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van de Beek, Jaap, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8647-436x
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 105) Show all publications
Ye, Z., Junaid, F., Nilsson, R. & Van De Beek, J. (2023). Autonomous Single Antenna Receiver Localization and Tracking with RIS and EKF. In: 2023 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications and 6G Summit, EuCNC/6G Summit 2023: . Paper presented at 2023 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications and 6G Summit, EuCNC/6G Summit 2023, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 6-9, 2023 (pp. 216-221). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autonomous Single Antenna Receiver Localization and Tracking with RIS and EKF
2023 (English)In: 2023 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications and 6G Summit, EuCNC/6G Summit 2023, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2023, p. 216-221Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Single antenna sensors in the rapidly emerging Internet-of- Things (IoT) are attractive due to their simplicity and low cost. However, determining their own positions autonomously using only a single antenna is challenging. This paper presents a novel approach for autonomous downlink localization of single-antenna receivers using Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RIS) and a tracking process using the complex extended Kalman filter (EKF). Simulation results show that the considered RIS-aided wireless radio system can provide accurate localization and continuous fast tracking down to the centimeter level, especially when multiple RISs are deployed. Furthermore, various factors affecting the system performance are analyzed in detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2023
Series
European Conference on Networks and Communications, ISSN 2475-6490, E-ISSN 2575-4912
National Category
Communication Systems Signal Processing
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101104 (URN)10.1109/EuCNC/6GSummit58263.2023.10188365 (DOI)2-s2.0-85168408792 (Scopus ID)979-8-3503-1103-7 (ISBN)979-8-3503-1102-0 (ISBN)
Conference
2023 Joint European Conference on Networks and Communications and 6G Summit, EuCNC/6G Summit 2023, Gothenburg, Sweden, June 6-9, 2023
Funder
Interreg Nord
Note

Funder: EUHEXA-X-II project; Arctic 6G

Available from: 2023-08-30 Created: 2023-08-30 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ibrahim, E. F., Nilsson, R. & van de Beek, J. (2022). Binary Polarization Shift Keying with Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces. IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, 11(5), 908-912
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Binary Polarization Shift Keying with Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
2022 (English)In: IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, ISSN 2162-2337, E-ISSN 2162-2345, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 908-912Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose a novel binary polarization shift keying modulation scheme for a line-of-sight environment by exploiting the polarization control ability of the reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). The RIS encodes the information data in terms of the polarization states of either the reflected wave from the RIS or the composite wireless channel between an RF source and receiver. In the first case, polarization mismatch correction becomes essential at the receiver. In the second case, the RIS pre-codes the reflected wave to compensate for the polarization mismatch which allows non-coherent demodulation at the receiver.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022
Keywords
Reconfigurable intelligent surface, Polarization shift keying
National Category
Telecommunications Communication Systems
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88772 (URN)10.1109/LWC.2022.3149618 (DOI)000793809500010 ()2-s2.0-85124731655 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Interreg Nord
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-05-30 (johcin)

Available from: 2022-01-13 Created: 2022-01-13 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ibrahim, E. F., Nilsson, R. & van de Beek, J. (2022). Differential Polarization Shift Keying Through Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces. IEEE Communications Letters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Differential Polarization Shift Keying Through Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
2022 (English)In: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

We propose a novel reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-aided differential polarization shift keying modulation scheme for a line-of-sight environment. In this scheme, the RIS exploits the state of polarization (SoP) of the reflected waves over two successive reflection frames to encode the data bit. In particular, the RIS either preserves the SoP of the reflected wave similar to the previous reflection frame or switches it to another orthogonal SoP as a function of the information data bits. The proposed scheme allows non-coherent data detection without the need for polarization mismatch estimation and compensation processes at the receiver.    

