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Rousta, K., Ordoñez, I., Bolton, K. & Dahlén, L. (2017). Support for designing waste sorting systems: A mini review. Waste Management & Research, 35(11), 1099-1111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support for designing waste sorting systems: A mini review
2017 (English)In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 35, no 11, p. 1099-1111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article presents a mini review of research aimed at understanding material recovery from municipal solid waste. It focuses on two areas, waste sorting behaviour and collection systems, so that research on the link between these areas could be identified and evaluated. The main results presented and the methods used in the articles are categorised and appraised. The mini review reveals that most of the work that offered design guidelines for waste management systems was based on optimising technical aspects only. In contrast, most of the work that focused on user involvement did not consider developing the technical aspects of the system, but was limited to studies of user behaviour. The only clear consensus among the articles that link user involvement with the technical system is that convenient waste collection infrastructure is crucial for supporting source separation. This mini review reveals that even though the connection between sorting behaviour and technical infrastructure has been explored and described in some articles, there is still a gap when using this knowledge to design waste sorting systems. Future research in this field would benefit from being multidisciplinary and from using complementary methods, so that holistic solutions for material recirculation can be identified. It would be beneficial to actively involve users when developing sorting infrastructures, to be sure to provide a waste management system that will be properly used by them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65273 (URN)10.1177/0734242X17726164 (DOI)000413730900002 ()28823230 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85032377879 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-10-30 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Rousta, K., Bolton, K. & Dahlén, L. (2016). A Procedure to Transform Recycling Behavior for Source Separation of Household Waste (ed.). Paper presented at . Recycling, 1(1), 147-165
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Procedure to Transform Recycling Behavior for Source Separation of Household Waste
2016 (English)In: Recycling, ISSN 2313-4321, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 147-165Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Household waste separation at the source is a central part of waste management systems in Sweden. Resource recovery of materials and energy increased substantially after separate collection was implemented in the 1990s. A procedure to transform recycling behavior for the sorting of household waste—called the recycling behavior transition (RBT) procedure—was designed and implemented in a waste management system in Sweden. Repeated use of this procedure, which will assist in the continual improvement of household sorting, consists of the following four consecutive steps: (i) evaluating the current sorting behavior; (ii) identifying appropriate interventions; (iii) implementing the interventions, and; (iv) assessing the quantitative effect of the interventions. This procedure follows action research methodology and it is the first time that such a procedure has been developed and implemented for the sorting of household waste. The procedure can easily be adapted to any source separation system (which may have different local situations) and, by improving the source separation, will increase the resource recovery in the waste management system. The RBT procedure, together with its strengths and weaknesses, is discussed in this paper, and its implementation is exemplified by a pilot study done in Sweden.

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12238 (URN)10.3390/recycling1010147 (DOI)b56b18ad-8da5-44db-9b53-781e13374461 (Local ID)b56b18ad-8da5-44db-9b53-781e13374461 (Archive number)b56b18ad-8da5-44db-9b53-781e13374461 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160512 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Rousta, K., Bolton, K., Lundin, M. & Dahlén, L. (2015). Quantitative assessment of distance to collection point and improved sorting information on source separation of household waste (ed.). Paper presented at . Waste Management, 40, 22-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantitative assessment of distance to collection point and improved sorting information on source separation of household waste
2015 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 40, p. 22-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study measures the participation of households in a source separation scheme and, in particular, if the household’s application of the scheme improved after two interventions: (a) shorter distance to the drop-off point and (b) easy access to correct sorting information. The effect of these interventions was quantified and, as far as possible, isolated from other factors that can influence the recycling behaviour. The study was based on households located in an urban residential area in Sweden, where waste composition studies were performed before and after the interventions by manual sorting (pick analysis). Statistical analyses of the results indicated a significant decrease (28%) of packaging and newsprint in the residual waste after establishing a property close collection system (intervention (a)), as well as significant decrease (70%) of the miss-sorted fraction in bags intended for food waste after new information stickers were introduced (intervention (b)). Providing a property close collection system to collect more waste fractions as well as finding new communication channels for information about sorting can be used as tools to increase the source separation ratio. This contribution also highlights the need to evaluate the effects of different types of information and communication concerning sorting instructions in a property close collection system.

