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Olsson, Anna
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Lundmark, R. & Olsson, A. (2015). Factor substitution and procurement competition for forest resources in Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at . International Journal of Production Economics, 169, 99-109
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factor substitution and procurement competition for forest resources in Sweden
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 169, p. 99-109Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector has been increasing, partly caused by economic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. This in turn has led to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest industries and the energy sector. A translog cost function approach is used to analyse the factor substitution in the sawmill industry, the pulp and paper industry and the heating industry in Sweden over the period 1970–2008. The estimated parameters are used to calculate the Allen and Morishima elasticities of substitution as well as the price elasticities of input demand. The results indicate that it is easier for the heating industry to substitutes between by-products and logging residues than it is for the pulp and paper industry to substitute between by-products and roundwood. This suggests that the pulp and paper industry could suffer from an increase in the procurement competition. However, overall the substitutions elasticities estimated in our study are relatively low. This indicates that substitution possibilities could be rather limited due to rigidities in input prices. This result suggests that competition of forest resources also might be relatively limited.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4141 (URN)10.1016/j.ijpe.2015.07.029 (DOI)000363352800011 ()2-s2.0-84942745922 (Scopus ID)20778283-27a9-4e80-93a8-bf3f0a82ef83 (Local ID)20778283-27a9-4e80-93a8-bf3f0a82ef83 (Archive number)20778283-27a9-4e80-93a8-bf3f0a82ef83 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150819 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Olsson, A. & Lundmark, R. (2014). Modelling the Competition for Forest Resources: The Case of Sweden (ed.). Journal of energy and natural resources, 3(2), 11-19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelling the Competition for Forest Resources: The Case of Sweden
2014 (English)In: Journal of energy and natural resources, ISSN 2330-7366, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 11-19Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Past decades increasing shares of forest resources have been diverted from the forest sector to the energy sector. The increasing utilization of forest fuel is, to a large extent, caused by economic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Since the energy sector is believed to continue to increase its use of forest fuel in the energy production in Sweden, it is of interest to investigate the effects of this. The purpose of this study is to analyses the extent and degree of forest resources competition in the presence of climate policy by accounting for the inter-linkages of forest resources utilization between the energy sector and the forest industries. A partial equilibrium model was thus constructed and applied to the Swedish forest sector and energy sector. A baseline scenario is calibrated using the GAMS software. Four scenarios with alternative development paths are then simulated and compared to the baseline scenario. The results indicate that the impacts on the procurement competition between the forest sector and the energy sector are relatively moderate also in situations of expanding production in the forest industries. An increase in the competition between industries in the energy sector can however be observed

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3153 (URN)10.11648/j.jenr.20140302.11 (DOI)0f12b96c-5748-4950-914d-41643b257290 (Local ID)0f12b96c-5748-4950-914d-41643b257290 (Archive number)0f12b96c-5748-4950-914d-41643b257290 (OAI)
Note

