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Nilsson, Kristina L.ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8870-2626
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Publications (10 of 46) Show all publications
Chapman, D., Nilsson, K. L., Rizzo, A. & Larsson, A. (2019). Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(10), Article ID 1820.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 10, article id 1820Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2019
Keywords
urban design, soft mobility, walkable environment, physical activity, health outcomes, active living
National Category
Architectural Engineering Physiotherapy
Research subject
Architecture; Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70506 (URN)10.3390/ijerph16101820 (DOI)000470967500154 ()31121986 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85066831352 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-27 (johcin);

Artikeln har tidigare förekommit som manuskript i avhandling.

Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2018). Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 6(4), 674-682
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors
2018 (English)In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 674-682Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When implementing major European transport corridors, such as the Core network corridors (CNC) which is a part of the European Trans-European Network for Transports (TEN-T), the number of stakeholders affected is huge. A governance framework for the CNC’s implementation was introduced in EU Regulation No. 1315/2013, and is now being enacted. Sustainable development and stakeholder involvement are crucial areas in the implementation. This interview study investigated the need for complementary governance, here meaning governance in addition to the governance framework set in the regulation. The interviews involved 23 individuals from the Baltic Sea Region, who are affiliated to the four categories public authority, infrastructure organisation/company, private company and other organisation. The results confirm the importance of an inclusive approach. Further, the results showed a need to ensure that all three social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainability are considered. Summarising the interview results, four areas for attention in the further CNC implementation process were identified: more and directed information, extended involvement of private sector transport stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, and involvement of stakeholders located geographically outside the immediate corridor. Complementary governance can be a tool to address these areas, as governance structures and processes can involve stakeholders and steer towards desired outcomes. The interviewees own ideas for complementary governance are presented in this paper.

The CNC implementation is currently an on-going process and these results will be further utilised in the process, as a basis for stakeholder discussions of changes in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Governance; Sustainability; Transport corridor; Interview study; Baltic Sea Region
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65143 (URN)10.1016/j.cstp.2018.08.006 (DOI)000450263400024 ()2-s2.0-85052791311 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-11-30 (inah)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-11-30Bibliographically approved
Löfgren, S., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2018). Considering landscape in strategic transport planning. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 396-408
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Considering landscape in strategic transport planning
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 65, p. 396-408Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The implementation of transport infrastructure plans often has significant impacts on landscapes, especially where new roads and railroads are built. Key decisions regarding the building of new transport infrastructures are often made on a strategic level, where the long-term development of a region is determined, and before the infrastructure project actually begins. In this paper we build on previous advances in Strategic Environmental Assessment theory by linking the process-related issues of the integration of these assessments in general to landscape issues in particular; we use a multiple case study of Swedish transport planning.

Results of this study indicate that the particular planning processes we looked at failed to carry out strategic landscape assessments and integrate landscape assessments in the planning process. We conclude that this can be explained by the flawed procedure of assessing landscape, the unhelpful structuring of SEA reports and by process-related issues. The idea of applying a holistic understanding of landscape, in line with the ELC, was notably absent from the studied cases. The lack of consideration of landscape as a whole can be attributed to poor use of dissipated and fragmented knowledge about landscapes as well as weaknesses in the assessment procedure. Our results indicate that the traditions of EIA are still prevalent in the practice of SEA, despite the fact that SEA theory has moved away from EIA-based methodology to become a tool for integrating environmental concerns into decision-making and for paying close attention to strategic decision processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Landscape, Strategic Environmental Assessment, Strategic planning, Transport planning, European Landscape Convention
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71091 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.09.001 (DOI)000453626000027 ()2-s2.0-85053815921 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-10-03 (svasva)

Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. & Johansson, C. M. (2018). Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors. Cogent Business & Management, 5(1), Article ID 1423870.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors
2018 (English)In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogent OA, 2018
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65142 (URN)10.1080/23311975.2018.1423870 (DOI)000424844100001 ()2-s2.0-85045254901 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-02-09 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Luciani, A., Nilsson, K. L., Lidelöw, S., Bhattacharjee, S. & Örn, T. (2018). Improving the energy efficiency of built heritage in cold regions: Issues and opportunities. In: Tor Broström, Lisa Nilsen and Susanna Carlsten (Ed.), Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018.: . Paper presented at The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018. (pp. 182-190).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving the energy efficiency of built heritage in cold regions: Issues and opportunities
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2018 (English)In: Conference Report. The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018. / [ed] Tor Broström, Lisa Nilsen and Susanna Carlsten, 2018, p. 182-190Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73535 (URN)
Conference
The 3rd International Conference on Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings (EEHB2018), Visby, Sweden, September 26th to 27th, 2018.
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-09
Ebrahimabadi, S., Johansson, C., Rizzo, A. & Nilsson, K. (2018). Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate (ed.). Urban Design International, 23(2), 116-131
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Microclimate assessment method for urban design: A case study in subarctic climate
2018 (English)In: Urban Design International, ISSN 1357-5317, E-ISSN 1468-4519, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interest in climate-sensitive urban design has grown in recent decades. Nevertheless, there are various difficulties associated with such an approach. One of these is the lack of simple comfort assessment tools. This paper presents a method for microclimate assessment that is composed of a wind comfort analysis and a microclimate assessment based on measuring a combination of solar access and wind velocity. The study includes analysis of a proposed urban project situated in Kiruna, a Swedish town located in the subarctic region of the country. The results from the simulations were then overlaid to produce combined microclimate maps for three specific dates: winter solstice, spring equinox and summer solstice. The maps illustrate relative microclimate differences between areas in the proposed project based on combinations of wind/lee and sun/shadow conditions. The outcomes showed that only a small proportion of the area studied had favourable microclimate conditions at the winter solstice and spring equinox. The thermal comfort Index OUT_SET* was calculated for the summer solstice in the study area. Comparisons between the spatial distribution of OUT_SET* values and the microclimate assessment map showed a large degree of correlation. The method is intended to be a simple and representative evaluation of microclimate

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Palgrave Macmillan, 2018
Keywords
microclimate assessment, outdoor comfort, wind comfort, urban design, subarctic climate, Civil engineering and architecture - Architecture and architectural conservation and restoration, Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur - Arkitektur och bebyggelsevård
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12071 (URN)10.1057/udi.2015.26 (DOI)000455278000005 ()2-s2.0-85050957324 (Scopus ID)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (Local ID)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (Archive number)b1edd3cf-8278-43ef-881b-cf27748aa7ce (OAI)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-07 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-01-28Bibliographically approved
Wikberg-Nilsson, Å., Blomqvist, K., Jahnke, M., Molnar, S., Nilsson, K. L., de Fine Licht, K. & Öhrling, T. (2018). Tillgänglighetsdesign för stadens utveckling. Luleå
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tillgänglighetsdesign för stadens utveckling
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Det offentliga rummet: stadens gator, parker, byggnader och torg likväl som den kultur och sociala kontext som en viss stad har, skulle kunna utformas för att vara tillgängligt, användbart, inkluderande, attraktivt och välgörande för människan i betydligt större utsträckning än vad som görs idag. 

Troligtvis är det inte medveten diskriminering som ligger bakom mindre god design av det offentliga rummet, utan snarare okunskap om vad som kan och behöver göras. Fram tills dess människor befinner sig i en situation där de på något sätt själva är hindrade från att delta på lika villkor är det svårt att inse hur mycket det offentliga rummet påverkar oss. Det kan vara mindre hinder i form av ojämnt underlag som gör det svårt att ta sig fram för vissa, medan det omöjliggör framfart för andra. Det kan vara miljöer som vissa upplever som “vanliga” medan andra upplever sig djupt otrygga eller utestängda från desamma. Med andra ord är det offentliga rummets utrymmen där vi lever, jobbar och leker knutna till vart vi går och vad vi gör eller vart vi inte går eller gör. 

