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Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Osipova, E. (2015). Establishing Cooperative Relationships and Joint Risk Management in Construction Projects: Agency Theory Perspective (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Management in Engineering, 31(6), Article ID 5014026.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Establishing Cooperative Relationships and Joint Risk Management in Construction Projects: Agency Theory Perspective
2015 (English)In: Journal of Management in Engineering, ISSN 0742-597X, E-ISSN 1943-5479, Vol. 31, no 6, article id 5014026Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Through construction contracts, clients and contractors are involved in principal-agent relationships. These relationships are argued to be adversarial and characterised by two main features of contracting parties, as follows: (1) different goals, and (2) different attitudes to risk. Agency-related problems contribute to the project participants concentrating on risks associated with their own parts of projects instead of joint risk management (JRM). Fewer studies have discussed JRM, although risk-sharing is a key issue in principal-agent relationships and agency-related problems must be effectively addressed to establish strong collaboration. Thus, the aim of this paper is to investigate how project participants address problems associated with principal-agent relationships and thereby enhance cooperative relationships (and JRM). The empirical findings are based on two longitudinal case studies and show that strong collaboration is a multidimensional activity that is crucial for JRM. Effective JRM is highly dependent on strategies for fostering relationships and collaboration (such as cooperative procurement, establishment of common goals, and open communication), and should be implemented together with these strategies.

National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6724 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000346 (DOI)000363088800007 ()2-s2.0-84944704461 (Scopus ID)500daa84-5553-4d64-9b88-eeca37d56ef8 (Local ID)500daa84-5553-4d64-9b88-eeca37d56ef8 (Archive number)500daa84-5553-4d64-9b88-eeca37d56ef8 (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20141124 (ekaosi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Eriksson, P.-E. (2014). Samarbete ger färre risker i byggande (ed.). Paper presented at . Samhällsbyggaren (5), 38-40
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samarbete ger färre risker i byggande
2014 (Swedish)In: Samhällsbyggaren, ISSN 2000-2408, no 5, p. 38-40Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

I ett byggprojekt finns många risker som kan innebära oväntade kostnader i slutskedet. Men om samtliga aktörer samarbetar på ett genomtänkt sätt så kan man undvika obehagliga överraskningar. Vår studie visar att samverkansinriktad upphandling, balans mellan kontroll och flexibilitet samt fokus på relationer främjar gemensam riskhantering.

National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14915 (URN)e5a99b62-bcd5-4f27-9699-02ae88e6e278 (Local ID)e5a99b62-bcd5-4f27-9699-02ae88e6e278 (Archive number)e5a99b62-bcd5-4f27-9699-02ae88e6e278 (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20141215 (ekaosi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Eriksson, P.-E. (2013). Balancing control and flexibility in joint risk management: Lessons learned from two construction projects (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Project Management, 31(3), 391-399
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Balancing control and flexibility in joint risk management: Lessons learned from two construction projects
2013 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 391-399Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Joint risk management (JRM) is an approach that highlights the importance of collaboration between the project actors in managing risk that cannot be identified at the outset of the project. Despite the recognition of the concept in the literature, the use of JRM in practice seems to be rare. Based on contingency theory, we investigate how mechanistic (control-oriented) and organic (flexibility-oriented) management systems influence the implementation of JRM in two construction projects. In the first project, the actors managed to achieve a balance between control and flexibility, which paved the way for successful JRM. The extensive use of control in the second project hampered flexibility and constrained the use of JRM. We conclude that JRM requires both control for managing risk that has been identified and flexibility for dealing with unforeseen events. When a mechanistic approach is dominant, risk management remains a formal process carried out individually rather than collaboratively.

