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Skär, Lisa
Publications (10 of 82) Show all publications
Stridsman, C., Zingmark, K., Lindberg, A. & Skär, L. (2015). Creating a balance between breathing and viability: Experiences of well-being when living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ed.). Paper presented at . Primary Health Care Research and Development, 16(1), 42-52
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creating a balance between breathing and viability: Experiences of well-being when living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
2015 (English)In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 42-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim To describe experiences of well-being among people with moderate to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). BACKGROUND: Living with COPD is related to a complex life situation, and quality of life (QOL) is shown to decrease because of respiratory symptoms and fatigue. However, studies describing well-being in COPD as a subjective description of QOL are rare. METHODS: Ten participants with moderate to very severe COPD from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden (OLIN) COPD study were interviewed about their experiences of well-being. A latent qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. Findings To achieve well-being despite breathlessness, the participants had to adapt to their limitations and live towards the future. They created a balance between breathing and viability by adjusting to a lifelong limitation, handling variations in illness, relying on self-capacity and accessibility to a trustful care. The participants adjusted to lifelong limitations through acceptance and replacement of former activities. They handled variations in illness by taking advantage of the good days and using emotional adaptation strategies. The participants relied on their own self-capacity, feeling that smoking cessation, physical activity and breathing fresh air increased their well-being. They requested accessibility to a trustful care and highlighted the need for continuous care relationships and access to medications. These findings can enhance health-care professionals' understanding of the possibilities for increased well-being for people living with COPD.

National Category
Other Health Sciences Nursing
Research subject
Health Science; Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14231 (URN)10.1017/S1463423614000048 (DOI)000369919100007 ()24528672 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84973413736 (Scopus ID)d95cb8fa-1c73-420b-ad6c-f9255541ff67 (Local ID)d95cb8fa-1c73-420b-ad6c-f9255541ff67 (Archive number)d95cb8fa-1c73-420b-ad6c-f9255541ff67 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20140107 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Zotterman, A. N., Skär, L., Olsson, M. & Söderberg, S. (2015). District nurses' views on quality of primary healthcare encounters (ed.). Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 29(3), 418-425
Open this publication in new window or tab >>District nurses' views on quality of primary healthcare encounters
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 418-425Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Good encounters are fundamental for good and professional nursing care, and can be described as treating patients with respect and protecting their integrity and autonomy. This study describes district nurses' views on quality of healthcare encounters in primary healthcare. A purposive sample of 27 district nurses participated in five focus group interviews. The focus groups interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. The interview texts were analysed using a thematic content analysis. The analysis resulted in four themes, including being aware of the importance and difficulties during encounters, being the patient's advocate, being attentive to the unique person and being informed when a meeting turned out poorly. The results show that district nurses believed that encounters formed the basis of their work and it was vital for them to be aware of any difficulties. District nurses found that acting in a professional manner during encounters is the most significant factor, but this type of interaction was sometimes difficult because of stress and lack of time. The district nurses considered themselves to be the patients' advocate in the healthcare system; in addition, the acts of seeing, listening, believing and treating the patient seriously were important for providing good quality care. If a poor encounter occurred between the district nurse and the patient, the district nurses found that it was necessary to arrange a meeting to properly communicate what problems arose during the interaction. The district nurses highlighted that providing an apology and explanation could improve future encounters and establish a better nurse–patient relationship. In conclusion, this study shows the importance of confirming and respecting patients' dignity as the fundamental basis for a good quality encounter in primary healthcare

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8100 (URN)10.1111/scs.12146 (DOI)000359867700003 ()24806952 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84939448067 (Scopus ID)68d7d613-e308-4cec-8b74-1cb4ef84e6c2 (Local ID)68d7d613-e308-4cec-8b74-1cb4ef84e6c2 (Archive number)68d7d613-e308-4cec-8b74-1cb4ef84e6c2 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20140415 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Stridsman, C., Skär, L., Hedman, L., Rönmark, E. & Lindberg, A. (2015). Fatigue affects health status and predicts mortality among subjects with COPD-report from the population-based OLIN COPD study (ed.). Paper presented at . COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 12(2), 199-206
