045)

Available from: 2023-02-21 Created: 2023-02-21 Last updated: 2023-04-21Bibliographically approved
Veksler, A. & Thorgren, S. (2023). Under external pressure: action pathways when an adverse event forces micro-enterprises to change. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 29(11), 1-24
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Under external pressure: action pathways when an adverse event forces micro-enterprises to change
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, ISSN 1355-2554, E-ISSN 1758-6534, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 1-24Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PurposeThis study aims at developing an understanding of action pathways when adverse events force micro-enterprises to change their operations.

Design/methodology/approachThis qualitative study draws upon empirical data collected from entrepreneurs facing the same adverse event—the COVID-19 pandemic—to build theory on different types of actions that micro-enterprises take and what leads up to these actions.

FindingsThe findings suggest three types of action pathways. The first pathway is set off by losses stretched out over time and generates open-ended actions. The second pathway is set off by immediate losses and generates survival-oriented actions. The third pathway is set off by potential long-term losses and generates developmental-oriented actions.

Originality/valueThis study offers novel insights into action pathways in response to adverse events, heterogeneity of such actions and processes that precede the choice of actions. It also expands the existing literature by showcasing actual actions instead of desired actions, which have already been extensively studied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Publishing, 2023
Keywords
Adverse event, Entrepreneur, Grounded theory, Micro-enterprises, Regulatory focus
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95745 (URN)10.1108/IJEBR-08-2022-0700 (DOI)2-s2.0-85148002614 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-03-02 (hanlid);

 Funder: NorrlandsNavet research center

Available from: 2023-03-02 Created: 2023-03-02 Last updated: 2023-03-02Bibliographically approved
Thorgren, S. & Williams, T. A. (2022). Entrepreneur in a Foreign Country: Challenges difficult to overcome by oneself. Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneur in a Foreign Country: Challenges difficult to overcome by oneself
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Migration has been a principal component of human evolution for thousands of years and is a phenomenon that will continue in the future. This makes the subject of migrants’ economic integration into host countries of timeless interest [1, 2]. More recently, understanding migrants’ behaviors and approaches to integrating economically into the host country context has become a timely, pressing need, especially considering that, in recent years, many Western societies are facing unprecedented numbers of migrants seeking asylum. Due to this migrant surge, host countries have multiplied their efforts to promote economic integration—such as entrepreneurship—in an effort to support migrants in becoming self-sustaining in the host country. Therefore, the critical need exists to better understand how migrant entrepreneurs address their liabilities of foreignness (LOF) to provide needed knowledge. The aim with this report is to advance understanding of LOF among (1) migrants who aspire to and currently are engaged in venturing, (2) governmental and nongovernmental actors who support migrant entrepreneurs, and (3) policy makers who decide upon potential interventions to promote migrant entrepreneurship. Specifically, the goal is threefold. First, one goal is to help these groups of actors see more clearly some of the challenges (burden, hindrance, or disadvantage) related to the LOF that migrant entrepreneurs face. Second, another goal is to make these actors aware of common approaches migrant entrepreneurs use to overcome (i.e., offset or reduce) those liabilities to achieve entrepreneurial performance. Finally, the third goal is to help these actors better understand the pros and cons with used approaches. Indeed, policy makers and entrepreneurs alike can draw on this typology as a roadmap in better understanding the problem to be solved, which in turn can stimulate a broader range of solutions to offset liabilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2022. p. 23
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94952 (URN)978-91-8048-237-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2022-12-21Bibliographically approved
Thorgren, S. (2022). Navigating New Beginnings: Strategies for Supporting Refugee Entrepreneurship. Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Navigating New Beginnings: Strategies for Supporting Refugee Entrepreneurship
2022 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This report presents recommendations for effectively supporting and integrating refugees through entrepreneurship. The recommendations are based on a review of academic research on refugee entrepreneurship and are organized under three themes: collective efforts, education and training, and financial support. The report is intended for organizations or individuals who wish to support refugees through entrepreneurship and seek guidance on how to do so effectively.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2022. p. 3
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94974 (URN)
Available from: 2022-12-22 Created: 2022-12-22 Last updated: 2022-12-22Bibliographically approved
Thorgren, S. (2022). Research Digest on Refugee Entrepreneurship. Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Research Digest on Refugee Entrepreneurship
2022 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this research digest is to educate the public about refugee entrepreneurship by communicating the current state of research in a way that is accessible and easy to understand. This research digest on refugee entrepreneurship is organized around three themes: (1) motives and motivations, (2) challenges, and (3) outcomes.

