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Frishammar, J., Söderholm, P., Hellsmark, H. & Mossberg, J. (2019). A Knowledge-based Perspective on System Weaknesses in Technological Innovation Systems. Science and Public Policy, 46(1), 55-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Knowledge-based Perspective on System Weaknesses in Technological Innovation Systems
2019 (English)In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 55-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The literature on technological innovation systems (TIS) provides policymakers and other actors with a scheme of analysis to identify system weaknesses. In doing so, TIS analysis centres on which system weaknesses policy interventions should target to promote further development of a particular system. However, prior TIS literature has not sufficiently elaborated on what may constitute the conceptual roots of a ‘weakness’. We apply a knowledge-based perspective and propose that many—albeit not all—system weaknesses may root in four types of knowledge problems: uncertainty, complexity, equivocality, and ambiguity. Employing these as sensitizing concepts, we study system weaknesses by analysing data from a biorefinery TIS in Sweden. This analysis results in novel implications for the TIS literature and for achieving a better match between system weaknesses and the design of innovation policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019
National Category
Economics Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72954 (URN)10.1093/scipol/scy037 (DOI)000477906800005 ()2-s2.0-85062499488 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 254-2013-100
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-03-11 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
Dahlqvist, A. & Söderholm, P. (2019). Industrial Energy Use, Management Practices and Price Signals: The Case of Swedish Process Industry. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9(3), 30-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial Energy Use, Management Practices and Price Signals: The Case of Swedish Process Industry
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, ISSN 2146-4553, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 30-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objectives of the paper are to: (a) derive and discuss indicators of industrial companies’ decision-making and management practices on energy use; and (b) investigate whether these practices can help explain variations in energy intensities across these companies. The data were collected through telephone interviews with 101 large industrial firms in Sweden. The indicators display a significant overall increase in firms’ awareness of energy efficiency issues over time, including the attention devoted to these issues at the top management level. Still, our econometric results show that energy prices constitute the most important determinant of inter-firm differences in energy intensities. Higher energy prices over the time-period, have induced the implementation of energy-relevant management and practices, and led to more systematic decision-making processes. Finally, firms for which so-called ‘hidden’ costs, e.g., the costs of production disruptions, are a large concern, will be more energy intense than others.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
EconJournals, 2019
Keywords
energy efficiency, industry, management practices, energy prices, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73623 (URN)10.32479/ijeep.7451 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 1;2019-04-15 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-04-12 Created: 2019-04-12 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, P. & Ekvall, T. (2019). Metal markets and recycling policies: impacts and challenges. Mineral Economics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Metal markets and recycling policies: impacts and challenges
2019 (English)In: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

An increased understanding of the existing markets for recycled (secondary) metals, including interactions with virgin material production, is essential for public decision-making processes concerning the implementation and evaluation of different categories of recycling policies. In this paper, we review the existing literature with the purpose of discussing (1) the impacts of various recycling policies on metal markets in which aggregate demand can be met by both primary and secondary production, and (2) a number of challenges that policy-makers need to confront in choosing between various types of recycling policies and policy designs. A simple partial equilibrium model is used as a pedagogical tool for shedding light on the impacts of tradable recycling credits, virgin material taxes, and recycling subsidies. In a second step, the paper identifies and discusses a few key challenges that policy-makers will need to address in recycling policy-making. These challenges include improving the functioning of secondary material markets by addressing various non-environmental market inefficiencies; identifying and designing (second-best) policy mixes due to the presence of incomplete monitoring and enforcement of waste disposal behavior, and regulating environmental impacts through price- or quantity-based policies. Throughout the analysis, we consult the empirical literature on the functioning of scrap metal markets (e.g., steel, copper, and aluminum).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Metal supply and deman, Scrap metals, Market imperfections, Recycling policy
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74966 (URN)10.1007/s13563-019-00184-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-85065654451 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25
Söderholm, K., Söderholm, P., Gustafsson, S. & Sundin, T. (2019). Miljöprövningens roll för industrins utsläppsreduktion: erfarenheter från svenska pappers- och massabruk, 1981–2013. In: Jan Darpö, Maria Forsberg, Maria Pettersson, och Charlotta Zetterberg (Ed.), Miljörätten och den förhandlingsovilliga naturen: Vänbok till Gabriel Michanek (pp. 355-374). Uppsala: Iustus förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöprövningens roll för industrins utsläppsreduktion: erfarenheter från svenska pappers- och massabruk, 1981–2013
2019 (Swedish)In: Miljörätten och den förhandlingsovilliga naturen: Vänbok till Gabriel Michanek / [ed] Jan Darpö, Maria Forsberg, Maria Pettersson, och Charlotta Zetterberg, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2019, p. 355-374Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences History
Research subject
History; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73651 (URN)9789177370635 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2019-07-24
Strunz, S., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2019). Policy convergence as a multifaceted concept: the case of renewable energy policies in the European Union. In: The European Dimension of Germany's Energy Transition: Opportunities and Conflicts (pp. 147-171). Springer, 38(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy convergence as a multifaceted concept: the case of renewable energy policies in the European Union
2019 (English)In: The European Dimension of Germany's Energy Transition: Opportunities and Conflicts, Springer, 2019, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 147-171Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The literature on policy convergence has identified numerous facets and causal drivers of convergence. Distinguishing four dimensions of convergence (object, benchmark, drivers and directed process) helps clarify why and in what form policy convergence may occur (or not). Thus, depending on, for example, the object of analysis (policy outcome or instruments used), the same empirical case may give rise to opposing assessments. Furthermore, both economic and political drivers are necessary to account for successful policy convergence: economic convergence partly explains why countries may face similar problems, and political mechanisms explain why they might choose similar policies to solve a given problem. This article illustrates the multifaceted character of convergence for the dynamic field of renewable energy policies in the European Union. The empirical results indicate temporary convergence in the case of policy support instrument choices and conditional convergence in terms of renewable shares. However, the results suggest divergence of public R&D subsidies targeting renewables

