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Al-Taie, Entidhar
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Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Altaie, E. (2016). Analysis of Shallow Foundations in Three Different Regions in Iraq (ed.). (Doctoral dissertation). Paper presented at . : Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of Shallow Foundations in Three Different Regions in Iraq
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17397 (URN)33a5baf0-b22a-45f5-9e2d-8122ba2f9723 (Local ID)978-91-7583-522-8 (ISBN)978-91-7583-523-5 (ISBN)33a5baf0-b22a-45f5-9e2d-8122ba2f9723 (Archive number)33a5baf0-b22a-45f5-9e2d-8122ba2f9723 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160201 (entalt); Nedanstående person kommer att disputera för avläggande av teknologie doktorsexamen. Namn: Entidhar Al-Taie Ämne: Geoteknik/Soil Mechanics Avhandling: Analysis of Shallow Foundations in Three Different Regions in Iraq Opponent: Professor Rafid Alkhaddar, School of the Built Environment, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK. Ordförande: Professor Sven Knutsson, Avd för geoteknologi, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå Tid: Måndag 7 mars 2016, kl 10.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Altaie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2015). Effect of Material Used in Concrete Mixture on the Foundation Stresses on Soil (ed.). Paper presented at . Engineering, 7(10), 668-675
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of Material Used in Concrete Mixture on the Foundation Stresses on Soil
2015 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 7, no 10, p. 668-675Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sustainable design, green architecture and sustainable construction are new methods for design and construction that are employed for environmental and economic challenges. Clay and bricks proved as sustainable building materials. In this paper, crush brick in the concrete mixture instead of normal coarse aggregate will be used. STAAD Prov8i software was applied for the designed of a hypothetical building in different sites of the three locations in Iraq (Mosul at the north, Baghdad at the center and Basrah at the south). The input model data used in the software were depending on the field and laboratory tests done for twenty three sites in the three locations of Iraq. Concrete properties values were used in the software for concrete mixture with crushed bricks. The results values of base pressure obtained from the software were low for the three locations. The maximum values of base pressure under the foundation for both the average and the minimum bearing capacity values for Mosul region for the normal strength concrete and air-entrained were (94, 84) kPa and (91, 82) kPa respectively, for Baghdad region were (89, 82) kPa and (86, 81) kPa respectively. Finally, for Basrah, the results for the base pressure were (84, 77) kPa and (82, 76) kPa, respectively. The results values of the base pressure were less for all locations compared with the base pressure values obtained from a previous work for the same locations. The use of crushed brick as aggregate in the concrete mixture is economical due to its availability as local material and it is durable materials with low weight.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16058 (URN)10.4236/eng.2015.710058 (DOI)fa3b9b3a-cc0e-40f7-9802-d3cadb6ecdfe (Local ID)fa3b9b3a-cc0e-40f7-9802-d3cadb6ecdfe (Archive number)fa3b9b3a-cc0e-40f7-9802-d3cadb6ecdfe (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20151030 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Altaie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2015). Estimation of Settlement under Shallow Foundation for Different Regions in Iraq Using SAFE Software (ed.). Paper presented at . Engineering, 7(7), 379-386
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Estimation of Settlement under Shallow Foundation for Different Regions in Iraq Using SAFE Software
2015 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 7, no 7, p. 379-386Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Foundation design must satisfy limited values of settlement. Settlement is an essential criterion in the design process of shallow foundations. To calculate the settlement under different types of shallow foundations, 79 samples were taken from twenty-three sites distributed in three regions:Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah in the northern, central and southern parts of Iraq. Field and laboratory tests were performed to obtain the strength parameters to calculate the bearing capacity. The results obtained for the bearing capacity were used in SAFE software. The software was used to design and analyze the foundation and to calculate the settlements under two types of foundations (raft and continuous) for the three regions. Average and minimum values of bearing capacity wereused. The software used subgrade reaction modules values for the design and analysis. According to the results, the suitable, safe and economical type of foundation to be used in Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah regions for the average value of bearing capacity is the continuous type for the first two regions while the raft type is recommended for Basrah region. In case that the minimumbearing capacity values are used, raft foundation is recommended for Mosul and Baghdad. While deep foundation is the suitable type of foundation for Basrah region.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12771 (URN)10.4236/eng.2015.77034 (DOI)bee8d648-cad1-471f-b7e5-3d06b4c123a3 (Local ID)bee8d648-cad1-471f-b7e5-3d06b4c123a3 (Archive number)bee8d648-cad1-471f-b7e5-3d06b4c123a3 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20150714 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Al-Taie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2014). Bearing Capacity Affecting the Design of Shallow Foundation in Various Regions of Iraq Using SAP200 & SAFE softwares (ed.). Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, 4(4), 35-52