Godkänd; 2014; 20140516 (roblund)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Olsson, A. (2011). Examining the competition for forest resources in Sweden using factor substitution analysis and partial equilibrium modelling (ed.). (Licentiate dissertation). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Examining the competition for forest resources in Sweden using factor substitution analysis and partial equilibrium modelling
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall objective of the thesis is to analyse the procurement competition for forestresources in Sweden. The thesis consists of an introductory part and two self-containedpapers.In paper I a translog cost function approach is used to analyse the factorsubstitution in the sawmill industry, the pulp and paper industry and the heating industryin Sweden over the period 1970 to 2008. The estimated parameters are used to calculatethe Allen and Morishima elasticities of substitution as well as the price elasticities ofinput demand. The utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector has been increasingand this increase is believed to continue. The increase is, to a large extent, caused byeconomic policies introduced to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Such policiescould lead to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest industriesand the energy sector. The calculated substitution elasticities indicate that it is easier forthe heating industry to substitutes between by-products and logging residues than it is forthe pulp and paper industry to substitute between by-products and roundwood. Thissuggests that the pulp and paper industry could suffer from an increase in theprocurement competition. However, overall the substitutions elasticities estimated in ourstudy are relatively low. This indicates that substitution possibilities could be ratherlimited due to rigidities in input prices. This result suggests that competition of forestresources also might be relatively limited.In paper II a partial equilibrium model is constructed in order to asses the effectsan increasing utilisation of forest resources in the energy sector. The increasing utilisationof forest fuel is, to a large extent, caused by economic policies introduced to reduce theemission of greenhouse gases. In countries where forests already are highly utilised suchpolicies will lead to an increase in the procurement competition between the forest sectorand the energy sector. It is therefore of interest of, for example, policy makers to be ableto analyse the effects of these policies. The purpose of this study is to construct a modelof the Swedish forest sector and energy sector in order to enable such analyses given theincreasing inter-linkages between energy production and biomass. The model is used tostudy how an increasing demand from the energy sector can affect the forest industriesfor example in terms of increasing procurement competition for forest resources. Apartial equilibrium model was thus constructed and applied to the Swedish forest sectorand energy sector. A baseline scenario is calibrated using the GAMS software. Fourscenarios of different development paths are then simulated and compared to the baselinescenario. The results indicate that the impacts on the procurement competition betweenthe forest sector and the energy sector are relatively moderate also in situations ofexpanding production in the forest industries. An increase in the competition betweenindustries in the energy sector can however be observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2011
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Keywords
Business / Economics - Economics, Ekonomi - Nationalekonomi
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17694 (URN)4b3e9c53-c19c-45d9-9e79-e44516699774 (Local ID)978-91-7439-251-7 (ISBN)4b3e9c53-c19c-45d9-9e79-e44516699774 (Archive number)4b3e9c53-c19c-45d9-9e79-e44516699774 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2011; 20110421 (annols); LICENTIATSEMINARIUM Ämnesområde: Nationalekonomi Examinator: Professor Robert Lundmark, Luleå tekniska universitet Extern diskutant: Docent Tommy Lundgren, Institutionen för skogsekonomi Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet Tid: Fredag den 27 maj, kl 13.00 Plats:E246, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Hammarlund,, C., Ericsson, K., Johansson, H., Lundmark, R., Olsson, A., Pavlovskaia, E. & Wilhelmsson, F. (2010). Bränsle för ett bättre klimat: marknad och politik för biobränslen (ed.). Paper presented at . Lund: AgriFood Economics Centre
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bränsle för ett bättre klimat: marknad och politik för biobränslen
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2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: AgriFood Economics Centre, 2010. p. 115
Series
Rapport / AgriFood Economics Centre ; 2010:5
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25488 (URN)f6a4cd60-9c95-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Local ID)f6a4cd60-9c95-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Archive number)f6a4cd60-9c95-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20100731 (roblund)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-02-15Bibliographically approved
Wårell, L. & Olsson, A. (2009). Trends and developments in the intensity of steel use: an econometric analysis (ed.). In: (Ed.), 8th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD) and Securing the Future: Mining, Metals & the Environment in a Sustainable Society 2009: Skelleftea, Sweden, 22 - 26 June 2009. Paper presented at Securing the Future & ICARD : 23/06/2009 - 26/06/2009. Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trends and developments in the intensity of steel use: an econometric analysis
2009 (English)In: 8th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD) and Securing the Future: Mining, Metals & the Environment in a Sustainable Society 2009: Skelleftea, Sweden, 22 - 26 June 2009, Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Red Hook, NY: Curran Associates, Inc., 2009
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-28719 (URN)29d48320-a8df-11de-8293-000ea68e967b (Local ID)978-1-615-67816-7 (ISBN)29d48320-a8df-11de-8293-000ea68e967b (Archive number)29d48320-a8df-11de-8293-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Conference
Securing the Future & ICARD : 23/06/2009 - 26/06/2009
Note

Godkänd; 2009; 20090924 (linda_w)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
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