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Economic convergence, Policy convergence, Public r&d subsidies, Renewable energy sources, Support instruments
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73827 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-03374-3_9 (DOI)
Note

This article has first been published as: Strunz, S. et al. (2018). Policy convergence as a multi-faceted concept: the case of renewable energy policies in the EU. Journal of Public Policy, 38(3), 361–387,  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0143814X17000034.

Available from: 2019-05-03 Created: 2019-05-03 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, P., Hellsmark, H., Frishammar, J., Hansson, J., Mossberg, J. & Sandström, A. (2019). Technological development for sustainability: The role of network management in the innovation policy mix. Technological forecasting & social change, 138, 309-323
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technological development for sustainability: The role of network management in the innovation policy mix
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2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 138, p. 309-323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite the key role of actor networks in progressing new sustainable technologies, there is a shortage of conceptual knowledge on how policy can help strengthen collaborative practices in such networks. The objective of this paper is to analyze the roles of such policies – so-called network management – throughout the entire technological development processes. The analysis draws on the public management and sustainability transitions literatures, and discusses how various network characteristics could affect the development of sustainable technologies, including how different categories of network management strategies could be deployed to influence actor collaborations. The paper's main contribution is an analytical framework that addresses the changing roles of network management at the interface between various phases of the technological development process, illustrated with the empirical case of advanced biorefinery technology development in Sweden. Furthermore, the analysis also addresses some challenges that policy makers are likely to encounter when pursuing network management strategies, and identifies a number of negative consequences of ignoring such instruments in the innovation policy mix. The latter include inefficient actor role-taking, the emergence of small, ineffective and competing actor networks in similar technological fields, and a shortage of interpretative knowledge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Sustainable technological development, Innovation policy mixes, Actor networks, Network management, Biorefinery technology
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Economics Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Political Science; Entrepreneurship and Innovation; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71671 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.10.010 (DOI)000454465700025 ()2-s2.0-85056403634 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-12-03 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-11-20 Created: 2018-11-20 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Palage, K., Lundmark, R. & Söderholm, P. (2019). The impact of pilot and demonstration plants on innovation: The case of advanced biofuel patenting in the European Union. International Journal of Production Economics, 210, 42-55
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of pilot and demonstration plants on innovation: The case of advanced biofuel patenting in the European Union
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 210, p. 42-55Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to investigate how pilot and demonstration plants affect innovation in the empirical context of advanced biofuel technology. Patent counts are used as a proxy for innovation; we employ data for eight EU Member States over the time-period 1980–2011, and negative binomial regression techniques. The focus is on plant investments that have received public co-funding. The results are overall robust to alternative model specifications, and show that the knowledge generated through past investments in pilot and demonstration plants has had positive effects on advanced biofuel patenting activities. This result is particularly valid for so-called experimental plants, i.e., aiming at testing the technical viability of new technology. The empirical analysis does not indicate the presence of any positive interaction between investments in experimental plants and biofuel blending policies, i.e., in the sense that more stringent blending requirements can raise the rate-of-return on additional pilot tests. Moreover, advanced biofuel innovation is also affected through knowledge spillovers across the selected EU Member States. The paper ends by outlining avenues for future research on the role of pilot and demonstration plants in technology development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Innovation, Pilot and demonstration plants, Patents, Advanced biofuels, European Union
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72793 (URN)10.1016/j.ijpe.2019.01.002 (DOI)000466056100004 ()2-s2.0-85060346569 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-07 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-02-07 Created: 2019-02-07 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Palage, K., Lundmark, R. & Söderholm, P. (2019). The innovation effects of renewable energy policies and their interaction: the case of solar photovoltaics. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 21(2), 217-254
