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Volchko, Y., Norrman, J., Ericsson, L. O., Nilsson, K. L., Markstedt, A., Öberg, M., . . . Tengborg, P. (2020). Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource. Land use policy, 90, Article ID 104316.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Subsurface planning: Towards a common understanding of the subsurface as a multifunctional resource
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2020 (English)In: Land use policy, ISSN 0264-8377, E-ISSN 1873-5754, Vol. 90, article id 104316Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In response to powerful trends in technology, resource and land supply and demand, socioeconomics and geopolitics, cities are likely to increase use of the subsurface in the near future. Indeed, the subsurface and its appropriate use have been put forward as being of crucial importance if we are to achieve resilient and sustainable cities. In recent years, quite apart from being seen primarily as a construction basis to provide physical space for infrastructure and to create a better surface living environment, the subsurface has been recognised as a multifunctional natural resource, one which provides physical space, water, energy, materials, habitats for ecosystems, support for surface life, and a repository for cultural heritage and geological archives. Currently, the subsurface is often utilised according to the “first-come-first-served” principle, which hinders possibilities to take strategic decisions on prioritisation and optimisation of competing subsurface uses, as well as fair inter- and intragenerational distribution of limited natural resources. Taking a broad international perspective, this paper investigates the subsurface as a multifunctional resource from five focal points: (1) what professionals with different backgrounds mean when using different terms related to the subsurface; (2) how professionals describe the subsurface and its multiple resources, functions and services; (3) how planning of subsurface use is supported in policy and regulations; (4) how the subsurface is included in the planning process; and (5) frameworks that can support decision-making on responsible use of the subsurface. The study reveals that the subsurface must be recognised (not only by scientists but also by decision- and policy-makers and other stakeholders) as a precious and multifunctional resource requiring careful planning and sensitive management in accordance with its potential and its value to society. Utilisation of the different subsurface functions to yield services requires careful planning and a framework to support decision-makers in achieving a balance between utilisation and preservation, and between the subsurface functions themselves in the case of outright utilisation. Further, to facilitate the necessary change towards transdisciplinary work settings in the planning process and form a platform for knowledge exchange and capacity building, there is an urgent need for a common language, i.e. mutually understandable terminology, and a common understanding, i.e. an all-inclusive view on the subsurface as a complex multifunctional resource.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Subsurface, Underground space, Urban underground space, Underground resources, Geosystem services, Planning, Subsurface planning, Subsurface management, Ownership
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76970 (URN)10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104316 (DOI)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-12-09 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-29 Created: 2019-11-29 Last updated: 2019-12-09Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M. & Sjöholm, J. (2019). Undermarksplanering: Svensk praxis utifrån valda projekt. Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Undermarksplanering: Svensk praxis utifrån valda projekt
2019 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den här studien har genomförts som en del av forskningsprojektet Hållbar resursanvändning av undermarksrymden (2017–2019). Projektet syftar till att stödja en hållbar användning av undermarksrymden, och klarlägga nya möjligheter för hur undermarksfrågor kan integreras i samhällsplaneringen.

Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur planeringsprocesser för anläggningar och andra verksamheter under mark genomförs i Sverige, hur samspel mellan planering ovan och under mark fungerar, hur undermarksinformation hanterats i olika typer av projekt, samt indikera möjlighet till förbättringar.

Rapporten bygger på studier av ett antal genomförda undermarksprojekt, där offentliga planeringsdokument har undersökts och intervjuer med personer som haft inblick i projekten har genomförts. I studien har framkommit ett antal förslag som skulle kunna bidra till att förbättra planeringsprocessen för undermarksplanering:

Systematiserad och tillgänglig information

  • Samla geovetenskaplig information (inkl. tolkningar) från alla undermarksprojekt i en gemensam databas.
  • Säkerställa att projektägare och beställare lämnar geovetenskaplig information till en sådan gemensam databas.
  • Informationen bör, med hänsyn till sekretessbelagda uppgifter, arkiveras och göras sökbar digitalt.
  • Arkiven bör hanteras så att relevant material är tillgängligt under önskvärd framtid.

 

Samverkan

  • Skapa ett gott samverkansklimat tidigt i projektet, med relevanta intressenter och aktörer.
  • Stödja harmonisering av tillämpning av regelverk mellan kommuner.

