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Publications (10 of 119) Show all publications
Johansson, C. & Leden, L. (2018). Have information technologies forgotten pedestrians? To what extent can it/its improve Pedestrian’s mobility and safety. In: : . Paper presented at 4th Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility, CSUM 2018; Skiathos Island; Greece; 24-25 May 2018.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Have information technologies forgotten pedestrians? To what extent can it/its improve Pedestrian’s mobility and safety
2018 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72861 (URN)2-s2.0-85058984713 (Scopus ID)
Conference
4th Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility, CSUM 2018; Skiathos Island; Greece; 24-25 May 2018
Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-02-12
Rosander, P., Johansson, C. & Leden, L. (2015). Cyklisters säkerhet utanför tätorten (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cyklisters säkerhet utanför tätorten
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2015. p. 54
Series
Technical report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1536
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Traffic Engineering; Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-21759 (URN)002dd261-7cfb-44a1-9e0f-02ca58fa48fe (Local ID)978-91-7583-325-5 (ISBN)002dd261-7cfb-44a1-9e0f-02ca58fa48fe (Archive number)002dd261-7cfb-44a1-9e0f-02ca58fa48fe (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20150424 (chjo)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Füssl, E., Oberlader, M., Beanland, V., Spyropoulou, I., Lenné, M. G., Joshi, S., . . . Carvalhais, J. (2015). Methodological development of a specific tool for assessing acceptability of assistive systems of powered two-wheeler-riders (ed.). IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 9(1), 12-21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methodological development of a specific tool for assessing acceptability of assistive systems of powered two-wheeler-riders
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2015 (English)In: IET Intelligent Transport Systems, ISSN 1751-956X, E-ISSN 1751-9578, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 12-21Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Research on the acceptability of assistive systems for improving the safety of powered two-wheelers (PTWs) is a pressing issue. The use of safety-enhancing assistive systems for motorised vehicles, including advanced driver assistance systems and in-vehicle information systems is widespread in many countries. Yet, there is only a limited number of equivalent intelligent transport systems (ITS) for PTWs, namely advanced rider assistance systems and on-bike information systems. This study describes the methodological development of a specific tool for assessing motorcyclists' acceptability of ITS, as part of the motorcyclists' profiling questionnaire (MOPROQ). There were three stages of development. First, a literature review was undertaken to assess the current state of the art regarding ITS for PTWs and to determine the most relevant facets of acceptability that should be measured. Second, a series of focus group interviews were conducted to explore riders' attitudes towards ITS. Finally, the focus group results were used to develop a large-scale survey (MOPROQ), which was administered to an initial sample of over 6000 riders internationally. The designed tool can be used as a basis for the determination of rider acceptability of ITS systems in the future.

National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-2950 (URN)10.1049/iet-its.2014.0026 (DOI)000347949900003 ()2-s2.0-84921496504 (Scopus ID)0b18b5b9-c9e8-4c07-b473-9ffb5d7837dd (Local ID)0b18b5b9-c9e8-4c07-b473-9ffb5d7837dd (Archive number)0b18b5b9-c9e8-4c07-b473-9ffb5d7837dd (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150204 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-08-20Bibliographically approved
Leden, L., Gårder, P., Schirokoff, A., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Johansson, C. & Basbas, S. (2014). A sustainable city environment through child safety and mobility: a challenge based on ITS? (ed.). Paper presented at . Accident Analysis and Prevention, 62, 406-414
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A sustainable city environment through child safety and mobility: a challenge based on ITS?