Place, publisher, year, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2022. p. 6
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94966 (URN)
Available from: 2022-12-21 Created: 2022-12-21 Last updated: 2022-12-21Bibliographically approved
Veksler, A. & Thorgren, S. (2022). University-SME Collaborations: When and why businesses want to be involved.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>University-SME Collaborations: When and why businesses want to be involved
2022 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Universities are increasingly investing resources into third mission activities, where they share and exchange knowledge with public/private partners and the surrounding society. As a result, there is also an increase in available collaboration opportunities, especially those targeting small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). With the increasing focus for universities to build collaborative relationships with SMEs there is, however, a scarce understanding of what would make SMEs interested in engaging in collaborative relationships with universities. Drawing on interviews with SMEs, this report identifies when and why SMEs want to be involved in collaborations with universities. The identified reasons are related to perceptions about how relevant, valuable, and efficient the collaboration would be for the SME. This report identifies factors that increase the perceived relevance, value, and efficiency of collaboration for the SMEs, and hence, result in a positive attitude towards and interest in collaboration. The report concludes with recommendations for leaders and coordinators of university-SME collaborations. The key value of this report lies in giving SMEs a voice by expressing their preferences for collaborations with universities.

Publisher
p. 5
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94806 (URN)978-91-8048-229-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2022-12-12 Created: 2022-12-12 Last updated: 2022-12-21Bibliographically approved
Thorgren, S. & Frishammar, J. (2021). Handbok för examensarbeten (ed.). Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Handbok för examensarbeten
2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2021. p. 36
Keywords
Examensarbete, Exjobb, Process, Upplägg, Struktur, Opponering
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-24580 (URN)
Note

Godkänd; 2016; 20150916 (sartho)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sirén, C., Thorgren, S. & Järlström, M. (2021). Self-directed career management and mobility: the risk of lock-in effects from person–job fit. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 32(6), 1368-1389
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-directed career management and mobility: the risk of lock-in effects from person–job fit
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Human Resource Management, ISSN 0958-5192, E-ISSN 1466-4399, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 1368-1389Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Autonomy and fit with the job are important reasons why employees thrive at work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications this may have on how employees perceive their career opportunities, both within and outside the organization where they currently work. Drawing on self-determination theory, we propose that the more employees manage their career in a self-directed manner, the more likely they are to consider themselves to have good career opportunities both within and outside their current organization. However, we propose that, while good person–job fit may push an employee to see increasing opportunities within their current organization, it is equally likely to make the employee less inclined to see opportunities for career advancement outside the organization. Analyses on data gathered from a sample of 902 knowledge workers support our model. We conclude that person–job fit strongly influences the degree to which employees perceive opportunities for internal and external career mobility. The results have implications for research on self-directed career management, person–job fit, and the dynamics of the career mobility issue

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
Self-directed career management, psychological career mobility, self-determination, person–job fit, employee perceptions
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71871 (URN)10.1080/09585192.2018.1523214 (DOI)000627589600007 ()2-s2.0-85057346272 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-03-23 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2021-04-14Bibliographically approved
Williams, T., Thorgren, S. & Lindh, I. (2020). Rising from failure, staying down, or more of the same?: An inductive study of entrepreneurial reentry. Academy of Management Discoveries, 6(4), 631-662
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rising from failure, staying down, or more of the same?: An inductive study of entrepreneurial reentry
2020 (English)In: Academy of Management Discoveries, E-ISSN 2168-1007, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 631-662Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on a multiyear qualitative study, we explore the phenomenon of reentry into venturing after a failure. The primary finding and contribution of this study is a pathway by which interactions of failure attributions and emotions lead to effective entrepreneurial reentry in the aftermath of a failure. Specifically, we identify three trajectories of reentry: separation (reentry with minimal modifications), reinforcement (no reentry), and metamorphosis (reentry with substantial modifications). We describe the differences between the trajectories and detail three dimensions of our primary contribution: negative emotions are not necessarily an obstacle to reentry, as previously thought; perceived controllability is critical in explaining reentry; and the evolution of attributional/emotional responses over time as a result of the interplay between these concepts is central to explaining effective reentry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Academy of Management, 2020
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73884 (URN)10.5465/amd.2018.0047 (DOI)000605175700007 ()2-s2.0-85082189042 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-01-28 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Thorgren, S. & Williams, T. A. (2020). Staying alive during an unfolding crisis: How SMEs ward off impending disaster. Journal of Business Venturing Insights, 14, Article ID e00187.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staying alive during an unfolding crisis: How SMEs ward off impending disaster
2020 (English)In: Journal of Business Venturing Insights, ISSN 2352-6734, Vol. 14, article id e00187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What measures are SMEs most likely to take in order to make ends meet in the face of a “black swan” external shock? That is the question we explore in this study, drawing upon unique data from 456 SMEs in the midst of an unfolding crisis. Our findings demonstrate how SMEs acted immediately by deferring investments, reducing labor costs, reducing expenses, and negotiating contracts and terms. Moreover, the data highlight how SMEs in an unfolding crisis are reluctant to commit to any action that will increase their debt-to-equity ratio. The findings suggest new questions to be explored in relation to actions during an unfolding crisis, post-crisis businesses, entrepreneurial failure, and entrepreneur/entrepreneurial team characteristics. Implications for policy and practice are provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Shock, Crisis, Entrepreneurship, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Outcome, Actions
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80507 (URN)10.1016/j.jbvi.2020.e00187 (DOI)2-s2.0-85088627067 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 1;2020-08-20 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-08-20 Created: 2020-08-20 Last updated: 2020-08-20Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-0656-4419

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