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Prpic, John
Publications (10 of 21) Show all publications
Prpic, J. & Keitzmann, J. H. (2017). Crowd Science: Research on IT-Mediated Crowds. In: Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2017: Crowd Science Minitrack. Paper presented at 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Big Island, HI, USA, 2017 (pp. 4308-4313). University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crowd Science: Research on IT-Mediated Crowds
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2017: Crowd Science Minitrack, University of Hawai'i at Manoa , 2017, p. 4308-4313Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 2017
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60819 (URN)10.24251/HICSS.2017.522 (DOI)978-0-9981331-0-2 (ISBN)
Conference
50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), Big Island, HI, USA, 2017
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J. (2017). Specifying and Operationalizing an Organizational Theory of Crowdsourcing. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Specifying and Operationalizing an Organizational Theory of Crowdsourcing
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Despite rapid developments across multiple areas of research and practice, an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing has yet to emerge.

Objectives: Therefore, this thesis has two major objectives; 1) specify the boundaries, constructs, and relationships of an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing, and 2) begin the theoretical validation process by operationalizing the theory for new exploratory, explanatory, and conceptual research.

Methods: In respect to the first objective, an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing is created through inductive processes based upon observations of the real-world, and the extant organizational literature. In respect to the second objective, a mixed-methods research design is implemented to present three separate studies that use the theoretical perspective as a lens to operationalize new exploratory, explanatory, and conceptual Crowdsourcing research.

Results: The Crowd Capital perspective is introduced, and defines three new constructs for the Crowdsourcing research; Dispersed Knowledge, Crowd Capability, and Crowd Capital. Crowd Capital theory is shown to be a valid theoretical contribution in the management research by illustrating the perspective’s incremental originality and scientific utility.

Conclusion: The thesis develops and validates an organizational-level theory explaining how and why organizations implement Crowdsourcing, and through the exploratory and explanatory operationalizations of the Crowd Capital perspective, this work contributes to the empirical knowledge-base in the Crowdsourcing research. Further, this thesis contributes methodologically by illustrating and implementing a mixed-methods research design for theory validation in the Crowdsourcing research, while also supplying managers and executives with detailed guidance on the trade-offs inherent to the different modalities of Crowdsourcing.

Thesis Organization: This thesis is organized in a monograph format comprised of eight chapters; 1) Introduction, 2) Literature review, 3) Theoretical model, 4) Methodology, 5) Exploratory research, 6) Explanatory research, 7) Conceptual research, and 8) Conclusion. As an outcome of this thesis, three journal articles and five conference proceedings have been accepted in peer-reviewed outlets1, and the author has been awarded a mini-track about Crowdsourcing at one of the most prestigious conferences in the field. The articles and the conference mini-track details are listed in Appendix A & B at the end of the dissertation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
crowdsourcing, organizations, theory specification, theory operationalization, theory validation
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62985 (URN)978-91-7583-876-2 (ISBN)978-91-7583-877-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-09, A109, Luleå, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-04-13 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2018-04-10Bibliographically approved
Krause, M., Hall, M., Williams, J. J., Paritosh, P., Prpic, J. & Calton, S. (2016). Connecting Online Work and Online Education at Scale (ed.). In: (Ed.), CHI EA '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Paper presented at CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems : 07/05/2016 - 12/05/2016 (pp. 3536-3541). New York: ACM Digital Library
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Connecting Online Work and Online Education at Scale
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2016 (English)In: CHI EA '16: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, New York: ACM Digital Library, 2016, p. 3536-3541Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Education is one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of the United Nations. Considerable interest has been displayed in online education at scale, a new arising concept to realize the MDG. Yet connecting online education to real jobs is still a challenge. This CHI workshop bridges this gap by bringing together groups and insights from related work at HCOMP, CSCW, and Learning at Scale. The workshop aims at providing opportunities for groups not yet in the focus of online education, exemplified by low SES and less educated students who have not have equal access to higher education, compared to typical students in MOOCs. The focus is on theoretical and empirical connections between online education and job opportunities which can reduce the financial gap, by providing students with an income during their studies. The workshop explores the technological analogue of the concept of "apprenticeship", long established in the European Union, and education research (Collins, Seely Brown, Newman, 1989). This allows students to do useful work as an apprentice during their studies. This workshop tackles such questions by bringing together participants from industry (e.g., platforms similar to Upwork, Amazon Mechanical Turk); education, psychology, and MOOCs (e.g., attendees of AERA, EDM, AIED, Learning at Scale); crowdsourcing and collaborative work (e.g., attendees of CHI, CSCW, NIPS, AAAI's HCOMP).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: ACM Digital Library, 2016
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27152 (URN)10.1145/2851581.2856488 (DOI)2-s2.0-85014640511 (Scopus ID)07d5bc44-b339-4d67-aeb7-1037ef739205 (Local ID)978-1-4503-4082-3 (ISBN)07d5bc44-b339-4d67-aeb7-1037ef739205 (Archive number)07d5bc44-b339-4d67-aeb7-1037ef739205 (OAI)
Conference
CHI Conference Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems : 07/05/2016 - 12/05/2016
Note