National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11688 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2012.09.007 (DOI)000316435900007 ()2-s2.0-84874312798 (Scopus ID)ab3c3b6f-205e-4f58-bc96-5337528c5b9b (Local ID)ab3c3b6f-205e-4f58-bc96-5337528c5b9b (Archive number)ab3c3b6f-205e-4f58-bc96-5337528c5b9b (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Validerad; 2013; 20121017 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. (2013). On enhancing joint risk management throughout a project's lifecycle: Empirical studies of Swedish construction projects (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On enhancing joint risk management throughout a project's lifecycle: Empirical studies of Swedish construction projects
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Due to their complexity, construction projects involve significant risks thatmust be managed in order to meet the main project objectives in terms of cost,time and quality. While some risks can be foreseen at the beginning of aproject and allocated among the project actors, other risks are difficult topredict. Moreover, even identified risks may change in scope and requiredifferent types of response. In order to manage such risks successfully,collaborative efforts among project actors are needed. This thesis focuses oncollaborative management of risks in construction projects – joint riskmanagement (JRM) – which is claimed to provide several advantages incomparison to separate risk management by each project actor. An overall aimis to increase the understanding of how JRM can be enhanced throughout aproject’s lifecycle.The underlying studies this thesis is based upon constitute a multiple case studyof nine construction projects, a questionnaire survey and a longitudinal casestudy of three construction projects. Empirical data were collected throughinterviews, observations of JRM workshops and document studies. Theempirical findings show that cooperative procurement procedures, organicmanagement systems and appropriate strategies for addressing agency-relatedproblems enhance JRM in construction projects. Thus they require thoroughconsideration when organizations intend to implement JRM.This thesis provides several contributions to risk management theory. Firstly,the author extends the definition of JRM by including its core componentstogether with associated activities and underlying factors. The extendeddefinition better reflects, and increases understanding of, the nature of JRM.Secondly, the research contributes to discussion of serious drawbacks related to traditional procurement practices by identifying and studying procurementvariables (project delivery method, form of payment and use of collaborationor partnering arrangements) that have a major influence on risk management.In addition, the results of questionnaire survey suggest that cooperativeprocurement procedures in general and collaborative activities in particular arepositively related to the use of JRM. Finally, by framing the empirical resultsin an organizational theory context this research identifies two sets of factorsthat strongly influence the implementation and effectiveness of JRM, related tomanagement system (organic vs. mechanistic), and strategy for responding toagency-related problems. By applying theory on mechanistic and organicorganization to RM, the study pinpoints the importance of managing tensionsbetween control and flexibility when implementing JRM. The author suggeststhat JRM requires a combination of formal tools (aimed at controllingidentified risks) and flexible strategies (aimed at responding to unforeseenevents). By investigating how strategies to handle agency-related problems canfoster collaborative relationships and JRM, this research contributes to RMliterature where few studies have discussed JRM from the perspective of theprincipal – agent relationships.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2013
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25895 (URN)ba21d1f6-9c7f-45f6-b11c-111d768976d4 (Local ID)978-91-7439-817-5 (ISBN)978-91-7439-818-2 (ISBN)ba21d1f6-9c7f-45f6-b11c-111d768976d4 (Archive number)ba21d1f6-9c7f-45f6-b11c-111d768976d4 (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20131205 (ekaosi); Tillkännagivande disputation 2014-01-07 Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Ekaterina Osipova Ämne: Byggproduktion/Construction Engineering Avhandling: On enhancing joint risk management throughout a project's lifecycle: Empirical studies of Swedish construction projects Opponent: Professor Stuart Green, Head of School of Construction Management and Engineering, University of Reading, UK Ordförande: Biträdande professor Per-Erik Eriksson, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Fredag den 7 februari 2014, kl 10.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Eriksson, P.-E. (2011). How procurement options influence risk management in construction projects (ed.). Paper presented at . Construction Management and Economics, 29(11), 1149-1158
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How procurement options influence risk management in construction projects
2011 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 1149-1158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Before proceeding with a project, a client has to choose an appropriate procurement option that facilitates an effective project organization in general and a thorough risk management process in particular. By identifying three procurement variables that have a major influence on risk management: project delivery method, form of payment, and use of collaboration or partnering arrangements, the effect of each variable is studied. An exploratory study and a series of interviews with clients, contractors and consultants involved in 11 Swedish construction projects, were performed in order to examine how risk management was carried out in each project. Irrespective of the procurement option, many projects suffered from variations in cost affecting one or more actors. Risk management was not carried out systematically throughout project phases. However, in the projects with early involvement of the actors, their participation throughout the project, and opportunities for open dialogue and collaboration, a more thorough risk management process was found. While project delivery methods define formal risk allocation, the use of incentives and collaboration or partnering arrangements help to establish a collaborative approach to risk management.

