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Shepherd, D. A., Parida, V. & Wincent, J. (2020). Entrepreneurship and Poverty Alleviation: The Importance of Health and Children’s Education for Slum Entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entrepreneurship and Poverty Alleviation: The Importance of Health and Children’s Education for Slum Entrepreneurs
2020 (English)In: Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, ISSN 1042-2587, E-ISSN 1540-6520Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Research has focused on the role of entrepreneurial action in alleviating poverty. However, there is a gap between individuals’ short-term outcomes from entrepreneurship overcoming immediate resource concerns and the large-scale impact of entrepreneurship on institutional and system change. Therefore, in this study, we explore entrepreneurs’ beliefs about how entrepreneurial action can alleviate poverty. To do so, we conducted a qualitative study of entrepreneurs of businesses located in Indian slums and identified the impact of expectations, role models, and the subjective value of their children’s education in attempts to alleviate poverty.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
bottom of the pyramid (BOP), qualitative, decision making, economic development, informal
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77804 (URN)10.1177/1042258719900774 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-02-21 Created: 2020-02-21 Last updated: 2020-02-21
Kohtamäki, M., Parida, V., Patel, P. C. & Gebauer, H. (2020). The relationship between digitalization and servitization: The role of servitization in capturing the financial potential of digitalization. Technological forecasting & social change, 151, Article ID 119804.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The relationship between digitalization and servitization: The role of servitization in capturing the financial potential of digitalization
2020 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 151, article id 119804Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates the effect of the interaction between digitalization and servitization on the financial performance of manufacturing companies. We challenge the simple linear assumption between digitalization and financial performance with a sample of 131 manufacturing firms and hypothesize a nonlinear U-shaped interaction effect between digitalization and servitization on financial performance. From low to moderate levels of digitalization, the interaction effect between digitalization and high servitization on company financial performance is negative and significant. From moderate to high levels of digitalization, the interplay between digitalization and high servitization becomes positive and significant, improving companies’ financial performance. The results demonstrate the need for an effective interplay between digitalization and servitization, the digital servitization. Without this interplay, a manufacturing company may face the paradox of digitalization. For managers of manufacturing companies, the study provides insights into the complex relationship between digitalization and financial performance, emphasizing the value of servitization in driving financial performance from digitalization. Thus, the study demonstrates how manufacturing companies can become data-driven by advancing servitization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Digital servitization business model, Product-service systems (PSS), Smart manufacturing (Industry 4.0), Digitalization capabilities, Internet of Things (IoT), Customer relationship management (CRM)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77119 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2019.119804 (DOI)2-s2.0-85075692001 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-12-10 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2019-12-10Bibliographically approved
Shepherd, D. A., Parida, V. & Wincent, J. (2020). The Surprising Duality of Jugaad: Low Firm Growth and High Inclusive Growth. Journal of Management Studies, 57(1), 87-128
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Surprising Duality of Jugaad: Low Firm Growth and High Inclusive Growth
2020 (English)In: Journal of Management Studies, ISSN 0022-2380, E-ISSN 1467-6486, Vol. 57, no 1, p. 87-128Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Western theories on creativity emphasize the importance of access to resources and the generation of innovations as a source of sustainable competitive advantage for firms. However, perhaps the emphasis on slack resources and the firm as the level of analysis may be less appropriate for understanding the benefits of individual creative problem solving in resource‐poor environments of the east; focusing solely on the firm is not sufficiently inclusive and may underestimate the benefits of creative problem solving under resource scarcity. Through an inductive interpretive case study of 12 problem solvers in the highly resource‐poor environment of rural India, we identified the antecedents, dimensions and duality of outcomes for an Indian cultural source of creative problem solving called jugaad. Jugaad relies on assertive defiance, trial‐and‐error experiential learning and the recombination of available resources to improvise a frugal quick‐fix solution. Our inductive framework provides new insights into the dual outcomes of creative problem solving from an eastern perspective; jugaad is unlikely to be a source of competitive advantage for firm growth but represents a source of enhanced wellbeing for inclusive growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
Creativity, inclusive growth, innovation, social entrepreneurship
National Category
Business Administration Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75416 (URN)10.1111/joms.12309 (DOI)
Projects
CiiR
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-13 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-08-06 Created: 2019-08-06 Last updated: 2020-01-13Bibliographically approved
Kamalaldin, A., Sundén, L., Sjödin, D. & Parida, V. (2020). Transforming provider-customer relationships in digital servitization: A relational view on digitalization. Industrial Marketing Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transforming provider-customer relationships in digital servitization: A relational view on digitalization
