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Elenius, Lars, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7114-4605
Biography [eng]

Professor in History and Education at Umeå University and Luleå University of Technology, Sweden, specialising in research concerning national minorities and indigenous people in northern Europe. He has conducted international research projects on minority and indigenous issues. His research interests are history of education, indigenous history, historical culture, minority policy, ethno policy, nationalism, regionalism, and the history of Northern Europe. Conducted 2002-2016 the project of writing a history book and encyclopedia about the Barents Region and has written textbooks in history.

Biography [swe]

Professor i historia med utbildningsvetenskaplig
inriktning vid Umeå universitet 2011 samt vid Luleå tekniska universitet 2016. Har lett  internationella projekt om nationella minoriteter och urfolk. Forskar inom områdena nationella minoriteters historia, utbildning och kulturarv, nationalism och etnicitet samt norra Europas historia. Ledde 2002–2016 projektet att skriva en historiebok och encyklopdi om
Barentsregionen och har skrivit läromedel i historia.

Publications (10 of 89) Show all publications
Elenius, L. (2019). Möten mellan olika folk: den mångkulturella kyrkstaden i Gammelstad (1ed.). Luleå: Gammelstad Visitor Centre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Möten mellan olika folk: den mångkulturella kyrkstaden i Gammelstad
2019 (Swedish)Book (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
Meetings Between People : The Multicultural World Heritage of Gammelstad
Abstract [sv]

Genom domstolsprotokoll, husförhörslängder och giftermålslängder för att rekonstrueras den samiska närvaron i Gammelstad och den nedre älvdalen. Ännu i mitten av 1800-talet talade många i befolkningen samiska, finska eller svenska. Vi får också följa det kollektiva minnet efter samiska bosättningar i byar som Rutvik, Alvik och Måttsund. Där finns platser som kallas Lappgärdan som minnen i landskapet efter samer som bott där. I boken sätts också den tidiga finskspråkiga befolkningen i kustområdet i ny belysning. Från 1900-talets historia beskrivs hur finska krigsbarn tumultartat fick lämna ett Finland i fullt krig med Sovjetunionen. De första krigsbarnen anlände 1942 och utplacerades i familjer. En del av dem blev också kvar efter kriget.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Gammelstad Visitor Centre, 2019. p. 119 Edition: 1
Keywords
världsarv, minoriteter, urfolk, folk, kulturella möten, migrationer
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75884 (URN)978-91-519-0897-7 (ISBN)
Projects
Förmedlingen av Gammelstads kyrkstad som världsarv
Funder
Swedish National Heritage Board, 3.2.2-3598-2017
Note

Denna bok finns också tillgänglig på engelska: http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75950

Available from: 2019-09-06 Created: 2019-09-06 Last updated: 2019-09-10Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2018). Nationella minoriteters symboliska nationsbyggande: Föreställningen om Kvänland och Sápmi som nya former av etnopolitik bland finskspråkiga och samiskspråkiga minoriteter. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 138(3), 480-509
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nationella minoriteters symboliska nationsbyggande: Föreställningen om Kvänland och Sápmi som nya former av etnopolitik bland finskspråkiga och samiskspråkiga minoriteter
2018 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, no 3, p. 480-509Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sápmi and Kvänland as new forms of ethno-policy among Sámi and Finnish speaking minorities

In the article the creation of two transnational ethnic homelands, Sápmi and Kvenland in northern Scandinavia, is explored from the 1970s to present day. They are created as symbolic nations with their own nation flags, memorial days and anthems. In this respect they resemble other “nations without states” round the world. The aim is to analyse theories on transnational nation building in northern Fennoscandinavia out of these two cases. The investigation demonstrates how the use of history and myths has been used in a competition between Sámi and Finnish speakers about the right to be regarded as an indigenous people. These ethnic groups of people are now politically organised on both national and transnational level, and the Sámi also on global level.

With the global strengthening of indigenous rights, Sámi-speaking groups introduced, in the 1970s, Sápmi as a transnational homeland for the Sámi people in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. After the official recognition of Sámi as an indigenous people, and the launching of Sámi parliaments in the Nordic countries in the 1990s, Finnish speaking minorities organised cross nation-borders in order to also be recognised as an indigenous people. They have deliberately used the Norwegian ethnonym Kven for depicting the united people of Finnish speakers cross nation borders in Sweden, Norway and Finland. Kven is the name of Finnish speaking migrants in northern Norway from at least the 17th century, but it was also used by the Norwegian Vikings in the 9th century for depicting an ancient people or ethnic group of people round the Gulf of Bothnia area.

The relation between the concepts of state, nation, ethnicity and nationalism have been investigated in theories of ”nations without states”. The article demonstrates how ethnicity and nation are problematic notions to use when nations are created cross state borders. Since the nation-state has been the political form of modernity it has forced the minorities to use the nation as a model for meeting ethno-political demands. Ethno-policy has, in an increasing way, been carried out in a global and new democratic context with enlarged minority rights. It has made ethnic forms of organizing change. Ethnicity has more and more become means for putting forward political demands in ethnic form, being embedded in mediated forms. The interplay between ethnic, national and transnational identifications therefore differ from the earlier national identity and run parallel to each other.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenska Historiska Föreningen, 2018
Keywords
Scandinavia, national minorities, transnationalism, ethno-policy, myth.
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72482 (URN)
Projects
Recalling the Past, Silvermuseet
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-05-09 (marisr)

Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2018). Were the “Kainulaiset” in the Kalix River valley Finnish or Swedish-speakers?: A reinterpretation of ethnonyms in Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia area from the Viking Age and onwards. Acta Borealia (2), 1-33
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Were the “Kainulaiset” in the Kalix River valley Finnish or Swedish-speakers?: A reinterpretation of ethnonyms in Finland and the Gulf of Bothnia area from the Viking Age and onwards
2018 (English)In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, E-ISSN 1503-111X, no 2, p. 1-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Norwegian ethnonym Kven and the Finnish ethnonym Kainulainen occurred at latest in the first millennium AD. A tacit truth held today is that the ethnonyms represent the same ancient Finnish-speaking group, only named differently by Norwegians and Finns. The aim of the article is to find out whether the ethnonyms have been used to designate different groups of people. The Finnish-speakers in the nearby Tornedalen has called the lower part of the Kalix River in northernmost Sweden the Kainuu River and the upper part Kaalas River after the original Sámi name of the river. According to theories on ethnicity they called the lower part the Kainuu River [Fin. Kainuunväylä] because they wanted to mark out the Swedish speakers of different ethnicity, who they called Kainulaiset. The latter mainly settled the lower part of the river in the Middle Ages and Finnish-speakers the upper part. The article reveals that the Sámi variety Gainolâš was used by the Sámi for depicting dominant majority populations of different ethnicity, especially Scandinavians, but sometimes also Finns. It also argues that Finnish settlers in southern Finland and the northernmost Gulf of Bothnia used Kainulainen for depicting Swedish settlers when the two language groups first encountered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis Group, 2018
Keywords
Ethnonym, Kainulainen, ethnicity, nationalism, Sámi, Finn, Kven
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72470 (URN)10.1080/08003831.2018.1536183 (DOI)000452061000003 ()2-s2.0-85055702490 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Recalling the Past, Silvermuseet, Arjeplog
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M11-0361:1
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2017). Ethnopolitical mobilisation in the North Calotte area. In: Kari Alenius (Ed.), The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region. Contacts, Influences and Social Change: (pp. 83-100). The Historical Association of Northern Finland, 77
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ethnopolitical mobilisation in the North Calotte area
2017 (English)In: The Barents and the Baltic Sea Region. Contacts, Influences and Social Change, The Historical Association of Northern Finland , 2017, Vol. 77, p. 83-100Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Tornedalians in northern Sweden  and  the  Kvens  in  northern  Norway  are  two large Finnish speaking national minorities. The Tornedalians was part of the continuous Finnish culture stretching from southern Finland up to the northernmost part of the Gulf of Bothnia. They were integrated in the Swedish kingdom from the 14th century but in 1809, at the time Sweden lost Finland to Russia, they were left on the Swedish side as a small and marginalised minority. In northern Norway a large immigration of Finnish speakers from Sweden and Finland took place in the 18th     and 19th century. They were, according to Norwegian tradition, called Kvens and regarded as immigrants who, as time went on, received Norwegian citizenship.

The Tornedalians and Kvens share a common Finnish cultural heritage within   the transnational area of northernmost Scandinavia called the North Calotte.1 Both minorities were exposed to a harsh assimilation policy from the latter half of the 19th century within each nation state. During most of the 20th century they remained loyal to the majority culture of the state, but in the 1980s a strong political mobilisation and ethnic revitalisation took place, launching new political and cultural organisations. They now emphasized their Finnish cultural heritage and claimed aid from the state for the maintenance of their minority cultures.

In the 1990s the political mobilisation was taken even further when part of the Tornedalians in Sweden, and the Kvens in Norway, claimed that they all belonged to a historically ancient Finnish speaking people called Kvens, who was mentioned in historical sources from the Viking Age. This new kind of transnational identity policy was deliberately directed against the Sámi people, who at that time received an official status as indigenous people in Norway, Sweden and Finland. Since the Sámi people claims land rights and political autonomy out of their history from immemorial   time, both history and myth has come to be in focus for the Kven movement in their transnational political mobilisation, in order to proof their legitimacy as an ancient indigenous people.