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2014 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 62, p. 406-414Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our cities should be designed to accommodate everybody, including children. We will not move towards a more sustainable society unless we accept that children are people with transportation needs, and ‘bussing’ them around, or providing parental limousine services at all times, will not lead to sustainability. Rather, we will need to make our cities walkable for children, at least those above a certain age. Safety has two main aspects, traffic safety and personal safety (risk of assault). Besides being safe, children will also need an urban environment with reasonable mobility, where they themselves can reach destinations with reasonable effort; else they will still need to be driven. This paper presents the results of two expert questionnaires focusing on the potential safety and mobility benefits to child pedestrians of targeted types of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Five different types of functional requests for children were identified based on previous work. The first expert questionnaire was structured to collect expert opinions on which ITS solutions or devices would be, and why, the most relevant ones to satisfy the five different functional requests of child pedestrians. Based on the first questionnaire, fifteen problem areas were defined. In the second questionnaire, the experts ranked the fifteen areas, and prioritized related ITS services, according to their potential for developing ITS services beneficial to children. Several ITS systems for improving pedestrian quality are discussed. ITS services can be used when a pedestrian route takes them to a dangerous street, dangerous crossing point or through a dangerous neighbourhood. An improvement of safety and other qualities would lead to increased mobility and a more sustainable way of living. Children would learn how to live to support their own health and a sustainable city environment. But it will be up to national, regional and local governments, through their ministries and agencies and public works departments, to promote, fund, and possibly mandate such systems. It is clear that we need to offer an acceptable level of convenience, efficiency, comfort, safety and security to pedestrians but it is less clear if society will prioritize resources towards this.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7237 (URN)10.1016/j.aap.2013.06.013 (DOI)000329599800046 ()23838048 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84890125184 (Scopus ID)5910dcec-fa83-4d67-9736-50d8cde83406 (Local ID)5910dcec-fa83-4d67-9736-50d8cde83406 (Archive number)5910dcec-fa83-4d67-9736-50d8cde83406 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20130620 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Leden, L., Gårder, P., Johansson, C. & Schirokoff, A. (2012). Improving child safety on the road network: A future based on ITS? (ed.). Paper presented at . Traffic Engineering and Control, 53(5), 183-188
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Improving child safety on the road network: A future based on ITS?
2012 (English)In: Traffic Engineering and Control, ISSN 0041-0683, Vol. 53, no 5, p. 183-188Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the results on two expert questionnaires focusing on the potential safety and mobility benefits to child pedestrians from targeted types of ITS. Questionnaire one was answered by 14 European experts and six North American experts and questionnaire two by 15 European experts, six North American experts and two Israeli experts. Five different types of functional requests for children were identified based on work done within the framework of the European Pedestrian Quality Need project. The first expert questionnaire was structured to collect expert opinions on which ITS solutions or devices would be, and why, the most relevant ones to satisfy the five different functional requests of child pedestrians. Based on the first questionnaire, fifteen areas of interest (problem areas) were defined. In the second questionnaire, the experts ranked the fifteen areas, and prioritized related ITS services, according to their potential for developing ITS services beneficial to children. The ranking is meant to be used as background information to plan research and actions to reach the target for EU set by the European Transport Safety Council, ETSC 2009, that EU see a 60% reduction in child fatalities in traffic between 2010 and 2020 (compared to a 40% overall reduction in fatalities).

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-10323 (URN)91cff943-7b3f-4632-bfc9-198f2470d6bc (Local ID)91cff943-7b3f-4632-bfc9-198f2470d6bc (Archive number)91cff943-7b3f-4632-bfc9-198f2470d6bc (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2012; 20120807 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Füssl, E., Oberlader, M., Lenné, M. G., Beanland, V., Pereira, M., Simões, A. V. .., . . . Underwood, J. (2012). Riders acceptance of advanced rider assistance systems (ed.). Paper presented at World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems : 22/10/2012 - 26/10/2012. Paper presented at World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems : 22/10/2012 - 26/10/2012.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Riders acceptance of advanced rider assistance systems
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2012 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The development of assistive systems and intelligent transport systems (ITS) plays an important role for improving the safety of powered two-wheelers (PTWs). Assistive systems for cars are well known and increasingly popular but for PTW riders the development of Advanced Rider Assistance Systems (ARAS) and On-Bike Information Systems (OBIS) has not progressed far enough yet. Estimates suggest that population-wide deployment of ARAS could reduce crashes by up to 40% (Lenné et al., 2011). Within the 2BESAFE project the factors that affect the acceptance of ARAS and OBIS of PTW riders and the obstacles that may hold PTW riders off from the use of assistive systems have been identified. A literature review, focus group interviews and an online survey have been conducted. The results show that the acceptability of systems depends on their function. The acceptability is higher for systems that were perceived to be more useful in emergencies. Survey respondents raised several concerns regarding the acceptance of assistive systems for PTWs. Respondents of the on-line survey felt that there was too much focus on assistive systems as a means of improving PTW rider safety, and less on the dangers that motorcyclists face actually from the actions of other road users.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30506 (URN)84896931337 (Scopus ID)458598e2-2197-490c-b383-83ceacbee133 (Local ID)458598e2-2197-490c-b383-83ceacbee133 (Archive number)458598e2-2197-490c-b383-83ceacbee133 (OAI)
Conference
World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems : 22/10/2012 - 26/10/2012
Note
Godkänd; 2012; 20140409 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Johansson, C., Rosander, P. & Leden, L. (2011). Distance between speed humps and pedestrian crossings: Does it matter? (ed.). Paper presented at . Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43(5), 1846-1851
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Distance between speed humps and pedestrian crossings: Does it matter?