 

Strategiskt arbete

  • En sammanhållen planering för markanvändning ovan och under mark i planeringsprocessens olika skeden.
  • Undermarkens resurser i ett regionalt perspektiv lyfts fram i regionala planeringsdokument.
  • Att hantera målkonflikter i ett tidigt skede genom att synliggöra dem i såväl nationell som regional och lokal planering.
  • Att rätt nivå på informationen tas fram för de olika skedena i planerings- och projekteringsprocesserna.
Abstract [en]

This study was carried out as part of the research project Sustainable use of the subsurface (2017–2019). The project aims to support the sustainable use of the underground space, and to clarify new possibilities for how underground matters can be integrated into urban planning.

The purpose of this study was to investigate how planning processes for facilities and other underground operations are carried out in Sweden, how the interaction between planning above and below ground works, how underground information is handled in different types of projects, and indicate opportunities for improvement.

The report is based on studies of a number of completed underground projects, where public planning documents have been examined and interviews with people who have had insight into the projects have been carried out. The study has identified a number of suggestions that could help improve the planning process for underground planning:

Systematic and accessible information

  • Collect geoscientific information (including interpretations) from all underground projects in a common database.
  • Ensure that project owners and clients submit geoscientific information to such a common database.
  • The information should be archived and made searchable digitally with regard to confidential information.
  • The archives should be managed so that relevant material remains available for the appropriate length of time.

 

Cooperation

  • Create a good collaboration climate early in the project, with relevant stakeholders.
  • Support harmonization of the application of regulations between municipalities.

 

Strategic work

  • A coherent planning for land use above and below land at the various stages of the planning process.
  • Sub-regional resources in a regional perspective are highlighted in regional planning documents.
  • Managing target conflicts at an early stage by making them visible in both national and regional and local planning.
  • Ensure that the right level of information is developed for the various stages of the planning processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2019. p. 38
Series
Research report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1528
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75928 (URN)978-91-7790-441-0 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 176746
Available from: 2019-09-09 Created: 2019-09-09 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2018). Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 6(4), 674-682
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complementary governance for sustainable development in transport: the European TEN-T Core Network Corridors
2018 (English)In: Case Studies on Transport Policy, ISSN 2213-624X, E-ISSN 2213-6258, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 674-682Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When implementing major European transport corridors, such as the Core network corridors (CNC) which is a part of the European Trans-European Network for Transports (TEN-T), the number of stakeholders affected is huge. A governance framework for the CNC’s implementation was introduced in EU Regulation No. 1315/2013, and is now being enacted. Sustainable development and stakeholder involvement are crucial areas in the implementation. This interview study investigated the need for complementary governance, here meaning governance in addition to the governance framework set in the regulation. The interviews involved 23 individuals from the Baltic Sea Region, who are affiliated to the four categories public authority, infrastructure organisation/company, private company and other organisation. The results confirm the importance of an inclusive approach. Further, the results showed a need to ensure that all three social, economic and ecological dimensions of sustainability are considered. Summarising the interview results, four areas for attention in the further CNC implementation process were identified: more and directed information, extended involvement of private sector transport stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, and involvement of stakeholders located geographically outside the immediate corridor. Complementary governance can be a tool to address these areas, as governance structures and processes can involve stakeholders and steer towards desired outcomes. The interviewees own ideas for complementary governance are presented in this paper.