2020 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Digitalization is viewed as a source of future competitiveness due to its potential for unlocking new value-creation and revenue-generation opportunities. To profit from digitalization, providers and customers tend to move away from transactional product-centric model to relational service-oriented engagement. This relational transformation is brought about through digital servitization. However, current knowledge about how providers and customers transform their relationship to achieve benefits from digital servitization is lacking. This paper addresses that knowledge gap by applying the relational view theory to a study of four provider-customer relationships engaged in digital servitization. The results provide evidence for four relational components – complementary digitalization capabilities, relation-specific digital assets, digitally enabled knowledge-sharing routines, and partnership governance – that enable providers and customers to profit from digital servitization. A key contribution is the development of a relational transformation framework for digital servitization that provides an overview of how the four relational components evolve as the relationship progresses. In doing so, we contribute to the emerging servitization literature by offering key relational insights into the interdependence of activities throughout the transformation phases of provider-customer relationships in digital servitization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Digital servitization, Relational view, Governance, Digital transformation, Advanced services, Business model innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77791 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2020.02.004 (DOI)
Available from: 2020-02-20 Created: 2020-02-20 Last updated: 2020-02-20
Kamalaldin, A., Sundén, L., Sjödin, D. & Parida, V. (2019). A Relational View on Digital Servitization: Empirical Insights from Provider-Customer Relationships. In: Bigdeli, A.,Kowalkowski, C., Kindström, D., & Baines, T. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Spring Servitization Conference: Delivering Services Growth in the Digital Era. Paper presented at Spring Servitization Conference 2019, 13 - 15 May, 2019, Linköping, Sweden. Birmingham, UK
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Relational View on Digital Servitization: Empirical Insights from Provider-Customer Relationships
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Spring Servitization Conference: Delivering Services Growth in the Digital Era / [ed] Bigdeli, A.,Kowalkowski, C., Kindström, D., & Baines, T., Birmingham, UK, 2019Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Providers are increasingly leveraging digitalization and offering their industrial customers more advanced services which are enabled by digital technologies such as the internet of things, remote monitoring, big data analytics, and artificial intelligence. This trend is referred to as digital servitization, and it is enabling significant changes in how value is created and captured in industrial relationships. In order to fully benefit from digital servitization, providers and customers need to transform their relationships. However, there is limited knowledge on how a provider and a customer govern their dyad relationship in the context of digital servitization. To address this gap, this paper applies the relational view theory as a lens for the purpose of studying how dyad relationships in digital servitization can be successfully governed by parties involved. To that end, research was conducted based on multiple case study of four dyad relationships between Swedish providers and customers that are actively involved in digital servitization. In total, 40 respondents from seven companies were interviewed, and data was analyzed based on thematic analysis approach to identify relevant themes and patterns. Although data collection followed an inductive approach, data aligned with the four determinants of interogranizational competitive advantage suggested by the relational view: complementary resources and capabilities, relation-specific assets, knowledge-sharing routines, and effective governance. The results of this study demonstrate that these determinants have great influence for governing relationships between the provider and customer in digital servitization. This paper provides theoretical contribution to servitization literature by highlighting the importance of relationship governance, and how this is gradually transformed as the relationship develops. This transformation is illustrated in a stepwise framework that can also guide managers in prioritizing activities and investments, and developing governance mechanisms to advance their business relationships in digital servitization context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Birmingham, UK: , 2019
Keywords
Digital servitization, Digitalization, Governance, Advanced services, Digital business models
National Category
Economics and Business Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74258 (URN)978 1 85449 463 4 (ISBN)
Conference
Spring Servitization Conference 2019, 13 - 15 May, 2019, Linköping, Sweden
Projects
DigIn
Funder
Vinnova, 48752
Available from: 2019-06-07 Created: 2019-06-07 Last updated: 2019-07-01Bibliographically approved
Kamalaldin, A., Linde, L., Sjödin, D. & Parida, V. (2019). A Relational View on Industry 4.0: Governing Relationships in Digital Servitization. In: : . Paper presented at 8th International Conference on Business Servitization (ICBS 2019), San Sebastian, Basque Country, Spain.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Relational View on Industry 4.0: Governing Relationships in Digital Servitization
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the light of industry 4.0, providers are increasingly offering their industrial customers more advanced services enabled by digital technologies such as the internet of things, remote monitoring, and artificial intelligence. This trend is referred to as digital servitization, and it is enabling significant changes in how value is created and captured in industrial relationships. In order to fully benefit from digital servitization, providers and customers need to transform their relationships. However, there is limited knowledge on how a provider and a customer govern their relationship in the context of digital servitization. To address this gap, this paper applies the relational view theory as a lens for studying how dyad relationships in digital servitization can be successfully governed and transformed. To that end, research was conducted based on multiple case study of four dyadic relationships between providers and customers. In total, 40 respondents from both sides were interviewed, and data was analyzed based on thematic analysis approach to identify relevant themes and patterns. The results identify four components – complementary digitalization capabilities, relation-specific digital assets, digitally enabled knowledge-sharing routines, and partnership governance – that enable providers and customers to profit from digital servitization. The main contribution is the development of a relational governance framework for digital servitization. In doing so, we provide contribute to the servitization literature, as we advance understanding of the central role of relationship governance in digital servitization, and provide insights into the transformation of provider-customer relationships.