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The innovation effects of renewable energy policies and their interaction: the case of solar photovoltaics
2019 (English)In: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, ISSN 1432-847X, E-ISSN 1867-383X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 217-254Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to examine the innovation impacts of renewable energy support policies, and their interaction in the empirical context of solar photovoltaics (PV) technology. This is achieved using data on patent applications for 13 countries over the period 1978–2008, and unconditional negative binomial estimators. The analysis addresses one technology-push instrument, public R&D support, and two demand-pull instruments, feed-in tariffs (FIT), and renewable energy certificate (REC) schemes. The results indicate that: (a) both FIT and REC schemes induce solar PV patenting activity, but the impact of the former policy appears to be more profound; (b) public R&D support has overall been more influential than FIT and REC schemes in encouraging solar PV innovation; (c) policy interaction exists in that the impact of public R&D support on innovation is greater at the margin if it is accompanied by the use of FIT schemes for solar PV. A corresponding interaction effect is harder to detect for public R&D support and REC schemes, possibly due to the stronger technology selection pressure under the latter policy. The results following several robustness tests support the existence of a positive interaction effect between public R&D and FIT schemes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Innovation, Patent counts, Solar photovoltaics, Renewable energy policy, Policy interaction
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71255 (URN)10.1007/s10018-018-0228-7 (DOI)000463204500003 ()2-s2.0-85055546570 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-04-04 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved
Lauf, T., Ek, K., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2019). The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, , p. 29Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the impacts of land-use policies on wind power deployment at the regional levels in Germany and Sweden. We use data for the period 2008–2012, and an econometric approach in which the probability of having any wind power capacity additions and the actual level of increased capacity, given that it is positive, are permitted to be determined by different processes. The results confirm the importance of land-use policies, e.g., priority and exclusion areas, and interesting differences across the two countries are found. The impact of priority areas has been more profound in Germany, while the assignment of protected areas instead has constituted a more binding policy tool in Sweden. Cross-country differences in the relevance of various explanatory variables are linked to factors such as geographical patterns, design of wind power support schemes, and the allocation of decision-making power in planning processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019. p. 29
Keywords
Wind power, Regional distribution, Land-use policy, Germany, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74803 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2019.1613221 (DOI)000469593000001 ()
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-20
Lauf, T., Ek, K., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2019). Wind Power Deployment as a Stressor for Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Case Study from Germany and Sweden. In: M. Schröter, A. Bonn, S. Klotz, R. Seppelt, and C. Baessler (Ed.), Atlats of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks and Societal Responses (pp. 125-128). Springer Berlin/Heidelberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wind Power Deployment as a Stressor for Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Case Study from Germany and Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Atlats of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks and Societal Responses / [ed] M. Schröter, A. Bonn, S. Klotz, R. Seppelt, and C. Baessler, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019, p. 125-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book aims to identify, present and discuss key driving forces and pressures on ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the contributions that ecosystems provide to human well-being. The scope of this atlas is on identifying solutions and lessons to be applied across science, policy and practice. The atlas will address different components of ecosystem services, assess risks and vulnerabilities, and outline governance and management opportunities. The atlas will therefore attract a wide audience, both from policy and practice and from different scientific disciplines. The emphasis will be on ecosystems in Europe, as the available data on service provision is best developed for this region and recognizes the strengths of the contributing authors. Ecosystems of regions outside Europe will be covered where possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72843 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96229-0 (DOI)978-3-319-96228-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-07-24Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2264-7043

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