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Laspia, A., Montagna, F. & Törlind, P. (2019). Contrasting Divergent and Convergent Thinking by Electroencephalography and Eye Tracking. In: Amaresh Chakrabarti (Ed.), Research into Design for a Connected World: Proceedings of ICoRD 2019 Volume 1. Paper presented at ICoRD 2019 (pp. 179-188). Singapore, 1, Article ID Chapter 16.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contrasting Divergent and Convergent Thinking by Electroencephalography and Eye Tracking
2019 (English)In: Research into Design for a Connected World: Proceedings of ICoRD 2019 Volume 1 / [ed] Amaresh Chakrabarti, Singapore, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 179-188, article id Chapter 16Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The present study explores the adoption of electroencephalography andeye tracking to assess physiological differences between divergent and convergentthinking. In neuroscientifi c literature alpha power synchronization in the rightparietal lobe has been associated to top-down inhibition of task-irrelevant cognitiveprocesses occurring during divergent thinking, but fi ndings in oculometric studiesseem to suggest a bottom-up process operated by active visual-gating. In the presentstudy, 14 male engineering students performed an adaptation of the AlternativeUses task under two experimental conditions. During the task brainwaves andocular activity were collected using electroencephalography and eye tracking, butresults did not reach statistical signifi cance. Improvements in the experimentalsetting and analysis method to overcome similar problems are presented. Futurestudies should further delve into the infl uences on results of experimental settingsand of analysis methods to increase comparability among physiological studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Singapore: , 2019
Series
Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, ISSN 2190-3018, E-ISSN 2190-3026 ; 134
Keywords
Creativity, Divergent thinking, Convergent thinking, EEG, Eye tracking
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72511 (URN)10.1007/978-981-13-5974-3 (DOI)978-981-13-5973-6 (ISBN)978-981-13-5974-3 (ISBN)
Conference
ICoRD 2019
Projects
DEPICT
Available from: 2019-01-10 Created: 2019-01-10 Last updated: 2019-08-27
Törlind, P. (2019). Implementation of integrated learning experiences and active learning in a creative concept development course. In: 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar: . Paper presented at 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå tekniska universitet, 27 november – 28 november 2019. Luleå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of integrated learning experiences and active learning in a creative concept development course
2019 (English)In: 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A designer needs to possess capabilities and knowledge outside the traditional engineering domains – these capabilities and experiences are difficult to obtain in a traditional classroom setting; therefore, the integrated learning experiences can provide the experience and training of these capabilities. A crucial part of design education is to teach students the ability to cope with uncertainty and ambiguity – traits of a successful designer.

The paper presents the design of a course in creative concept development that implements several educational ideas from active learning, which is an improvement over traditional learning. Active learning focuses on engaging students in and outside the classroom, an essential part of active learning includes mixing between theory and practical exercises and here it is crucial that the physical environment quickly adapts to different types of learning activities.

The paper shows three concrete examples of how to integrate active learning – learning outside the classroom, guided design and role-play and games. The course has reflection and feedback throughout, both as an integral part of the lectures and assessment. To complement active learning, we must have effective evaluation processes to measure them. Different categories of learning outcomes require different assessment methods.