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bearing Capacity Affecting the Design of Shallow Foundation in Various Regions of Iraq Using SAP200 & SAFE softwares
2014 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 35-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Bearing pressure is the load per unit area along the foundation bottom. The value of bearing pressure can be obtained from soil exploration. In this research, three sites in Iraq were tested (Mosul at north, Baghdad at middle and Basrah at south) for the best type of foundation to be chosen. Seventy nine samples were taken from twenty three boreholes drilled to a depth ranging from 1to 24m, from various sites for the three sites. Samples were tested for their size; Atterberg limits; direct shear; unconfined compression; consolidation and SPT tests. The results showed that the nature of soil in Mosul was generally were silty clay to clay (in some areas silt or sand) with high to very high plasticity. In Baghdad, it was loam clay, silty clay, and in some areas silt. Its plasticity range was medium to high and non-plastic in few sites. For Basrah, the soil type was clay loam and in many places was sand or silt. The value of plasticity was medium. The average and the worst values of bearing capacity were: 177KN/m2 and 77KN/m2 for Mosul; 125 KN/m2 and 68 KN/m2 for Baghdad; and 84KN/m2 and 24 KN/m2 for Basrah. These values were used in a computer model (SAP2000 and SAFE softwares) to find the best suitable foundation in each site. The model suggests that spread or continuous and raft (if basement is used for building with many floors) are suitable for Mosul. For Baghdad, spread and raft type of foundations are suitable. While, for Basrah, raft foundation type are to be used in some areas where building should be less than three floors and for other areas, deep foundation (piles or pier) can only to be used.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scienpress Ltd, 2014
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9831 (URN)884a321d-4c60-4bef-ab2c-1abd48c58b70 (Local ID)884a321d-4c60-4bef-ab2c-1abd48c58b70 (Archive number)884a321d-4c60-4bef-ab2c-1abd48c58b70 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2014; 20140717 (nadhir)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Al-Taie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2014). Effect of bearing capacity on designing foundations in Iraq using STAAD Pro- v8i (ed.). Paper presented at . Engineering, 2014(6), 292-303
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of bearing capacity on designing foundations in Iraq using STAAD Pro- v8i
2014 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 2014, no 6, p. 292-303Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Most of Iraqi soil is classified as Quaternary deposits, especially in the Mesopotamian plain and tributaries of the River Tigris. Soil varies from north to south of Iraq. These differences in soil af-fected the process to select the suitable type of foundation. This research is to study the effect of bearing capacity on shallow foundations in different regions of Iraq. Seventy nine samples were collected from 23 boreholes at three different locations (Mosul at the North, Baghdad at the middle and Basrah at the south of Iraq). The samples were collected at varying depth between 1 to 24m. They were subjected to the following testes: Atterberg limits, sieve and hydrometers, consolidation, direct shear, unconfined compression and the filed (SPT test). The values of the bearing capacity parameters (ϕ and c) were obtained from the above tests. The results obtained were used in the application of the general equation of the bearing capacity. Then, the model of a building was designed (two floors, with mat foundation type) using STAAD Pro software. The average values of bearing capacity in each region were applied in the program (Mosul= 177KPa, Baghdad= 125KPa and Basrah= 84KPa). In addition, the worst bearing capacity values were also used for the three regions (Mosul = 77KPa, Baghdad= 68 KPa and Basrah= 24KPa). The results obtained from the average and worst bearing capacity indicated that for Mosul, we could use shallow foundation (spread and mat used if there was basement) for different areas and for buildings with many sto-ries. For Baghdad region, shallow foundation was more suitable for building not higher than five stories. Finally, for Basrah region, shallow foundations were an appropriate selection, but for most areas deep foundation was the right choice.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3492 (URN)10.4236/eng.2014.66033 (DOI)15264240-e01e-4c78-bd4e-e3f0d0f07a88 (Local ID)15264240-e01e-4c78-bd4e-e3f0d0f07a88 (Archive number)15264240-e01e-4c78-bd4e-e3f0d0f07a88 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140422 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Al-Taie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2014). The need to develop a building code for Iraq (ed.). Paper presented at . Engineering, 6(10), 610-632
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The need to develop a building code for Iraq