Godkänd; 2016; 20160519 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J. & Shukla, P. P. (2016). Crowd Science: Measurements, Models, and Methods (ed.). In: (Ed.), T.X. Bui; R.H. Sprague (Ed.), 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2016): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2016. Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2016 - 08/01/2016 (pp. 4365-4374). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crowd Science: Measurements, Models, and Methods
2016 (English)In: 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2016): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2016 / [ed] T.X. Bui; R.H. Sprague, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016, p. 4365-4374Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The increasing practice of engaging crowds, whereorganizations use IT to connect with dispersedindividuals for explicit resource creation purposes,has precipitated the need to measure the preciseprocesses and benefits of these activities over myriaddifferent implementations. In this work, we seek toaddress these salient and non-trivial considerationsby laying a foundation of theory, measures, andresearch methods that allow us to test crowdengagementefficacy across organizations, industries,technologies, and geographies. To do so, we anchorourselves in the Theory of Crowd Capital, ageneralizable framework for studying IT-mediatedcrowd-engagement phenomena, and put forth anempirical apparatus of testable measures andgeneralizable methods to begin to unify the field ofcrowd science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016
Series
Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Proceedings, ISSN 1060-3425
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37463 (URN)10.1109/HICSS.2016.542 (DOI)000377358204051 ()2-s2.0-84958200423 (Scopus ID)b7ff799d-1298-4fd7-8fda-6c3e77793e41 (Local ID)978-0-7695-5670-3 (ISBN)b7ff799d-1298-4fd7-8fda-6c3e77793e41 (Archive number)b7ff799d-1298-4fd7-8fda-6c3e77793e41 (OAI)
Conference
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2016 - 08/01/2016
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20160614 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Paschen, J., Wilson, M., Nehajowich, J. & Prpic, J. (2016). Fine wine through time: a review of the Journal of Wine Research (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Wine Research, 27(2), 91-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fine wine through time: a review of the Journal of Wine Research
2016 (English)In: Journal of Wine Research, ISSN 0957-1264, E-ISSN 1469-9672, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 91-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What are the characteristics of the literature published in the Journal of Wine Research? This article examines all 317 research articles published in the Journal of Wine Research from 1990 to 2015 along five key dimensions; authorship, author institutions, manuscript characteristics, research themes, and citation impact. Our analysis shows a trend towards co-authorship and increased collaboration among multiple institutions. We also conclude that academics are responsible for the majority of articles and that European authors lead the way in publishing productivity. Other findings include a trend towards longer articles that cite more references. Articles focussing on the business of wine have increased over time and are most prevalent. Using citation analysis, we find that the large majority of publications in the Journal of Wine Research have been cited. Altogether, our investigation depicts the history, evolution, and trajectory of the Journal of Wine Research to date, therein giving scholars in the field the only research that provides detailed insight into the contours of this important journal

National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14763 (URN)10.1080/09571264.2016.1173534 (DOI)2-s2.0-84974578319 (Scopus ID)e2f01ca1-6a38-41ab-a7dc-17e079466b28 (Local ID)e2f01ca1-6a38-41ab-a7dc-17e079466b28 (Archive number)e2f01ca1-6a38-41ab-a7dc-17e079466b28 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160627 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Kietzmann, J. H. & Prpic, J. (2016). Introduction to the organizational use of IT-mediated crowds Minitrack (ed.). Paper presented at . Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction to the organizational use of IT-mediated crowds Minitrack
2016 (English)Other (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016. p. 1
Series
Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Proceedings, ISSN 1060-3425
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-33483 (URN)10.1109/HICSS.2016.540 (DOI)000377358204049 ()2-s2.0-84975463346 (Scopus ID)4cecb461-b033-49b7-8361-64b40566912b (Local ID)9780769556703 (ISBN)4cecb461-b033-49b7-8361-64b40566912b (Archive number)4cecb461-b033-49b7-8361-64b40566912b (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160704 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J. (2016). Next Generation Crowdsourcing for Collective Intelligence. In: : . Paper presented at Collective Intelligence Conference : NYU Stern School of Business from June 1-3, 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Next Generation Crowdsourcing for Collective Intelligence
2016 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

New techniques leveraging IT-mediated crowds such as Crowdsensing, Situated Crowdsourcing, Spatial Crowdsourcing, and Wearables Crowdsourcing have now materially emerged. These techniques, here termed next generation Crowdsourcing, serve to extend Crowdsourcing efforts beyond the heretofore dominant desktop computing paradigm. Employing new configurations of hardware, software, and people, these techniques represent new forms of organization for IT-mediated crowds. However, it is not known how these new techniques change the processes and outcomes of IT-mediated crowds for Collective Intelligence purposes? The aim of this exploratory work is to begin to answer this question. The work ensues by outlining the relevant findings of the first generation Crowdsourcing paradigm, before reviewing the emerging literature pertaining to the new generation of Crowdsourcing techniques. Premised on this review, a collectively exhaustive and mutually exclusive typology is formed, organizing the next generation Crowdsourcing techniques along two salient dimensions common to all first generation Crowdsourcing techniques. As a result, this work situates the next generation Crowdsourcing techniques within the extant Crowdsourcing literature, and identifies new research avenues stemming directly from the analysis.