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9098 (URN)10.1016/j.wasman.2015.03.005 (DOI)000355049700005 ()25817721 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84928704570 (Scopus ID)7a951400-805c-4e97-909f-8a8603f075f0 (Local ID)7a951400-805c-4e97-909f-8a8603f075f0 (Archive number)7a951400-805c-4e97-909f-8a8603f075f0 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150326 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Rousta, K. & Dahlén, L. (2015). Source Separation of Household Waste: Technology and Social Aspects (ed.). In: (Ed.), Mohammad J. Taherzadeh; Tobias Richards (Ed.), Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste: (pp. 61-76). Paper presented at . Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group,
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Source Separation of Household Waste: Technology and Social Aspects
2015 (English)In: Resource Recovery to Approach Zero Municipal Waste, Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, , 2015, p. 61-76Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Ch 4. Separate collection, i.e. source separation, of recyclable materials is crucial for sustainable management of household waste. Functioning and efficient source separation schemes require consideration of the local circumstances and understanding of the influential of behavioural factors pertaining to householders. There are a number of different approaches and technical systems used for source separation. This chapter discusses the role of citizens and presents examples of comprehensive source separation systems. Some recommendations for establishing, monitoring and evaluating separate collection systems concludes the chapter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boca Raton: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group,, 2015
Series
Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Keywords
waste management, behaviour, sorting, recycling, collection, household waste, Other technology - Environmental engineering, Social sciences - Sociology, avfallshantering, social, källsortering, insamlingssystem, återvinning, hushållsavfall, avfallsteknik, beteende, Övriga teknikvetenskaper - Miljöteknik, Socialvetenskap - Sociologi
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-21473 (URN)10.1201/b18680-5 (DOI)84928704570 (Scopus ID)effec568-c244-44ef-b6f7-dd1bf8987488 (Local ID)978-1-4822-4035-1 (ISBN)978-1-4822-4036-8 (ISBN)effec568-c244-44ef-b6f7-dd1bf8987488 (Archive number)effec568-c244-44ef-b6f7-dd1bf8987488 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20150702 (lido)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Harder, R. C., Kalmykova, Y., Morrison, G. M., Feng, F., Mangold, M. & Dahlén, L. (2014). Quantification of goods purchases and waste generation at the level of individual households (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Industrial Ecology, 18(2), 227-241
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Quantification of goods purchases and waste generation at the level of individual households
Show others...
2014 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 227-241Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Quantifying differences in resource use and waste generation between individual households and exploring the reasons for the variations observed implies the need for disaggregated data on household activities and related physical flows. The collection of disaggregated data for water use, gas use, electricity use, and mobility has been reported in the literature and is normally achieved through sensors and computational algorithms. This study focuses on collecting disaggregated data for goods consumption and related waste generation at the level of individual households. To this end, two data collection approaches were devised and evaluated: (1) triangulating shopping receipt analysis and waste component analysis and (2) tracking goods consumption and waste generation using a smartphone. A case study on two households demonstrated that it is possible to collect quantitative data on goods consumption and related waste generation on a per unit basis for individual households. The study suggested that the type of data collected can be relevant in a number of different research contexts: eco-feedback; user-centered research; living-lab research; and life cycle impacts of household consumption. The approaches presented in this study are most applicable in the context of user-centered or living-lab research. For the other contexts, alternative data sources (e.g., retailers and producers) may be better suited to data collection on larger samples, though at a lesser level of detail, compared with the two data collection approaches devised and evaluated in this study