Av den anledningen anser vi att det finns behov av att utveckla konkreta metoder och handgripliga råd för att arbeta med mer medveten utformning av fysisk miljö: tillgänglighetsdesign. Tillgänglighetsdesign används här genomgående som ett brett begrepp för design av lösningar som upplevs trygga, användbara, inkluderande, attraktiva och välgörande. Vi utgår från en designpraktik som stödjer tanken att miljön måste vara tillgänglig för alla grupper i samhället. I det förstudieprojekt som beskrivs i kommande kapitel har av den anledningen en kartläggning skett med utgångspunkt i ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign, det vill säga att motverka diskriminering och främja lika rättighter och möjligheter oavsett kön, könsöverskridande identitet eller uttryck, etnisk tillhörighet, religion eller annan trosuppfattning, funktionsnedsättning, sexuell läggning eller ålder. 

Förstudien har omfattat kartläggning av normkritiska perspektiv, lagar och riktlinjer kring fysisk tillgänglighet, social hållbarhet och tillgänglighet, universell och inkluderande design, samt inhämtning av inspiration från arkitektur, form och designområdet. Det har även omfattat identifiering av goda exempel från runt om i landet på vad tillgänglighetsdesign i bred bemärkelse kan omfatta och intervjuer med personer som arbetat med detta. Vi vill rikta ett stort tack till er som bidragit till arbetet. 

Vår avsikt är att de principer som utformats i förstudien för tillgänglighetsdesign ska diskuteras, användas och uppdateras vid all stadsutveckling. På så sätt kan vi åstadkomma ett helhetsgrepp på tillgänglighetsdesign och åstadkomma socialt hållbara, attraktiva och tillgängliga platser och miljöer runt om i landet. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: , 2018. p. 92
Keywords
Tillgänglighetsdesign, Stadsutveckling, Normkritik, Fysisk planering, Arkitektur, Designmetoder
National Category
Architecture Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Architectural Engineering Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Design; Architecture; Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71029 (URN)
Funder
VINNOVA, 2017-04832
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2018-10-04Bibliographically approved
Chapman, D., Nilsson, K., Larsson, A. & Rizzo, A. (2017). Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study. Sustainable cities and society, 35, 574-580
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Climatic barriers to soft-mobility in winter: Lulea, Sweden as case study
2017 (English)In: Sustainable cities and society, ISSN 2210-6707, Vol. 35, p. 574-580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban form can moderate the effects of weather on human movement. As such, the interrelationship between built environment, weather and human movement is a critical component of urban design. This paper explores the impacts of weather on non-motorised human movement (soft-mobility). Throughout we look at soft-mobility from the citizen’s perspective and highlight the barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

The aim of this study was to test the traditional pallet of winter city urban design considerations. Those of solar-access, wind and snow management and explore other weather and terrain conditions that act as barriers to soft-mobility in winter. This study is based on survey responses from 344 citizens in the sub-arctic area of Sweden. Outcomes from the research highlight that rain, icy surfaces and darkness are today’s most significant barriers to soft-mobility in winter.

Results from this study link changing barriers to soft-mobility in winter with climate change. The paper concludes that future urban design and planning for winter cities needs to consider a wider pallet of weather conditions, especially rain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Winter Cities, Resilience, Outdoor Activity, Walkability, Urban Microclimate
National Category
Social Sciences Architectural Engineering Physiotherapy
Research subject
Architecture; Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65555 (URN)10.1016/j.scs.2017.09.003 (DOI)000415898200049 ()2-s2.0-85029311543 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-09-14 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-09-10 Created: 2017-09-10 Last updated: 2019-05-21Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2017). Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents. Paper presented at World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2016 Shanghai. 10-15 July 2016. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 3698-3706
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents
2017 (English)In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 25, p. 3698-3706Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Architectural Engineering Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63982 (URN)10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.339 (DOI)000404963803055 ()2-s2.0-85020309934 (Scopus ID)
Conference
World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2016 Shanghai. 10-15 July 2016
Note

Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Available from: 2017-06-14 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. & Johansson, C. (2016). Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders (ed.). Paper presented at Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016. Paper presented at Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31090 (URN)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (Local ID)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (Archive number)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (OAI)
Conference
Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016
Note
Godkänd; 2016; Bibliografisk uppgift: Bidraget är presenterat som poster.; 20160427 (obemar)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8870-2626

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