The CNC implementation is currently an on-going process and these results will be further utilised in the process, as a basis for stakeholder discussions of changes in practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Governance, Sustainability, Transport corridor, Interview study, Baltic Sea Region
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65143 (URN)10.1016/j.cstp.2018.08.006 (DOI)000450263400024 ()2-s2.0-85052791311 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-11-30 (inah)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. & Johansson, C. M. (2018). Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors. Cogent Business & Management, 5(1), Article ID 1423870.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expected benefits and drawbacks of Baltic Sea European transport corridors: implications for complementary governance of TEN-T Core network corridors
2018 (English)In: Cogent Business & Management, E-ISSN 2331-1975, Vol. 5, no 1, article id 1423870Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, stakeholders’ expected benefits and concerns are presented regarding the development of Core Network Corridors (CNCs) within the European transport initiative, the Trans-European Network for Transports. An interview study was conducted with 23 stakeholders from different parts of the society in the Baltic Sea area. The results show that stakeholders have a range of expectations, both positive and negative, for the development of the CNC. Stakeholders’ views were sorted into three categories based on the gathered data: matters that are already regulated; unregulated matters that often include vaguely defined responsibilities and require diverse stakeholder engagement for improvement; and matters for which there are concerns about negative outcomes. The results indicate (a) a need for cost-effective complementary governance, here described as additional governance measures to those regulated in the initial framework, (b) that a wider group of stakeholders than is currently involved is needed in the on-going implementation process. Additional regional and local level stakeholders, within and outside of the CNC, and private businesses, would enhance the benefits and/or mitigate negative implications of the developed CNCs, (c) an openness for complementary governance in the on-going CNC implementation process. This openness needs to be considered when developing models for policy packaging.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cogent OA, 2018
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65142 (URN)10.1080/23311975.2018.1423870 (DOI)000424844100001 ()2-s2.0-85045254901 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-02-09 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-08-16 Created: 2017-08-16 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Maria, Ö. (2017). Does the TEN-T development meet the users demand?. TENTacle Newsletter (1), 1-2
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Does the TEN-T development meet the users demand?
2017 (English)In: TENTacle Newsletter, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TENTacle, 2017
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65155 (URN)
Projects
TENTacle project
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 176743
Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M. (2017). Governance for sustainable development of major European transport corridors: The Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T core network corridor. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance for sustainable development of major European transport corridors: The Scandinavian-Mediterranean TEN-T core network corridor
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Intermodal road, rail, air and sea transport networks across the European Union (EU) calledTrans-European Networks for Transport (TEN-T) are currently being implemented. Keyelements, which should be implemented by 2030, are the most strategic TEN-T Core networkcorridors. These nine corridors are expected to enhance smoothness and sustainability oftransport across the EU, thereby enhancing cohesion between EU nations, and relate to non-EU nations. In the EU Regulation 1315/2013 a governance framework for implementation ofthe Core network corridors is outlined, which mainly involves appointment of a Europeancoordinator for each corridor, establishment of Corridor forums for consultations, andformulation of work plans and follow-up measures.This framework is now being implemented in practice. A recognised challenge in the processis engaging the numerous, diverse stakeholders. A possible solution is to introduceappropriate elements of complementary governance. Thus, in this doctoral research, suitablecomplementary governance to support the sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor was investigated. Complementary governance, a concept that was developed andrefined during the project, refers here to additional governance in relation to the governanceframework described for the EU Core network corridors in the EU Regulation 1315/2013.To address an identified gap in knowledge on the nature and utility of complementarygovernance a series of studies was carried out. The studies included a study of relevantacademic literature, studies of EU transport policy and implementation documents regardinggovernance and sustainability, a survey of views of Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corridorforum participants, and interviews with stakeholders in the Baltic Sea region. These studiescollectively constitute a case study, focusing on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean Corenetwork corridor, of the need for, and if a need is present the optimal design of,complementary governance in the process of sustainable development of a Core networkcorridor.The main findings of the studies are that the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors could benefit from complementary governance measures, mainly to increaseinclusiveness, which is crucial for a sustainable development. Complementary governancecould both deepen and broaden stakeholder awareness and involvement. This may haveseveral advantages, such as increasing possibilities for stakeholders to influence the processand benefit from the corridor, align activities, and promote cooperation and learning betweenstakeholders. Moreover, including stakeholders who are based outside the corridors mayimprove distributive aspects of the investments and reduce risks of focusing attention tooclosely on the corridors per se. However, broadening stakeholder inclusion also hasdisadvantages, as it increases the complexity of the process, which may impair itseffectiveness, and may lead to unrepresentative involvement due to differences instakeholders’ interests, administrative capacities and power. It also increases requirements forcoordination.The nature of complementary governance is multifaceted and related to diverse dimensions ofgovernance, such as processes, stakeholder participation and implementation documents. For complementary governance measures a flexible and task-specific multi-level design isemphasised, which may involve various types of engagement mechanisms. Further, thefindings showed a need to extend previously recognised types of public engagementmechanisms based on communication, consultation and participation in the decision-makingstage, by recognising another category, named stakeholder exchange. This category ischaracterised by stakeholder cooperation and collaboration in an implementation stage wheremain goals and policies already are in place.Areas for complementary governance in the implementation process of the Core networkcorridors were indicated in the interview study. They consisted of extended involvement ofprivate stakeholders, extended involvement of regional and local stakeholders, extendedinvolvement of stakeholders geographically external to the immediate corridor, and extendedinformation both generally and specifically (i.e. directed information to specific stakeholders).Several complementary governance measures that could potentially improve implementationof the Core network corridors were raised in the interviews, ranging from minor adjustment inthe existing process to entirely new solutions. These ideas correspond well to the indicatedareas and provide robust foundations for further discussion.Thus, findings from the research suggest several governance measures to systematicallyinvolve and engage diverse stakeholders in the Core network corridor implementationprocess. However, before introducing such measures, they should be assessed together withexisting governance measures, to avoid overlapping or contradictory initiatives, possiblyusing policy packaging approaches, where policies are combined and analysed together toachieve a desired overall outcome. Proposals for future research and practices are presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65579 (URN)978-91-7583-961-5 (ISBN)978-91-7583-962-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-10, E632, 09:00 (English)
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Available from: 2017-09-12 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved
Maria, Ö. (2017). Main content of Governance structure for transport corridors.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Main content of Governance structure for transport corridors
2017 (English)Other (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 6
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65578 (URN)
Available from: 2017-09-11 Created: 2017-09-11 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. L. & Johansson, C. (2017). Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents. Paper presented at World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2016 Shanghai. 10-15 July 2016. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 3698-3706
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Major transport corridors: the concept of sustainability in EU documents
2017 (English)In: Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2324-9935, E-ISSN 2352-1465, Vol. 25, p. 3698-3706Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper results are presented from document- and literature studies examining how the concepts of sustainability and sustainable development (economical, ecological and social) are used in the process of developing main transport corridors in the European Union.  Particular focus has been placed on the Scandinavian-Mediterranean (ScanMed) transport corridor, a strategic part of the trans-European network for transports (TEN-T). European Union transport policy documents were studied along with the legislation for TEN-T and documents regarding implementation of the ScanMed corridor.

