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Simms, C. & Frishammar, J. (2024). Technology transfer challenges in asymmetric alliances between high-technology and low-technology firms. Research Policy, 53(3), Article ID 104937.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology transfer challenges in asymmetric alliances between high-technology and low-technology firms
2024 (English)In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 53, no 3, article id 104937Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

However, successfully developing and implementing sustainable technologies frequently presupposes alliances between low-technology firms (such as process industry companies) and high-tech firms (such as their specialized technology providers). Such alliances are asymmetric and problematic because of differences in approaches to learning, knowledge bases, collaboration routines, and high cognitive distance between high- and low-technology firms. Against this background, we performed a multiple case study of six asymmetric alliances operating in the food and food packaging sectors in the UK. The analysis reveals that technology distance asymmetry, technology integration complexity, and innovation capability incompatibilities prohibit technology transfer effectiveness. By mapping these themes across three phases of technology transfer, we identified a total of nine unique problems that hamper technology transfer effectiveness and, therefore, risk delaying or distorting the implementation of novel sustainable technology. The paper provides theoretical implications for the literature on innovation in LMT firms and for the literature on sustainability alliances along with practical implications for improving technology transfer between high-tech and low-tech firms considering climate change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2024
Keywords
Alliances, Doing using and interacting innovation, Low-technology industries, Sustainable Innovation, Technology transfer
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103992 (URN)10.1016/j.respol.2023.104937 (DOI)2-s2.0-85182730020 (Scopus ID)
Note

Full text license: CC BY-NC

Available from: 2024-01-29 Created: 2024-01-29 Last updated: 2024-01-29
Reim, W., Lenka, S., Parida, V. & Frishammar, J. (2024). Value Leakage in Product-Service System Provision: A Business Model Alignment Perspective. IEEE transactions on engineering management, 71, 940-951
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Value Leakage in Product-Service System Provision: A Business Model Alignment Perspective
2024 (English)In: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 71, p. 940-951Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To stay competitive, manufacturing companies offer product–service systems (PSS) to avoid commoditization of their products. The potential to create value through PSS offerings lies in a company's ability to successfully implement the PSS business model. However, many companies are unable to realize the benefits because PSS represents significant changes to all the business model elements, which comprise value creation, value delivery, and value capture. This leads to misalignment among the business model elements, which is a topic of interest within PSS and business model literatures. This article aims to provide empirical insights into the business-model-element alignment problems and conceptualize their consequences, which manufacturing companies face during PSS implementation. This article utilizes an abductive multicase study of three Swedish manufacturing companies with long-term experience of PSS provision to provide novel insights by identifying six alignment problems that companies face as a consequence of the interaction among the three business model elements. Furthermore, we contribute to both the PSS and business model literature by conceptualizing the consequences of business model element alignment problems, explaining the three value leakages that occur as a result of inappropriate resource and capability utilization, unattractive offer configurations, and inefficient service network processes in PSS provision.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2024
Keywords
Advanced services, alignment, business model, product-service systems (PSS), servitization, value destruction, value leakage
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-89527 (URN)10.1109/TEM.2022.3144741 (DOI)000751494400001 ()2-s2.0-85124176094 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-12-04 (hanlid);

Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2022-03-14 Created: 2022-03-14 Last updated: 2023-12-04Bibliographically approved
Frishammar, J., Essén, A., Bergström, F. & Ekman, T. (2023). Digital health platforms for the elderly? Key adoption and usage barriers and ways to address them. Technological forecasting & social change, 189, Article ID 122319.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digital health platforms for the elderly? Key adoption and usage barriers and ways to address them
2023 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 189, article id 122319Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital healthcare platforms (DHPs) represent a relatively new phenomenon that could provide a valuable complement to physical primary care – for example, by reducing costs, improving access to healthcare, and allowing patient monitoring. However, such platforms are mainly used today by the younger generations, which creates a “digital divide” between the younger and the elderly. This article aims to identify: i) the perceived key barriers that inhibit adoption and usage of DHPs by the elderly, and ii) what DHP providers can do to facilitate increased adoption and usage by the elderly. The article draws on qualitative interviews with elderly and complementary process data from a major Swedish DHP. We find that the elderly perceives two key barriers to initial adoption of DHPs: i) negative attitudes and technology anxiety and ii) one key barrier affecting both adoption and usage – lack of trust. The analysis also identifies multiple development suggestions for DHP improvement to better accommodate the needs of the elderly, including suggestions for application development and tailored education activities. We provide an integrated framework outlining the key barriers perceived and ways to address them. In so doing, we contribute to the literature on mHealth and to the literature on platforms in healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Digital health, Digital health platform adoption, Digital health platform usage, Digital healthcare platforms, Elderly generations, mHealth
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy Other Medical Engineering
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95497 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2023.122319 (DOI)2-s2.0-85146440278 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-12 (sofila);