2011 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 43, no 5, p. 1846-1851Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Speed humps are a common physical measure installed at pedestrian crossings to reduce vehicle speeds therefore improve the safety and mobility of pedestrians at the crossing. The aim of this study was to determine whether variations in distance between speed humps and pedestrian crossings contribute differently to the safety and mobility of pedestrians and cyclists, especially children and the elderly, and if so, how. Three sites in Sweden were studied, where vehicle speed measurements and video filming at the site resulted in manually coded, road user behaviour of 1972 pedestrians and cyclists. Road user behaviour at three test sites and two comparison sites equipped with speed cushion at distances of about 5 m and 10 m from the pedestrian crossing, i.e. about one or two car lengths, were studied. As vehicle speeds were somewhat lower at the pedestrian crossing when the distance between the speed cushion to the pedestrian crossing was greater, and there were positive aspects regarding the mobility of the pedestrians and cyclists, a greater distance of about 10 m or two car lengths between the hump and the pedestrian crossing is suggested. The present study only covers speed cushions, but the same distance is also regarded as important when installing other types of physical measures to reduce vehicle speed.

National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4306 (URN)10.1016/j.aap.2011.04.020 (DOI)000292670500029 ()21658513 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-79958229322 (Scopus ID)23cbaaaf-95dc-4966-97b9-388646f4b258 (Local ID)23cbaaaf-95dc-4966-97b9-388646f4b258 (Archive number)23cbaaaf-95dc-4966-97b9-388646f4b258 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2011; 20110515 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Johansson, C. & Leden, L. (2010). Child pedestrians' quality needs and how these needs relate to interventions (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Getting communities back on their feet: The XI International Conference on Walking and Liveable Communities was held in The Hague, The Netherlands, November 16-19 2010. Paper presented at International Conference on Walking and Liveable Communities : 16/11/2010 - 19/11/2010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Child pedestrians' quality needs and how these needs relate to interventions
2010 (English)In: Getting communities back on their feet: The XI International Conference on Walking and Liveable Communities was held in The Hague, The Netherlands, November 16-19 2010, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cost 358 is to present a handbook on Pedestrians' Quality Needs in 2010 for all age groups. One age group is children. The main objective is to provide knowledge of pedestrians' quality needs and how these needs relate to structural and functional interventions, policy making and regulation to support walking conditions across the EU and other interested countries. This paper suggests a new way to satisfy children's rights to road safety.According to the UN ‘Children's Charter', its Convention on Children's Rights, their rights include road safety, and ratifying countries, are obliged to take all appropriate measures to implement the Convention. Child Consequence Analyses, i.e. preliminary tests of the consequences that an intended decision may have on children and young people and on their right to health, survival and to play etc. should be carried out to ensure that Children's Rights are fulfilled according to the convention.Free movement of children in the physical environment is important for their health as well as for their social, cognitive, and motor development. With increasing age, children's desire for free movement increases - and their territory gradually expands. However, this leads to increased exposure to risk: accidents to children as pedestrians are a function of mobility.The objektive is that children of preschool age should not encounter cars in their play areas or where they walk; though in some cases, vehicles travelling at a maximum of walking pace (or crawling speed) can be accepted. Children 7 to 12 should not cross streets at locations where vehicle speeds exceed 15-20 km/h. For older children, the same principles apply as for adult unprotected road users: they should not cross at locations where motor vehicle speeds exceed 30 km/h. This applies to routes to school, to leisure activities, and to friends.However, other measures than low speed is needed to accomplish systematic traffic planning for children. Approaches should have only one entry and one exit lane, and typically be separated by a refuge island where pedestrians cross. This is proposed to be systematically provided at bus stops, at schools, in residential areas, and other places where children can be expected to walk. For traffic quantity and composition, the aim is that traffic flows should be low, with few or no heavy vehicles. Layouts and sections should have clear visibility and clarity. Countermeasures are proposed to be used in a systematic way to achieve a safe and independent freedom of movement for children.