Keywords
Digital Servitization, Industry 4.0, Governance, Relational View
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76415 (URN)
Conference
8th International Conference on Business Servitization (ICBS 2019), San Sebastian, Basque Country, Spain
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2019-10-16 Created: 2019-10-16 Last updated: 2019-10-22
Cenamor, J., Parida, V., Oghazi, P., Pesämaa, O. & Wincent, J. (2019). Addressing dual embeddedness: The roles of absorptive capacity and appropriabilitymechanisms in subsidiary performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 78, 239-249
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addressing dual embeddedness: The roles of absorptive capacity and appropriabilitymechanisms in subsidiary performance
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 78, p. 239-249Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines how subsidiaries can manage dual embeddedness with both local partners and a multinational enterprise. Specifically, we examine the role of absorptive capacity and appropriability mechanisms on subsidiary performance. We analyse how absorptive capacity and appropriability enable subsidiaries to successfully address knowledge challenges related to internal and external networks. We conducted an empirical analysis on a sample of 165 subsidiaries. Our results suggest that absorptive capacity has a direct, positive effect on subsidiary performance, which is greater in emerging countries. The study also found an indirect effect of absorptive capacity on subsidiary performance, which is mediated through appropriability mechanisms. These findings extend the literature on international networks, dual embeddedness and absorptive capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Dual embeddedness, Absorptive capacity, Appropriability mechanisms, Emerging countries
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation; Accounting and Control
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64206 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2017.06.002 (DOI)000466451500020 ()2-s2.0-85021130911 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-04-11 (marisr)

