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Lundmark, C., Nilsson, J. & Krook-Riekkola, A. (2023). Taking Stock of Knowledge Transfer Studies: Finding Ways Forward. Environmental Management, 72(6), 1146-1162
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Taking Stock of Knowledge Transfer Studies: Finding Ways Forward
2023 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 72, no 6, p. 1146-1162Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knowledge transfer (KT) from academia to practice is important in many fields, but comprehensive studies on identifying the most effective forms of KT are scarce. This paper aims to provide an overview of KT theory and presents a cross-disciplinary scoping review of empirically oriented peer-reviewed articles. The review offers guidance for researchers seeking to communicate effectively with practitioners. It explores the effects of research communications, delves into the understanding and measurement of these effects, attempts to identify the most effective forms of communication, and highlights important considerations when designing KT strategies. Few studies in our sample (eight of 27) systematically measured effects of KT, and merely four studies compared multiple forms of KT. Nevertheless, most studies estimated effects from KT, regardless of the chosen form (e.g., workshops or lectures). Most studies estimated knowledge change as the primary outcome. Additionally, several studies explored altered beliefs such as increased self-efficacy. A third of the studies addressed how the knowledge was applied, ranging from sharing information to developing new habits. The identified effects were, however, both small and volatile. Our findings underscore the significance of continuity and repeated interactions to enhance the impact of KT initiatives. Furthermore, researchers need to develop a comprehensive set of tools to facilitate successful KT, considering factors such as expertise, communication skills, trust-building, and participant-centered approaches. By employing these strategies, researchers can effectively bridge the gap between academia and practice, facilitating successful KT in various fields.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2023
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Political Science; Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101294 (URN)10.1007/s00267-023-01877-y (DOI)001062861700001 ()37688647 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85170281362 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 46240-1
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-11-06 (sofila);

Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2023-09-11 Created: 2023-09-11 Last updated: 2023-11-09Bibliographically approved
Söderberg, C., Sandström, A., Lundmark, C. & Nilsson, J. (2021). The link between collaborative governance design and markers of legitimacy: Comparing Swedish water- and large carnivore management. Environmental Policy and Governance, 31(6), 563-579
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The link between collaborative governance design and markers of legitimacy: Comparing Swedish water- and large carnivore management
2021 (English)In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 563-579Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses how the design of collaborative regimes influences markers of legitimacy in Swedish water- and large carnivore governance. Based on institutional analysis and statistical analysis of survey data, the study examines two systems with different types of collaborative designs and compares them in relation to markers of legitimacy, in terms of perceived process quality, policy agreement and policy acceptance among the involved decision-making actors and concerned organizations. The findings show how the design of collaboration influences some, but not all, explored markers of legitimacy. First, the categories of actors involved; whom they are accountable to; and the authority given to the collaborative forums, effect perceptions of influence, the possibility of reaching joint agreements and the degree of policy agreement among involved decision-makers. Second, the findings indicate that the degree of policy agreement among concerned organizations is unaffected by differences in institutional design. Third, the degree of policy acceptance among involved decision-making actors and concerned organizations was unaffected by institutional design and notably high in both systems. The results both verify and develop previous research findings and the message to policymakers is to carefully consider the design when introducing new collaborative forums, including whom to invite, in what role, and with what mandate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2021
Keywords
collaborative governance regimes, deliberation, environmental governance, policy acceptance, policy agreement
National Category
Political Science Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86474 (URN)10.1002/eet.1958 (DOI)000675182200001 ()2-s2.0-85110950695 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 254-2014-586
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-02-28 (joosat)

Available from: 2021-07-27 Created: 2021-07-27 Last updated: 2022-03-04Bibliographically approved
Sandström, A., Söderberg, C., Lundmark, C., Nilsson, J. & Fjellborg, D. (2020). Assessing and explaining policy coherence: A comparative study of water governance and large carnivore governance in Sweden. Environmental Policy and Governance, 30(1), 3-13
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing and explaining policy coherence: A comparative study of water governance and large carnivore governance in Sweden
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2020 (English)In: Environmental Policy and Governance, ISSN 1756-932X, E-ISSN 1756-9338, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 3-13Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper explores the relationship between different types of multi-level governance systems and policy coherence (i.e., uniformity of goals and rules) through a study of the governance systems for water and large carnivores in Sweden. The study objects represent multi-level governance systems for contested natural resources in the same national context, though in different policy areas and with substantial differences in institutional arrangements. We define the characteristics of each governance system through an institutional analysis of official records and compare their perceived ability to promote coherence through a statistical analysis of survey data. Our empirical results both support and problematize common ideas about how different institutional features relate to policy coherence in multi-level governance. The results clearly indicate that multi-level governance systems are challenged by conflicting goals and rules, both within and across governance systems, and that the capacity to address these difficulties is generally perceived as wanting in both types of systems. The results tentatively suggest that clashes with other governance systems are more prominent in polycentric and ecologically based systems, while internal goal and rule conflicts are more prevalent in centralized and more traditionally organized systems.

The findings contribute to our understanding of the quandaries associated with the design of new governance systems. The study also contributes important insights into what features to focus on in attempts to mitigate the downsides of different institutional arrangements in multi-level governance systems.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
Environmental governance, large carnivore management, multi-level governance, policy coherence, water management
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76522 (URN)10.1002/eet.1871 (DOI)000498261000001 ()2-s2.0-85075521150 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-02-21 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-10-26 Created: 2019-10-26 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C. (2020). The connectivity dilemma in freshwater management: Exploring the role of street level bureaucrats in water governance. Water Policy, 22(6), 1067-1081
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The connectivity dilemma in freshwater management: Exploring the role of street level bureaucrats in water governance
2020 (English)In: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1067-1081Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Connectivity is key in freshwater management, e.g. to ensure viable populations of fish, but restoring it may cause the spread of invasive species. Goal conflicts of this kind are common in freshwater management, and the burden of addressing them rests on the shoulders of street-level bureaucrats, i.e. public officials at the end of the policy chain. This study uses a theoretical framework to explore their management choices employing previous research on natural resource management. The findings, based on qualitative semi-structured interviews with street-level bureaucrats from all water districts in Sweden, show that the three factors explored – their understanding of formal policy, their implementation resources, and their policy beliefs – matter when anthropogenic connectivity barriers are considered in ongoing management. Additionally, the factors are interrelated in a way that can obstruct the implementation of policy goals. While connectivity issues rank high and are considered a great problem all over the country, invasive species are regarded as a relatively small problem. If this should change in the future, the level of preparedness is low, primarily due to restricted implementation resources, but also due to the absence of guidance and formal responsibilities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IWA Publishing, 2020
Keywords
Connectivity, Freshwater governance, Freshwater management, Implementation resources, Invasive species, Policy beliefs
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-82119 (URN)10.2166/wp.2020.123 (DOI)000600141300007 ()2-s2.0-85098521226 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2016-01921
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-01-05 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-12-28 Created: 2020-12-28 Last updated: 2021-01-15Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, J. & Lundmark, C. (2020). The effect of personal values and the roles on representational principles in natural resource management decision-making. Heliyon, 6(5), Article ID e04032.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The effect of personal values and the roles on representational principles in natural resource management decision-making
2020 (English)In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 6, no 5, article id e04032Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to explore how personal values and the role of the representative influence representation principles when making decisions in natural resource management. This was tested in an empirical case of wildlife management in Sweden, the regional Wildlife Conservation Committees (WCCs). These WCCs consist of a mix of actors in collaborative settings, where both politicians and interest organization representatives make decisions on wildlife related issues. The results show that the value dimension of self-enhancement, associated with giving importance to values such as achievement and power, significantly affects a representational style associated with following the representative's personal preferences when making decisions, the trustee principle. The role of the representative also significantly affects representational style when making decisions in these cases, where the interest organizational representatives more often follow the party principle, i.e., the view of the parties or organization they represent, than the political actors. Age also had a significant impact where older representatives relied more on the trustee principle than their younger peers. The implications of these results are that personal values in this case matters for decision-making, which is in line with earlier research on decision-making on environmental issues. Further, politicians behave atypically for the Swedish context relying more on the trustee principle rather than the party principle, which policy makers should take into consideration when designing collaborative arenas similar to the WCCs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Values, Representation, Party principle, Trustee principle, Wildlife, Natural resource management, Personality, Political science, Political behavior, Government, Psychology