Through continuous improvement, much based on the students' feedback and reflections, the course is very popular with students.  Students appreciate the mix of exercises, unconventional presentations, challenges and games. Students also appreciate the breadth of assessment that s assess an in-depth understanding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: , 2019
Keywords
creativity, ambiguity, active reflection, active examination.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76455 (URN)
Conference
7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå tekniska universitet, 27 november – 28 november 2019
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-22
Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. & Törlind, P. (2019). Implementation of workbooks as an active learning tool for Industrial Design Engineering. In: 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar: . Paper presented at 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå tekniska universitet, 27 november – 28 november 2019. Luleå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementation of workbooks as an active learning tool for Industrial Design Engineering
2019 (English)In: 7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on the workbook approach. It is a tool for active and self-regulated learning, allowing for teachers to guide students in a certain direction and to provide clear goals in otherwise rather open-ended design projects.  The learning strategies self-regulated students employ support setting up goals and evaluate their performance, this strategy is guided by the workbook approach. Hence, it supports also previously non-self-regulated learners in devoting to the projects in more informed ways.  Industrial design engineering is unique compared to other engineering educations as it combines both artistic and scientific approaches and practices, it combines technical rationality and reflective practice. Typical design projects address the social, economical, cultural, material and technical dimensions of a situation in iterative design thinking cycles of gaining empathy for user needs, visualizing and materializing ideas and concepts and testing with users to inform the process. The workbook approach is a tool to guide such open-ended projects through cycles of reflection in- and on- actions. This informs learning and understanding during the process, rather than afterwards when final results is done. The workbook approach is currently implemented in five compulsory and several elective courses at Industrial Design Engineering (IDE) at Luleå University of Technology (LTU). The results so far are indications of better self-regulation in subsequent courses and students’ understandings of the end-result not being the project result, but for them to be the next generation of independent design engineers. As of yet, this is a work-in-progress and more studies are needed to provide evidence of concept such as more active and/or self-regulated learners. The workbook approach however seems to contribute in students being more independent as it guides them through the project process. In conclusion, based on our preliminary findings, we consider that the workbook approach shows indications of being a tool to support active and self-regulated learning in open-ended design projects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: , 2019
Keywords
workbook, active kearning, self-regulated learning, industrial design engineering, design thinking
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76454 (URN)
Conference
7:e Utvecklingskonferensen för Sveriges ingenjörsutbildningar, Luleå tekniska universitet, 27 november – 28 november 2019
Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-10-22
Dordlofva, C. & Törlind, P. (2018). Design for Qualification: A Process for Developing Additive Manufacturing Components for Critical Systems. In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization: . Paper presented at 13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018, Linköping, Sweden, August 14-17 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design for Qualification: A Process for Developing Additive Manufacturing Components for Critical Systems
2018 (English)In: Proceedings of NordDesign: Design in the Era of Digitalization, 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM), and more specifically Powder Bed Fusion, offers design freedom, functional integration, and cost efficient manufacturing of customised products. These design and manufacturing capabilities are relevant for the space industry with its characteristic low production volumes, high-performance products, pursuit for low weight, and a recent need for cost reduction due to increased market competition. At the same time, the space industry is characterised by products in harsh environments without room for failure, nor the possibility to repair broken parts in service. Product qualification is therefore an important part of the product development process in the space industry, with the purpose of showing that the product design and its manufacturing process fulfils the technical requirements. Qualification is a challenge for AM that currently exhibits a sensitivity in part mechanical properties based on geometry and build orientation, as well as a variability in process outcome. As with other manufacturing processes, design engineers have to take process capabilities into account during product design to render a manufacturable product (Design for AM), but also to achieve the right quality and function (Design for Excellence). Apart from manufacturability, product qualification has to be considered early in the product development process of AM parts. Given the lack of understanding of AM process characteristics, design engineers are in need of design supports to facilitate the qualification of critical AM parts. This paper presents a Design for Qualification process model for development of AM components in critical space systems. The model is proposed based on research performed in the space industry with several case companies. 

Series
DS ; 91
Keywords
Product Development, Design for Additive Manufacturing, Space Applications, Qualification
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70825 (URN)2-s2.0-85057142199 (Scopus ID)9789176851852 (ISBN)
Conference
13th Biennial Norddesign Conference, NordDesign 2018, Linköping, Sweden, August 14-17 2018
Available from: 2018-09-11 Created: 2018-09-11 Last updated: 2019-01-15Bibliographically approved
Dordlofva, C. & Törlind, P. (2017). Qualification Challenges with Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications. In: : . Paper presented at 28th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Austin, Texas, USA, 7-9 August 2017 (pp. 2699-2712).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qualification Challenges with Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications
2017 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) has the potential to remove boundaries that traditional manufacturing processes impose on engineering design work. The space industry pushes product development and technology to its edge, and there can be a lot to gain by introducing AM. However, the lack of established qualification procedures for AM parts has been highlighted, especially for critical components. While the space industry sees an advantage in AM due to expensive products in low volumes and long lead-times for traditional manufacturing processes (e.g. casting), it also acknowledges the issue of qualifying mission critical parts within its strict regulations. This paper focuses on the challenges with the qualification of AM in space applications. A qualitative study is presented where conclusions have been drawn from interviews within the aerospace industry. The results highlight important gaps that need to be understood before AM can be introduced in critical components, and gives insight into conventional component qualification.