Available from: 2017-06-19 Created: 2017-06-19 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Reim, W., Parida, V. & Sjödin, D. (2019). Circular Business Models for the Bio-Economy: A Review and New Directions for Future Research. Sustainability, 11(9), Article ID 2558.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Circular Business Models for the Bio-Economy: A Review and New Directions for Future Research
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, article id 2558Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Circular and bio-economy represents a political and industrial initiative to ensure that our society can rely on renewable biological sources while achieving economic growth. However, there is a need to critical review how realistic and feasible such initiatives are towards fulfilling the promised benefits of this economy. The literature on bio-economy often discusses the importance of innovative business models and their role in a successful shift to a bio-economy. Still, much of the discussion that is related to circular business models is fragmented and immature. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review of circular business model activities and the barriers to a bio-economy. Further, this review provides future research directions for a shift to a bio-economy. This study is based on a systematic review of 42 scientific journal articles and book chapters on a forest-based bio-economy. The business model canvas is used to provide a structured aggregation of the existing circular business models activities being used by the forestry sector. In addition, we develop a framework that describes the barriers to bio-economy-based circular business models and suggest new directions for future research. The study highlights the need for alignment among the elements of a business model as a key condition for its successful implementation in a bio-economy

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
bio-economy, circular economy, business models, circular business models, forest, literature review
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75076 (URN)10.3390/su11092558 (DOI)000469518700106 ()2-s2.0-85066949345 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-08-15 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-08-15Bibliographically approved
Kohtamäki, M., Parida, V., Oghazi, P., Gebauer, H. & Baines, T. (2019). Digital servitization business models in ecosystems: A theory of the firm. Journal of Business Research, 104, 380-392
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital servitization business models in ecosystems: A theory of the firm
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 104, p. 380-392Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study extends the discussion of digital servitization business models by adopting the perspective of the theory of the firm. We use four theories of the firm (industrial organization, the resource-based view, organizational identity, and the transaction cost approach) to understand digital servitization business models of firms in the context of ecosystems. Digitalization transforms the business models of solution providers and shapes their firm boundary decisions as they develop digital solutions across organizational boundaries within ecosystems such as harbors, mines, and airports. Thus, digitalization not only affects individual firms' business models but also requires the alignment of the business models of other firms within the ecosystem. Hence, business models in digital servitization should be viewed from an ecosystem perspective. Based on a rigorous literature review, we provide suggestions for future research on digital servitization business models within ecosystems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Digitalization, Industry 4.0, Ecosystems, Digital servitization, Product-service systems (PSS), Firm boundaries, Business model innovation, Platforms and sustainability
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75256 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.06.027 (DOI)000484647500030 ()
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-09-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-07-08 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved
Parida, V. & Sjödin, D. (2019). Digitalisering som möjliggörare av avancerade tjänsteaffärsmodeller i småföretag i Norrland. In: Karl Wennberg (Ed.), Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland (pp. 117-130). Familjen Kamprads stiftelse
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalisering som möjliggörare av avancerade tjänsteaffärsmodeller i småföretag i Norrland
2019 (Swedish)In: Entreprenörskap för en levande landsbygd: 15 texter om landsbygdsutveckling och entreprenörskap i Norrland / [ed] Karl Wennberg, Familjen Kamprads stiftelse , 2019, p. 117-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

• Forskning visar att många av Norrlands småföretag är högspecialiserade och kan säkerställa framtida konkurrenskraft genom att utnyttja digitalisering och omvandling av affärsmodeller.

• Företag i alla branscher, men särskilt små och medelstora företag i perifera regioner är dåligt förberedda att dra nytta av digitaliseringens potential.

• Beslutsfattare, branschorganisationer och akademi behöver stödja små och medelstora företag att skapa, leverera och fånga värde genom digitalisering och avancerade tjänsteaffärsmodeller.

• Flertalet småföretag i Norrland kan komma att möta en ”digital paradox” på grund av omogenhet i att bygga digitaliseringsförmågor, samarbeta i industriella ekosystem och möta förändrade kundbehov.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Familjen Kamprads stiftelse, 2019
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76187 (URN)978-91-519-1977-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-10-01 Created: 2019-10-01 Last updated: 2020-02-17Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-3255-414X

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