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fatigue affects health status and predicts mortality among subjects with COPD-report from the population-based OLIN COPD study
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2015 (English)In: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, ISSN 1541-2555, E-ISSN 1541-2563, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 199-206Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: COPD is associated to increased fatigue, decreased health status and mortality. However, these relationships are rarely evaluated in population-based studies. Aims: To describe the relationship between health status, respiratory symptoms and fatigue among subjects with and without COPD. Further, to evaluate whether fatigue and/or health status predicts mortality in these groups. Methods: Data were collected in 2007 from the population-based OLIN COPD study. Subjects participated in lung function tests and structured interviews, and 434 subjects with and 655 subjects without COPD were identified. Fatigue was assessed by FACIT-Fatigue and health status by the generic SF-36 questionnaire including physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) components. Mortality data until February 2012 were collected. Results: Fatigue greatly impacts the physical and mental dimensions of health status, both among subjects with and without COPD. Among subjects with clinically significant fatigue, COPD subjects had significantly lower PCS-scores compared to non-COPD subjects. Fairly strong correlations were found between FACIT-F, SF-36 PCS and MCS, respectively. In multivariate models adjusting for covariates, increased fatigue, decreased physical and mental dimensions of health status were all associated to mortality in subjects with COPD (OR 1.06, CI 1.02-1.10, OR 1.04, CI 1.01-1.08 and OR 1.06, CI 1.02-1.10), but not in non-COPD. Conclusions: Fatigue and decreased health status were closely related among subjects with and without COPD. Not only physical health status, but also fatigue and mental health predicted mortality among subjects with COPD. Fatigue assessed by FACIT-F, can be a useful instrument of prognostic value in the care of subjects with COPD.

National Category
Other Health Sciences Nursing
Research subject
Health Science; Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7402 (URN)10.3109/15412555.2014.922176 (DOI)000353925900012 ()24983402 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84928942572 (Scopus ID)5c5c487c-af2b-4dbd-895e-ae47bd3e532e (Local ID)5c5c487c-af2b-4dbd-895e-ae47bd3e532e (Archive number)5c5c487c-af2b-4dbd-895e-ae47bd3e532e (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20140508 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Nordmark, S., Söderberg, S. & Skär, L. (2015). Information exchange between registered nurses and district nurses during the discharge planning process: Cross- sectional analysis of survey data (ed.). Paper presented at . Informatics for Health and Social Care, 40(1), 23-44
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Information exchange between registered nurses and district nurses during the discharge planning process: Cross- sectional analysis of survey data
2015 (English)In: Informatics for Health and Social Care, ISSN 1753-8157, E-ISSN 1753-8165, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 23-44Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Discharge planning is an important care process for managing transitions from the hospital to the community. It has been studied for >20 years, but few studies clarify the information exchanged between healthcare providers. This study aimed to describe nurses’ experiences and perceptions of information exchange during the discharge planning process, focused on what, when and how information is exchanged between the hospital and primary healthcare. Method: A web-based census survey was used to collect data; the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-squared test. A questionnaire was distributed to 194 registered nurses (129 respondents) from a central county hospital and 67 district nurses (42 respondents) working in 13 primary healthcare centres. Results: The results show a significant difference between given and received information between the two groups. Both groups thought the information exchange worked best when all participants met at the discharge planning conference and that the electronic information system was difficult to use. Conclusion: This study shows difficulties knowing what patient-related information needs to give and not receiving the expected information. These results can be used to develop knowledge about roles, work tasks and needs to enhance the outcome of the process and the information exchanged.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11677 (URN)10.3109/17538157.2013.872110 (DOI)000346080600002 ()2-s2.0-84916912412 (Scopus ID)ab2323e9-e537-467e-a8d9-9f01f9ba7039 (Local ID)ab2323e9-e537-467e-a8d9-9f01f9ba7039 (Archive number)ab2323e9-e537-467e-a8d9-9f01f9ba7039 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20131205 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, Å., Skär, L. & Söderberg, S. (2015). Nurses' views of shortcomings in patent care encounters in one hospital in Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Clinical Nursing, 24(19-20), 2807-2814
