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Söderholm, KristinaORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5712-0589
Publications (10 of 87) Show all publications
Söderholm, P. & Söderholm, K. (2024). Voluntary agreements and systemic lock-in in the circular economy: The certification of sewage sludge in Sweden (1ed.). In: Luxon Nhamo; Sylvester Mpandeli; Stanley Liphadzi; Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi (Ed.), Circular and Transformative Economy: Advances towards Sustainable Socio-economic Transformation (pp. 9-28). Boca Raton: CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voluntary agreements and systemic lock-in in the circular economy: The certification of sewage sludge in Sweden
2024 (English)In: Circular and Transformative Economy: Advances towards Sustainable Socio-economic Transformation / [ed] Luxon Nhamo; Sylvester Mpandeli; Stanley Liphadzi; Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi, Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2024, 1, p. 9-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter departs from the dual objective of reusing waste while at the same time mitigating pollution; it focuses on the opportunities and challenges of managing this trade-off through voluntary agreements between various actors. The chapter aims to investigate and discuss the emergence, outcomes, and future challenges of the Swedish voluntary certification scheme REVAQ. This scheme includes efforts among wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) to build trust for the application of sewage sludge on agricultural land and thus reuse the nutrients contained in it, not least by reducing the presence of metals and organic substances. Our findings suggest that the establishment of REVAQ was, in many ways, a natural response of the incumbent actors to an uncertain regulatory situation. The preventive environmental work pursued because of the certification scheme has been successful, thus resulting in decreased flows of hazardous substances to soil. However, REVAQ faces challenges, largely due to previously unattended trace elements, e.g., microplastics and pharmaceutical residues. These will make it difficult for actors to convince the key stakeholders about the future quality of the sewage sludge. There is also currently a prioritization of system optimization over system change, i.e., a bias towards incremental improvements in the existing system instead of seeking to innovate beyond this system. REVAQ likely contributes to this path dependence and technological lock-in.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2024 Edition: 1
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Economics; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104074 (URN)10.1201/9781003327615 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018‑00194
Note

License full text: CC BY-NC;

ISBN for host publication: 9781003327615

Available from: 2024-02-02 Created: 2024-02-02 Last updated: 2024-02-02Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, K., Vidal, B., Hedström, A. & Herrmann, I. (2023). Flexible and Resource-Recovery Sanitation Solutions: What Hindered Their Implementation? A 40-Year Swedish Perspective. The Journal of urban technology, 30(1), 23-45
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Flexible and Resource-Recovery Sanitation Solutions: What Hindered Their Implementation? A 40-Year Swedish Perspective
2023 (English)In: The Journal of urban technology, ISSN 1063-0732, E-ISSN 1466-1853, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 23-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although Sweden pioneered in the development of resource-recovery sanitation solutions, and there has existed a political awareness of such solutions since the 1990s, their implementation has been slow. We adopt a historical (40-year) perspective and use the main journal of the Swedish sanitation sector as source material to go into depth why this has been the case. Central explanations emerge in terms of previously strong governmental control and continuously tightened environmental requirements that ceaselessly have expanded and strengthened the large-scale centralized sanitation system. In parallel, the sector has continuously been reminded of the shortcomings of alternative (and smaller) solutions and of the tension between recovery and treatment/risk management. The study highlights the possibility of achieving long-term and profound impacts from policy mixes, as well as the strong influence of the sum of challenges and choices over a long time, on today’s perspectives and propensity for change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023
Keywords
Wastewater treatment, Sweden, history, urine diversion, resource-recovery sanitation
National Category
History Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92530 (URN)10.1080/10630732.2022.2100212 (DOI)000836556500001 ()2-s2.0-85135449565 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-18 (joosat);

Licens fulltext: CC BY-NC-ND License

Available from: 2022-08-18 Created: 2022-08-18 Last updated: 2023-04-18Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, K. (2023). Stefan Berger and Peter Alexander (Eds.): Making sense of mining history-themes and agendas, routledge studies in modern history. New York, 2020, ISBN: 978-0-367-19868-8 [Review]. Mineral Economics, 36, 543-544
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stefan Berger and Peter Alexander (Eds.): Making sense of mining history-themes and agendas, routledge studies in modern history. New York, 2020, ISBN: 978-0-367-19868-8
2023 (English)In: Mineral Economics, ISSN 2191-2203, E-ISSN 2191-2211, Vol. 36, p. 543-544Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2023
National Category
History History of Technology
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-96317 (URN)10.1007/s13563-023-00372-4 (DOI)000945987300002 ()
Note

Godkänd;2023;Nivå 0;2023-11-07 (joosat);

