Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Jensen, Patrik
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Jensen, P., Lidelöw, H. & Olofsson, T. (2015). Product Configuration in Construction (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Mass Customisation, 5(1), 73-92
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product Configuration in Construction
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Mass Customisation, ISSN 1742-4208, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 73-92Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Construction is traditionally a trade that produces unique, one-off products designed specifically for the project in an engineer-to-order process. However, the development of flexible product platforms, based on the theory of mass customization, can offer product flexibility with affordable costs. The degree of commonality can also be increased if applying the products-in-products concept. This study aims to conceptualize and test theories of mass customization through modularization for applications in the construction industry. This is examined for three cases, with different specification processes (modify-to-order, configure-to-order and select-variant) incorporating bothbuilding and infrastructure products. The results show that the products-in-products concept is useful for enabling mass customization in construction. While the design can be integral in the select-variant type of specification process, the architecture needs to have a modular structure to enable a modify-to-order or configure-to-order type of customization.

National Category
Building Technologies Construction Management
Research subject
Timber Structures; Construction Engineering and Management; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15308 (URN)10.1504/IJMASSC.2015.069601 (DOI)ece319c9-0c6d-4402-8db0-4f5e47d9a4f8 (Local ID)ece319c9-0c6d-4402-8db0-4f5e47d9a4f8 (Archive number)ece319c9-0c6d-4402-8db0-4f5e47d9a4f8 (OAI)
Projects
Konfigurationssystem för teknikplattformar
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20140805 (heljoh)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P. (2014). Configuration of Platform Architectures in Construction (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). Paper presented at . : Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Configuration of Platform Architectures in Construction
2014 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Construction is often defined as a project-oriented industry that develops complex one-of-a-kind products using an engineer-to-order (ETO) design process. The technical solutions that are developed in specific projects often have integral product architectures that are difficult to re-use in continuous improvement processes. The ETO process also means that very few components can be produced before being ordered, which is necessary for creating economies of scale in production. In contrast, Modify-To-Order (MTO) Configure-To-Order (CTO) or Select variant-To-Order (STO) design processes based on theories of mass customization reuse technical solutions from earlier projects to varying degrees. However, many researchers argue that results and theories from the manufacturing industry cannot be used in the contexts of construction because each construction project has different functional requirements and local site conditions whose interaction mandates the creation of unique end products that cannot be modularized as is done in manufacturing industries. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how mass customization principles could be utilized in the design of construction products, especially how the adoption of platform architectures and configurators could support the reuse of technical solutions between projects. Several case studies of projects using different specification levels (MTO, CTO and STO) were conducted to test theories of mass customization in the context of construction. The results obtained show that when working at the MTO and CTO specification levels, platform architectures should be based on modules that can be developed incrementally. STO products can be developed with integral product architectures, but if the needs of customers in the target market segment change this presents a risk of ad-hoc end product customization that will adversely affect the production system downstream in the value chain. For all studied specification levels, it is important to determine whether the target market volume is sufficient to justify the cost of developing a product platform. The introduction of design modules in modular platform architectures enables the development and use of configurators in ETO construction design processes. Such tools allow MTO platforms to be customized using a mixture of traditional ETO design and the configuration of predefined modules. Configuration tools for module customization at the MTO and CTO levels must therefore be integrated with the traditional design tools used in construction. The configuration of modular platform architectures also facilitates the effective use of information and its transfer between domains. As the use of pre-defined modules in the product specification process increases, the need to involve multiple design disciplines decreases. At the STO level, the design work can be reduced to such an extent that customization can be achieved using web-based configurators.Overall, the results presented in this thesis indicate that the Products in Product mass customization concept introduced by Erixon (1998) can be implemented at multiple specification levels in the traditional design of construction products. By introducing the new design module category into the platform architecture, predefined construction product platforms can be integrated with the traditional ETO design process and developed incrementally.