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022
Keywords
Reconfigurable intelligent surface, Polarization shift keying
National Category
Signal Processing Telecommunications Communication Systems
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-89295 (URN)
Funder
Interreg Nord
Available from: 2022-02-14 Created: 2022-02-14 Last updated: 2023-09-04
Browne Mwakyanjala, M., Hyvönen, P., de Oliviera, É. J. & van de Beek, J. (2022). Feasibility of using a software-defined baseband for multiple space per aperture (MSPA) ground operations. International Journal of Satellite Communications And Networking, 40(2), 133-147
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feasibility of using a software-defined baseband for multiple space per aperture (MSPA) ground operations
2022 (English)In: International Journal of Satellite Communications And Networking, ISSN 1542-0973, E-ISSN 1542-0981, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 133-147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the feasibility of performing multiple spacecraft per aperture (MSPA) ground operations by using a low-cost software-defined baseband (SDB). The SDB is a Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS)-compliant baseband that employs a personal computer for signal processing and a low-cost commercial-off-the-shelf RF front end for RF signal sampling. The SDB is customized to offer traditional telemetry, tracking, and command (TT&C) services for near-Earth missions operating in S band. The study starts by reviewing MSPA methods already studied by space agencies such as NASA and ESA before going to MSPA methods proposed in the latest CCSDS blue book on RF and modulation systems. The feasibility of operating the CCSDS-proposed multiple uplink carrier MSPA method using the SDB is assessed after evaluating in-band interference and out-of-band emissions from the uplink signals radiated by the low-cost RF front end employed by the SDB. Furthermore, we present a case study where the SDB is used in MSPA operations on a typical solid-state amplifier (SSPA) amplifier typically used in near-Earth missions. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022
Keywords
GNU Radio, ground operations, multiple spacecraft per aperture, software-defined baseband, software-defined radio, telecommand, telemetry
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Onboard space systems; Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-81499 (URN)10.1002/sat.1420 (DOI)000687352500001 ()2-s2.0-85113263299 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish National Space Board
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-03-03 (hanlid);

Artikeln har tidigare förekommit som manuskript i avhandling;

Forskningsfinansiär: Swedish Space Corporation; Rymd för Innovation och Tillväxt

Available from: 2020-11-21 Created: 2020-11-21 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Sodhro, A. H., Awad, A. I., van de Beek, J. & Nikolakopoulos, G. (2022). Intelligent authentication of 5G healthcare devices: A survey. Internet of Things: Engineering Cyber Physical Human Systems, 20, Article ID 100610.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intelligent authentication of 5G healthcare devices: A survey
2022 (English)In: Internet of Things: Engineering Cyber Physical Human Systems, E-ISSN 2542-6605, Vol. 20, article id 100610Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The dynamic nature of wireless links and the mobility of devices connected to the Internet of Things (IoT) over fifth-generation (5G) networks (IoT-5G), on the one hand, empowers pervasive healthcare applications. On the other hand, it allows eavesdroppers and other illegitimate actors to access secret information. Due to the poor time efficiency and high computational complexity of conventional cryptographic methods and the heterogeneous technologies used, it is easy to compromise the authentication of lightweight wearable and healthcare devices. Therefore, intelligent authentication, which relies on artificial intelligence (AI), and sufficient network resources are extremely important for securing healthcare devices connected to IoT-5G. This survey considers intelligent authentication and includes a comprehensive overview of intelligent authentication mechanisms for securing IoT-5G devices deployed in the healthcare domain. First, it presents a detailed, thoughtful, and state-of-the-art review of IoT-5G, healthcare technologies, tools, applications, research trends, challenges, opportunities, and solutions. We selected 20 technical articles from those surveyed based on their strong overlaps with IoT, 5G, healthcare, device authentication, and AI. Second, IoT-5G device authentication, radio-frequency fingerprinting, and mutual authentication are reviewed, characterized, clustered, and classified. Third, the review envisions that AI can be used to integrate the attributes of the physical layer and 5G networks to empower intelligent healthcare devices. Moreover, methods for developing intelligent authentication models using AI are presented. Finally, the future outlook and recommendations are introduced for IoT-5G healthcare applications, and recommendations for further research are presented as well. The remarkable contributions and relevance of this survey may assist the research community in understanding the research gaps and the research opportunities relating to the intelligent authentication of IoT-5G healthcare devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Things security, Device authentication, Artificial intelligence, Healthcare security, 5G networks
National Category
Information Systems Computer Sciences
Research subject
Information systems; Signal Processing; Robotics and Artificial Intelligence
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92871 (URN)10.1016/j.iot.2022.100610 (DOI)000862155700002 ()2-s2.0-85138101077 (Scopus ID)
Funder
The Kempe Foundations
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-09-27 (hanlid)