National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5056 (URN)10.1080/01446193.2011.639379 (DOI)2-s2.0-84857939813 (Scopus ID)312eef30-6478-4df5-9ec7-ac0c1ffb2324 (Local ID)312eef30-6478-4df5-9ec7-ac0c1ffb2324 (Archive number)312eef30-6478-4df5-9ec7-ac0c1ffb2324 (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Validerad; 2011; 20111207 (ekaosi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Eriksson, P.-E. (2011). Managing risk together (ed.). Paper presented at . International Innovation, 2, pp. 62-64
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing risk together
2011 (English)In: International Innovation, ISSN 2041-4552, Vol. 2, p. 62-64Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11730 (URN)abc10f23-be43-4a0d-bccb-698f01ab4947 (Local ID)abc10f23-be43-4a0d-bccb-698f01ab4947 (Archive number)abc10f23-be43-4a0d-bccb-698f01ab4947 (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20110601 (ekaosi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E., Borgbrant, J. & Apleberger, L. (2011). Projekt: Riskhantering vid olika entreprenad- och samverkansformer. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projekt: Riskhantering vid olika entreprenad- och samverkansformer
2011 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Riskhantering i ett byggprojekt har stor inverkan på tid, kostnad och kvalitet på utfallet. I och med ökad storlek och komplexitet på byggprojekten har förmågan att hantera risker således blivit en central faktor för att förebygga oönskade konsekvenser i projekten. På vilket sätt olika risker fördelas mellan aktörerna i byggprocessen påverkas av hur projektet är upphandlat. Valet av lämplig entreprenad- och samverkansform är därför viktigt för att stödja riskhantering i ett byggprojekt. Det övergripande syftet med den här studien är att öka förståelsen av riskhanteringen inom de olika entreprenadformerna generalentreprenad, totaltentreprenad och projekt med samverkansformen partnering. Fördjupade kunskaper om riskhantering förväntas bidra till bättre slutresultat för både beställare och entreprenör. Studien omfattar nio byggprojekt som nyligen genomförts i Sverige. Datainsamlingen har skett via både intervjuer och enkäter till beställarna, entreprenörer och konsulter som deltagit i projekten. Resultaten visar att nuvarande genomförandeformer saknar en fungerande process för riskhantering. Det är viktigt att aktörerna i större utsträckning fokuserar mer på processen för att riskhanteringen skall bidra till projektet. Frånvaron av systematisk riskhantering var speciellt tydlig i det tidiga skedet av byggprocessen, programfasen, där en systematisk hantering av risker dock ger det bästa utfallet. I produktionsfasen var intresset och användningen av en systematisk riskhantering större. Resultatet av studien visar att kommunikationen av risker mellan aktörerna inte fungerar i den utsträckning den borde, oavsett vilken genomförandeform som användes, för att projektsäkerheten skulle säkerställas. Vidare visar studien på ett tydligt samband mellan genomförandeformen och riskhanteringen. Generalentreprenadformen skapar inte rätt förutsättningar för en öppen diskussion om projektrisker och gemensam riskhantering. Totalentreprenaden ger en större möjlighet till diskussion av projektrisker mellan konsulter och entreprenörer i ett tidigt skede av byggprocessen. Samverkansformen partnering stöder en tidig samverkan mellan aktörerna och medför att alla aktörer deltar tidigt i riskhanteringen. Studien visar också på att det finns en del drivkrafter och hinder för en effektiv riskhantering. Rapporten avslutas med ett antal rekommendationer till aktörerna i byggprocessen för en mer effektiv riskhantering.

Keywords
riskhantering, byggprojekt, upphandling
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36203 (URN)a8ff0cff-9d83-42a6-85d6-7f91e330e975 (Local ID)a8ff0cff-9d83-42a6-85d6-7f91e330e975 (Archive number)a8ff0cff-9d83-42a6-85d6-7f91e330e975 (OAI)
Note

Finansieringskälla: Private funding (private); Forskningsprogram: SBUF; Finansieringskälla: Internal funding (public); Forskningsprogram: LTU; Status: Avslutat; Period: 01/03/2006 → 30/05/2008