Available from: 2023-04-12 Created: 2023-04-12 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Essen, A., Frishammar, J. & Cenamor, J. (2023). Entering non-platformized sectors: The Co-evolution of legitimacy debates and platform business models in digital health care. Technovation, 121, Article ID 102597.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entering non-platformized sectors: The Co-evolution of legitimacy debates and platform business models in digital health care
2023 (English)In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 121, article id 102597Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital platforms have deeply transformed a wide variety of sectors. However, new platform business models often face critical legitimacy challenges. Consequently, new entrants must continuously design and redesign their business model components, particularly when entering non-platformized sectors that are highly regulated. We draw on a longitudinal case study of the emergence of digital healthcare platforms in Sweden between 2013 and 2020. The analysis unravels a dynamic process of redesigning platform business models and their constituent components in response to legitimacy debates, suggesting that permission to operate can be fragile and subject to continuous negotiation. Our findings contribute to current insights into platforms, business models, and digital innovation in complex institutional contexts. Furthermore, our work carries implications for managers and policy makers in the digital health area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Digital platform, Business model design, New entrants, Legitimacy. healthcare, Digital transformation, Mhealth, Digital innovation
National Category
Business Administration Media Engineering
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92408 (URN)10.1016/j.technovation.2022.102597 (DOI)2-s2.0-85139017971 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation, 20190067
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-20 (joosat);

Licens fulltext: CC BY License

Available from: 2022-08-10 Created: 2022-08-10 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Lager, T., Simms, C. D. & Frishammar, J. (2023). Managing Ideation and Concept Integration in the Product Innovation Work Process for Non-Assembled Products. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), 20(3), Article ID 2350016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Ideation and Concept Integration in the Product Innovation Work Process for Non-Assembled Products
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 20, no 3, article id 2350016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In an exploratory inquiry, involving informants in 19 global manufacturing companies in six sectors of the process industries, ideation, and concept integration during the pre-development of non-assembled products was studied. New and previously deployed constructs and concepts related to innovation in a process-industrial context have initially been developed, refined, and empirically tested. The findings demonstrate the importance of an early integration of constructs and concepts for raw material innovation, innovation-related process technology, and product innovation, as a prerequisite for successful ideation of new or improved products in the process industries. Companies in different sectors of the process industries can implement and use the novel “integrated framework” for contextualization and conceptualization of new product ideas in their development or reconfiguration of an enhanced work process for non-assembled products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Scientific, 2023
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94291 (URN)10.1142/S0219877023500165 (DOI)000881793100001 ()2-s2.0-85143488121 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-18 (joosat);

Available from: 2022-11-30 Created: 2022-11-30 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Björk, J., Frishammar, J. & Sundström, L. (2023). Measuring Innovation Effectively-Nine Critical Lessons: Companies looking to improve how they measure innovation can use nine critical lessons organized according to the themes of strategy, organization, and measurement design.. Research technology management, 66(2), 17-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring Innovation Effectively-Nine Critical Lessons: Companies looking to improve how they measure innovation can use nine critical lessons organized according to the themes of strategy, organization, and measurement design.
2023 (English)In: Research technology management, ISSN 0895-6308, E-ISSN 1930-0166, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Overview: Few companies and organizations remain innovative for long periods of time, and despite high ambitions, many innovation initiatives fail to yield the desired results. Identifying how best to measure the effectiveness of innovation initiatives is key to ensuring that those efforts actually help an organization achieve its overall goals. This article offers organizations and their leaders practical advice for measuring innovation effectively. Specifically, it defines innovation measurement and its importance in precise terms and summarizes six years of our research on innovation measurement in multiple firms and industries. We articulate nine critical lessons for improving innovation measurement in real-world practice clustered into three overarching themes: Strategy, Organization, and Measurement Design. Each of the nine lessons elucidates a problem, identifies potential consequences, and proposes concrete solutions that organizations can implement as they strive to better measure and, ultimately, improve their innovation management initiatives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Innovation, Measuring innovation, Innovation outcomes, Innovation auditing
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-96190 (URN)10.1080/08956308.2022.2151232 (DOI)000933236700002 ()2-s2.0-85148333480 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-03-20 (hanlid)

Available from: 2023-03-20 Created: 2023-03-20 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Frishammar, J., Essen, A., Simms, C., Edblad, R. & Hardebro, V. (2023). Older Individuals and Digital Healthcare Platforms: Usage Motivations and the Impact of Age on Postadoption Usage Patterns. IEEE transactions on engineering management, 70(8), 2903-2919
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Older Individuals and Digital Healthcare Platforms: Usage Motivations and the Impact of Age on Postadoption Usage Patterns
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2023 (English)In: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 70, no 8, p. 2903-2919Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Digital healthcare platforms have enabled patients to receive healthcare in ways that were impossible previously—for example, by providing a “safer” way to meet, as underscored by the Covid-19 pandemic. This article investigates whether older and younger primary care users display behavioral differences on digital healthcare platforms. The article adopts a mixed-method approach in which one-way ANOVA analysis on a sample of 152 000 patient journeys was combined with qualitative interview data. The findings highlight significant differences in usage between elderly and younger patients. The elderly spends more time during use—for example, during anamnesis, onboarding, and in queues. We also outline how the key antecedent factors that are most central to platform usage, such as perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, digital maturity, and trust, play out in the elderly user context. The study contributes to the nascent literature on digital healthcare platforms and the postadoption usage of information and communication technologies by the elderly. The article also outlines research implications in the area of DHPs and mHealth for elderly users, and it discusses the practical implications for both platform owners and healthcare professionals, where platform design and information management are particularly important for elderly users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023
Keywords
Digital healthcare platforms, elderly patients, mHealth, postadoption, technology acceptance model, usage
National Category
Human Computer Interaction Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92557 (URN)10.1109/tem.2022.3187792 (DOI)000836682900001 ()2-s2.0-85135748615 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation, 20190067
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-07-12 (sofila);