Available from: 2022-09-08 Created: 2022-09-08 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ye, Z., Junaid, F., Nilsson, R. & Van De Beek, J. (2022). Single-Antenna Sensor Localization with Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces. In: 2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM: Proceedings. Paper presented at 2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2022), December 4-8, 2022, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (pp. 6200-6205). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Single-Antenna Sensor Localization with Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
2022 (English)In: 2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM: Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2022, p. 6200-6205Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Estimation of a radio receiver's location from single-antenna observations - the received signal strength - is well known for its limited accuracy and lack of robustness. Yet, for reasons of energy- and space efficiency, emerging IoT devices will often be equipped with a single antenna. In this paper, we show how reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RISs) can bring robustness and precision to this estimation problem. We propose a novel RIS-assisted SISO location scheme, based on new dynamic RIS reconfiguration protocols and an associated Maximum Like-lihood location estimation. We derive the Fisher information, the Cramér- Rao bound, and evaluate through simulations the effects of various relative RIS geometries and RIS reconfiguration pro-tocols. Our results indicate that the deployment of multiple RISs in the far-field allows for centimeter-level estimator accuracy. Reconfiguring RISs in a (pseudo-) random manner outperforms a deterministic orderly protocol by about 4 dB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2022
National Category
Signal Processing Communication Systems
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95529 (URN)10.1109/GLOBECOM48099.2022.10000869 (DOI)2-s2.0-85146953061 (Scopus ID)978-1-6654-3540-6 (ISBN)
Conference
2022 IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2022), December 4-8, 2022, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Funder
Interreg Nord
Available from: 2023-02-07 Created: 2023-02-07 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ashraf, A., Carlson, J. E. & van de Beek, J. (2022). The solid-body reverberating ultrasound communications channel and its OFDM interference. In: Igor M. Moraes; Miguel Elias M. Campista; Yacine Ghamri-Doudane; Luís Henrique M. K. Costa; Marcelo G. Rubinstein (Ed.), 2022 IEEE Latin-American Conference on Communications (LATINCOM): . Paper presented at 14th IEEE Latin-American Conference on Communications (LATINCOM), Rio de Janeiro, November 30 - December 2, 2022. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The solid-body reverberating ultrasound communications channel and its OFDM interference
2022 (English)In: 2022 IEEE Latin-American Conference on Communications (LATINCOM) / [ed] Igor M. Moraes; Miguel Elias M. Campista; Yacine Ghamri-Doudane; Luís Henrique M. K. Costa; Marcelo G. Rubinstein, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we present an analytical approach to the solid-state ultrasound communications channel.  Channel reverberations and the long associated channel delay spreads pose the possibility that the channel length exceeds that of the moderate cyclic prefix in an orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system, resulting in intersymbol and intercarrier interference.  We present a channel model based on the propagation material characteristics and evaluate the extent and impact of the intrinsic OFDM interferences. We derive an analytical expression and show with simulations that the intersymbol and intercarrier interference (ISI and ICI) are spectrally concentrated to the lower frequencies of the OFDM multiplex.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2022
Keywords
Inter-symbol interference (ISI), inter-carrier interference (ICI), orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), Cyclic Prefix (CP), Impulse Response (IR)
National Category
Telecommunications
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95395 (URN)10.1109/LATINCOM56090.2022.10000637 (DOI)000918010500054 ()2-s2.0-85146712656 (Scopus ID)
Conference
14th IEEE Latin-American Conference on Communications (LATINCOM), Rio de Janeiro, November 30 - December 2, 2022
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-05376
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-6654-8225-7

