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Havenhand, J. N., Filipsson, H. L., Niiranen, S., Troell, M., Crépin, A.-S., Jagers, S., . . . Anderson, L. G. (2019). Ecological and functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification: Perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak System. Ambio, 48(8), 831-854
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ecological and functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification: Perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak System
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2019 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 831-854Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates negative impacts of OA. We identify several key areas for further research, notably the need for OA-relevant biogeochemical and ecosystem models, and understanding the ecological and evolutionary capacity of Baltic-Skagerrak ecosystems to respond to OA and other anthropogenic drivers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Baltic Ecosystem services, Eutrophication Indirect effects, Ocean acidification, Warming
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71859 (URN)10.1007/s13280-018-1110-3 (DOI)000469438600003 ()30506502 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85057595811 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-11 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Harring, N., Jagers, S. C. & Matti, S. (2019). Higher education, norm development, and environmental protection. Higher Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Higher education, norm development, and environmental protection
2019 (English)In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

There is a debate on whether higher education in the social sciences generates stronger democratic and environmental norms among students. In our study, we focus on students’ perceptions about legitimate rule in the case of environmental protection. We contribute to this debate by using a unique longitudinal data set from seven universities and university colleges in Sweden. Our results show that higher education in the social sciences does not generate stronger democratic or environmental norms, at least not in the case of environmental protection. We discuss why this is the case and refine our results further by looking at individual-level factors, such as gender and ideology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Higher education, Sustainable development, Values, Norms, Policy support
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75655 (URN)10.1007/s10734-019-00410-7 (DOI)2-s2.0-85068186184 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-08-22 Created: 2019-08-22 Last updated: 2019-08-22
Jagers, S., Matti, S., Crépin, A.-S., Langlet, D., Havenhand, J. N., Troell, M., . . . Anderson, L. G. (2019). Societal causes of, and responses to, ocean acidification. Ambio, 48(8), 816-830
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Societal causes of, and responses to, ocean acidification
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2019 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 48, no 8, p. 816-830Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Major climate and ecological changes affect the world's oceans leading to a number of responses including increasing water temperatures, changing weather patterns, shrinking ice-sheets, temperature-driven shifts in marine species ranges, biodiversity loss and bleaching of coral reefs. In addition, ocean pH is falling, a process known as ocean acidification (OA). The root cause of OA lies in human policies and behaviours driving society's dependence on fossil fuels, resulting in elevated CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. In this review, we detail the state of knowledge of the causes of, and potential responses to, OA with particular focus on Swedish coastal seas. We also discuss present knowledge gaps and implementation needs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Adaptation, Causes, Governance, Markets, Mitigation, Ocean acidification
National Category
Political Science Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71630 (URN)10.1007/s13280-018-1103-2 (DOI)000469438600002 ()30430407 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85056730305 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-11 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
Jagers, S. C., Matti, S. & Nordblom, K. (2019). The evolution of public policy attitudes: Comparing the mechanisms of policy support across the stages of a policy cycle. Journal of Public Policy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The evolution of public policy attitudes: Comparing the mechanisms of policy support across the stages of a policy cycle
2019 (English)In: Journal of Public Policy, ISSN 0143-814X, E-ISSN 1469-7815Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We analyse the importance of legitimacy on public policy support by comparing how drivers of public policy attitudes evolve across the policy process consisting of the input (the processes forgoing acquisition of power and the procedures permeating political decisionmaking), throughput (the inclusion of and interactions between actors in a governance system) and output (the substantive consequences of those decisions) stages. Using unique panel data through three phases of the implementation of a congestion tax in the Swedish city of Gothenburg, we find that legitimacy is indeed important in explaining policy support. Moreover, we find a lingering effect where support in one phase depends on legitimacy both in the present and in previous phases. Hence, our study takes us one step further on the road to understand the complicated dynamic mechanisms behind the interactions between policymaking, policy support, and the legitimacy and approval of politicians and political processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2019
