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Kastensson, Åsa
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Andersson, L., Ek, K., Kastensson, Å. & Wårell, L. (2016). Why flex-fuel failed?: A household perspective. In: Meeting Sweden's current and future energy challenges, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016: . Paper presented at Swedish Association for Energy Economics (SAEE) conference 2016, Luleå, August 23-24 2016. Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Why flex-fuel failed?: A household perspective
2016 (English)In: Meeting Sweden's current and future energy challenges, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016, Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016
National Category
Economics Energy Engineering
Research subject
Economics; Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61050 (URN)
Conference
Swedish Association for Energy Economics (SAEE) conference 2016, Luleå, August 23-24 2016
Available from: 2016-12-13 Created: 2016-12-13 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Kastensson, Å. (2014). Developing lightweight concepts in the automotive industry: taking on the environmental challenge with the SåNätt project (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Cleaner Production, 66, 337-346
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing lightweight concepts in the automotive industry: taking on the environmental challenge with the SåNätt project
2014 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 66, p. 337-346Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given the all-encompassing environmental challenge facing the automotive industry the weight of the car is one essential factor that has an effect on CO2 emissions for both conventional cars and for Electric Vehicles and Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Even though automakers understand and have largely mastered the technical difficulties involved with alternatives to the all-steel body, the mainstream industry has nevertheless for the most part retained it. The purpose of this paper is to explore the SåNätt lightweight project as a concrete example of how two Swedish automakers (Saab and Volvo) have approached the lightweight challenge, but also to conceptualize the project in terms of what hinders and enables environmental innovations in the automotive industry. The result of the study indicates fundamentally different approaches between the automakers. While Saab focused on radical development of new concepts aiming to build a supplier structure for collaboration, Volvo focused on incremental development emphasizing short-term implementation. The empirical data also reveals a tendency for Volvo to be more deeply committed to its infrastructure for body manufacturing (the production of the all-steel body), thus hindering more radical changes. The paper concludes by highlighting a paradox emerging from the case, questioning whether established actors in the automotive industry can effectively deal with the environmental challenge.

National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6477 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.11.007 (DOI)000332356300036 ()2-s2.0-84893792961 (Scopus ID)4b384062-db1e-46c5-ba69-401ad33f742e (Local ID)4b384062-db1e-46c5-ba69-401ad33f742e (Archive number)4b384062-db1e-46c5-ba69-401ad33f742e (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20131112 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Kastensson, Å. (2014). Managing Product Innovation in the Automotive Industry: in light of the environmental challenge (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). Paper presented at . : Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Product Innovation in the Automotive Industry: in light of the environmental challenge
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A company’s ability to introduce new products is a key success factor for sustaining a competitive advantage. Increasing environmental concerns are an even stronger incentive to innovate. Environmental regulations will exert immense pressure on manufacturing industries, which will increase in the future, enabling a more sustainable world for coming generations. Facing the automotive industry, an aggravating circumstance is, however, that the industry is deeply affected by the paradigm grounded in mass production, a dominant design and incremental development. A common view in the innovation literature is that large, established firms usually experience difficulty fostering radical innovations. Taking on the environmental challenge, it is argued that companies lack the methods, tools and processes to scan markets and to find opportunities beyond their existing businesses. Further challenges fostering radical innovations are the conflicting demands to explore new opportunities in parallel with daily business. The aim of this thesis is to explore the prerequisites embracing innovations in terms of what hinders and enables the development and implementation of new technologies in future products. The research question is answered through qualitative studies at Saab Automobile, Volvo Cars and the lightweight project SåNätt. I also draw upon my experience working in the automotive industry for many years. The empirical studies revealed different approaches to develop radical innovations. While one of the companies focused on radical development of new concepts aiming to build a supplier structure for collaboration, the other company’s focus was on incremental development of technical solutions to be implemented in a shorter time horizon. However both companies were stuck in the paradigm where the first focused on more explorative projects and through significant interest in technology and a more informal way of working, they managed to bypass several parts in the paradigm. The other company was managing the projects through a formal process governed by strategic plans and a strong implementation focus and was more deeply committed to its infrastructure for body manufacturing thus hindering more radical changes. The thesis shows that some inertias in the paradigm can indeed be challenged, but it also shows that in order to succeed in an environmentally driven transition, the paradigm dominating the automotive industry has to be questioned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Environmental Management
