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Publications (10 of 45) Show all publications
Kumpiene, J., Antelo, J., Brännvall, E., Carabante, I., Ek, K., Komárek, M., . . . Wårell, L. (2019). In situ chemical stabilization of trace element-contaminated soil: Field demonstrations and barriers to transition from laboratory to the field : A review. Applied Geochemistry, 100, 335-351
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In situ chemical stabilization of trace element-contaminated soil: Field demonstrations and barriers to transition from laboratory to the field : A review
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2019 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 100, p. 335-351Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The chemical stabilization, or immobilization, of trace elements (metals and metalloids; TE) in contaminated soil has been studied for decades. A vast number of scientific publications are available on the method performance in laboratory settings, reporting that the application of various soil amendments to contaminated soil reduces TE mobility, bioavailability and toxicity. The most commonly used soil amendments include organic matter, iron oxides, phosphates, ashes, and lately biochar, alone or in combination with each other and/or lime. Most of the implemented field studies show a certain degree of improvement in soil and/or vegetation status following amendment. Regardless the positive performance of the technique in the laboratory, field validations and demonstrations remain scarce. The establishment of a field experiment often involves permits from authorities and agreements with site owners, both of which are considerably more time-consuming than laboratory tests. Due to conservative institutional structures, public authorities have been slow to adopt alternative remediation technologies, especially when the total TE concentration in soil remains the same and all of the associated risks are not yet convincingly described. For this reason, researchers should also focus on enhancing public knowledge of alternative remediation techniques so that future projects which aim to demonstrate the effectiveness of in situ immobilization techniques under natural conditions will be supported.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Soil remediation, Immobilization, Soil amendments, Leaching, Bioavailability
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering Economics
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72432 (URN)10.1016/j.apgeochem.2018.12.003 (DOI)000454459100032 ()2-s2.0-85058489499 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-01-04 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-01-03 Created: 2019-01-03 Last updated: 2019-01-29Bibliographically approved
Lauf, T., Ek, K., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2019). The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Regional Heterogeneity of Wind Power Deployment: An Empirical Investigation of Land-use Policies in Germany and Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, , p. 29Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to analyze and compare the impacts of land-use policies on wind power deployment at the regional levels in Germany and Sweden. We use data for the period 2008–2012, and an econometric approach in which the probability of having any wind power capacity additions and the actual level of increased capacity, given that it is positive, are permitted to be determined by different processes. The results confirm the importance of land-use policies, e.g., priority and exclusion areas, and interesting differences across the two countries are found. The impact of priority areas has been more profound in Germany, while the assignment of protected areas instead has constituted a more binding policy tool in Sweden. Cross-country differences in the relevance of various explanatory variables are linked to factors such as geographical patterns, design of wind power support schemes, and the allocation of decision-making power in planning processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019. p. 29
Keywords
Wind power, Regional distribution, Land-use policy, Germany, Sweden
National Category
Social Sciences Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74803 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2019.1613221 (DOI)000469593000001 ()
Available from: 2019-06-20 Created: 2019-06-20 Last updated: 2019-06-20
Lauf, T., Ek, K., Gawel, E., Lehmann, P. & Söderholm, P. (2019). Wind Power Deployment as a Stressor for Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Case Study from Germany and Sweden. In: M. Schröter, A. Bonn, S. Klotz, R. Seppelt, and C. Baessler (Ed.), Atlats of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks and Societal Responses (pp. 125-128). Springer Berlin/Heidelberg
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wind Power Deployment as a Stressor for Ecosystem Services: A Comparative Case Study from Germany and Sweden
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2019 (English)In: Atlats of Ecosystem Services: Drivers, Risks and Societal Responses / [ed] M. Schröter, A. Bonn, S. Klotz, R. Seppelt, and C. Baessler, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019, p. 125-128Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book aims to identify, present and discuss key driving forces and pressures on ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the contributions that ecosystems provide to human well-being. The scope of this atlas is on identifying solutions and lessons to be applied across science, policy and practice. The atlas will address different components of ecosystem services, assess risks and vulnerabilities, and outline governance and management opportunities. The atlas will therefore attract a wide audience, both from policy and practice and from different scientific disciplines. The emphasis will be on ecosystems in Europe, as the available data on service provision is best developed for this region and recognizes the strengths of the contributing authors. Ecosystems of regions outside Europe will be covered where possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2019
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72843 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-96229-0 (DOI)978-3-319-96228-3 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-07-24Bibliographically approved
Dieperink, C., Mees, H., Priest, S. J., Ek, K., Bruzzone, S., Larrue, C. & Matczak, P. (2018). Managing urban flood resilience as a multilevel governance challenge: an analysis of required multilevel coordination mechanisms. Ecology & society, 23(1), Article ID 31.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing urban flood resilience as a multilevel governance challenge: an analysis of required multilevel coordination mechanisms
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2018 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 23, no 1, article id 31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In both academic literature and flood risk management practices, it is argued that governance initiatives are needed to enhance the flood resilience of urban agglomerations. Multiple levels of governance will be involved in this activity. However, thus far, the literature has hardly addressed what mechanisms are required to coordinate the different levels of managing urban flood resilience, and what factors account for these mechanisms. Our aim is to address this knowledge gap. Here, we examine six in-depth case studies undertaken in urban agglomerations in different European countries: Dordrecht, the Netherlands; Hull, UK; Geraardsbergen, Belgium; Karlstad, Sweden; Wroclaw, Poland; and Nice, France. The case studies reveal the ways in which multiple levels of governance are involved in managing urban flood resilience. Coordination among governance levels is achieved by proactive policy entrepreneurs, the use of bridging concepts, clear rules, and the provision of resources. These mechanisms seem to be universally applicable, but their characteristics appear to be highly dependent on more general institutional, economic, geographical, and cultural contextual factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Resilience Alliance, 2018
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-69532 (URN)10.5751/ES-09962-230131 (DOI)000432464800038 ()
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-06-14 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved
Ek, K., Goytia, S., Lundmark, C., Nysten-Haarala, S., Pettersson, M., Sandström, A., . . . Stage, J. (2017). Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights. Research Ideas and Outcomes, 3, Article ID e21305.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in Swedish hydropower: politics, economics and rights
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2017 (English)In: Research Ideas and Outcomes, E-ISSN 2367-7163, Vol. 3, article id e21305Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two systems working in parallel have contributed to implementation difficulties in Swedish water governance. While the old system is designed to be predictable and stable over time, the new system is intended to be transparent and holistic, guided by the principles of Integrated Water Resource Management. The paper disentangles the challenges in Swedish water governance and proposes a blueprint for future research. The proposed research project is unique in the sense that it explores the imbalances between the new and the old water governance systems from a multi-disciplinary perspective, elaborating upon the clashes between the traditional, nationally based regulatory system and the new holistic water governance system from legal, political and economic perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pensoft Publishers, 2017
National Category
Economics Law and Society Political Science Law (excluding Law and Society) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Economics; Law; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66029 (URN)10.3897/rio.3.e21305 (DOI)
Available from: 2017-10-10 Created: 2017-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Matti, S., Lundmark, C. & Ek, K. (2017). Managing Participation: prospects for learning and legitimacy-creation in Swedish water management. Water Policy, 19(1), 99-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing Participation: prospects for learning and legitimacy-creation in Swedish water management
2017 (English)In: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 99-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article evaluates whether the participatory arrangements in Swedish water management following from the European Union's Water Framework Directive contribute to legitimacy by increased learning and knowledge-generation. In contrast to most evaluations of collaborative arrangements, we use a three-tiered approach analyzing actors, processes and structures jointly, which allows us to more fully consider the merits and challenges facing this new management system. Based on original data collected from the Water councils in one of five Swedish Water Districts, we conclude that the prospects for learning and legitimacy-creation in Swedish water management are favorable. Despite the absence of decision-making power, a majority of the participants find the management system overall positive and meaningful, as new knowledge is collected and distributed through the Water councils. Thus, the management processes seem to work in favor of reaching the overarching goal of internal legitimacy, i.e. among the participating stakeholders. The main challenge, following our data, is for the new management system to serve as an arena for broad public involvement. As long as only a small number of stakeholders partake in the Water councils, the potential for creating external legitimacy for this new governance system is limited.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IWA Publishing, 2017
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Economics
Research subject
Political Science; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-59617 (URN)10.2166/wp.2016.023 (DOI)000394341200007 ()2-s2.0-85014520883 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-02-23 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2016-10-10 Created: 2016-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Ek, K., Bäckström, L. & Pettersson, M. (2017). Samhällsnyttans betydelse vid tillståndsprövningen av vindkraft. Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Samhällsnyttans betydelse vid tillståndsprövningen av vindkraft
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten analyserar hur begreppet samhällsnytta hanteras i tillståndsprövningen av vindkraft. Lagstiftningen ger ett visst utrymme att beakta vindkraftens betydelse för den lokala/regionala ekonomin. Förutom att vindkraften påverkar samhällsekonomin genom att bidra till elproduktionen påverkar utbyggnaden även lokal eller regional ekonomi och sysselsättning samt andra näringar. Hur stora effekterna blir på sysselsättning och inkomster på lokal/regional nivå, beror bland annat på på det lokala utbudet av de tjänster och den kompetens som efterfrågas.