Abstract [en]

Construction is often defined as a project oriented industry developing complex one-of-a-kind products in an engineer-to-order (ETO) driven process by temporary organizations. That is resulting in a fragmented design process with loose connection between different disciplines. Many studies indicate that the early stages of product development is critical for product constructability, but technical solutions that are developed in specific projects lead to integral product architectures that are difficult to re-use in a continuous improvement process. The ETO process also means that very few components can be produced before ordering, a prerequisite for creating economies of scale in production. By changing the product realization process to "modify- to-Order" (MTO), "configure- to-order" (CTO) or "select variant" (STP), which is based on the theories of mass customization, technical solutions can be reused between the specific projects. However, several researchers in the construction industry proclaim that the contexts of construction industry cannot be compared with other industries and products. The variation of interacting functional requirements creates unique end products that cannot be separated in similar way as in the manufacturing industry. Arguments are based on the uniqueness of the end products that is analysed with regards to the highest level in the product architecture, which is why a more nuanced view is required.Mass Customisation can be described as an approach to combine economies of scale from mass production with increased customization for the end customer. To successfully achieve this, the generic product architecture need to be based on a modular architecture with clear separation between functional requirements (FR) and design parameters ( DP) and well-specified interfaces between the modules. Selected market segment affects the demand for product customization relatively the order point and thus affects its product realization process; MTO, CTO and STP, whereupon the selected specification level also affects the generic product architecture with its product platform and how the customization can be done. The purpose of this thesis is to describe whether and how mass customization can be used in the construction industry by describing the relationships between product architectures and the specification levels.Several case studies in the specification levels MTO, CTO and STP have been made based on theory of mass customization. The case studies have been performed in a deductive approach where theories have been tested in real cases and validated through experiments. Results from the cases have improved the understanding in this area and been used in following case studies, why the thesis as a whole can be described as abduction.Research results shows that in the MTO and CTO specification level, product platforms should be based on modules that can be developed incrementally. STP products can be developed with integral product architecture, but if changes in the customer segment occur there is great risk that production will be affected negatively. In all studied specification levels, it is important to understand the market segment volumes to justify the development costs. Introduction of "Design variant module" for modular systems means that configurators for subsystems can be developed. Customization of MTO platforms then consists of a mixture of traditional design and configuration of modules. But to accomplish this, the link between ICT tools in the MTO and CTO process needs to be connected with traditional ICT tools in the construction industry. However, using modular product architectures in the design greatly reduce the information exchange between disciplines. If STP products are developed customization can be done using a web interface.In conclusion, if using the "Products in Product" concept (Erixon, 1998) it is possible to implement theories from mass customization in construction. It is also seen that modular product architecture creates opportunities to repair information chains and minimizes the exchange of information between different disciplines, enabling the use of ICT tools developed in other industries. By introducing a new module category to the existing theory, namely "Design variant module", the traditional design process (ETO) can be coupled with predefined product platforms and develop incrementally.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014. p. 75
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
Mass customization, Modularization, Platform architecture, Configuration, Civil engineering and architecture - Building manufacturing engineering, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur - Byggproduktionsteknik
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26587 (URN)f050cfe2-c856-4884-94a6-fdfd0317150f (Local ID)978-91-7439-953-0 (ISBN)978-91-7439-954-7 (ISBN)f050cfe2-c856-4884-94a6-fdfd0317150f (Archive number)f050cfe2-c856-4884-94a6-fdfd0317150f (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20140416 (patjen); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Patrik Jensen Ämne: Byggproduktion/Construction Engineering Avhandling: Configuration of Platform Architectures in Construction Opponent: Professor Lars Hvam, Department of Management Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark Ordförande: Professor Thomas Olofsson, Avd för byggkonstruktion- och produktion, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Tisdag den 17 juni 2014, kl 13.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P., Olofsson, T., Smiding, E. & Gerth, R. (2014). Developing products in product platforms in the AEC industry (ed.). In: (Ed.), Raymond Issa; Ian Flood (Ed.), Computing in civil and building engineering: proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering : June 23-25, 2014, Orlando, Florida. Paper presented at International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering : 23/07/2014 - 25/07/2014 (pp. 1062-1069). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing products in product platforms in the AEC industry
2014 (English)In: Computing in civil and building engineering: proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering : June 23-25, 2014, Orlando, Florida / [ed] Raymond Issa; Ian Flood, Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014, p. 1062-1069Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A 5-step method for developing configurable "products in product" platforms to be used in an engineer-to-order (ETO) design process is proposed. The idea is based on the transformation of typical product architectures into modular design platforms where standard and variant modules are identified and developed. The platform modules can then be configured and combined using traditional design methods to meet the project-specific requirements in the design process. Based on 1193 project designs, several configurable "products in product" were identified and developed in a real case study using the proposed method.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2014
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27696 (URN)10.1061/9780784413616.132 (DOI)2-s2.0-84934343272 (Scopus ID)138d7335-6c8a-4fef-8b0b-87ea45fc721c (Local ID)978-0-7844-1361-6 (ISBN)138d7335-6c8a-4fef-8b0b-87ea45fc721c (Archive number)138d7335-6c8a-4fef-8b0b-87ea45fc721c (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Computing in Civil and Building Engineering : 23/07/2014 - 25/07/2014
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20150812 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P., Larsson, J., Simonsson, P. & Olofsson, T. (2013). Improving buildability with platforms and configurators (ed.). In: (Ed.), Carlos T. Formoso; Patricia Tzortzopoulos (Ed.), Proceedings IGLC-21: Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction : 31/07/2013 - 02/08/2013 (pp. 771-780). Fortaleza, Brazil
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving buildability with platforms and configurators
2013 (English)In: Proceedings IGLC-21: Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction / [ed] Carlos T. Formoso; Patricia Tzortzopoulos, Fortaleza, Brazil, 2013, p. 771-780Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The different stages in construction projects are often separated with little interaction between the different trades. Many researchers proclaim that this separation between design and production limits the buildability of construction designs. Thus there is a need for providing knowledge of rules and constraints imposed from production in the design of construction products. A way of integration of production knowledge in the design is by implementing product platforms and configurators in construction projects. This paper describes the development of a configurator for a modularized concrete bridge that can be produced efficiently. Production of bridges can be selected to be built either on site or prefabricated. Previous work to develop configurators has mainly focused on the efficiency of the design phase and is usually not linked to production improvements and simplifications. By defining the product platform for a certain bridge variant within its market segment, the technical solutions can be designed to be flexible while ensuring the buildabuility in the construction phase.The developed configurator is built in SolidWorks and parametrically coupled using Tacton Studio. The first version generates geometrical drawings. Whereas validation show that parametric modelling configurators can be used for increasing buildability and efficiency at site, and also increasing the range of feasible alternatives and for speeding up the design process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fortaleza, Brazil: , 2013
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering Construction Management
Research subject
Structural Engineering; Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-40020 (URN)efcd4b35-5923-43c3-ac74-875e5271fa32 (Local ID)efcd4b35-5923-43c3-ac74-875e5271fa32 (Archive number)efcd4b35-5923-43c3-ac74-875e5271fa32 (OAI)
Conference
Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction : 31/07/2013 - 02/08/2013
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20130815 (ojajoh)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Jansson, G., Johnsson, H. & Jensen, P. (2013). Modularization in a housing platform for mass customization (ed.). Paper presented at Annual ARCOM Conference : 02/09/2013 - 04/09/2013. Paper presented at Annual ARCOM Conference : 02/09/2013 - 04/09/2013.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modularization in a housing platform for mass customization
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The problem of combining production efficiency with flexible product offers in housing design is well known. The platform concept is applied in housing to support design and production with predefined solutions. Modularization can be useful to meet both client demands on flexibility and production requirements on standardisation. To identify the module drivers in housing, ten projects at one off-site housing company were analysed. Furthermore, the cycle time for the modules was recorded. Client, design, purchasing, production and suppliers have different module drivers. When module drivers concur, modules are identified by; identifying clear and few interfaces, the availability of a supplier, and the cycle time for the design and production of the module in relation to the production pace. The results from the case study further show that fixed geometry on modules is a less successful concept than parameterised modules in housing. The ability to outsource technical solutions increased, when the module drivers were combined with a long term relationship with the supplier. Variant modules were successfully applied in the studied company to respond to client demands. Further research is needed on how to configure generic modules.