Available from: 2023-04-05 Created: 2023-04-05 Last updated: 2023-11-07Bibliographically approved
Bennerhag, C., Hagström Yamamoto, S. & Söderholm, K. (2023). Towards a Broader Understanding of the Emergence of Iron Technology in Prehistoric Arctic Fennoscandia. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 33(2), 265-279
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Broader Understanding of the Emergence of Iron Technology in Prehistoric Arctic Fennoscandia
2023 (English)In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal, ISSN 0959-7743, E-ISSN 1474-0540, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 265-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article critically examines interpretations of Old World ferrous metallurgical developments with reference to their consequences for Arctic Fennoscandian iron research. The traditional paradigm of technological innovations recurrently links the emergence of iron technology to increasing social complexity and a sedentary agricultural lifestyle, typically downplaying ‘peripheral’ areas such as Arctic Fennoscandia and its hunter-gatherer communities. Even in postcolonial research of recent years, the archaeometallurgical record of Arctic Fennoscandia is interpreted and organized within the traditional frameworks on the time, course, and cultural context of the introduction of iron technology in Europe, where Arctic Fennoscandia is not considered to have any noteworthy role. However, current archaeological research with new data in Arctic Fennoscandia disputes prevailing ideas in European iron research and shows substantial evidence that iron technology was an integrated part of hunter-gatherer subsistence already during the Early Iron Age (c. 200 BC). Archaeometallurgical analyses reveal advanced knowledge in all the operational sequences of iron technology, including bloomery steel production and the mastering of advanced smithing techniques. Therefore, we urge dispensing with traditional ideas and call for an increased interest in the underlying mechanisms for the transfer of iron.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2023
National Category
Archaeology History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94257 (URN)10.1017/s0959774322000294 (DOI)000881340500001 ()2-s2.0-85152738569 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02076
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-13 (sofila);

Available from: 2022-11-24 Created: 2022-11-24 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, P., Bergquist, A.-K., Pettersson, M. & Söderholm, K. (2022). Miljölagstiftningen och industrins framtida konkurrenskraft: Lärdomar från 50 år av tillståndsprövningar. Stockholm: Entreprenörskapsforum
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljölagstiftningen och industrins framtida konkurrenskraft: Lärdomar från 50 år av tillståndsprövningar
2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Entreprenörskapsforum, 2022. p. 72
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics; Law; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93381 (URN)978-91-89301-29-0 (ISBN)
Funder
The Kamprad Family Foundation
Available from: 2022-09-30 Created: 2022-09-30 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, P., Bergquist, A.-K., Pettersson, M. & Söderholm, K. (2022). The political economy of industrial pollution control: environmental regulation in Swedish industry for five decades. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 65(6), 1056-1087
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The political economy of industrial pollution control: environmental regulation in Swedish industry for five decades
2022 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 65, no 6, p. 1056-1087Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper analyzes the prerequisites for a regulatory-driven transition toward radically lower air and water pollution in industry. This is achieved in the empirical context of the Swedish mining and metals industry, and by investigating the environmental licensing processes during two regulatory systems. The paper derives an analytical framework that explores under what circumstances such licensing processes can result in radical emissions reductions without seriously jeopardizing the competitiveness of the industry. Archived material covering six environmental licensing processes, three during each system, is used to illustrate the various design and implementation issues. The results suggest that regulatory-driven green transitions benefit from trust-based bargaining procedures in which companies are involved in repeated interactions with regulatory authorities, and which extended probation periods permit tests of novel abatement technologies (including innovation). The findings also illustrate the importance of abstaining from simplified normative notions about policy instrument choice (e.g. taxes versus standards).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
environmental regulation, industrial pollution, competitiveness, technological change, mining, licensing processes
National Category
Law and Society Economic History Economics
Research subject
Economics; History; Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-84645 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2021.1920375 (DOI)000655097800001 ()2-s2.0-85106486518 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2018-01541Swedish Energy Agency
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-04-19 (sofila)

Available from: 2021-05-27 Created: 2021-05-27 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Bennerhag, C., Grandin, L., Hjärtner-Holdar, E., Stilborg, O. & Söderholm, K. (2021). Hunter-gatherer metallurgy in the Early Iron Age of Northern Fennoscandia. Antiquity, 95(384), 1511-1526
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hunter-gatherer metallurgy in the Early Iron Age of Northern Fennoscandia
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2021 (English)In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 95, no 384, p. 1511-1526Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The role of ferrous metallurgy in ancient communities of the Circumpolar North is poorly understood due, in part, to the widespread assumption that iron technology was a late introduction, passively received by local populations. Analyses of two recently excavated sites in northernmost Sweden, however, show that iron technology already formed an integral part of the hunter-gatherer subsistence economy in Northern Fennoscandia during the Iron Age (c. 200-50 BC). Such developed knowledge of steel production and complex smithing techniques finds parallels in contemporaneous continental Europe and Western Eurasia. The evidence presented raises broader questions concerning the presence of intricate metallurgical processes in societies considered less complex or highly mobile. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Keywords
Circumpolar North, Fennoscandia, Iron Age, iron technology, hunter-gatherer subsistence
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86983 (URN)10.15184/aqy.2020.248 (DOI)000724242900017 ()2-s2.0-85113455498 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-02076
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-12-03 (johcin)