Såväl positiva som negativa externa effekter uppstår vid utbyggnad av vindkraft, men det finns ett tydligare utrymme i lagstiftningen att beakta vindkraftens negativa effekter, än att ta hänsyn till de positiva effekterna. För att säkerställa att även vindkraftens positiva miljöeffekter ges utrymme i lagstiftningen föreslår författarna att regelverket ändras, så att en bedömning av den miljömässiga nyttan av vindkraften - och andra liknande verksamheter – måste göras i prövningen av tillstånd. Detta skulle öka såväl transparensen och rättssäkerheten i besluten som den vägledande kapaciteten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2017. p. 61
Series
Vindval, ISSN 0282-7298 ; 6732
National Category
Economics Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Law; Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73032 (URN)978-91-620-6738-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Available from: 2019-02-27 Created: 2019-02-27 Last updated: 2019-02-27Bibliographically approved
Ek, K., Goytia, S., Pettersson, M. & Spegel, E. (2016). Analysing and evaluating flood risk governance in Sweden: Adaptation to Climate Change? (ed.). Paper presented at . Utrecht: STAR-FLOOD Consortium
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysing and evaluating flood risk governance in Sweden: Adaptation to Climate Change?
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Utrecht: STAR-FLOOD Consortium, 2016. p. 104
National Category
Economics Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Economics; Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-22121 (URN)19dcb211-4722-49f2-b67d-cc034e9aa443 (Local ID)978-94-91933-10-3 (ISBN)19dcb211-4722-49f2-b67d-cc034e9aa443 (Archive number)19dcb211-4722-49f2-b67d-cc034e9aa443 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160531 (suscas)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-23Bibliographically approved
Gralepois, M., Larrue, C., Wiering, M., Crabbé, A., Tapsell, S., Mees, H., . . . Szwed, M. (2016). Is flood defense changing in nature?: Shifts in the flood defense strategy in six European countries. Ecology & society, 21(4), Article ID 37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is flood defense changing in nature?: Shifts in the flood defense strategy in six European countries
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2016 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 21, no 4, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In many countries, flood defense has historically formed the core of flood risk management but this strategy is now evolving with the changing approach to risk management. This paper focuses on the neglected analysis of institutional changes within the flood defense strategies formulated and implemented in six European countries (Belgium, England, France, the Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden). The evolutions within the defense strategy over the last 30 years have been analyzed with the help of three mainstream institutional theories: a policy dynamics-oriented framework, a structure-oriented institutional theory on path dependency, and a policy actors-oriented analysis called the advocacy coalitions framework. We characterize the stability and evolution of the trends that affect the defense strategy in the six countries through four dimensions of a policy arrangement approach: actors, rules, resources, and discourses. We ask whether the strategy itself is changing radically, i.e., toward a discontinuous situation, and whether the processes of change are more incremental or radical. Our findings indicate that in the European countries studied, the position of defense strategy is continuous, as the classical role of flood defense remains dominant. With changing approaches to risk, integrated risk management, climate change, urban growth, participation in governance, and socioeconomic challenges, the flood defense strategy is increasingly under pressure to change. However, these changes can be defined as part of an adaptation of the defense strategy rather than as a real change in the nature of flood risk management.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60785 (URN)10.5751/ES-08907-210437 (DOI)000391199400040 ()2-s2.0-85008147809 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 2016-11-29 (kribac)

