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Källhammer, Eva
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Källhammer, E. (2017). "Akademins (o)föränderliga genusmönster": En analys av jämställdhetsinsater vid Luleå tekniska universitet. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"Akademins (o)föränderliga genusmönster": En analys av jämställdhetsinsater vid Luleå tekniska universitet
2017 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
"(Un)changing gender patterns in academia" : An analysis of gender equality efforts  at Luleå University of Technology
Abstract [sv]

I denna avhandling fokuseras akademins (o)föränderliga genusmönster för att öka kunskapen om förutsättningarna för långsiktig förändring av rådande genusmönster i akademin. Trots olika jämställdhetsinsatser vid högskolor och universitet är de nämligen fortfarande könssegregerade, vilket är speciellt tydligt på höga positioner. Endast 27 procent av professorerna i akademin är kvinnor (SCB, 2016) och vid Luleå tekniska universitet är motsvarande andel 19 procent (Luleå tekniska universitet, 2017). För att förstå bakgrunden till detta och undersöka vägar till förändring studeras i avhandlingen fem projekt vid Luleå tekniska universitet som genomförts under perioden 2005-2013. Utifrån tidigare forskning om akademins genusmönster analyseras och kategoriseras projektens jämställdhetsinsatser som individorienterade, strukturorienterade och processorienterade insatser. Genom intervjuer, fokusgrupper, observationer, olika interaktiva metoder och workshopar söks svar fyra frågeställningar: Vilka förutsättningar i form av metaforer och diskurser råder i projektens akademiska kontext? Hur kan en individorienterad, strukturorienterad respektive process-orienterad ansats användas för att förstå förutsättningarna för jämställdhetsinsatser i akademin? Hur påverkar kombinationen av genusteori och interaktiva metoder förutsättningarna för jämställdhetsinsatser i akademin? Hur påverkar persona som förändringsmetod förutsättningarna för jämställdhetsinsatser?

 

I avhandlingen kombineras genusteori med interaktiva metoder, dels för att skapa förståelse för hur genusmönster skapas och återskapas i strukturer, symboler, interaktioner och identiteter (Acker, 1990, 1992, 1999), dels för att minska motståndet mot förändringar genom att involvera aktörer som berörs av forskningen i förändringsprocessen. Trots en tydlig jämställdhetsambition vid Luleå tekniska universitet visar resultaten att den meritokratiska diskursen och diskursen om den jämställda akademin överskuggar jämställdhetsdiskursen, vilket bidrar till att upprätthålla rådande genusmönster. Metaforer som den avsmalnande pyramiden, läckande pipelinen eller svarta hålet kan enligt analysen både främja och hindra förutsättningarna för jämställdhetsinsatser i akademin. Universitetets jämställdhetsinsatser har över tid förändrats från individorienterade med fokus på att stärka enskilda kvinnor, till mer strukturorienterade med inriktning på att förändra missgynnande strukturer för kvinnor och andra missgynnade grupper. På senare tid har även insatser med en processorienterad ansats gjorts som fokuserar på att medvetandegöra och förändra könsskapande processer i akademin. Persona i kombination med andra interaktiva metoder, som värderingsövningar, forumteater och scenarios, visar sig i avhandlingen kunna fungera som förändringsmetod vid jämställdhetsinsatser för att synliggöra och kritiskt reflektera över bristande jämställdhet samt främja förändring. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2017
Keywords
academia, discourses, gender, gender equality efforts, metaphors, participatory method, persona, akademin, diskurser, genus, interaktiva metoder, jämställdhetsinsater, metaforer, persona
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64037 (URN)978-91-7583-926-4 (ISBN)978-91-7583-927-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-30, A109, Luleå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-06-20 Created: 2017-06-15 Last updated: 2018-10-19Bibliographically approved
Källhammer, E. & Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. (2014). Challenge gender inequality in Higher education to support a reflective practice (ed.). In: (Ed.), Elisabeth Berg; Timo Aarrevaara (Ed.), Higher Education and Research in Academia: – Who will pay? (pp. 73-83). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenge gender inequality in Higher education to support a reflective practice
2014 (English)In: Higher Education and Research in Academia: – Who will pay?, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014, p. 73-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The focus in this paper is our development of the Persona method for applied gender research within Higher education. Our aim is to describe how we implement the Persona method to develop learning situations that stimulates a reflective practice. A persona is a fictional representation of a person, based on empirical data, which is implemented as a tool to communicate situations or issues. Our experiences is that the Persona method can be one contribution to move from teaching to learning and develop reflective gender aware practices within Higher education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-19940 (URN)057cdfaa-97ea-4915-bd04-b6102463e72d (Local ID)978-91-7439-974-5 (ISBN)978-91-7439-975-2 (ISBN)057cdfaa-97ea-4915-bd04-b6102463e72d (Archive number)057cdfaa-97ea-4915-bd04-b6102463e72d (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20120919 (marseh)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Wennberg, P., Gunnarsson, E., Källhammer, E. & Teräs, L. (2013). Innovation and gender: how to boost and measure change (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Plan Sju kommunikation AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation and gender: how to boost and measure change
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Plan Sju kommunikation AB, 2013. p. 76
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Gender and Technology; Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-22086 (URN)17574267-8fb9-47a2-914d-ac337c8a5600 (Local ID)17574267-8fb9-47a2-914d-ac337c8a5600 (Archive number)17574267-8fb9-47a2-914d-ac337c8a5600 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20150107 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Källhammer, E. & Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. (2012). Gendered innovative design: critical reflections stimulated by personas. In: Susanne Andersson; Karin Berglund; Ewa Gunnarsson; Elisabeth Sundin (Ed.), Promoting innovation: Policies, Practices and Procedures (pp. 328-350). Paper presented at . Stockholm: Vinnova
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gendered innovative design: critical reflections stimulated by personas
2012 (English)In: Promoting innovation: Policies, Practices and Procedures, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2012, p. 328-350Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on our re-design of the Persona Method into a tool for criticalreflection on gender issues in entrepreneurship and innovation systems. Whereas suchsystems often are considered gender neutral, we in contrast are emphasizing the needfor communicating and discussing the 'doing of gender’ with actors within those constellations.The aim of this chapter is to explore our development of the Persona Methodfor action-based design in gender equality interventions. A persona is a fictionalcharacter used in our research work to increase gender awareness in interventions. Themethod is used to communicate issues and concerns as well as visions in participatoryinquiries. In our experience the Persona Method engages people in dialogues aboutgender; people totally unfamiliar with gender theories. We therefore examine actionbaseddesign using personas in order to advance the discussion beyond the “problematicwomen issue”. Not only do we highlight a way to discuss gender inequality, ultimatelywe illustrate a means of unsettling and challenging conventional beliefs ongender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Vinnova, 2012
Series
V I N N O V A Rapport, ISSN 1650-3104 ; 2012:08
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Human Work Science; Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-20765 (URN)7cc95616-9c3e-494e-8f18-47d62d43c32a (Local ID)978-91-86517-71-7 (ISBN)7cc95616-9c3e-494e-8f18-47d62d43c32a (Archive number)7cc95616-9c3e-494e-8f18-47d62d43c32a (OAI)
Note