Keywords
halo effect, input, legitimacy, output, policy, throughput
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73099 (URN)10.1017/S0143814X19000023 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-03-04 Created: 2019-03-04 Last updated: 2019-03-04
Jagers, S., Martinsson, J. & Matti, S. (2019). The impact of compensatory measures on public support for carbon taxation: an experimental study in Sweden. Climate Policy, 19(2), 147-160
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of compensatory measures on public support for carbon taxation: an experimental study in Sweden
2019 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 147-160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims at better understanding how, and to what extent, perceptions of a policy instrument’s distributional effects impact on policy support, focusing on the case of CO2 taxes on petrol in Sweden. Through a large-scale (N = 5000) randomized survey experiment with a 2 × 3 factorial design, the extent to which perceptions of fairness determine attitudes to a suggested increase of the Swedish CO2 tax is explored. Furthermore, the study considers whether these effects change with the level of the suggested tax increase, as well as whether negative sentiments can be alleviated by combining it with a compensatory measure in the shape of a simultaneous income tax cut financed by the revenues from the tax increase. The results show that a higher tax increase is both viewed as more unfair and enjoys weaker support. Furthermore, compensatory measures can be a powerful policy design tool to increase perceptions of the policy as fair, but the effect of compensation on policy support is conditioned by the individual’s left–right ideological position. Whereas people self-identifying to the right react favourably to compensatory measures, people self-identifying to the left become less supportive of a tax increase when combined with a simultaneous cut in income taxes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68710 (URN)10.1080/14693062.2018.1470963 (DOI)000453574100002 ()2-s2.0-85046830346 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-01-24 (johcin) 

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Harring, N., Jagers, S. & Matti, S. (2019). The significance of political culture, economic context and instrument type for climate policy support: a cross-national study. Climate Policy, 19(5), 636-650
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The significance of political culture, economic context and instrument type for climate policy support: a cross-national study
2019 (English)In: Climate Policy, ISSN 1469-3062, E-ISSN 1752-7457, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 636-650Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While many countries have pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the choice of national climate policy measures demonstrates widespread variation. Although system of government, path-dependency and economic entanglements can explain a certain amount of variation in policy choice, research also points specifically towards the highly politicized nature of climate policy instruments and their sensitivity to public support as explanatory factors for cross-national differences. Previous studies hypothesize that various country-specific contextual factors determine both general preferences for environmental protection and the public’s preferences for different types of policy instruments. One suggestion is that countries’ prevailing political cultures have significant consequences for such public support. Another supposition is that, since countries differ in their economic dependency on climate detrimental industry such as fossil fuel production, this should be a significant factor determining both public attitudes and subsequent political decisions. This paper applies unique, original data from four countries with significant variation in (i) political-cultural contexts (Sweden and Norway vs New Zealand and Australia and (ii) economic dependency (Norway and Australia vs Sweden and New Zealand) to analyze how, and to what extent, these two contextual variables interact with, and moderate, the effect of individual-level factors on support for climate policy measures in the four countries. Furthermore, the paper explores variations in support for different types of CO2 taxes (directed towards individual consumers, industry, and fossil-fuel producers) in the four countries. Key policy insights Across contexts, public policy support is lower for taxes directed towards private consumption than for taxes directed towards industry, and the strongest for CO2 taxes on fossil fuel producing industry. Political culture and economic context influence the effect of individual-level factors on policy support. In a context of high economic dependency on the fossil-fuel industry, people are less likely to support the introduction of CO2 taxes. The effect of left-right ideology on policy support is sensitive to political-cultural context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72025 (URN)10.1080/14693062.2018.1547181 (DOI)000462228500008 ()2-s2.0-85057319206 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-03-26 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-12-13 Created: 2018-12-13 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, C. & Matti, S. (2018). Det röda Norrbotten - inte längre så rött?. In: Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca (Ed.), Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare (pp. 51-51). Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det röda Norrbotten - inte längre så rött?