National Category
Building Technologies
Research subject
Timber Structures
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39447 (URN)e376fd67-8076-43a6-bf38-e0c5e9ea2215 (Local ID)e376fd67-8076-43a6-bf38-e0c5e9ea2215 (Archive number)e376fd67-8076-43a6-bf38-e0c5e9ea2215 (OAI)
Conference
Annual ARCOM Conference : 02/09/2013 - 04/09/2013
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20130930 (gusjan)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P., Johansson, T., Smiding, E. & Olofsson, T. (2013). Product configuration of roundabouts (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Proceedings of the 30th CIB W78 International Conference: . Paper presented at International Conference CIB W78 : 09/10/2013 - 12/10/2013 (pp. 1-10).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product configuration of roundabouts
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 30th CIB W78 International Conference, 2013, p. 1-10Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study is to develop methods in the design of roundabouts that can be used in early conceptual phases of infrastructural projects to avoid erroneous solutions propagating downstream the value chain. Adapting theory and principals from mass customization and design configuration, a configurator for roundabouts to be used in early phases was developed and validated in a live project. The configurator is built in SolidWorks and parametrically coupled to the use of Tacton Studio. The configurator generates a drawing and a protocol that informs the user of the chosen configuration and where it doesn’t conform to the Swedish standards.In conclusion, it is possible to use theories from mass customization to develop configurators that can simplify the design process and thus evaluating the design according to norms and standards in early phases of the project. In the search for increased efficiency within infrastructural projects, parametric modeling configurators can be used to speed up the design process and expand the range of alternatives that can be generated. In that sense, this article contributes to the understanding of how mass customization principles in general can be used in construction and how it can be implemented in the design of specific projects.