Godkänd; 2012; 20121217 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Källhammer, E. & Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. (2011). Innovation: Change initiated by a design and gender approach (ed.). Paper presented at ISPIM Innovation Symposium : 29/11/2011 - 02/12/2011. Paper presented at ISPIM Innovation Symposium : 29/11/2011 - 02/12/2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation: Change initiated by a design and gender approach
2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Design; Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-29885 (URN)380a781c-1a23-4eb2-bb63-5b33bf015705 (Local ID)380a781c-1a23-4eb2-bb63-5b33bf015705 (Archive number)380a781c-1a23-4eb2-bb63-5b33bf015705 (OAI)
Conference
ISPIM Innovation Symposium : 29/11/2011 - 02/12/2011
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20120112 (asawi)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Källhammer, E. & Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. (2011). Personas: en metod för att öka genusmedvetenheten i arbetslivet? (ed.). Paper presented at Det nya arbetslivet : 15/06/2011 - 17/06/2011. Paper presented at Det nya arbetslivet : 15/06/2011 - 17/06/2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personas: en metod för att öka genusmedvetenheten i arbetslivet?
2011 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment; Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37612 (URN)badfe44e-f739-41ea-9d21-c840aaee24df (Local ID)badfe44e-f739-41ea-9d21-c840aaee24df (Archive number)badfe44e-f739-41ea-9d21-c840aaee24df (OAI)
Conference
Det nya arbetslivet : 15/06/2011 - 17/06/2011
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20110628 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Fältholm, Y., Abrahamsson, L. & Källhammer, E. (2010). Academic entrepreneurship: gendered discourses and ghettos (ed.). Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 5(1), 51-63
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic entrepreneurship: gendered discourses and ghettos
2010 (English)In: Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, ISSN 0718-2724, E-ISSN 0718-2724, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 51-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we explore how the academic entrepreneurship discourse is constructed and gendered, based on texts on academic entrepreneurship and interviews with teachers and researchers at two Swedish universities. We show that the global entrepreneurship discourse is met by both counteracting and contributory discourses in academia. We also show that entrepreneurship-promoting texts in which only men are depicted address both women and men, while pictures of women are only targeted to women, often found in 'entrepreneurial ghettos' and conceptualized as in need of support, as less risk-willing and less willing to commercialize their research. Another problem addressed in this article is how to design gender mainstreaming interventions without reproducing such stereotypes. We believe the solution is not gender neutrality, but to move back and forth between liberal feminist and social constructionist approache