Keywords
Additive Manufacturing, Space application, Qualification, Product development process, Manufacturing process development
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65623 (URN)
Conference
28th Annual Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Austin, Texas, USA, 7-9 August 2017
Available from: 2017-09-13 Created: 2017-09-13 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, A. & Törlind, P. (2016). Managing the paradox of early production involvement and Innovativeness: To involve or evolve, is that the question? (ed.). In: (Ed.), N. Bojcetic ; D. Marjanovic ; N. Pavkovic; M. Storga; S. Skec (Ed.), Proceedings of International Design Conference - Design 2016: . Paper presented at International Design Conference : 16/05/2016 - 19/05/2016 (pp. 1065-1074). Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing the paradox of early production involvement and Innovativeness: To involve or evolve, is that the question?
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of International Design Conference - Design 2016 / [ed] N. Bojcetic ; D. Marjanovic ; N. Pavkovic; M. Storga; S. Skec, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture , 2016, p. 1065-1074Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Early involvement of production can on the one hand create products better adapted for realization, but on the other hand introduce the risk that incremental adjustments of existing operations and processes is favoured at the expense of more radical ones. The research reported in this paper aims to explore how innovative projectteams manage this paradox of early production involvement and innovativeness. Results show that a number of separation strategies at the micro level in the organization play an important role in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, 2016
Series
DESIGN 2016 - Proceedings, ISSN 1847-9073 ; 84
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30023 (URN)000395390600108 ()3b02b0f4-94fb-4277-a0c0-619550a4b94e (Local ID)3b02b0f4-94fb-4277-a0c0-619550a4b94e (Archive number)3b02b0f4-94fb-4277-a0c0-619550a4b94e (OAI)
Conference
International Design Conference : 16/05/2016 - 19/05/2016
Projects
PIEp - Product Innovation Engineering Programme
Note

Godkänd; 2016; 20160403 (petert)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-01-09Bibliographically approved
Karlsson, A. & Törlind, P. (2016). Mitigating lack of knowledge: a study of ideas in innovative projects (ed.). International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 4(3-4), 144-161
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mitigating lack of knowledge: a study of ideas in innovative projects
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, ISSN 2165-0349, E-ISSN 2165-0357, Vol. 4, no 3-4, p. 144-161Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ideas and concepts are the carriers of innovation, which many regard as a critical source of competitive advantage. At the same time, an initial idea is untested and unrealized, i.e., it is always surrounded by a lack of knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how different types of ideas develop and interact with knowledge, by focusing on remediating activities performed by design teams. Results are based on a retrospective interview study involving respondents from eight projects, all selected for their high degree of innovativeness. The analysis emphasized two types of ideas (product ideas and concept ideas) and three spaces of design knowledge (the why-space, the what-space, and the how-space). The results reveal two possibilities: either the content of the knowledge space differs depending on the type of idea, or different knowledge spaces exist. Moreover, activities conducted to improve the idea have different characteristics depending on the type of idea. It is thus important to distinguish between different types of ideas and to choose corresponding mitigation activities to support idea development.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11274 (URN)10.1080/21650349.2014.961553 (DOI)000377988200002 ()2-s2.0-85017263575 (Scopus ID)a349b3dd-af87-4331-b5a8-c98bf66a86d0 (Local ID)a349b3dd-af87-4331-b5a8-c98bf66a86d0 (Archive number)a349b3dd-af87-4331-b5a8-c98bf66a86d0 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20140917 (petert)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Dordlofva, C., Lindwall, A. & Törlind, P. (2016). Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications (ed.). In: (Ed.), Casper Boks, Johannes Sigurjonsson Martin Steinert, Carlijn Vis, Andreas Wulvik (Ed.), Proceedings of Norddesign 2016: Biannual conference on Design and Development, 10-12 August, NTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheim, Norway. Paper presented at 12th Biennial Norddesign 2016 Conference "Highlighting the Nordic Approach", Trondheim, Norway, 10-12 August 2016 (pp. 401-410). Glasgow: The Design Society, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of Norddesign 2016: Biannual conference on Design and Development, 10-12 August, NTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheim, Norway / [ed] Casper Boks, Johannes Sigurjonsson Martin Steinert, Carlijn Vis, Andreas Wulvik, Glasgow: The Design Society, 2016, Vol. 1, p. 401-410Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fast developing manufacturing technology that brings many opportunities for the design teams at companies working with product development. One industry that has embraced this is aerospace, and more specifically within space applications (satellites and launchers). Although there are huge possibilities with this technology, there are also several challenges that need to be overcome. This paper is based on interviews, study visits and a state of the art review from the current literature. The focus of this work has been to map the opportunities and challenges with AM in space applications and to highlight the research gaps that have been found. There are few documents available that address AM and/or innovation within space applications. The results show that design for AM, as well as product and process qualification, are areas that need to be further investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: The Design Society, 2016
Series
DS / Design Society ; 85
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26864 (URN)000387791100040 ()2-s2.0-84995873393 (Scopus ID)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (Local ID)978-1-904670-80-3 (ISBN)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (Archive number)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (OAI)
Conference
12th Biennial Norddesign 2016 Conference "Highlighting the Nordic Approach", Trondheim, Norway, 10-12 August 2016
Projects
Rymdforskarskolan
Note