2014 (English)In: Engineering, ISSN 1947-3931, E-ISSN 1947-394X, Vol. 6, no 10, p. 610-632Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building Code is a legal document provided a minimum level of safety and health for the construc-tions to make public living in safe buildings. People recognize the importance of constructing the buildings in safe conditions, since the dawn of civilization. Many countries around the world were facing different kind of disasters such as fires, earthquakes, etc. These disasters made builders to develop methods for safe construction to avoid any disaster. Later, these developments became codes and standards. Since, the middle of the last century many countries established its local codes. This research represents a review of the importance of the codes with a short history for them. Furthermore, reviews for some national codes (Egyptian, Syrian and Arabia Saudi) were done as well as comparison between load’s correction factors, geotechnical requirements and materials used in concrete. Most of the national codes were highly based on the ACI, British and Germany codes and standards. In addition, a review and comparison were presented for International codes (American (ACI) and European (EC)) through a case study. EC code is becoming more common for the world. Eurocode give more flexibility to the user to employ their own standards (national annex). To find the best suitable foundation design to be used in Iraq and the differences when using the American and European codes, a building model was designed and analyzed using STAAD Pro., and SAFE softwares for three locations (Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah). The combination loads used in the two softwares were for ACI and EC codes. Results obtained were very similar. The type of foundation to be chosen for Mosul location is spread or continuous. For Baghdad location the suitable type is raft and for Basrah the choice is raft and piles.In view of the fact that Iraq has no national code engineers and designers were depending on the ACI and British codes and standards. It is very important to have an Iraqi code because it will im-prove the quality and safety of the design and construction of buildings as well as its economic value.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8434 (URN)10.4236/eng.2014.610062 (DOI)6f25b289-dac5-4522-b340-2a0160fbe25d (Local ID)6f25b289-dac5-4522-b340-2a0160fbe25d (Archive number)6f25b289-dac5-4522-b340-2a0160fbe25d (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140801 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Al-Taie, E., Al-Ansari, N., Knutsson, S. & Saaed, T. E. (2013). Foundation assessment in different parts of Iraq using STAAD Pro v8i (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, 7(3), 273-281
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foundation assessment in different parts of Iraq using STAAD Pro v8i
2013 (English)In: Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture, ISSN 1934-7359, E-ISSN 1934-7367, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 273-281Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Foundation is considered as one of the main parts of any structure such as buildings, railways, bridges, etc. The type of foundation used is highly dependent on the type and properties of soil. The design of foundations requires many factors that should be defined such as the load that the foundation is going to hold, geological conditions of the soil under the foundation, type of soil and the local building code criteria.There are number of differences in the geological and soil conditions in Iraq. As a consequence, these differences are reflected on the type of foundation to be used. Despite these differences, same materials and style of buildings are used all over Iraq. The main problems of Iraqi soil are high gypsum content, salinity and shallow water table depth. These factors that influence the foundations are the soil properties and the amount of loads that transmitted by the superstructure.The situation had been analysed through a case study which illustrated the link between soil and foundation types in three different parts of Iraq (Mosul, Baghdad and Basra). One building was analysed using STAAD. Pro software in these regions. It is evident that Iraqi designers and engineers require local code to define all the loads, materials and design of the foundation to be used. The use of local materials might be very effective from both engineering and economic perspectives.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics; Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3336 (URN)125452d7-a2de-4782-a6e4-d0035ff754d6 (Local ID)125452d7-a2de-4782-a6e4-d0035ff754d6 (Archive number)125452d7-a2de-4782-a6e4-d0035ff754d6 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2013; 20130129 (nadhir)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Al-Taie, E. (2013). Foundations of educational buildings in Iraq: past, present and future (ed.). (Licentiate dissertation). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Foundations of educational buildings in Iraq: past, present and future