Available from: 2022-08-18 Created: 2022-08-18 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Linde, L., Frishammar, J. & Parida, V. (2023). Revenue Models for Digital Servitization: A Value Capture Framework for Designing, Developing, and Scaling Digital Services. IEEE transactions on engineering management, 70(1), 82-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revenue Models for Digital Servitization: A Value Capture Framework for Designing, Developing, and Scaling Digital Services
2023 (English)In: IEEE transactions on engineering management, ISSN 0018-9391, E-ISSN 1558-0040, Vol. 70, no 1, p. 82-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing companies are currently undergoing a digitalization transformation in which digitally enabled, new, and innovative advanced service offerings are being launched. These so-called “digital services” represent a shift in the business logic of manufacturing firms, from up-front product sales to advanced service contracts. This business model shift has profound implications for cost structures, risk management, and revenue streams, providing manufacturing companies with the key challenge of rethinking how to capture value. Using a multiple case study of 11 companies, the purpose of this article is to enhance knowledge on how to design new revenue models for digital services. Results reveal a revenue model design framework of key phases and activities that carries implications for the emerging literature on digital servitization, as well as the business model innovation literature. The findings reveal a highly customer-centric, iterative, and agile process where close collaboration with key customers during the early stages guides the framing of revenue models for digital services. For practitioners, it provides hands-on advice on how to implement the design, development, and scaling processes for revenue models in the context of new digital services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2023
Keywords
Advanced services, business models, digital services, digital servitization, digitalization, revenue model, servitization
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-82926 (URN)10.1109/TEM.2021.3053386 (DOI)000732675500001 ()2-s2.0-85100836889 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-18 (joosat);

Available from: 2021-02-12 Created: 2021-02-12 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Averina, E., Frishammar, J. & Parida, V. (2022). Assessing sustainability opportunities for circular business models. Business Strategy and the Environment, 31(4), 1464-1487
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing sustainability opportunities for circular business models
2022 (English)In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 1464-1487Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As the unfolding climate crisis escalates, incumbent manufacturing companies are increasingly sensing and seizing sustainability opportunities—ideas that help to generate value in a more sustainable way than existing alternatives. Prior literature has underscored the importance of opportunity recognition and has theorized various types of circular business models to address sustainability in practice. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding the step in between: undertaking an assessment that provides a foundation for subsequently pursuing a circular business model. Based on a multiple case study of four innovation projects pursuing sustainability, this article identifies capability assessment, ecosystem alignment, and value-capture viability as key dimensions in evaluating sustainability opportunities prior to circular business model design and development. These insights are aggregated into a framework that allows companies to conduct a systematic assessment of sustainability opportunities in practice. The framework provides new theoretical implications for the literature on circular economy and business model innovation, and it offers hands-on advice for management practice. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88649 (URN)10.1002/bse.2964 (DOI)000736072900001 ()2-s2.0-85122065094 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasVinnova
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-05-31 (johcin)

Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Gama, F., Sjödin, D., Parida, V., Frishammar, J. & Wincent, J. (2022). Exploratory and exploitative capability paths for innovation: A contingency framework for harnessing fuzziness in the front end. Technovation, 113, Article ID 102416.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploratory and exploitative capability paths for innovation: A contingency framework for harnessing fuzziness in the front end
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2022 (English)In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 113, article id 102416Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Based on the results of a multiple case study of seven manufacturing firms, a contingency framework for harnessing fuzziness in the front end of innovation is proposed by delineating two discrete capability paths through which new product ideas are developed into corroborated product definitions. The study illustrates that ideas characterized by high levels of fuzziness benefit from following an exploratory path, where the creative potential of fuzziness is embraced by deploying problem-formulation and problem-solving capabilities. In contrast, ideas at low levels of fuzziness benefit from following an exploitative path, where fuzziness is tolerated by drawing upon idea-refinement and process-management capabilities. When the fuzziness level of the idea and the set of capabilities to develop the idea are poorly aligned, the idea-development process is either inefficient or runs the risk of stalling. These findings have theoretical and practical implications for the front end of innovation and new product idea development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Capabilities, Complexity, Equivocality, Exploitation, Exploration, Front end of innovation, Ideation, New Product Development, Uncertainty
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88310 (URN)10.1016/j.technovation.2021.102416 (DOI)2-s2.0-85120744517 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-06-01 (johcin);

Funder: CAPES; Ragnar Söderberg Foundation

Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
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Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8103-2519

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