National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-29663 (URN)336538f2-d1ef-4f14-b1d6-e440f24e92d1 (Local ID)336538f2-d1ef-4f14-b1d6-e440f24e92d1 (Archive number)336538f2-d1ef-4f14-b1d6-e440f24e92d1 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference CIB W78 : 09/10/2013 - 12/10/2013
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20140416 (patjen)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P., Olofsson, T. & Johnsson, H. (2012). Configuration through the parameterization of building components (ed.). Paper presented at . Automation in Construction, 23, 1-8
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Configuration through the parameterization of building components
2012 (English)In: Automation in Construction, ISSN 0926-5805, E-ISSN 1872-7891, Vol. 23, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many construction companies have developed building systems, based on prefabrication strategies, to enhance productivity. Current practice coupled with the difficulties of introducing these systems early in the design process often leads to ad hoc solutions and problems downstream along the value chain. In 2008 a multi-storey timber building system based on modularization principles was developed. The customization process used in this system is illustrated herein using a configurable timber floor slab module. The downstream flow of design information and upstream flow of constraints on, and rules for, the building system are described from three product viewpoints: the customer view, the engineering view and the production view. Using a manufacturing CAD tool, design automation is implemented in the engineering view and connected to an architectural CAD tool. The demonstration software shows that manufacturing CAD tools can be used to create design automation alternatives for modularized building systems within the construction industry.

National Category
Construction Management Building Technologies
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Timber Structures
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15114 (URN)10.1016/j.autcon.2011.11.016 (DOI)000302670000001 ()2-s2.0-84858062604 (Scopus ID)e945436c-ef64-4841-b509-bd197b3f8b0a (Local ID)e945436c-ef64-4841-b509-bd197b3f8b0a (Archive number)e945436c-ef64-4841-b509-bd197b3f8b0a (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2012; 20120210 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Lu, W., Olofsson, T., Jensen, P. & Simonsson, P. (2011). BIM-based lean-agile supply chain for industrialized housing (ed.). In: (Ed.), Hans-Joachim Bargstädt; Karin Ailland (Ed.), CONVR 2011: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality. Paper presented at International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality : 03/11/2011 - 04/11/2011 (pp. 262-270). : Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
Open this publication in new window or tab >>BIM-based lean-agile supply chain for industrialized housing
2011 (English)In: CONVR 2011: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality / [ed] Hans-Joachim Bargstädt; Karin Ailland, Bauhaus-Universität Weimar , 2011, p. 262-270Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