Keywords
Technology - Civil engineering and architecture, Teknikvetenskap - Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30338 (URN)41aabc40-08eb-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (Local ID)41aabc40-08eb-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (Archive number)41aabc40-08eb-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Walking and Liveable Communities : 16/11/2010 - 19/11/2010
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20101216 (chjo)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Leden, L., Johansson, C. & Rosander, P. (2010). Motorcyklisters och mopedisters säkerhet: State-of-the-art (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Motorcyklisters och mopedisters säkerhet: State-of-the-art
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Aktuell statistik visar att användare av tvåhjuliga motorfordon är överrepresenterade i dödsolyckor. Syftet med föreliggande litteraturinventering är att ta fram underlag som kan ligga till grund för att utarbeta ett åtgärds- och eller forskningsprogram med syfte att minska antalet dödade och skadade motorcyklister och mopedister genom en state-of-the-art granskning av svenskt och internationellt material och särskilt EU-projektet 2BESAFE.Tvåhjuliga motorfordon skiljer sig från vanliga fordon, både i körsätt och körmönster och olycksegenskaper. Det är mer krävande att framföra en motorcykel jämfört med ett fyrhjuligt fordon. För närvarande finns uppskattningsvis 33 miljoner tvåhjuliga motorfordon i bruk i EU:s 27 länder, allt från 50 cc mopeder till kraftfulla motorcyklar (ERF, 2008). Dessa representerar tillsammans cirka 14 % av hela det europeiska, privata fordonsbeståndet (endast bilar och tvåhjuliga motorfordon), men de står för cirka 20 % av dödsfallen. Under de senaste fem åren har det skett en ökning med 41 % av antalet tvåhjuliga motorfordon inom EU.Vanliga riskfaktorer för motorcykelförare är särskilt alkoholpåverkan, bristande erfarenhet, bristande kunskap om fordonet och sist men inte minst höga hastigheter. Var fjärde eller femte omkommen mc-förare är påverkad av alkohol eller andra droger.I Frankrike kör 35 % av förarna på tvåhjuliga motorfordon minst 10 km/h över gällande hastighetsgräns. Baserat på analyser av djupstudier av motorcykelolyckor med dödlig utgång mellan år 2000 och 2003 i Sverige, dras slutsatsen att uppskattningsvis 4 av 10 omkomna förare har kört betydligt fortare än gällande hastighetsbegränsning. 37 % av kollisionerna som leder till en dödsolycka orsakas av att föraren tappat kontrollen över fordonet. En bidragande orsak till detta är hög hastighet, för motorcykelolyckor särskilt för förare i åldrarna mellan 20 och 30 år. Ofta förlorar föraren kontrollen över tvåhjulingen i en kurva. Det finns åldersgrupper och grupper som antingen oavsiktligt eller medvetet (så kallat sensationssökande) tycks bortse från de mest uppmärksammade säkerhetsfrågorna. Förarbeteenden överensstämmer ofta med bostadsort, typ av motorcykel och ålder (och troligen de behov som tillgodoses med åkandet). Åtminstone tre högriskgrupper av förare kan identifieras. Den mest utsatta gruppen består av förare som brukar åka offroadmotorcyklar i terräng på helgerna. Den andra högriskgruppen nöjeskör på helger, relativt ofta i städer och på landsbygden på flerfältiga motor- och landsvägar. Den tredje högriskgruppen består av förare som inte kör så mycket varje år, och som uppger att de oftast nöjeskör på helgerna i stadsmiljö och har traditionella motorcyklar. Skadornas allvarlighetsgrad som inträffat i en kollision är svårare för förare av motorcyklar med hög motorstyrka. Mer än hälften av alla omkomna mc-förare i Sverige 2000-2003 körde motorcyklar av kategorin supersport.Konsekvenserna av att låsa bromsarna är långt allvarligare för mc än för bil. Dessutom är det grund att tro att ABS-bromsar (låsningsfria bromsar) reducerar rädslan för att låsa bromsarna, och därmed kan föraren bromsa kraftigare än hon/han annars ville ha gjort. ABS har bedömts ha en olycksreducerande effekt av 38 % på alla olyckor med personskador i Sverige och 48 % på svåra och dödliga olyckor. Skadegraden i trafikolyckor med motorcyklar utrustade med ABS var markant lindrigare än i olyckor med motorcyklar utan ABS. Det rekommenderas att tillverkare inför ABS på alla nya modeller inklusive supersportklassen.Sammanstötningar med vägräcken kan resultera i allvarliga skador för motorcyklister. Det existerar i dag flera sätt att förbättra existerande räcken på, t.ex. att utforma räckena så att en påkörande motorcyklist glider längs räckets yta utan att träffa skarpa föremål eller hörnor som koncentrerar kollisionskraften. En internationell rekommendation är att prioritera förbättring av vägräcken på speciellt olycksutsatta ställen ("black spots"), särskilt i skarpa kurvor. I Sverige handlar trafiksäkerhetsarbete om systematiskt arbete baserat på indikatorer i systemnivå, snarare än att åtgärda specifika platser. Samtidigt är det viktig att man inte glömmer förbättring av vägens sidoområde där det inte är räcken, så att inga farliga fasta föremål förekommer i närheten av vägen.Ofta missar bilförarna att upptäcka tvåhjuliga motorfordon beroende på bristande perception och uppmärksamhet. Storleken och synbarheten av det annalkande fordon samt eventuella visuella hinder påverkar processen. Ofta sker sådana olyckor i samband med att personbilen gör vänstersväng. Utveckling av särskilda varningssystem (ITS) samt siktförbättringar är angeläget.