Upprättat; 2016; 20160403 (petert)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. & Törlind, P. (2016). Student Competence Profiles: a complementary or competetive approach to CDIO? (ed.). In: (Ed.), Jerker Björkqvist; Kristina Edström; Ronald J. Hugo; Juha Kontio; Janne Roslöf; Rick Sellens; Seppo Virtanen (Ed.), The 12th International CDIO Conference: Proceedings – Full papers. Paper presented at International CDIO Conference : 12/06/2016 - 16/06/2016 (pp. 844-858). Turku
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student Competence Profiles: a complementary or competetive approach to CDIO?
2016 (English)In: The 12th International CDIO Conference: Proceedings – Full papers / [ed] Jerker Björkqvist; Kristina Edström; Ronald J. Hugo; Juha Kontio; Janne Roslöf; Rick Sellens; Seppo Virtanen, Turku, 2016, p. 844-858Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For students to develop independent learning strategies, it is essential to have anunderstanding of what it is they are aiming for. For this reason, every educational programme in Sweden has learning outcomes as stated by the Swedish Higher Education Authority.However, these are rather formal and sometimes described in a way that is not easy, either for teachers or for students, to implement in teaching and learning activities. A challenge is to both apply CDIO-standards and comply with the Swedish Higher Education Authority’s stated learning objectives. At the same time, we should uphold students’ motivation to develop their competences and teachers’ understanding of which teaching and learning activities are relevant, and how and what to assess in students’ learning to contribute to all of these approaches. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of a competence profile. The idea is primarily based on the Vitae Research Development Framework, but with inspiration from several other frameworks and approaches. The competence profile is designed to support students´ individual professional industrial design engineering competences. It allows the students themselves to map their knowledge, skills, experiences and qualities, and also provide support for teachers’ feedback and assessment. In other words,the student competence profile is used to describe what students are supposed to be able to do (prior to courses), what the learning activities are supposed to contribute to (during courses) and for formative and summative feedback of how well it has been done (during and after courses). It also allows a visualisation on how different courses contribute to the overall programme objectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turku: , 2016
Series
Turku University of Applied Sciences, ISSN 1796-9964 ; 45
Keywords
Social sciences - Pedgogical work, Skill development, Self-regulated learning, independent learning strategy, learning objectives, Socialvetenskap - Pedagogiskt arbete
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35004 (URN)95ad7b24-9a8e-4e91-8a7b-558e258775ef (Local ID)9789522166104 (ISBN)9789522166104 (ISBN)95ad7b24-9a8e-4e91-8a7b-558e258775ef (Archive number)95ad7b24-9a8e-4e91-8a7b-558e258775ef (OAI)
Conference
International CDIO Conference : 12/06/2016 - 16/06/2016
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160403 (petert)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Törlind, P. (2015). Collaborative Design (ed.). Paper presented at . Indian Institute of Science. Journal, 95(4), 353-363
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Collaborative Design
2015 (English)In: Indian Institute of Science. Journal, ISSN 0970-4140, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 353-363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Global cooperation is a reality for most engineering design teams today, and even though the core group is co-located, they are forced to cooperate with subcontractors or experts with complementary knowledge and skills. The design process can be seen as an integration of a technical, cognitive and social process, and such process is clearly multidisciplinary. This review presents research challenges and emerging directions for future research and focuses on interpersonal communication in collaborative design – small teams of interdisciplinary stakeholders who work jointly toward a common goal that would not otherwise be accomplished by the individual participants themselves.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-2896 (URN)0a0959cb-c830-4d64-90fd-46dbee50818c (Local ID)0a0959cb-c830-4d64-90fd-46dbee50818c (Archive number)0a0959cb-c830-4d64-90fd-46dbee50818c (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20151109 (petert)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7108-6356

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