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9454 (URN)10.1111/jiec.12111 (DOI)000334504700009 ()2-s2.0-84898781845 (Scopus ID)8172d4b8-e0bc-4c42-a8a2-cc4032a73d25 (Local ID)8172d4b8-e0bc-4c42-a8a2-cc4032a73d25 (Archive number)8172d4b8-e0bc-4c42-a8a2-cc4032a73d25 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140307 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Dahlén, L., Vukicevic, S. & Tapper, M. (2013). Återvinning av plast från hushållsavfall: Insamlingsresultat och kvalitet av källsorterad plast (ed.). Paper presented at . Stockholm: Plastkretsen ABs stiftelse för forskning
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Återvinning av plast från hushållsavfall: Insamlingsresultat och kvalitet av källsorterad plast
2013 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

SammanfattningÖvergripande syfte med projektet Återvinning av plast från hushållsavfall var att bidra till ett förbättrat beslutsunderlag vid val av insamlingssystem för plastförpackningar från hushållen.Projektets specifika mål har varit följande: Samla in unika mätdata av felsorteringsgraden i källsorterad plast  Jämföra felsorteringsgraden vid fastighetsnära insamling (FNI) med återvinningsstationer (ÅVS) Kartlägga kommuners informationsinsatser om källsortering Söka samband mellan insamlingsresultat och informationsarbetets utformningProjektet avgränsades till studier i fem svenska kommuner: Gävle, Göteborg, Lund, Lycksele och Söderköping. Plockanalyser gjordes på samlingsprov från fastighetsnära insamling respektive återvinningsstationer i utvalda kommundelar. Huvudsakliga metoder för projektets genomförande har varit provtagning, plockanalyser, intervjuer, litteraturstudier, utvärdering av insamlingsdata och beräkningar. Plockanalyserna genomfördes under åren 2010-2012.Av 75 m3 material (2 800 kg) insamlat från kärl avsedda för återvinning av plastförpackningar, i fem olika kommuner med varierande insamlings-system, var 72 viktprocent rätt sorterade plastförpackningar och 16 viktprocent var plast-produkter utanför producentansvaret. Resterande 12 viktprocent var andra helt felsorterade material, ungefär en tredjedel andra förpackningar och tidningar och i övrigt diverse andra produkter som t.ex. skor, kläder, blöjor, väskor, vaxdukar, matavfall, samt en mindre del el-, elektronik och farligt avfall. Renheten på plasten var bättre från fastighetsnära insamling (10 % icke plast) än från insamling vid återvinningsstationer (15 % icke plast). Renheten var bäst hos villor med fastighetsnära insamling (6,5 % icke plast). Villahushåll med fastighetsnära insamling var bäst på att sortera rätt även när det saknades engagerade informationsinsatser. Fastighetsnära insamling vid flerfamiljshus är mer problematisk med kraftigt varierande kvalitet. Även plastinsamlingen vid återvinningsstationer visar en ojämn kvalitet med stora variationer. Det gick inte att visa någon egentlig skillnad på plastens renhet från återvinningsstationer jämfört med fastighetsnära insamling vid flerfamiljshus.Hushåll med FNI sorterade mer än hushåll med bringsystem (ÅVS), men i båda insamlingsformerna fanns en stor återvinningspotential för plastförpackningar kvar i restavfall/brännbart (i storleksordningen 14-17 kg per invånare och år). Om målet är att få in så mycket plast som möjligt är det bästa systemet fastighetsnära insamling i kombination med engagerad kommunikation med hushållen om återvinning. Kommuner med fullt utbyggd fastighetsnära insamling samlade in nästan dubbelt så mycket plast per invånare (9,0 kg) jämfört med riksgenomsnittet 4,9 kg (2012). Renhållningstaxans utformning har en underordnad betydelse jämfört med insamlingssystemets fysiska utformning och information. Engagerad kommunikation med hushållen är en avgörande faktor. Kommunikation är särskilt viktigt gentemot hushåll som nyttjar relativt anonyma insamlingssystem, som återvinnings-stationer och flerfamiljshusens källsorteringsrum. Samtidigt är hushåll i flerfamiljshus de som kommunernas kommunikation fungerar sämst med. Det är vanligt att varken kommunen, avfallsentreprenören eller hyresvärden kommunicerar strategiskt om källsortering direkt med hyresgästen. Man missar därför stor del av målgruppen, eftersom den största delen av befolkningen i en större stad bor i flerfamiljshus (ca 80 procent i Göteborg).Det syns en tydlig vilja från hushållen att sortera plast som inte är förpackningar. Det följer även med andra produkter som bara till viss del innehåller plast (elektronik med plasthöljen) eller består av plastliknanden material som t ex gummistövlar. Hushållens val i det här fallet kan ha påverkats av att det under lång tid har kommunicerats ett generellt budskap (avseende förpackningar) att sortera efter huvudbeståndsdelen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Plastkretsen ABs stiftelse för forskning, 2013. p. 50