Available from: 2016-11-29 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Hegger, D., Driessen, P., Wiering, M. A., Van Rijswick, M., Kundzewicz, Z. W., Matczak, P., . . . Ek, K. (2016). Toward more flood resilience: Is a diversification of flood risk management strategies the way forward?. Ecology & society, 21(4), Article ID 52.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Toward more flood resilience: Is a diversification of flood risk management strategies the way forward?
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2016 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 21, no 4, article id 52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

European countries face increasing flood risks because of urbanization, increase of exposure and damage potential, and the effects of climate change. In literature and in practice, it is argued that a diversification of strategies for flood risk management (FRM), including flood risk prevention (through proactive spatial planning), flood defense, flood risk mitigation, flood preparation, and flood recovery, makes countries more flood resilient. Although this thesis is plausible, it should still be empirically scrutinized. We aim to do this. Drawing on existing literature we operationalize the notion of “flood resilience” into three capacities: capacity to resist; capacity to absorb and recover; and capacity to transform and adapt. Based on findings from the EU FP7 project STAR-FLOOD, we explore the degree of diversification of FRM strategies and related flood risk governance arrangements at the national level in Belgium, England, France, the Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden, as well as these countries’ achievement in terms of the three capacities. We found that the Netherlands and to a lesser extent Belgium have a strong capacity to resist, France a strong capacity to absorb and recover, and especially England a high capacity to transform and adapt. Having a diverse portfolio of FRM strategies in place may be conducive to high achievements related to the capacities to absorb/recover and to transform and adapt. Hence, we conclude that diversification of FRM strategies contributes to resilience. However, the diversification thesis should be nuanced in the sense that there are different ways to be resilient. First, the three capacities imply different rationales and normative starting points for flood risk governance, the choice between which is inherently political. Second, we found trade-offs between the three capacities, e.g., being resistant seems to lower the possibility to be absorbent. Third, to explain countries’ achievements in terms of resilience, the strategies’ feasibility in specific physical circumstances and their fit in existing institutional contexts (appropriateness), as well as the establishment of links between strategies, through bridging mechanisms, have also been shown to be crucial factors. We provide much needed reflection on the implications of this diagnosis for governments, private parties, and citizens who want to increase flood resilience

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61427 (URN)10.5751/ES-08854-210452 (DOI)000391199400035 ()2-s2.0-85008158331 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-01-13 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-01-13 Created: 2017-01-13 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7199-7843

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