2018 (Swedish)In: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet , 2018, p. 51-51Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sundsvall: Demicom, Mittuniversitetet, 2018
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71102 (URN)
Available from: 2018-10-04 Created: 2018-10-04 Last updated: 2019-09-30
Jagers, S., Harring, N. & Matti, S. (2018). Environmental management from left to right: on ideology, policy-specific beliefs and pro-environmental policy support. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61(1), 86-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental management from left to right: on ideology, policy-specific beliefs and pro-environmental policy support
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 86-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Due to growing environmental challenges, the demand for effective management through pro-environmental policy measures is increasing. The effectiveness is, however, largely determined by the degree to which the policy measures are supported by the actors affected by them. A consistent finding in the literature is that ideology (or subjective positioning on the left–right dimension) affects environmental policy support, with left-leaning individuals being more pro-environmental. A major caveat with previous research is that it seldom makes a distinction between different kinds of policies. Therefore, we are concerned with investigating how different ideological positions affect attitudes towards different forms of environmental protection. Using unique survey data, we show that ideology is related to conceptions about the fairness and effectiveness of different policy tools, which in turn steer preferences. In that sense, this paper makes the discussion on the effects of ideological position on pro-environmental policy support more nuanced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Political Science Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62795 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2017.1289902 (DOI)000415952400005 ()2-s2.0-85015834103 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-11-09 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-03-30 Created: 2017-03-30 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved
Holmquist, H., Jagers, S., Matti, S., Svanström, M. & Peters, G. M. (2018). How information about hazardous fluorinated substances increases willingness-to-pay for alternative outdoor garments: A Swedish survey experiment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 202, 130-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How information about hazardous fluorinated substances increases willingness-to-pay for alternative outdoor garments: A Swedish survey experiment
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 202, p. 130-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many outdoor garments are impregnated to make them water and, in some cases oil repellent, but the impregnation agents can be hazardous to human health and the environment. Some examples of such hazardous impregnation agents include per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. To reduce the risks related to these fluorinated substances, a phase-out is necessary, and voluntary avoidance by consumers may be one way to make this happen. This experimental survey investigates the extent to which information about the hazardous properties of fluorinated substances affects consumer willingness-to-pay for alternative outdoor garments without hazardous chemicals. The experiment was conducted by means of a questionnaire distributed to more than 4000 Swedish respondents via the Laboratory of Opinion Research's Citizen Panel. The results show a generally high willingness-to-pay, and that the effects of providing information are higher when the price increase is high. This suggests that there is room for a price increase if the non-hazardous options are more expensive. This survey experiment indicates that the Swedish general public is ready for substitution to garments without hazardous fluorinated chemicals if the alternative provides an identical function. Information campaigns, however, will have limited ability to increase the willingness-to-pay for an alternative as it is already high. Despite the general willingness of the Swedish public to choose less hazardous options, legislative measures may potentially be the most effective action when supply chains are opaque and information to consumers is limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
PFAS, Per-and polyfluoroalkyl substances, Willingness-to pay, Voluntary, Phase-out, Survey experiment
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70240 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.07.215 (DOI)000448098000013 ()2-s2.0-85051811719 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-29 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C., Matti, S. & Sandström, A. (2018). The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management. Journal of Environmental Management, 226, 226-240
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 226, p. 226-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine the transformative capacity of top-down imposed collaborative institutions on participants’ beliefs and coordination patterns. First, do collaborative arenas enhance learning in terms of belief change and belief convergence among participating actors? Second, what types of beliefs are changed and, third, how are changes in beliefs reflected in the formation of coalitions? To answer these questions, a longitudinal study encompassing three collaborative decision-making arenas in the highly adversarial system for wildlife management in Sweden is performed. The empirical analysis indicates both stability and change within the new management system that confirms, as well as challenges, the theoretical assumptions guiding the analysis. While beliefs overall are rather stable, we note, surprisingly, how some participants’ more normatively oriented policy core beliefs have been slightly modified over time. A more expected result was that these adjustments in normative policy core beliefs were accompanied by a reformed coalition structure within the studied decision-making arenas. The study contributes to our understandings of policy beliefs and coalitions in conflicted policy areas; it underlines the mixed results of collaborative institutions found in previous research; yet, lends a modest support in favor of the transformative capacity of collaborative institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70307 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.07.073 (DOI)000446147000024 ()30121014 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053199525 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-16 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2018-10-22Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7646-1813

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