Keywords
Interdisciplinary research areas - Gender, Tvärvetenskapliga forskningsområden - Genus
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5758 (URN)10.4067/S0718-27242010000100004 (DOI)3f0dbc70-85d4-11df-8806-000ea68e967b (Local ID)3f0dbc70-85d4-11df-8806-000ea68e967b (Archive number)3f0dbc70-85d4-11df-8806-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2010; 20100702 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Källhammer, E. & Wikberg-Nilsson, Å. (2010). Personas as a method for applied gender research: experiences from two research projects (ed.). Paper presented at Gender, Work and Organization : International Interdisciplinary Conference 21/06/2010 - 23/06/2010. Paper presented at Gender, Work and Organization : International Interdisciplinary Conference 21/06/2010 - 23/06/2010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personas as a method for applied gender research: experiences from two research projects
2010 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Drawing on Acker's model for the study of gendered processes within organizations, this paper focuses on the utilization of the Persona method in two interactive research projects; Daring Gender and the Future Factory. The aim is to describe our experiences of Personas as a potential method for applied gender research; to actually challenge and fundamentally and sustainably change gendered processes. A persona is a fictional representation of a person, including behaviour, attitudes and motivations observed and identified during an initial inquiry process. The method is used to communicate individual's needs and preferences and hence to reframe practices. Based on our understanding it is easier to communicate a persona's issues and concerns than those of one participant in the process. The Persona method shows prospects to be one contribution to move beyond talk about ‘the problematic women issue' and thus a way to unsettle conventional beliefs about gender.

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment; Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27238 (URN)09a13950-bcce-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Local ID)09a13950-bcce-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Archive number)09a13950-bcce-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
Gender, Work and Organization : International Interdisciplinary Conference 21/06/2010 - 23/06/2010
Note
Godkänd; 2010; Bibliografisk uppgift: Sider: 1-14; 20100910 (asawi)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
Wikberg-Nilsson, Å., Källhammer, E., Fältholm, Y. & Abrahamsson, L. (2010). Personas as a method for applying gender theory in Triple Helix constellations: experiences from two research projects (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), 8th Triple Helix Conference, Madrid 20-22 Oct 2010: . Paper presented at Triple Helix VIII : 20/10/2010 - 22/10/2010 (pp. 1-13).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Personas as a method for applying gender theory in Triple Helix constellations: experiences from two research projects
2010 (English)In: 8th Triple Helix Conference, Madrid 20-22 Oct 2010, 2010, p. 1-13Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In focus in this paper is the use of the Persona method for applying gender theory in Triple Helix systems. Whereas such systems often are considered gender neutral, we in contrast emphasize the need for understanding the process of ‘doing gender' within those constellations. The aim of this paper is to describe our experiences of developing Persona as a method for gender equality interventions within two Triple Helix constellations. The personas are fictional characters addressing issues and situations identified during initial mappings of the researched contexts. The method is used for communicating concerns, issues, needs and preferences with our participants. In our experience Persona is a useful method for visualizing identified situations and for a reframing of actors' gender awareness. The Persona method contributes to talk beyond that of the "problematic women issue" and shows a way to unsettle gender constructions.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Design; Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-33231 (URN)80942520-ebd8-11df-8b36-000ea68e967b (Local ID)80942520-ebd8-11df-8b36-000ea68e967b (Archive number)80942520-ebd8-11df-8b36-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
Triple Helix VIII : 20/10/2010 - 22/10/2010
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20101109 (asawi)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, L., Fältholm, Y. & Källhammer, E. (2010). Projekt: Att våga genus - om kvinnor och entreprenörskap inom akademin. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projekt: Att våga genus - om kvinnor och entreprenörskap inom akademin
2010 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Vinnova

National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36190 (URN)a2c0606b-c810-45c5-8672-cfb3d45f9475 (Local ID)a2c0606b-c810-45c5-8672-cfb3d45f9475 (Archive number)a2c0606b-c810-45c5-8672-cfb3d45f9475 (OAI)
Note

Status: Pågående; Period: 01/01/2007 → 31/12/2012

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
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