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Nilsson, Kristina L.ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8870-2626
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Publications (10 of 50) Show all publications
Volchko, Y., Norrman, J., Ericsson, L. O., Nilsson, K. L., Markstedt, A., Öberg, M., . . . Tengborg, P. (2020). Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource. Land use policy, 90, Article ID 104316.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource
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2020 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 90, article id 104316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In response to powerful trends in technology, resource and land supply and demand, socioeconomics and geopolitics, cities are likely to increase use of the subsurface in the near future. Indeed, the subsurface and its appropriate use have been put forward as being of crucial importance if we are to achieve resilient and sustainable cities. In recent years, quite apart from being seen primarily as a construction basis to provide physical space for infrastructure and to create a better surface living environment, the subsurface has been recognised as a multifunctional natural resource, one which provides physical space, water, energy, materials, habitats for ecosystems, support for surface life, and a repository for cultural heritage and geological archives. Currently, the subsurface is often utilised according to the “first-come-first-served” principle, which hinders possibilities to take strategic decisions on prioritisation and optimisation of competing subsurface uses, as well as fair inter- and intragenerational distribution of limited natural resources. Taking a broad international perspective, this paper investigates the subsurface as a multifunctional resource from five focal points: (1) what professionals with different backgrounds mean when using different terms related to the subsurface; (2) how professionals describe the subsurface and its multiple resources, functions and services; (3) how planning of subsurface use is supported in policy and regulations; (4) how the subsurface is included in the planning process; and (5) frameworks that can support decision-making on responsible use of the subsurface. The study reveals that the subsurface must be recognised (not only by scientists but also by decision- and policy-makers and other stakeholders) as a precious and multifunctional resource requiring careful planning and sensitive management in accordance with its potential and its value to society. Utilisation of the different subsurface functions to yield services requires careful planning and a framework to support decision-makers in achieving a balance between utilisation and preservation, and between the subsurface functions themselves in the case of outright utilisation. Further, to facilitate the necessary change towards transdisciplinary work settings in the planning process and form a platform for knowledge exchange and capacity building, there is an urgent need for a common language, i.e. mutually understandable terminology, and a common understanding, i.e. an all-inclusive view on the subsurface as a complex multifunctional resource.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Subsurface, Underground space, Urban underground space, Underground resources, Geosystem services, Planning, Subsurface planning, Subsurface management, Ownership
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76970 (URN)10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104316 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-12-09 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-29 Created: 2019-11-29 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Abarkan, A., Rizzo, A., Berggård, G., Nilsson, K. L. & Svane, Ö. (2019). Lyssna på forskningen: Den visar på avregleringens problem. Dagens nyheter (10/21/2019)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lyssna på forskningen: Den visar på avregleringens problem
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2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 10/21/2019Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dagens nyheter, 2019
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77001 (URN)
Available from: 2019-11-30 Created: 2019-11-30 Last updated: 2020-02-19Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, K. L., Markstedt, A., Ericsson, L. O., Norrman, J., Volchko, Y. & Öberg, M. (2019). Undermarken måste utnyttjas mer effektivt: Planering på djupet. Dagens nyheter (Augusti, fredag 2), pp. 5-5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Undermarken måste utnyttjas mer effektivt: Planering på djupet
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2019 (Swedish)In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no Augusti, fredag 2, p. 5-5Article in journal, News item (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dagens Nyheter, 2019
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76998 (URN)
Projects
Undermarksplanering
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2019-11-30 Created: 2019-11-30 Last updated: 2020-02-14Bibliographically approved
Sjöholm, J. & Nilsson, K. L. (2019). Varför är det så ont om Q?. In: Olander, Stefan; Mjörnell, Kristina; Femenias, Paula; Helsing, Elisabeth; Wallentén, Petter (Ed.), Hållbar renovering ur ett helhetsperspektiv: En antologi från forskarmiljön SIRen (pp. 115-119). SIRen
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Varför är det så ont om Q?
2019 (Swedish)In: Hållbar renovering ur ett helhetsperspektiv: En antologi från forskarmiljön SIRen / [ed] Olander, Stefan; Mjörnell, Kristina; Femenias, Paula; Helsing, Elisabeth; Wallentén, Petter, SIRen , 2019, p. 115-119Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SIRen, 2019
Series
SIRen rapport, ISSN 0349-4950 ; 2019:2
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77622 (URN)9789188722652 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-02-03 Created: 2020-02-03 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved
Chapman, D., Nilsson, K. L., Rizzo, A. & Larsson, A. (2019). Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(10), Article ID 1820.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id 1820Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
urban design, soft mobility, walkable environment, physical activity, health outcomes, active living
National Category
Architectural Engineering Physiotherapy
Research subject
Architecture; Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70506 (URN)10.3390/ijerph16101820 (DOI)000470967500154 ()31121986 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85066831352 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-27 (johcin);

Artikeln har tidigare förekommit som manuskript i avhandling.

Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2018). Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 6(4), 674-682
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors
2018 (English)In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 674-682Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When implementing major European transport corridors, such as the Core network corridors (CNC) which is a part of the European Trans-European Network for Transports (TEN-T), the number of stakeholders affected is huge. A governance framework for the CNC’s implementation was introduced in EU Regulation No. 1315/2013, and is now being enacted. Sustainable development and stakeholder involvement are crucial areas in the implementation. This interview study investigated the need for complementary governance, here meaning governance in addition to the governance framework set in the regulation. The interviews involved 23 individuals from the Baltic Sea Region, who are affiliated to the four categories public authority, infrastructure organisation/company, private company and other organisation. The results confirm the importance of an inclusive approach. Further, the results showed a need to ensure that all three social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainability are considered. Summarising the interview results, four areas for attention in the further CNC implementation process were identified: more and directed information, extended involvement of private sector transport stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, and involvement of stakeholders located geographically outside the immediate corridor. Complementary governance can be a tool to address these areas, as governance structures and processes can involve stakeholders and steer towards desired outcomes. The interviewees own ideas for complementary governance are presented in this paper.

The CNC implementation is currently an on-going process and these results will be further utilised in the process, as a basis for stakeholder discussions of changes in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Governance, Sustainability, Transport corridor, Interview study, Baltic Sea Region
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65143 (URN)10.1016/j.cstp.2018.08.006 (DOI)000450263400024 ()2-s2.0-85052791311 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-11-30 (inah)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, S., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2018). Considering landscape in strategic transport planning. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 396-408
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Considering landscape in strategic transport planning
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 65, p. 396-408Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The implementation of transport infrastructure plans often has significant impacts on landscapes, especially where new roads and railroads are built. Key decisions regarding the building of new transport infrastructures are often made on a strategic level, where the long-term development of a region is determined, and before the infrastructure project actually begins. In this paper we build on previous advances in Strategic Environmental Assessment theory by linking the process-related issues of the integration of these assessments in general to landscape issues in particular; we use a multiple case study of Swedish transport planning.

Results of this study indicate that the particular planning processes we looked at failed to carry out strategic landscape assessments and integrate landscape assessments in the planning process. We conclude that this can be explained by the flawed procedure of assessing landscape, the unhelpful structuring of SEA reports and by process-related issues. The idea of applying a holistic understanding of landscape, in line with the ELC, was notably absent from the studied cases. The lack of consideration of landscape as a whole can be attributed to poor use of dissipated and fragmented knowledge about landscapes as well as weaknesses in the assessment procedure. Our results indicate that the traditions of EIA are still prevalent in the practice of SEA, despite the fact that SEA theory has moved away from EIA-based methodology to become a tool for integrating environmental concerns into decision-making and for paying close attention to strategic decision processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Landscape, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Strategic planning, Transport planning, European Landscape Convention
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71091 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.09.001 (DOI)000453626000027 ()2-s2.0-85053815921 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-10-03 (svasva)

Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. & Johansson, C. M. (2018). Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors. Cogent Business & Management, 5(1), Article ID 1423870.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors
2018 (English)In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogent OA, 2018
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65142 (URN)10.1080/23311975.2018.1423870 (DOI)000424844100001 ()2-s2.0-85045254901 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-02-09 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Luciani, A., Nilsson, K. L., Lidelöw, S., Bhattacharjee, S. & Örn, T. (2018). Improving the energy efficiency of built heritage in cold regions: Issues and opportunities. In: Tor Broström, Lisa Nilsen and Susanna Carlsten (Ed.), Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018.: . Paper presented at The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018. (pp. 182-190).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving the energy efficiency of built heritage in cold regions: Issues and opportunities
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2018 (English)In: Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018. / [ed] Tor Broström, Lisa Nilsen and Susanna Carlsten, 2018, p. 182-190Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73535 (URN)
Conference
The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018.
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-09-06
Ebrahimabadi, S., Johansson, C., Rizzo, A. & Nilsson, K. (2018). Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate (ed.). Urban Design International, 23(2), 116-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate
2018 (English)In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interest in climate-sensitive urban design has grown in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are various difficulties associated with such an approach. One of these is the lack of simple comfort assessment tools. This paper presents a method for microclimate assessment that is composed of a wind comfort analysis and a microclimate assessment based on measuring a combination of solar access and wind velocity. The study includes analysis of a proposed urban project situated in Kiruna, a Swedish town located in the subarctic region of the country. The results from the simulations were then overlaid to produce combined microclimate maps for three specific dates: winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice. The maps illustrate relative microclimate differences between areas in the proposed project based on combinations of wind/lee and sun/shadow conditions. The outcomes showed that only a small proportion of the area studied had favourable microclimate conditions at the winter solstice and spring equinox. The thermal comfort Index OUT_SET* was calculated for the summer solstice in the study area. Comparisons between the spatial distribution of OUT_SET* values and the microclimate assessment map showed a large degree of correlation. The method is intended to be a simple and representative evaluation of microclimate

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Keywords
microclimate assessment, outdoor comfort, wind comfort, urban design, subarctic climate, Civil engineering and architecture - Architecture and architectural conservation and restoration, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur - Arkitektur och bebyggelsevård
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12071 (URN)10.1057/udi.2015.26 (DOI)000455278000005 ()2-s2.0-85050957324 (Scopus ID)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (Local ID)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (Archive number)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (OAI)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-07 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8870-2626

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