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nurses' views of shortcomings in patent care encounters in one hospital in Sweden
2015 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, no 19-20, p. 2807-2814Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim and objectiveTo describe nurses' views of shortcomings in patient care encounters in one hospital in Sweden.BackgroundShortcomings in encounters in healthcare have increased during recent years. Dissatisfaction with encounters in healthcare can affect patients' experiences of dignity, health and well-being.DesignA qualitative design was used in the study.MethodsThree focus group discussions with 15 nurses were conducted. The nurses worked in five different wards. The focus group discussions were subjected to a thematic content analysis.ResultsThe results are presented in two themes. The first theme, ‘Disregard for the patient's unique nursing needs’, describes that information without consideration of the patient's needs, and nurses not being completely present in the meeting with the patient affected healthcare encounters and experiences of quality of care. In the second theme, ‘Difficulty managing obstacles’, nurses described care situations over which they could not always prevail due to lack of time and/or lack of awareness of the patient's vulnerability.ConclusionThe findings illustrate the importance of nurses and their approaches to patients. The nurse's attitude is important for the patient's experiences of participation, security, dignity, and well-being. The findings also illustrate the importance of routines in the healthcare organisation that support and facilitate positive encounters between patients, their close relatives and the healthcare staff.Relevance to clinical practiceNurses require understanding, presence and commitment in their relationships to every unique patient, and their goal should be to adopt interventions with regard to positive healthcare encounters based on each patient's experiences of good nursing care.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14488 (URN)10.1111/jocn.12886 (DOI)000362908200012 ()26177676 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84942194752 (Scopus ID)ddbc7983-ab16-4ebd-8cfb-3e597c677b93 (Local ID)ddbc7983-ab16-4ebd-8cfb-3e597c677b93 (Archive number)ddbc7983-ab16-4ebd-8cfb-3e597c677b93 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150717 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, E., Söderberg, S. & Skär, L. (2015). Swedish young adults’ experiences of psychiatric care during transition to adulthood (ed.). Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 36(3), 182-189
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Swedish young adults’ experiences of psychiatric care during transition to adulthood
2015 (English)In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 36, no 3, p. 182-189Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The number of young adults with mental illness and the need of psychiatric care has increased during the last decades. The aim of the study was to explore young adults’ experiences of psychiatric care during transition to adulthood. Individual interviews were conducted with 11 young adults and analysed according to Grounded Theory. The analyses results showed that support was a prerequisite for transition to adulthood and striving to reach recovery. By being encountered as a person and with a supportive environment, young adults can be motivated to continue care and be encouraged to express feelings.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-16362 (URN)10.3109/01612840.2014.961624 (DOI)000353298300004 ()25897969 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84928399463 (Scopus ID)ffc7927b-0aad-498c-ab60-640a17537aac (Local ID)ffc7927b-0aad-498c-ab60-640a17537aac (Archive number)ffc7927b-0aad-498c-ab60-640a17537aac (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20140919 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Skär, L. & Söderberg, S. (2014). Bemötandets betydelse (2ed.). In: (Ed.), Siv Söderberg (Ed.), Att leva med sjukdom: (pp. 35-43). Paper presented at . Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bemötandets betydelse
2014 (Swedish)In: Att leva med sjukdom, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, p. 35-43Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014 Edition: 2
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-20428 (URN)4e65b4c1-bbfa-4fe6-bb7c-f0f371c39a11 (Local ID)9789144097336 (ISBN)4e65b4c1-bbfa-4fe6-bb7c-f0f371c39a11 (Archive number)4e65b4c1-bbfa-4fe6-bb7c-f0f371c39a11 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20141016 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Stridsman, C., Lindberg, A. & Skär, L. (2014). Fatigue in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative study of peoples experiences (ed.). Paper presented at . Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 28(1), 130-138
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fatigue in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative study of peoples experiences