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-79031 (URN)10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04032 (DOI)000537749900164 ()32490242 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85085311166 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 211-2011- 1363Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, NV-01337-15
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-06-16 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-05-27 Created: 2020-05-27 Last updated: 2020-12-15Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C., Sandström, A., Andersson, K. & Laikre, L. (2019). Monitoring the effects of knowledge communication on conservation managers' perception of genetic biodiversity: a case study from the Baltic Sea. Marine policy, 99, 223-229
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Monitoring the effects of knowledge communication on conservation managers' perception of genetic biodiversity: a case study from the Baltic Sea
2019 (English)In: Marine policy, ISSN 0308-597X, Vol. 99, p. 223-229Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite the attention given to genetic biodiversity in international agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Strategic Plan and the Aichi Targets, previous research points at a “conservation genetics gap,” indicating that scientific insights into genetic biodiversity are poorly integrated into practical management. Both researchers and managers call for platforms for knowledge exchange between science and practice. However, few scientific studies on the potential effects of such knowledge transfer have been conducted. The present study is a follow-up to Lundmark et al. (2017), which identified significant effects of two forms of knowledge communication on conservation managers’ concerns and beliefs in regard to Baltic Sea genetic biodiversity. This study departs from Lundmark et al. (2017) and explores (a) whether the identified alterations in knowledge and beliefs persist over time, and (b) whether potential stability differs between different types of policy beliefs as well as between two types of knowledge communication (lecture and group deliberation). The results of this follow-up study show that the positive impacts on managers’ self-assessed knowledge remained, while the effects on policy beliefs largely had vanished a few months after the knowledge communication. Thus, changes in beliefs seem perishable, suggesting that continuity is more important than the form of educational efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Adaptive management, Marine management, Protected areas, Knowledge communication, Deliberation, Conservation genetics
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71167 (URN)10.1016/j.marpol.2018.10.023 (DOI)000454467200028 ()2-s2.0-85056200670 (Scopus ID)
Projects
BAMBI
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-11-20 (inah)

Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Sandström, A., Lundmark, C., Andersson, K., Johannesson, K. & Laikre, L. (2019). Understanding and bridging the conservation-genetics gap in marine management. Conservation Biology, 33(3), 725-728
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding and bridging the conservation-genetics gap in marine management
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2019 (English)In: Conservation Biology, ISSN 0888-8892, E-ISSN 1523-1739, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 725-728Article in journal, Editorial material (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71758 (URN)10.1111/cobi.13272 (DOI)000467327300024 ()30578637 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85059681921 (Scopus ID)
Projects
BAMBI
Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2021-03-30Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C., Matti, S. & Sandström, A. (2018). The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management. Journal of Environmental Management, 226, 226-240
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The transforming capacity of collaborative institutions: belief change and coalition reformation in conflicted wildlife management
2018 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 226, p. 226-240Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to examine the transformative capacity of top-down imposed collaborative institutions on participants’ beliefs and coordination patterns. First, do collaborative arenas enhance learning in terms of belief change and belief convergence among participating actors? Second, what types of beliefs are changed and, third, how are changes in beliefs reflected in the formation of coalitions? To answer these questions, a longitudinal study encompassing three collaborative decision-making arenas in the highly adversarial system for wildlife management in Sweden is performed. The empirical analysis indicates both stability and change within the new management system that confirms, as well as challenges, the theoretical assumptions guiding the analysis. While beliefs overall are rather stable, we note, surprisingly, how some participants’ more normatively oriented policy core beliefs have been slightly modified over time. A more expected result