Research subject
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26178 (URN)d08571cc-2722-474c-96dc-a1e2b3a10659 (Local ID)978-91-7439-919-6 (ISBN)978-91-7439-920-2 (ISBN)d08571cc-2722-474c-96dc-a1e2b3a10659 (Archive number)d08571cc-2722-474c-96dc-a1e2b3a10659 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20140407 (asakas); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Åsa Kastensson Ämne: Miljöledning/Environmental Management Avhandling: Managing Product Innovation in the Automotive Industry In light of the environmental challenge Opponent: Docent Thomas Magnusson, Avd för projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap, Institutionen för ekonomi och industriell utveckling, Linköpings universitet Ordförande: Professor Johan Sandström, Avd för industriell ekonomi, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Luleå tekniska universitet Tid: Torsdag den 5 juni 2014, kl 10.00 Plats: A1545, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Kastensson, Å. & Johansson, C. (2011). Decision-making in gates: based on formal basis or gut feeling? (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning (IJTIP), 7(2), 140-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Decision-making in gates: based on formal basis or gut feeling?
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Technology Intelligence and Planning (IJTIP), ISSN 1740-2832, E-ISSN 1740-2840, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 140-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Manufacturing companies continuously deal with development of innovations. Many of these are cancelled on the way, in gate meetings. This paper investigates why technologies are cancelled, and on which basis managers make decisions. The paper is based on a study from the automotive industry with interviews with different stakeholders in the gates. The most common reasons for stopping projects were time, cost and technology readiness. Gut feeling is found to be an important factor when evaluating projects. This paper concludes that managers need to understand the role of intuition and query for this subjective information in addition to objective measures.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Functional Product Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4030 (URN)10.1504/IJTIP.2011.043199 (DOI)2-s2.0-80054870176 (Scopus ID)1e2c715d-5394-44a2-8348-9d818368ad1b (Local ID)1e2c715d-5394-44a2-8348-9d818368ad1b (Archive number)1e2c715d-5394-44a2-8348-9d818368ad1b (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2011; 20110511 (asakas)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-12-13Bibliographically approved
Ericson, Å. & Kastensson, Å. (2011). Exploit and explore: two ways of categorizing innovation projects (ed.). In: (Ed.), Steve Culley; Ben Hicks; Tim McAloone; T.J. Howard (Ed.), Impacting society through engineering design: ICED 11 København, the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design ; 15th - 18th August 2011, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Copenhagen, Denmark ; proceedings volumes. Paper presented at International Conference on Engineering Design : 15/08/2011 - 19/08/2011 (pp. 284-293). Glasgow: Design Research Society, 3 : Design organisation and management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploit and explore: two ways of categorizing innovation projects
2011 (English)In: Impacting society through engineering design: ICED 11 København, the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design ; 15th - 18th August 2011, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Copenhagen, Denmark ; proceedings volumes / [ed] Steve Culley; Ben Hicks; Tim McAloone; T.J. Howard, Glasgow: Design Research Society, 2011, Vol. 3 : Design organisation and management, p. 284-293Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Innovation is vital to companies, but also difficult to perform since there are many ways to approach the subject. Typically, a balance between all issues related to innovation is suggested in literature. The empirical study presented in this paper elaborates on two strategies for innovation projects, namely to exploit existing solutions and to explore a market to develop breakthrough solutions. This is done for the purpose to discuss management implications, and thereby also make those transparent for innovation projects. The result indicates that managerial implications for radical innovation projects are to provide internal legitimacy for the projects intentions, to provide for a clear view of balancing aspects by using concepts that fit into opposite ends on a continuum, and to preserve a rich information base about users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: Design Research Society, 2011
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ISSN 2220-4334