Available from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2023-09-12Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, K. & Söderholm, P. (2020). Industrial Energy Transitions and the Dynamics of Innovation Systems: The Swedish Pulp and Paper Industry, 1970–2010. Environments, 7(9), Article ID 70.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial Energy Transitions and the Dynamics of Innovation Systems: The Swedish Pulp and Paper Industry, 1970–2010
2020 (English)In: Environments, E-ISSN 2076-3298, Vol. 7, no 9, article id 70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article provides a sectoral innovation system perspective of the development of energy efficient and clean process technologies in the Swedish pulp and paper industry. Specifically, the analysis elaborates the importance of knowledge development, actor networks, and institutions (including policy) for progressing and diffusing novel technologies related to energy use. The empirical analysis also sheds light on how significant changes in the sectoral innovation system have influenced the relevant research, development and demonstration activities in the Swedish pulp and paper industry over the period 1970–2010. The results are based on various sources—e.g., industry magazines, reports from industrial consultants and associations, minutes from meetings—and illustrate the importance of well-functioning innovation systems for successful technological development and diffusion processes. They display, in particular, the importance of joint, industry-wide R&D activities, trust-based state—industry relationships, government R&D expenditures, and intense information sharing. One important implication is that the role of policy stretches beyond the funding of basic R&D. Policy also involves measures that strengthen existing actor networks, build competence, and secure the existence of research institutes that provide a bridge between basic knowledge generation (at the universities) on the one hand, and industrial application on the other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
energy transition, energy efficiency, R& D, pulp and paper industry, policy
National Category
History Economics
Research subject
History; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80750 (URN)10.3390/environments7090070 (DOI)000578128100001 ()2-s2.0-85090922450 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-09-14 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-09-10 Created: 2020-09-10 Last updated: 2023-02-20Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, P., Bergquist, A.-K. & Söderholm, K. (2019). Environmental Regulation in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Impacts and Challenges. Current Forestry Reports, 5, 185-198
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Environmental Regulation in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Impacts and Challenges
2019 (English)In: Current Forestry Reports, ISSN 2198-6436, Vol. 5, p. 185-198Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose of Review

In this article, we review existing research addressing how environmental regulations have influenced the pulp and paper industry. These regulations appear in different forms and designs and address air and water pollution as well as climate change. The paper devotes particular attention to how various regulations have affected sustainable technological change and the prospects for inducing deep emission reductions without jeopardizing industrial competitiveness and future investments.

Recent Findings

Experiences from key pulp and paper regions, not least the Nordic countries, suggest that gradually tightening performance standards have contributed to radical reductions in emissions, e.g., chlorine compounds and biological oxygen demanding agents, and without imposing excessive compliance costs. This outcome can largely be attributed to how the regulations have been designed—and implemented—in practice, as well as to the presence of efficient and legitimate institutions. Long-term emission reduction targets, in combination with extended compliance periods and trustful firm-regulator relationships, contributed to radical technological innovation and permitted radical emission reductions without excessive compliance costs. The development of alternative bleaching technologies is an apt example. In contrast, the impact of carbon pricing schemes, including the EU emissions trading scheme, on carbon dioxide emissions reductions and related technological change in the pulp and paper industry has however been modest. Self-regulation, certification, and community pressure have exerted relatively modest influences on the environmental performance of the industry.

Summary

Important avenues for future research are identified. These include the following: (a) comparative research on how policy mixes in various countries have influenced environmental compliance and innovation; processes; (b) future studies of environmental regulations, their design and implementation, in emerging pulp and paper producing countries, not least China; and (c) research on how environmental regulations can affect ongoing restructurings in the industry towards a broader palette of products in biorefineries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Environmental regulation, Pulp and paper industry, Competitiveness, Innovation, Pollution, Climate change
National Category
History Economics
Research subject
Economics; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76794 (URN)10.1007/s40725-019-00097-0 (DOI)000493764700001 ()2-s2.0-85074703255 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved
Söderholm, K., Söderholm, P., Gustafsson, S. & Sundin, T. (2019). Miljöprövningens roll för industrins utsläppsreduktion: erfarenheter från svenska pappers- och massabruk, 1981–2013. In: Jan Darpö, Maria Forsberg, Maria Pettersson, och Charlotta Zetterberg (Ed.), Miljörätten och den förhandlingsovilliga naturen: Vänbok till Gabriel Michanek (pp. 355-374). Uppsala: Iustus förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Miljöprövningens roll för industrins utsläppsreduktion: erfarenheter från svenska pappers- och massabruk, 1981–2013
2019 (Swedish)In: Miljörätten och den förhandlingsovilliga naturen: Vänbok till Gabriel Michanek / [ed] Jan Darpö, Maria Forsberg, Maria Pettersson, och Charlotta Zetterberg, Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2019, p. 355-374Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Iustus förlag, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences History
Research subject
History; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73651 (URN)9789177370635 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-04-15 Created: 2019-04-15 Last updated: 2020-02-04Bibliographically approved
Projects
A green industrial transition? The case of the Swedish pulp- and paper industry 1960-1990 [P10-0997:1_RJ]; Umeå University
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5712-0589

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