From 1990 to 2002, approximately 74% single-family detached houses in Sweden are prefabricated by industrialized housing builders. To fulfill the benefits of industrialization, the design specifications have to be worked out from a list of predefined standardized components and elements. On the other hand, the requirements of client (diversity, cost and delivery time) make design specification process seems to be complex and paradoxical situation, which may lead to the ad-hoc design customization and slow response to potential client’s enquiry. This research therefore presents a BIM-based configuration design, in which lean-agile supply chain is used to balance and manage the trade-off between builders and clients, standardization and customization. Furthermore, integrating discrete event simulation (DES) with building information model (BIM) enables an enriched information model including cost and delivery time. The research argues that the industrialized housing is the systematic trade-off and balancing the values of all stakeholders and BIM-based lean-agile industrialized configuration design provides an effective trade-off platform.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bauhaus-Universität Weimar, 2011
Series
Schriften der Professur Baubetrieb und Bauverfahren ; 21
National Category
Construction Management Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27237 (URN)099f6a1f-e670-44b7-aea4-ba4ae836e2b3 (Local ID)978-3-86068-458-0 (ISBN)099f6a1f-e670-44b7-aea4-ba4ae836e2b3 (Archive number)099f6a1f-e670-44b7-aea4-ba4ae836e2b3 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Construction Applications of Virtual Reality : 03/11/2011 - 04/11/2011
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20111115 (welu)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Jensen, P., Olofsson, T. & Lessing, J. (2011). Development and configuration modular timber building system (ed.). In: (Ed.), Timo Hartmann; Pieter de Wilde; Yaqub Rafiq (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2011 eg-ice Workshop: . Paper presented at Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering : 06/07/2011 - 08/07/2011. Twente: University of Twente
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development and configuration modular timber building system
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 2011 eg-ice Workshop / [ed] Timo Hartmann; Pieter de Wilde; Yaqub Rafiq, Twente: University of Twente , 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In 2010, the first commercial project using a new modular timber building system started. Four-thousand two-hundred square metres of living area divided into 170 apartments were to be built in Malmö, Sweden. This paper describes the development and implementation of a modularized timber building system. During the development, decomposition must allow the design to be modular. In addition, the ability to implement component swap modularity in order to support different functional requirements added to the flexibility of the building system. However, the benefits of having flexibility in the design of standardized module interfaces had to be balanced against the economic consequences of overcapacity. The project identified that the benefits of modularization can be expressed as a magnification factor defined as the number of possible unique solutions divided by the number of module variants. In the implementation phase of a new modular building system, it is essential to communicate the constraints and rules of the building system to the various workers involved otherwise ad hoc solutions will appear. The introduction of modularization support in CAD tools used by the architects solved many of the initial problems and created a configuration process which produced minimal disruption and reduced the number of design iterations.1

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Twente: University of Twente, 2011
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31492 (URN)5ae57b81-12cd-4ff9-af6c-934d8e902958 (Local ID)978-90-365-3216-7 (ISBN)5ae57b81-12cd-4ff9-af6c-934d8e902958 (Archive number)5ae57b81-12cd-4ff9-af6c-934d8e902958 (OAI)
Conference
Workshop of the European Group for Intelligent Computing in Engineering : 06/07/2011 - 08/07/2011
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20111016 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Malmgren, L., Jensen, P. & Olofsson, T. (2011). Product modeling of configurable building systems: A case study (ed.). Paper presented at . Electronic journal of information technology in construction, 16(May), 697-712
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Product modeling of configurable building systems: A case study
2011 (English)In: Electronic journal of information technology in construction, ISSN 1403-6835, E-ISSN 1400-6529, Vol. 16, no May, p. 697-712Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates a Swedish house manufactures building system regarding the documentation and information structures. The aim is to evaluate how product modeling technology can be used to facilitate product customization. By dividing the product in four different views the complexity of the product can be reduced and each view represent the interest of customer, engineering, production and assembly respectively. The analysis shows that the connections between the different view, i.e. the information transfer, is an area for potential improvements and little attention has been devoted to transfer information upstream from manufacturing and engineering to the customer view. The lack of information transfer can often lead to ad-hoc solutions in the customization process. We believe that successful cooperation and information exchange between these four views is the key to future development and customize-to-order configuration

National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8376 (URN)6e319cbc-cf0d-4a89-bf1d-c35146ff2731 (Local ID)6e319cbc-cf0d-4a89-bf1d-c35146ff2731 (Archive number)6e319cbc-cf0d-4a89-bf1d-c35146ff2731 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20110816 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications