Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Publications (10 of 53) Show all publications
Tomasdotter, A., Ek, K. & Wårell, L. (2023). Analysing individual differences in car use to maintenance and discretionary leisure activities. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 14, Article ID 101090.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing individual differences in car use to maintenance and discretionary leisure activities
2023 (English)In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 14, article id 101090Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on car use for commuters dominates literature although transport for leisure purposes constitutes a substantial share of the total transported kilometres. This study contributes by its focus on car use to maintenance (e.g. grocery shopping) and discretionary (e.g. social visits) leisure activities. We analyse whether individual perceptions about a personal responsibility to contribute to a sustainable transport sector restricts car use, and we also control for other factors such as type of municipality, residential area and sociodemographic characteristics. The analysis is based on survey data from 1024 car users living in rural, urban or metropolitan municipalities in Sweden. Data is analysed by applying recursive bivariate probit models. The results show that those who feel a personal responsibility to contribute to a sustainable transport sector drive less when travelling, in particular to maintenance activities. As well, those who regularly commute by car are more likely to use the car also for leisure purposes, which indicates that measures aimed at reducing commuting by car may spill over to travel for leisure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd, 2023
Keywords
Car use, D01, D12, Leisure activities, Maintenance and discretionary activities, Personal responsibility, Q58, R40, R41
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101979 (URN)10.1016/j.cstp.2023.101090 (DOI)001088588900001 ()2-s2.0-85173431917 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-11-08 (marisr);

License fulltext: CC BY

Available from: 2023-10-31 Created: 2023-10-31 Last updated: 2023-11-08Bibliographically approved
Ek, K., Wårell, L. & Andersson, L. (2021). Motives for walking and cycling when commuting - differences in local contexts and attitudes. European Transport Research Review, 13(1), Article ID 46.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motives for walking and cycling when commuting - differences in local contexts and attitudes
2021 (English)In: European Transport Research Review, ISSN 1867-0717, E-ISSN 1866-8887, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 46Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background The purpose of this study is to analyse what factors that explain individual differences in walking and cycling when commuting in different parts of Sweden. Walking and cycling is potentially accessible all over the country, while well developed public transport is mainly a viable option in densely populated areas. Methodology The importance of differences in local characteristics for the choice of transport mode will be scrutinised, together with individual differences in attitudes andpreferences. Data is collected through a survey sent to people living in five Swedish municipalities with different demographic, socio-economic ,infrastructural and geographical characteristics. Results The results for the pooled sample indicate that the choice to walk/cycle when commuting is related to health considerations and environmental concerns. Distance to work/school is also an important factor. Men tend to be more prone to choose active transport, and so do respondents with lower income. The results further reveal that availability of safe routes for walking and cycling are important for the choice to walk/cycle when commuting. As health considerations are important, we suggest policy makers to stress health motives when they promote walking and cycling in the future. Our results further suggest that it is important to consider availability and accessibility in community planning, and to prioritize safety and comfort of walking and cycling, not least in parts of the country where public transport is not an economically viable option.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Transport choice, Walking, cycling, Motives, Local context
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86674 (URN)10.1186/s12544-021-00502-5 (DOI)000683327400001 ()2-s2.0-85112670992 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-08-17 (johcin);

Finansiär: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency

Available from: 2021-08-17 Created: 2021-08-17 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Spegel, E., Ek, K., Söderberg, S. & Eliasson, M. (2021). The impact of community-based prevention on quality of life—The necessity to control for general health trends the Northern Sweden MONICA study in 2014. PLOS ONE, 16(9), Article ID e0256872.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of community-based prevention on quality of life—The necessity to control for general health trends the Northern Sweden MONICA study in 2014
2021 (English)In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 16, no 9, article id e0256872Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The Västerbotten intervention program (VIP), is a public health promotion program in northern Sweden with the aim of preventing cardiovascular disease. Positive effects have been reported although the evidence is not unequivocal. Since only historical controls have been used, effects from other sources than the program have largely been uncontrolled for and health related quality of life (HRQoL) has not been evaluated.

Purpose

By using the neighbouring county of Norrbotten (NB) as the reference population, we compare HRQoL in Västerbotten (VB) and in NB.

Methods

In 2014 the Northern Sweden survey, Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA), examined a random sample from the two counties. HRQoL was measured with the EQ-5D-3L. In total, 1112 subjects aged 40–74 years participated, 516 in VB and 594 in NB. Differences in mean QoL between VB and NB were analysed via Student’s t-test and the Pearson chi-square test.

Results

Average HRQoL measured by the EQ-5D-index was 0.798 in VB and 0.811 in NB, a difference of 0.013 (p = 0.2, CI -0.009 to 0.036). For subjects aged 45–54 years, the HRQoL was lower in VB than in NB, a difference of 0.048 (p = 0.041; CI 0.002 to 0.0094). Men had higher HRQoL than women, and university educated had higher HRQoL than those without university education. EQ-VAS showed similar results. Subjects from NB and from VB did not differ regarding age, gender and level of education. In NB, HRQoL decrease with age, a pattern not seen in VB.

Conclusions

We found similar levels of HRQoL in VB and in NB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PLOS, 2021
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86991 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0256872 (DOI)000707050100065 ()34473736 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85114230625 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Norrbotten County Council
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-09-06 (alebob)

Available from: 2021-09-06 Created: 2021-09-06 Last updated: 2021-12-13Bibliographically approved
Spegel, E. & Ek, K. (2021). Valuing the Impacts of Landslides: A Choice Experiment Approach. Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, 6(1), 163-181
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Valuing the Impacts of Landslides: A Choice Experiment Approach
2021 (English)In: Economics of Disasters and Climate Change, ISSN 2511-1280, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 163-181Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the preferences for reducing the negative impacts of landslides. Negative consequences of landslides include impacts on transport infrastructure, humans, the environment and important societal services. We apply a choice experiment. The analysis is based on 6048 observations from 504 participants in a web panel. The overall finding is that reducing the risk of landslides would have a positive impact on individuals’ utility, and that individuals prioritize preventing negative consequences on human health and safety over maintaining societal services, environmental status, and preventing damages to transport infrastructure, which seems to be least pressing. Results indicate that prioritizations of citizens differ from the prioritizations of public authorities, whose risk assessment model for evaluating the consequences of landslides gives equal weight to the different impacts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2021
Keywords
Impacts of natural hazards, Choice experiment, Landslide risks, Risk preferences
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-90268 (URN)10.1007/s41885-021-00101-7 (DOI)
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 1;2022-04-20 (marisr)

Available from: 2022-04-20 Created: 2022-04-20 Last updated: 2022-04-20Bibliographically approved
Rizzo, A., Ekelund, B., Bergström, J. & Ek, K. (2020). Participatory design as a tool to create resourceful communities in Sweden. In: Carlos Smaniotto Costa, Monika Mačiulienė, Marluci Menezes, Barbara Goličnik Marušić (Ed.), Co-creation of publicopen places: Practice - Reflection - Learning (pp. 95-107). Edições Universitárias Lusófonas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Participatory design as a tool to create resourceful communities in Sweden
2020 (English)In: Co-creation of publicopen places: Practice - Reflection - Learning / [ed] Carlos Smaniotto Costa, Monika Mačiulienė, Marluci Menezes, Barbara Goličnik Marušić, Edições Universitárias Lusófonas , 2020, p. 95-107Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

For decades, alternative (to carbon) sources of energy in Sweden have been linked to hydro- and nuclear power. However, this is set to change as the Swedish government’s agenda has placed extraordinary emphasis on renewables. The implementation of renewables in Sweden poses several challenges. Literature shows that two main aspects deter local communities from embracing large renewable projects: lack of acceptance (of the impacts) and lack of participation (in the making and benefits). Sweden has a long tradition of stakeholder engagement in state-funded projects in the form of participatory meetings and written feedbacks. However, other participatory techniques are less established. Since 2014, we have engaged in research projects dealing with energy landscapes, design thinking, and what we have recently named “resourceful communities”. The aim of this chapter is to report on the results of our recent projects that engage with the above-mentioned concepts/strategies to foster collaboration and understanding between end-users and other stakeholders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edições Universitárias Lusófonas, 2020
Series
Série Cultura e Território, ISSN 2184-8009 ; 4
Keywords
Energy aesthetics, participatory design, energy transition, resourceful communities
National Category
Architectural Engineering Economics
Research subject
Architecture; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-82612 (URN)10.24140/2020-sct-vol.4-1.6 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2014, 2018-2020Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-2021
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-989-757-125-1

Available from: 2021-01-22 Created: 2021-01-22 Last updated: 2021-06-09Bibliographically approved
Ek, K. & Persson, L. (2020). Priorities and Preferences in Water Quality Management: a Case Study of the Alsterån River Basin. Water resources management, 34(1), 155-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Priorities and Preferences in Water Quality Management: a Case Study of the Alsterån River Basin
2020 (English)In: Water resources management, ISSN 0920-4741, E-ISSN 1573-1650, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sweden is a decentralised country where local managers, who are key actors in water management, often deal with relatively difficult prioritisations, tradeoffs and conflicting goals. Many of these challenges relate to the effective implementation of the European Union Water Framework Directive. As an input to these challenges, the present paper elicits and analyses local and semi-local citizens’ preferences for water quality attributes related to the European Water Framework directive in a river basin located in southeast of Sweden. Based on a choice experiment tailored to the case study area, the paper analyses preferences for selected attributes based on real criteria for ecological water status in the implementation of the directive. The target population lives in the municipalities through which the river passes, or in municipalities neighbouring those. Despite this spatial proximity to the river, the analysis reveals limited knowledge and interest in matters related to the environmental quality of the river. There is no evidence that preferences differ between respondents with regard to experience or knowledge about the water basin, nor with regard to recreational habits in the area. These results offer input to local water management by providing information about preferences for explicit water quality attributes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2020
Keywords
Choice experiment, Water quality attributes, European Union Water Framework Directive
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77842 (URN)10.1007/s11269-019-02430-5 (DOI)000502587400001 ()2-s2.0-85076536901 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-02-25 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-02-25 Created: 2020-02-25 Last updated: 2020-04-16Bibliographically approved
Stage, J., Ek, K. & Spegel, E. (2020). Samhällsekonomiska bedömningar av dammutrivningar. Energiforsk
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samhällsekonomiska bedömningar av dammutrivningar
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Energiforsk, 2020. p. 35
Series
Energiforskrapport ; 2020:656
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78390 (URN)978-91-7673-656-2 (ISBN)
Projects
Samhällsekonomiska bedömningar av dammutrivningar
Available from: 2020-04-07 Created: 2020-04-07 Last updated: 2020-10-01Bibliographically approved
Lauf, T., Ek, K., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2020). The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63(4), 751-778
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden
Show others...
2020 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 63, no 4, p. 29p. 751-778Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the impacts of land-use policies on wind power deployment at the regional levels in Germany and Sweden. We use data for the period 2008–2012, and an econometric approach in which the probability of having any wind power capacity additions and the actual level of increased capacity, given that it is positive, are permitted to be determined by different processes. The results confirm the importance of land-use policies, e.g., priority and exclusion areas, and interesting differences across the two countries are found. The impact of priority areas has been more profound in Germany, while the assignment of protected areas instead has constituted a more binding policy tool in Sweden. Cross-country differences in the relevance of various explanatory variables are linked to factors such as geographical patterns, design of wind power support schemes, and the allocation of decision-making power in planning processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2020. p. 29
Keywords
Wind power, Regional distribution, Land-use policy, Germany, Sweden
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74803 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2019.1613221 (DOI)000469593000001 ()2-s2.0-85066859790 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2020-08-26Bibliographically approved
Andersson, L., Ek, K., Kastensson, Å. & Wårell, L. (2020). Transition towards sustainable transportation: What determines fuel choice?. Transport Policy, 90, 31-38
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transition towards sustainable transportation: What determines fuel choice?
2020 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 90, p. 31-38Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For the transport sector to become more sustainable, substantial technological and behavioural changes are required. Increased understanding about household choices related to more green alternatives in transportation is needed in order for policy makers to make efficient policies in the future. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze which factors that determines the fuel choice between ethanol and gasoline for owners of flex-fuel vehicles (FFVs). We evaluate how the self-reported fuel choice is influenced by the relative price, as well as individual differences in norms and perceptions about environmental and quality attributes of ethanol. Data was collected through a survey sent to Swedish FFV owners and is analyzed in a binary choice and a LCM framework. Results show that price, perceptions about quality, age and environmental attitudes influence the self-reported willingness to choose ethanol. Furthermore, results show that preferences are not homogenous, three groups are identified; price conscious respondents, ethanol skeptical respondents and respondents with pronounced environmental concern. However, although the motive for introducing and subsidizing ethanol was to reduce climate and environmental impacts, the group that chooses ethanol based on climate and environmental motives is small. The results further reveal that the debate about motor damages from ethanol have had a long lasting effect on the willingness to choose ethanol. Thus, it is necessary to try to prevent or mitigate concerns regarding e.g. potential technical or ethical issues when promoting future technologies or fuels aimed at a sustainable transportation sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Fuel choice, Transport policies, Environmental norms, Sustainable transportation
National Category
Economics Energy Engineering
Research subject
Economics; Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77826 (URN)10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.02.008 (DOI)000527367800004 ()2-s2.0-85079629938 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels (f3)Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-03-02 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-02-24 Created: 2020-02-24 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Kumpiene, J., Antelo, J., Brännvall, E., Carabante, I., Ek, K., Komárek, M., . . . Wårell, L. (2019). In situ chemical stabilization of trace element-contaminated soil: Field demonstrations and barriers to transition from laboratory to the field : A review. Applied Geochemistry, 100, 335-351
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In situ chemical stabilization of trace element-contaminated soil: Field demonstrations and barriers to transition from laboratory to the field : A review
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 100, p. 335-351Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The chemical stabilization, or immobilization, of trace elements (metals and metalloids; TE) in contaminated soil has been studied for decades. A vast number of scientific publications are available on the method performance in laboratory settings, reporting that the application of various soil amendments to contaminated soil reduces TE mobility, bioavailability and toxicity. The most commonly used soil amendments include organic matter, iron oxides, phosphates, ashes, and lately biochar, alone or in combination with each other and/or lime. Most of the implemented field studies show a certain degree of improvement in soil and/or vegetation status following amendment. Regardless the positive performance of the technique in the laboratory, field validations and demonstrations remain scarce. The establishment of a field experiment often involves permits from authorities and agreements with site owners, both of which are considerably more time-consuming than laboratory tests. Due to conservative institutional structures, public authorities have been slow to adopt alternative remediation technologies, especially when the total TE concentration in soil remains the same and all of the associated risks are not yet convincingly described. For this reason, researchers should also focus on enhancing public knowledge of alternative remediation techniques so that future projects which aim to demonstrate the effectiveness of in situ immobilization techniques under natural conditions will be supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Soil remediation, Immobilization, Soil amendments, Leaching, Bioavailability
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Economics
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72432 (URN)10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.12.003 (DOI)000454459100032 ()2-s2.0-85058489499 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-01-04 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2020-11-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7199-7843

Search in DiVA

Show all publications