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E., Eriksson, P.-E. & Olofsson, T. (2011). Projekt: Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projekt: Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
2011 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Detta forskningsprojekt avser att utveckla och testa en modell för systematisk gemensam riskhantering som kan ge vägledning om hur riskhantering bör utformas vid olika typer av projekt för att främja projektframgång. De flesta byggprojekt påverkas i hög grad av osäkerhet. Snabbare förändringar i en globaliserad värld, nya material och tillverkningsmetoder samt ökad tidspress är exempel på faktorer som gör att osäkerheten har ökat och spås fortsätta öka. Dessa osäkerheter leder i sin tur till ökad risk som ofta orsakar mer eller mindre allvarliga problem i byggprojekt. Byggbranschens aktörer har fått kritik för otillfredsställande projektresultat, som till exempel bristande kvalitet och kundtillfredsställelse, förseningar och kostnadsökningar. Dessa problem härstammar från ökad risk och bristande hantering av dessa risker. Med ökad osäkerhet har därför riskhantering blivit allt viktigare i dagens byggbransch. Riskhantering baseras oftast på erfarenhet och subjektiva bedömningar. Detta är olämpligt och har visat sig leda till dåliga resultat ur ett riskhanteringsperspektiv. För att minska risken för tids- och kostnadsöverskridanden bör projektaktörerna istället använda sig av systematiska och analytiska kalkylmodeller där aktörerna gemensamt identifierar och hanterar risker.

Keywords
riskhantering, byggprojekt, upphandling
National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36187 (URN)a1542583-8ed9-4863-b643-108a31ff7567 (Local ID)a1542583-8ed9-4863-b643-108a31ff7567 (Archive number)a1542583-8ed9-4863-b643-108a31ff7567 (OAI)
Note

Publikationer: The effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management in Swedish construction projects; Managing risk together; The effects of procurement procedures on joint risk management; Joint risk management as a driver of project performance improvement; Balancing control and flexibility in joint risk management: Lessons learned from two construction projects; How procurement options influence risk management in construction projects; On enhancing joint risk management throughout a project's lifecycle: Empirical studies of Swedish construction projects; Establishing Cooperative Relationships and Joint Risk Management in Construction Projects: Agency Theory Perspective; Samarbete ger färre risker i byggande; Status: Avslutat; Period: 01/06/2008 → 28/02/2014; Faktiskt slutdatum: 28/02/2014

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Eriksson, P.-E. (2011). The effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management in Swedish construction projects (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, 3(3/4), 209-226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management in Swedish construction projects
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Project Organisation and Management, ISSN 1740-2891, E-ISSN 1740-2905, Vol. 3, no 3/4, p. 209-226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The paper reports the results of a questionnaire survey and a case study about the effects of cooperative procurement procedures on joint risk management (JRM). The purpose is to investigate how common the use of JRM is in Sweden and how the occurrence is affected by the utilised procurement procedures. The results show a limited use of JRM in Sweden, but clients that work on a national/international level use JRM to a greater extent than those on local/regional markets. The use of JRM is positively affected by cooperative procurement procedures. In particular, the most significant relationship has been found between collaborative tools and JRM – the higher the use of collaborative tools, the higher the use of JRM. The case project is used as an illustrative example where the project management team tried to overcome the traditional construction culture by using a cooperative procurement approach and creating a collaborative environment that supports JRM.

National Category
Construction Management Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9292 (URN)10.1504/IJPOM.2011.042029 (DOI)2-s2.0-84874297835 (Scopus ID)7e107cb0-b1de-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Local ID)7e107cb0-b1de-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Archive number)7e107cb0-b1de-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Projects
Systematisk gemensam riskhantering i byggprojekt
Note
Validerad; 2011; 20100827 (pererik)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Osipova, E. & Simu, K. (2010). Differences in the application of risk management (ed.). In: (Ed.), Brian Atkin; Jan Borgbrant (Ed.), Performance Improvement in Construction Management: (pp. 259-273). Paper presented at . London: Spon press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differences in the application of risk management
2010 (English)In: Performance Improvement in Construction Management, London: Spon press, 2010, p. 259-273Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Spon press, 2010
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-19946 (URN)064c79ab-28a1-4ce0-858b-833115e29aa9 (Local ID)0-415-54598-6 (ISBN)0-203-87608-3 (ISBN)064c79ab-28a1-4ce0-858b-833115e29aa9 (Archive number)064c79ab-28a1-4ce0-858b-833115e29aa9 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 1999; 20060926 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8607-1464

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