Available from: 2023-01-25 Created: 2023-01-25 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ashraf, A., Carlson, J. E., Hagström, B. & van de Beek, J. (2022). Ultrasound Communication Through Thin Plates: Understanding and Estimating the Channel. In: 2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS): . Paper presented at 2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), Venice, Italy, 10-13 October, 2022. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultrasound Communication Through Thin Plates: Understanding and Estimating the Channel
2022 (English)In: 2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), IEEE, 2022Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As with all digital communications, understanding the propagation channel is essential. In this paper we present an analytical model of a channel consisting of a thin plate, including effects of frequency-dependent speed of sound and attenuation. We show how a compressed sensing approach can be used to estimate this channel impulse response from real measurements, even for cases when the plate thickness causes the reverberating pulses to overlap. The estimate can be seen as a sparsity constrained deconvolution of the combined impulse responses of the transmitting and receiving transducers. We then show with simulations that the proposed sparsity-constrained estimate is able to cope also in the presence of dispersion. We also analyze the performance of the proposed method both with simulations and experiments on 6 mm and 2 mm thick glass plate and 3 mm thick aluminum plate, and our results show that the model assumptions seems to hold.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2022
Series
IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, ISSN 1948-5719, E-ISSN 1948-5727
Keywords
Ultrasound communication, OFDM, Channel estimation, Compressed sensing
National Category
Signal Processing Telecommunications
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94160 (URN)10.1109/IUS54386.2022.9957370 (DOI)000896080400076 ()2-s2.0-85143811180 (Scopus ID)978-1-6654-6657-8 (ISBN)
Conference
2022 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), Venice, Italy, 10-13 October, 2022
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-05376
Available from: 2022-11-20 Created: 2022-11-20 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Elfvelin, M., Lorentzson, G., Sanchez, G., Nieto Peroy, C., Golemis, A., van de Beek, J., . . . Browne Mwakyanjala, M. (2021). A flexible ground segment for small satellite operations. In: IAC 2021 Congress Proceedings, 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates: . Paper presented at 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, October 25-29, 2021. International Astronautical Federation (IAF), Article ID 65716.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A flexible ground segment for small satellite operations
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2021 (English)In: IAC 2021 Congress Proceedings, 72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, International Astronautical Federation (IAF) , 2021, article id 65716Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With the launch of the first CubeSat a trend of easy access to Low Earth Orbit was started. Today many educational institutes around the world design, build and operate CubeSats for educational as well as scientific purposes. This paper presents designs and development in hardware and software made to achieve a flexible ground segment at the Luleå University of Technology Space Campus in Kiruna, Sweden. The existing ground station is adapted to support more frequencies and modes of operation to enable future satellite projects at the university easy access to space communications. New equipment has been procured and integrated with existing equipment in a new location using a 19-inch server rack. The article presents a ground segment design using software-defined radio to promote flexibility and adaptability. A in-house developed sequence control board is presented that enables the ground station to quickly switch between full duplex and half-duplex modes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Astronautical Federation (IAF), 2021
Keywords
Ground segment, Space communication, Software-defined radio
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Onboard space systems; Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87933 (URN)2-s2.0-85127590311 (Scopus ID)
Conference
72nd International Astronautical Congress (IAC), Dubai, United Arab Emirates, October 25-29, 2021
Available from: 2021-11-17 Created: 2021-11-17 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
Ashraf, A., Carlson, J. E., Reinholdsen, F. & van de Beek, J. (2021). Enabling High-speed Ultrasound Communication Through Thin Plates by Reverberation Suppression. In: 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS): . Paper presented at 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), Xi'an, China, September 11-16, 2021. IEEE
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling High-speed Ultrasound Communication Through Thin Plates by Reverberation Suppression
2021 (English)In: 2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), IEEE, 2021Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In all digital communications, knowledge of the propagation channel between the transmitter and the receiver is essential. For transmitting of data through solid bodies, such as metal plates, pipe walls, etc., ultrasound is a viable alternative to radio communication and wired transmission. In ultrasound communication, the channel consists of two parts, the combined response of the transducers used as transmitter and receiver, and the impulse response of the propagation medium itself. For a thin plate with parallel surfaces, this results in a reverberating channel that significantly reduces the achievable bitrate if not handled properly. In this paper we show with simulations how the bit-error rate in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) communications, is affected by the reverberating nature of the plate, and how this can be overcome by the introduction of a channel shortening filter placed in front of the OFDM conventional receiver. The results show that this significantly reduces the bit-error rate, especially for thin plates. If the reverberations instead were to be compensated by the conventional channel equalization method in OFDM, we show that for the example in the simulations, the bitrate would drop by almost 25 %, from about 3.9 Mbit/s to about 2.9 Mbit/s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE, 2021
Keywords
Ultrasound communication, OFDM, Channel shortening
National Category
Signal Processing Telecommunications
Research subject
Signal Processing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87146 (URN)10.1109/IUS52206.2021.9593529 (DOI)000832095000204 ()2-s2.0-85122891066 (Scopus ID)
Conference
2021 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), Xi'an, China, September 11-16, 2021
Projects
Acoustic communication through solid bodies
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2019-05376
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-6654-0355-9; 978-1-6654-4777-5

Available from: 2021-09-20 Created: 2021-09-20 Last updated: 2023-09-04Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8647-436x

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