Även vid mopedkörning är hög hastighet ett stort problem inte minst på grund av att särskilt unga pojkar trimmar mopederna. De vanligaste olycksförloppen för mopedolyckor är följande:Sidokollision på landsbygd och i tätort (både i och utanför korsningar) mellan mopeder och personbilar (30%). De fel som identifierats är främst kopplade till perceptionsbrist, dvs. bilföraren har inte uppmärksammat mopedisten.Singelolyckor med moped (21%): Tillfällen då föraren tappar kontrollen beroende på bristande körförmåga, då föraren har utsatts för en yttre omständighet (kurva, kraftig vind) eller beroende på bristande uppmärksamhet.Mopedisten reagerar ofta för sent beroende på att han eller hon missbedömer situationen har fel förväntningar på bilistens beteende eller observerar för sent (ofta beroende på att sikten är skymd).Bilisten reagerade ofta för sent eller inte alls beroende på att han eller hon missat viktig information, varit stressad eller väntat sig att mopedisten skulle bete sig på ett annat sätt.Trots att nyblivna förare av tvåhjuliga fordon ofta är inblandade i olyckor finns inget belägg för att frivilligt vald utbildning efter att man har tagit körkort har någon effekt på olycksrisk, tvärtom kan frivilligt vald utbildning öka olycksrisken. Det är ovisst varför detta sker. Man kan tänka sig att förarna känner sig mer kompetenta efter genomförd upplärning, samtidigt som de har lärt irrelevanta färdigheter eller inte reellt sett har fått en ökad färdighet efter kursen. Å andra sidan tycks obligatorisk upplärning innan man skaffar körkort verka olycksreducerande. Det kan med andra ord inte uteslutas att vissa typer upplärning kan verka olycksreducerande.Den första kontakten en ung person får med ett motordrivet fordon i trafik är ofta i samband med mopedkörning. Det ökar den unges möjligheter till att röra sig fritt. De tekniska egenskaperna hos mopederna har utvecklats de senaste åren, men den extra säkerhet som beror på den tekniska utvecklingen hindras då trimning blir allt vanligare och hastigheten ökar. Förmågan att uppmärksamma riskerna med mopedkörning kan förbättras genom ytterligare utbildning och körprov i samband med den ordinarie mopedutbildningen. Dessutom skulle säkerheten förbättras om användandet av skyddsutrustning ökade.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. p. 35
Series
Technical report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1536
Keywords
Technology - Civil engineering and architecture, Teknikvetenskap - Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-22475 (URN)2fb2b1c0-4922-11df-a0f4-000ea68e967b (Local ID)978-91-7439-095-7 (ISBN)2fb2b1c0-4922-11df-a0f4-000ea68e967b (Archive number)2fb2b1c0-4922-11df-a0f4-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20100416 (petros)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-16Bibliographically approved
Johansson, C. & Leden, L. (2010). Safety of child bicyclists (ed.). Paper presented at Transport Research Arena Europe Conference : 07/06/2010 - 10/06/2010. Paper presented at Transport Research Arena Europe Conference : 07/06/2010 - 10/06/2010.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safety of child bicyclists
2010 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Children walk and travel by bicycle to a lesser extent than previously. Physical activities are generally positive from a health perspective and life quality perspective. The design of the traffic environment and the regulation of traffic can support safe and independent freedom of movement for children.Two sources were used to explore safety problems for cycling children: school questionnaires and accident statistics. A meta-analysis based on previously conducted questionnaires addressed to school children on the subject of safety as vulnerable road users in the urban environment revealed that children perceived poor visibility, intensive motor traffic and high vehicle speed as the dominant factors for a dangerous traffic environment. The factors that were found to be most problematic for children according to the accident statistics compared with older age groups were also mentioned by the children as dangerous in the traffic environment. The result is a description of safety problems based on accident statistics for children bicyclists linked to children's own opinions on characteristics and safety problems as bicyclists.

Keywords
Technology - Civil engineering and architecture, Teknikvetenskap - Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Traffic Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37550 (URN)b9d0a080-08e7-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (Local ID)b9d0a080-08e7-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (Archive number)b9d0a080-08e7-11e0-b767-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
Transport Research Arena Europe Conference : 07/06/2010 - 10/06/2010
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20101216 (chjo)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2876-9885

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