The paper highlights that the concept of sustainable development is used in a multifaceted way, sometimes indicating the overarching goal of sustainability, sometimes indicating certain dimensions, and sometimes referring to conducting efforts in a sustainable way. This implies that stakeholders are led to perceive the concept in various ways, influencing how measures are implemented and how the economic, ecological and social dimensions of sustainability are integrated. Reinforcing a holistic perspective of sustainability and sustainable development as integrating economic, ecological and social benefits for a desired development would avoid the perception of sustainability as merely addressing a specific dimension, like environmental concerns. In part this could be strengthened by clearly framing the particular dimensions of sustainability being addressed in different parts of major transport corridor documents, for example; “economic sustainability” or “social sustainability”.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Architectural Engineering Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63982 (URN)10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.339 (DOI)000404963803055 ()2-s2.0-85020309934 (Scopus ID)
Conference
World Conference on Transport Research - WCTR 2016 Shanghai. 10-15 July 2016
Note

Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Available from: 2017-06-14 Created: 2017-06-14 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Maria, Ö. (2016). Awareness of TEN-T corridors and need of complementary governance/cooperation: Preliminary findings from stakeholder interviews. In: : . Paper presented at TENtacle projektets Advisory Board möte i Berlin 8 novermber 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Awareness of TEN-T corridors and need of complementary governance/cooperation: Preliminary findings from stakeholder interviews
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65158 (URN)
Conference
TENtacle projektets Advisory Board möte i Berlin 8 novermber 2016
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, 176743
Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Öberg, M., Nilsson, K. & Johansson, C. (2016). Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders (ed.). Paper presented at Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016. Paper presented at Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governance of major transport corridors involving stakeholders
2016 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
National Category
Architectural Engineering
Research subject
Architecture
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31090 (URN)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (Local ID)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (Archive number)52770873-ca3c-48d0-8424-b154898f84f6 (OAI)
Conference
Transport Research Arena : Moving forward 18/04/2016 - 21/04/2016
Note
Godkänd; 2016; Bibliografisk uppgift: Bidraget är presenterat som poster.; 20160427 (obemar)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8624-8271

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