The aim of the article is to investigate how the power relation between the Tornedalian minority and the Swedish state changed from the 1930s to the 1990s, and how the expression of ethnic and national identification changed as part of the

 

 

1 The North Calotte region was created in the late 1950s, as a specific northern dimension of the Northern Countries [Norden]. It comprised the counties of Norway, Sweden and Finland that were tangent to the Arctic Circle.

 

 

 

political mobilisation of the minority. The method for investigating the changed power relations is to analyse the way Tornedalian claims on the state changed and the way new types of political organisation contributed to this. The use of history in the public is an important part of this. Expressions of ethnic and national identification  in relation to political mobilisation will be investigated through  the  reading  of  some Tornedalian periodicals and journals during the period of investigation. Some comparison is done with the Kven movement in northern Norway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Historical Association of Northern Finland, 2017
Keywords
minority, ethnopolicy, North Calotte, Tornedalen
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72483 (URN)
Projects
Recalling the Past, Silvermuseet
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M11-0361:1
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-30
Elenius, L., Allard, C. & Sandström, C. (Eds.). (2017). Indigenous Rights in Moders Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indigenous Rights in Moders Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context
2017 (English)Collection (editor) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book examines the diverse use of Indigenous customary rights in modern landscapes from a multidisciplinary perspective. Divided into two parts, the first deals explicitly with Sámi customary rights in relation to nature conservation in the Nordic countries and Russia from a legal and historical perspective. The authors investigate how longstanding Sámi customary territorial rights have been reassessed in the context of new kinds of legislation regarding Indigenous people. They also look at the ideas behind the historical models of nature conservation. The second part deals with the ideas and implementation of new kinds of postcolonial models of nature conservation. The case of the Sámi is compared with other Indigenous people internationally with cases from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and India. The work investigates how the governance of protected areas has been influenced by the principles of equality and positive discrimination, and how it has affected the possibilities of establishing adaptive co-management arrangements for specific areas. How the legal situation of Indigenous peoples has been recognised in an international context is also investigated. The volume provides a multidisciplinary analysis of how the customary livelihood of Indigenous people has adapted to modern industrialised landscapes and also how postcolonial approaches have contributed to global changes of Indigenous rights and nature conservation models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2017. p. 236
National Category
Social Sciences Humanities Law (excluding Law and Society) History
Research subject
History; Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62745 (URN)9781472464927 (ISBN)9781317059684 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-03-28 Created: 2017-03-28 Last updated: 2018-05-22Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2016). Bergqvist, Olof. In: editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius (Ed.), Mats-Olov Olsson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M (pp. 88-90). Paper presented at . Oslo: Pax Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bergqvist, Olof
2016 (English)In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 88-90Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61203 (URN)978-82-530-3858-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2016). Conceptions of ethnicity and nature conservation in reindeer herding areas in Sweden and Finland. In: Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström (Ed.), Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context (pp. 25-41). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conceptions of ethnicity and nature conservation in reindeer herding areas in Sweden and Finland
2016 (English)In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 25-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62801 (URN)10.4324/9781315607559 (DOI)2-s2.0-85020372866 (Scopus ID)9781472464927 (ISBN)9781317059684 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-03-30 Created: 2017-03-30 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2016). Grape, Pehr Olof. In: editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius (Ed.), Mats-Olov Olsson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M (pp. 279). Paper presented at . Oslo: Pax Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grape, Pehr Olof
2016 (English)In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 279-Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61209 (URN)978-82-530-3858-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2016). History. In: editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius (Ed.), Mats-Olov Olsson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M (pp. 295-303). Paper presented at . Oslo: Pax Forlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>History
2016 (English)In: Encyclopedia of the Barents Region: Vol. 1, A-M / [ed] editor-in-chef: Mats-Olov Olsson ; co-editors: Fredrick Backman ... [et al.] ; assistant and graphics editor: Lars Elenius, Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016, p. 295-303Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oslo: Pax Forlag, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61211 (URN)978-82-530-3858-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-12-22 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Elenius, L. (2016). Indtroduction. In: Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström (Ed.), Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context (pp. 1-5). New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Indtroduction
2016 (English)In: Indigenous Rights in Modern Landscapes: Nordic Conservation Regimes in Global Context / [ed] Lars Elenius, Christina Allard, Camilla Sandström, New York: Routledge , 2016, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2016
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62796 (URN)9781472464927 (ISBN)9781317059684 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-03-30 Created: 2017-03-30 Last updated: 2018-04-13Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7114-4605

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