was that these adjustments in normative policy core beliefs were accompanied by a reformed coalition structure within the studied decision-making arenas. The study contributes to our understandings of policy beliefs and coalitions in conflicted policy areas; it underlines the mixed results of collaborative institutions found in previous research; yet, lends a modest support in favor of the transformative capacity of collaborative institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70307 (URN)10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.07.073 (DOI)000446147000024 ()30121014 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85053199525 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-16 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-08-09 Created: 2018-08-09 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Ek, K., Goytia, S., Lundmark, C., Nysten-Haarala, S., Pettersson, M., Sandström, A., . . . Stage, J. (2017). Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights. Research Ideas and Outcomes, 3, Article ID e21305.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights
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2017 (English)In: Research Ideas and Outcomes, E-ISSN 2367-7163, Vol. 3, article id e21305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two systems working in parallel have contributed to implementation difficulties in Swedish water governance. While the old system is designed to be predictable and stable over time, the new system is intended to be transparent and holistic, guided by the principles of Integrated Water Resource Management. The paper disentangles the challenges in Swedish water governance and proposes a blueprint for future research. The proposed research project is unique in the sense that it explores the imbalances between the new and the old water governance systems from a multi-disciplinary perspective, elaborating upon the clashes between the traditional, nationally based regulatory system and the new holistic water governance system from legal, political and economic perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pensoft Publishers, 2017
National Category
Economics Law and Society Political Science Law (excluding Law and Society) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Economics; Law; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66029 (URN)10.3897/rio.3.e21305 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2024-05-06Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C., Andersson, K., Sandström, A. & Laikre, L. (2017). Effectiveness of short-term knowledge communication on Baltic Sea marine genetic biodiversity to public managers. Regional Environmental Change, 17(3), 841-849
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effectiveness of short-term knowledge communication on Baltic Sea marine genetic biodiversity to public managers
2017 (English)In: Regional Environmental Change, ISSN 1436-3798, E-ISSN 1436-378X, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 841-849Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to assess the impact of two forms of short-term knowledge communication – lectures and group deliberations – on public managers’ policy beliefs regarding genetic biodiversity in the Baltic Sea. Genetic biodiversity is a key component of biological variation, but despite scientific knowledge and far-reaching political goals, genetic biodiversity remains neglected in marine management. Previous research highlights lack of knowledge as one explanation to the implementation deficit. This multidisciplinary study builds on the identified need for an improved knowledge-transfer between science and on-going management. A basic knowledge package on genetic biodiversity in the Baltic Sea was presented as either a lecture or a deliberative group discussion to two separate samples of public managers who are involved in Baltic Sea and other biodiversity management at the regional level in Sweden. The empirical findings show that the communicated information has an impact on the public managers’ beliefs on genetic biodiversity of the Baltic Sea. Lectures seem more efficient to transfer knowledge on this theme. Those who received information through a lecture strengthen their confidence in area protection as a management tool to conserve genetic diversity. They were also more convinced of the obligation of authorities at national and regional level to take on larger responsibility for genetic conservation than those managers who participated in deliberative discussion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
Keywords
Baltic Sea, genetic biodiversity, marine management, Marine Protected Area, knowledge communication, deliberation
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60500 (URN)10.1007/s10113-016-1077-1 (DOI)000394991000018 ()2-s2.0-84995741763 (Scopus ID)
Projects
BONUS Bambi (Baltic Sea Marine Biodiversity)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 215-2012-1550EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 215-2012-1550
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-02-28 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2016-11-17 Created: 2016-11-17 Last updated: 2019-09-12Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1631-0591

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