2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 130-138Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundFatigue is reported to be one of the most common symptoms among people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD. However, there is hardly any qualitative research describing how fatigue affects people living with this illness.AimTo describe people's experience of fatigue in daily life when living with moderate to very severe COPD.MethodsA purposive sample of 20 people with COPD stages II–IV was recruited from the Obstructive Lung Disease in Northern Sweden COPD study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with participants regarding their experience of fatigue. The interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis.ResultsOne theme was identified: Reconcile with the dimensions of fatigue, and four categories were identified: To understand the reasons of fatigue, To preserve fatigue unexpressed, When fatigue takes control and How to manage fatigue. Fatigue seems to be an always-present feeling, involving the whole body, raising feelings of hopelessness and controlling one's life. It seems to be accepted as a natural consequence of COPD and may therefore remain unexpressed. Further, when experienced with dyspnoea, fatigue becomes even heavier and more difficult to manage. To gain control of fatigue, people plan daily life and continue with physical activities.ConclusionFatigue affects the daily lives of people with COPD. Perceived with dyspnoea, fatigue was described as overwhelming. Most importantly, fatigue seems to be unexpressed to healthcare professionals and relatives.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5333 (URN)10.1111/scs.12033 (DOI)000329925600015 ()23517049 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84892847359 (Scopus ID)368a87b0-364a-45ef-abe8-6a867c3adcf1 (Local ID)368a87b0-364a-45ef-abe8-6a867c3adcf1 (Archive number)368a87b0-364a-45ef-abe8-6a867c3adcf1 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20130204 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Skär, L., Juuso, P. & Söderberg, S. (2014). Health-related quality of life and sense of coherence among people with obesity: Important factors for health management (ed.). Paper presented at . Russian Studies, 2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health-related quality of life and sense of coherence among people with obesity: Important factors for health management
2014 (English)In: Russian Studies, ISSN 2050-3113, E-ISSN 2050-3121, Vol. 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether health-related quality of life and levels of sense of coherence among people with obesity are correlated with body mass index, age, and gender. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive research design was used. Subjects (n = 157) were selected from a sample of participants in an ongoing survey and had a body mass index >30 kg/m2. Data were collected using the Short Form-36 Health Survey and the Sense of Coherence Scale. Results: The mean body mass index of women was higher than that of men. Compared to men, a greater proportion of women had a low sense of coherence. There was a significant relationship between low physical health and high body mass index. Female gender and older age correlated with a low sense of coherence and showed a significant association with high body mass index. Conclusion: To increase the health-related quality of life, people with obesity need support to help manage their life situation based on their individual needs and personal resources.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14299 (URN)10.1177/2050312114546923 (DOI)26770736 (PubMedID)da6ffe27-134d-4e81-b141-c13c726014e9 (Local ID)da6ffe27-134d-4e81-b141-c13c726014e9 (Archive number)da6ffe27-134d-4e81-b141-c13c726014e9 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140811 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, E., Söderberg, S. & Skär, L. (2014). Managing transition with support: Experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry narrated by young adults and relatives (ed.). Paper presented at . Psychiatry Journal, Article ID 457160.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing transition with support: Experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry narrated by young adults and relatives
2014 (English)In: Psychiatry Journal, ISSN 2314-4327, E-ISSN 2314-4335, article id 457160Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Young adults with mental illness who need continuing care when they turn 18 are referred from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry. During this process, young adults are undergoing multiple transitions as they come of age while they transfer to another unit in healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore expectations and experiences of transition from child and adolescent psychiatry to general adult psychiatry as narrated by young adults and relatives. Individual interviews were conducted with three young adults and six relatives and analysed according to grounded theory. The analysis resulted in a core category: managing transition with support, and three categories: being of age but not mature, walking out of security and into uncertainty, and feeling omitted and handling concerns. The young adults’ and relatives' main concerns were that they might be left out and feel uncertainty about the new situation during the transition process. To facilitate the transition process, individual care planning is needed. It is essential that young adults and relatives are participating in the process to be prepared for the changes and achieve a successful transition. Knowledge about the simultaneous processes seems to be an important issue for facilitating transition.

National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3431 (URN)10.1155/2014/457160 (DOI)24829900 (PubMedID)14193b1c-00c8-4f57-a160-3c99a66da51f (Local ID)14193b1c-00c8-4f57-a160-3c99a66da51f (Archive number)14193b1c-00c8-4f57-a160-3c99a66da51f (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2014; 20131202 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
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