Keywords
Other technology - Environmental engineering, Återvinning, plast, producentansvar, plockanalys, förpackningar, felsorteringsgrad, styrmedel, information, kommunikation, hushåll, källsortering, Övriga teknikvetenskaper - Miljöteknik
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-25473 (URN)f5de40f4-613f-46b6-8980-b2a7a1e1f4a2 (Local ID)f5de40f4-613f-46b6-8980-b2a7a1e1f4a2 (Archive number)f5de40f4-613f-46b6-8980-b2a7a1e1f4a2 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20140307 (lido)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Lagerkvist, A. & Dahlén, L. (2012). Solid Waste Generation and Characterization (ed.). In: (Ed.), Robert A. Meyers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology: (pp. 10000-10013). Paper presented at . New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solid Waste Generation and Characterization
2012 (English)In: Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012, p. 10000-10013Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Waste is generated in all processes. According to the laws of thermodynamics , materials and energy can be transformed but never destroyed. Even if material is substantially transformed, all matter which is introduced in any kind of process will come out of the process in exactly the same number of kilograms, either as products, by-products , or waste. Waste may be solid, liquid, or gaseous. In many cases, gaseous waste is a dominating outflow when processing solid matter. However, the focus in this article is on solid waste.Waste is often perceived as the remains from consumption. However, the major part of all solid waste is generated already by consumers' demand for products, i.e., before the products were consumed and thrown away. In general, the extraction of natural resources and industrial production processes produce massively more solid waste than the consumer products amount to, e.g., about 20 times according to European waste data [14]. As material flows through society, waste is formed in each step, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The material wastes can either end up in landfills or they can be dispersed in water, air, or soil. The dispersion in liquid phases typically exits the material from the waste management domain and turns it into pollution, albeit solid wastes can also form pollution, such as the floating plastic of the oceans.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2012
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-20167 (URN)10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_110 (DOI)2854ae48-bdca-4fc8-971c-c896a8de0cf6 (Local ID)978-0-387-89469-0 (ISBN)978-1-4419-0851-3 (ISBN)2854ae48-bdca-4fc8-971c-c896a8de0cf6 (Archive number)2854ae48-bdca-4fc8-971c-c896a8de0cf6 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2012; 20150130 (lido)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-15Bibliographically approved
Dahlén, L. & Lagerkvist, A. (2010). Evaluation of recycling programmes in household waste collection systems (ed.). Waste Management & Research, 28(7), 577-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of recycling programmes in household waste collection systems
2010 (English)In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 577-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A case study and a literature review have been carried out to address the two questions: how can waste flow data from collection systems be interpreted and compared? and which factors are decisive in the results of recycling programmes in household waste collection systems? The aim is to contribute to the understanding of how recycling programmes affect the quantity of waste and sorting activities. It is shown how the results from various waste sorting systems can be interpreted and made comparable. A set of waste flow indicators is proposed, which together with generic system descriptions can facilitate comparisons of different collections systems. The evaluation of collection systems depends on the system boundaries and will always be site-specific to some degree. Various factors are relevant, e.g. environmental objectives, technical function, operating costs, types of recyclable materials collected separately, property-close collection or drop-off systems, economic incentives, information strategies, residential structure, social codes, etc. Kerbside collection of recyclables and weight-based billing led to increased waste sorting activities in the case study. Forty-three decisive factors are listed and discussed.