National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60817 (URN)
Conference
Collective Intelligence Conference : NYU Stern School of Business from June 1-3, 2016
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J. (2016). Project risk management incorporating knight, ellsberg & kahneman (ed.). In: (Ed.), T.X. Bui; R.H. Sprague (Ed.), 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2016): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2016. Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2016 - 08/01/2016 (pp. 5662-5671). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, Article ID 7427889.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Project risk management incorporating knight, ellsberg & kahneman
2016 (English)In: 2016 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2016): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2016 / [ed] T.X. Bui; R.H. Sprague, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016, p. 5662-5671, article id 7427889Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This work investigates the Practice Standard for Project Risk Management (PSPRM) in light of the fundamental organizational risk research. As a result of this investigation, the work finds that the PSPRM is lacking some key concepts from the extant organizational risk literature and that other fundamental risk concepts are not applied in a manner consistent with the literature. Building on these findings, the work illustrates how project risk management and project risk research might be effected by these deficiencies and recommends some simple measures that could be implemented to usefully augment the PSPRM and project risk research

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2016
Series
Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Proceedings, ISSN 1060-3425
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-28306 (URN)10.1109/HICSS.2016.700 (DOI)000377358205088 ()2-s2.0-84975457855 (Scopus ID)2122ba30-92c6-4656-9d25-d272dc91fec3 (Local ID)9780769556703 (ISBN)2122ba30-92c6-4656-9d25-d272dc91fec3 (Archive number)2122ba30-92c6-4656-9d25-d272dc91fec3 (OAI)
Conference
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2016 - 08/01/2016
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20160704 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J., Shukla, P. P., Roth, Y. & Lemoine, J. F. (2015). A geography of participation in IT-mediated crowds (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2015): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2015. Paper presented at Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2015 - 08/01/2015 (pp. 1575-1584). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, Article ID 7070001.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A geography of participation in IT-mediated crowds
2015 (English)In: 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2015): Hawaii, USA, 5-8 January 2015, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015, p. 1575-1584, article id 7070001Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this work we seek to understand how differences in location effect participation outcomes in IT-mediated crowds. To do so, we operationalize Crowd Capital Theory with data from a popular international creative crowd sourcing site, to determine whether regional differences exist in crowd sourcing participation outcomes. We present the results of our investigation from data encompassing 1,858,202 observations from 28,214 crowd members on 94 different projects in 2012. Using probit regressions to isolate geographic effects by continental region, we find significant variation across regions in crowd sourcing participation. In doing so, we contribute to the literature by illustrating that geography matters in respect to crowd participation. Further, our work illustrates an initial validation of Crowd Capital Theory as a useful theoretical model to guide empirical inquiry in the fast-growing domain of IT-mediated crowds

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2015
Series
Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Proceedings, ISSN 1060-3425
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36912 (URN)10.1109/HICSS.2015.191 (DOI)abb5e9bf-de92-4b62-8aef-cd345f6cdc2b (Local ID)9781479973675 (ISBN)abb5e9bf-de92-4b62-8aef-cd345f6cdc2b (Archive number)abb5e9bf-de92-4b62-8aef-cd345f6cdc2b (OAI)
Conference
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences : 05/01/2015 - 08/01/2015
Note
Upprättat; 2015; 20151105 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Prpic, J. (2015). Health Care Crowds: Collective Intelligence in Public Health (ed.). Paper presented at . Oxford: Center for the Study of Complex Systems, University of Michigan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health Care Crowds: Collective Intelligence in Public Health
2015 (English)Report (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

For what purposes are crowds being implemented in health care? Which crowdsourcing methods are being used? This work begins to answer these questions by reporting the early results of a systematic literature review of 110 pieces of relevant research. The results of this exploratory research in progress reveals that collective intelligence outcomes are being generated in three broad categories of public health care; health promotion, health research, and health maintenance, using all three known forms of crowdsourcing. Stemming from this fundamental analysis, some potential implications of the research are discussed and useful future research is outlined

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Center for the Study of Complex Systems, University of Michigan, 2015. p. 5
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Industrial Marketing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-22025 (URN)133d8f79-52f5-4247-9fcf-093cc0cfb8bc (Local ID)133d8f79-52f5-4247-9fcf-093cc0cfb8bc (Archive number)133d8f79-52f5-4247-9fcf-093cc0cfb8bc (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20151127 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
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