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-39151 (URN)dc983be1-2a85-4143-912c-b04fc401409f (Local ID)978-1-904670-23-0 (ISBN)dc983be1-2a85-4143-912c-b04fc401409f (Archive number)dc983be1-2a85-4143-912c-b04fc401409f (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Engineering Design : 15/08/2011 - 19/08/2011
Note
Validerad; 2012; 20111221 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
Kastensson, Å. (2011). Managing innovation projects: a perspective of explore and exploit (ed.). (Licentiate dissertation). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing innovation projects: a perspective of explore and exploit
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A company’s ability to introduce new products and services is a key success factor for sustaining competitive advantage. In parallel, the manufacturing industry faces the challenge of delivering customer-perceived value, so-called service offerings, rather than merely goods. Consequently, innovation capabilities become more important than ever. In particular, companies acting in a business-to-consumer market environment have found that launching innovations is crucial to business success.A product development process generally starts from some kind of user need or the identification of a market opportunity. Such a process is commonly described as consisting of stages and decision gates, supporting a fairly sequential process where information about a known solution is managed. Some argue that innovation projects fit into this kind of process, and some argue that they do not since the requirements of innovations cannot be known beforehand. One cause of these conflicting arguments could be that perceptions of what constitutes an innovation differ. The literature describes two types of innovation: incremental (step wise) and radical (disruptive). This thesis builds on the assumption that these two types have to be managed differently. One key issue for the company studied is that there seem to be aspects that hinder the implementation of really creative and great innovations into products. The company has a history of technical innovations, but currently needs processes that assure innovations will be implemented into products, and thus will actually benefit users and strengthen the company’s competitiveness. Consequently, an overall purpose of the research project upon which this work is based, is to increase the possibilities for implementation of innovations of products. The work outlined in this thesis has been guided by two research questions: how is innovation perceived within the company? And, how are innovation projects managed today?The study is based on an action research approach that has generated qualitative empirical data. The methodology is explorative and descriptive in nature. Data have been generated by participation in projects, interviews and workshops.The initial studies focused on innovation as a concept, and a number of keywords describing the company view were identified, thus providing a point of view for continued research efforts. The literature review has shed light on the perspectives explore (related to radical innovation) and exploit (related to incremental innovation) as adding a dimension to the management of innovation projects. The perspectives have been tested in a workshop with innovation managers and resulted in insights about how to balance different types of projects. Moreover, the study of the gated processes for product development and interviews with decision makers indicate that further investigation of the gate criteria is important. In light of the explore and exploit perspectives, it seems that the applied gates might sort out innovation early on.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011. p. 35
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Functional Product Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-18367 (URN)83e41413-21dc-463a-97cb-74eed6643109 (Local ID)978-91-7439-262-3 (ISBN)83e41413-21dc-463a-97cb-74eed6643109 (Archive number)83e41413-21dc-463a-97cb-74eed6643109 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20110511 (asakas); LICENTIATSEMINARIUM Ämnesområde: Funktionella produkter/Functional Product Development Examinator: Dr Biträdande lektor Åsa Ericson, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Dr. Enhetschef Annika Zika-Viktorsson, VINNOVA, Stockholm Tid: Måndag den 13 juni 2011 kl 11.00 Plats: Studio E-huset, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Kastensson, Å., Larsson, A. & Ericson, Å. (2010). Embracing risk to pursue product innovation in automotive industry (ed.). Paper presented at International Product Development Management Conference : 13/06/2010 - 15/06/2010. Paper presented at International Product Development Management Conference : 13/06/2010 - 15/06/2010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Embracing risk to pursue product innovation in automotive industry
2010 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Functional Product Development
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37385 (URN)b642b4c0-ca46-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Local ID)b642b4c0-ca46-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Archive number)b642b4c0-ca46-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
International Product Development Management Conference : 13/06/2010 - 15/06/2010
Projects
ProViking THINK - Team för Heterogen Innovationskunskap, PIEp - Product Innovation Engineering Programme
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20091105 (tobias)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved
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