Keywords
household waste, kerbside, property close, indicator, recycling, collection, weight-based, Other technology - Environmental engineering, hushållsavfall, fastighetsnära, grindhämtning, indikator, återvinning, insamling, viktbaserad, Övriga teknikvetenskaper - Miljöteknik
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11258 (URN)10.1177/0734242X09341193 (DOI)000279549100002 ()19748961 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-77954411330 (Scopus ID)a2fef9c0-ba2c-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Local ID)a2fef9c0-ba2c-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Archive number)a2fef9c0-ba2c-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2010; 20091016 (ysko)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Lundmark, C. & Dahlén, L. (2010). Fokusgrupper för förbättrat samarbetsklimat mellan landstingets politiker och tjänstemän: en pilotstudie i Västernorrlands, Västerbottens och Norrbottens läns landsting (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fokusgrupper för förbättrat samarbetsklimat mellan landstingets politiker och tjänstemän: en pilotstudie i Västernorrlands, Västerbottens och Norrbottens läns landsting
2010 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Under hösten 2009 genomfördes en pilotstudie, där tjänstemän och förtroendevalda från Norrbottens och Västerbottens läns landsting samt Landstinget Västernorrland fick diskutera rollfördelning och samarbetsklimat i fokusgrupper, under ledning av två forskare från Luleå tekniska universitet. Syftet var att inventera deltagarnas erfarenheter och bidra till bättre förståelse för respektive parts arbetssituation och problembild. I rapporten redovisas de olika upplevelser och tolkningar som framkommit under diskussionerna, med särskild betoning på de förslag som deltagarna själva lyft fram som möjliga strategier att göra rollerna tydligare och förbättra samarbetsklimatet. Fokusgruppsdeltagarna var överens om att det behövs fler tillfällen att diskutera rollerna. Förståelsen för rollerna behöver fördjupas i en ständigt pågående process. Det är viktigt för både politiker och tjänstemän att förstå sin egen roll och att ha respekt för varandras roller. Det behövs också en medvetenhet om det gränsland som alltid kommer att finnas, där politik och förvaltning överlappar. Studien visar att heltids- och fritidspolitiker har helt olika förutsättningar att arbeta politiskt. Heltidspolitiker är med och sätter dagordningen, har täta kontakter med tjänstemännen och får god inblick i de ärenden som är på väg upp till beslut. Fritidspolitiker, särskilt de som enbart sitter i fullmäktige, kan uppleva beslutsförslagen som både svåra att förstå och svåra att påverka. Fokusgruppsdiskussionerna visade att fritidpolitiker i allmänhet och oppositionen i synnerhet behöver bättre förutsättningar för att kunna arbeta politiskt på ett meningsfullt sätt, till exempel föreslogs att överväga organisationsförändringar (Oppositionen med i beredningar? Tjänstemannatid reserverad för oppositionen? Politiska sekreterare?). Förbättrad måluppföljning lyftes fram som en förutsättning för att politiker ska kunna arbeta med mål på ett meningsfullt sätt. De förtroendevalda önskade också mer nyanserade beslutsunderlag samt tydligt medborgarperspektiv i beslutsunderlagens konsekvensanalyser. Tjänstemännen önskade en större politisk tydlighet och målinriktning hos de förtroendevalda. Fokusgruppsmetoden har fungerat bra, både för att inventera erfarenheter av relationen och för att förbättra deltagarnas förståelse för den andra gruppens situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2010. p. 24
Keywords
Social sciences - Political science, samarbete, politiker, tjänstemän, fokusgrupper, politikerrollen, samarbetsklimat, landsting, Socialvetenskap - Statsvetenskap
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Political Science; Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-24644 (URN)be168780-a0b0-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Local ID)be168780-a0b0-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (Archive number)be168780-a0b0-11df-a707-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2010; 20100805 (lido)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Dahlén, L. & Lagerkvist, A. (2010). Pay as you throw: strengths and weaknesses of weight-based billing in household waste collection systems in Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at . Waste Management, 30(1), 23-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pay as you throw: strengths and weaknesses of weight-based billing in household waste collection systems in Sweden
2010 (English)In: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 23-31Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Householders' response to weight-based billing for the collection of household waste was investigated with the aim of providing decision support for waste management policies. Three questions were addressed: How much and what kind of information on weight-based billing is discernible in generic Swedish waste collection statistics? Why do local authorities implement weight-based billing, and how do they perceive the results? and, Which strengths and weaknesses of weight-based billing have been observed on the local level? The study showed that municipalities with pay-by-weight schemes collected 20% less household waste per capita than other municipalities. Surprisingly, no part of this difference could be explained by higher recycling rates. Nevertheless, the majority of waste management professionals were convinced that recycling had increased as a result of the billing system. A number of contradicting strengths and weaknesses of weight-based billing were revealed.

National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Waste Science and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-2636 (URN)10.1016/j.wasman.2009.09.022 (DOI)000273195100004 ()19833498 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-70649106882 (Scopus ID)04702700-b998-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Local ID)04702700-b998-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (Archive number)04702700-b998-11de-b769-000ea68e967b (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2010; 20091015 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4025-9071

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