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Foundation is considered as one of the main parts of any structure such as buildings, railways, bridges, etc. The type of foundation used is highly dependent on the type and properties of soil. The design of foundations requires many factors that should be defined such as the load that the foundation is going to hold, geological conditions of the soil under the foundation, type of soil and the local building code criteria.There are number of differences in the geological and soil conditions in Iraq. As a consequence, these differences are reflected on the type of foundation to be used. Despite these differences, same materials and style of buildings are used all over Iraq. To have good information about the materials and the required design of the foundation, a comprehensive historical review was executed to highlight the progress of the materials and types of foundation that was used since the dawn of civilization up to the present (ancient, Islamic, Ottoman and British occupation till after independent). Present day situation had been analysed through a case study which illustrated the link between soil and foundation types in three different parts of Iraq (Mosul, Baghdad and Basrah). One building was analysed using STAAD. Pro software in these regions. Furthermore, the same building was analysed using local materials, which were historically used and was compared with present day materials used.It is evident that Iraqi designers and engineers require local code to define all the loads, materials and design of the foundation to be used. The use of local materials might be very effective from both engineering and economic perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2013
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25739 (URN)ae875cc5-37a8-4bb2-a025-dddebbcde61d (Local ID)978-91-7439-652-2 (ISBN)978-91-7439-653-9 (ISBN)ae875cc5-37a8-4bb2-a025-dddebbcde61d (Archive number)ae875cc5-37a8-4bb2-a025-dddebbcde61d (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20130514 (entalt); Tillkännagivande licentiatseminarium 2013-05-23 Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av teknologie licentiatexamen. Namn: Entidhar Altaie Ämne: Geoteknik/Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering Uppsats: Foundations of Educational Buildings in Iraq: Past, Present and Future Examinator: Professor Sven Knutsson, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Luleå tekniska universitet Diskutant: Professor Rafid Alkhaddar, School of the Built Environment, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK Tid: Fredag den 14 juni 2013 kl 10.00 Plats: F1031, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Altaie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2012). Materials and the style of buildings used in Iraq during the Islamic period (ed.). Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, 2(2), 69-97
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Materials and the style of buildings used in Iraq during the Islamic period
2012 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 69-97Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Islamic period in Iraq lasted 1002 years (637-1639 AD). During this period big cities were constructed and old cities were reconstructed. There was development of the materials used and the design. Bricks, grill wage, plaster, gypsum and marble and stones were used. The environmental conditions were taken in the design of the buildings. The walls were thick and basements and badgur were established. This makes it easier to cool or heat the house. Tar was used to protect the buildings from moisture. New style of buildings was established using new engineering innovations. Well-designed arches and domes were noticed during this period. Islamic buildings had special features such as minarets, arches, domes, vaults, gilding, patterns and decorations.

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15198 (URN)eb1c8073-7e0f-423f-81d2-40325fe45a0a (Local ID)eb1c8073-7e0f-423f-81d2-40325fe45a0a (Archive number)eb1c8073-7e0f-423f-81d2-40325fe45a0a (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2012; 20121009 (nadhir)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Altaie, E., Al-Ansari, N. & Knutsson, S. (2012). Progress of building materials and foundation engineering in ancient Iraq (ed.). Paper presented at International Conference on Structures and Building Materials : 10/03/2012 - 11/03/2012. Advanced Materials Research, 220-241
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Progress of building materials and foundation engineering in ancient Iraq
2012 (English)In: Advanced Materials Research, ISSN 1022-6680, E-ISSN 1662-8985, p. 220-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Humans realised the importance of housing since the dawn of history. The first man used the caves as shelter. When agricultural activities dominated the life style of humans, villages started to be constructed. Later these were developed into cities. The dawn of civilization started in Iraq. The inhabitants in that time used the available natural materials in their construction. Reviewing the progress of engineering practices of ancient Iraq, reveals the facts that the inhabitants were aware of the principles of construction and engineering. The materials used and the design of the buildings were very suitable from both environmental and engineering perspectives. This work is a critical review of the progress and development of engineering practices and construction materials used in ancient Mesopotamia

National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38673 (URN)10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.446-449.220 (DOI)000308576700043 ()2-s2.0-84857169970 (Scopus ID)d205c192-3105-4e1b-bc8d-6846e3e8614c (Local ID)d205c192-3105-4e1b-bc8d-6846e3e8614c (Archive number)d205c192-3105-4e1b-bc8d-6846e3e8614c (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Structures and Building Materials : 10/03/2012 - 11/03/2012
Note
Validerad; 2012; 20120214 (ysko); Konferensartikel i tidskriftAvailable from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
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