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Publications (10 of 19) Show all publications
Weimer, L., Angeli, V., Binder, A., Feyerabend, C., Galler, R., Hofer, P., . . . Lööw, J. (2019). Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie im Kontext moderner Hochschulbildung: das SafeMine-Programm. Berg- und Huttenmännische Monatshefte (BHM)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie im Kontext moderner Hochschulbildung: das SafeMine-Programm
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2019 (German)In: Berg- und Huttenmännische Monatshefte (BHM), ISSN 0005-8912, E-ISSN 1613-7531Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [de]

Unternehmen auf der ganzen Welt stehen vor steigenden Herausforderungen bei der Rekrutierung von qualifizierten Arbeitskräften. Obwohl die verstärkten Sicherheitsbemühungen in der Rohstoffindustrie in den letzten Jahrzehnten erfolgreich waren, bleibt das Arbeitsumfeld durch seine spezifischen Anforderungen anspruchsvoll und einzigartig. Die Arbeit in der Rohstoffindustrie ist nach wie vor mit dem Vorurteil belastet, dunkel, staubig und gefährlich zu sein. Daher soll die Schaffung attraktiver und noch sichererer Arbeitsplätze dazu beitragen, die Lücken einer alternden Belegschaft zu schließen. Das vom EIT Raw Materials geförderte SafeMine-Projekt zielt darauf ab, ein ganzheitliches und belastbares Graduiertenprogramm für Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie zeitnah zu entwickeln. Die besonderen Ziele des SafeMine-Projekts sind die Ausbildung einer neuen Generation von qualifizierten Fachkräften und die Generierung fortschrittlicher wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Auf Grundlage einer Gap-Analyse, welche aktuelle Ausbildungsangebote zu Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz in der Rohstoffindustrie (MHS – Mine, Health and Safety) thematisierte, wurden die Bedürfnisse der Industrie identifiziert. Bei dieser Suche wurde kein spezifisches postgraduales Ausbildungsprogramm gefunden, welches sich umfassend und detailliert mit MHS-Themen befasst. Um die Ergebnisse zu ergänzen, wurde eine Branchenumfrage durchgeführt. Insgesamt reichten 43 Teilnehmer rund 1250 Antworten ein. Die Teilnehmenden kamen überwiegend aus Europa (76 %) mit einem beruflichen Hintergrund aus der Bergbauindustrie (47 %). Die Ergebnisse zeigen eine deutliche Lücke zwischen den aktuellen Bildungsaktivitäten im MHS-Sektor und den Erwartungen der Industrie. Auf der Grundlage der Ergebnisse wird ein angepasstes Graduiertenprogramm entwickelt. Die verbesserte Ausbildung von Führungskräften in der Rohstoffindustrie ist die Grundlage für fundierte strategische Entscheidungen in technischen und personellen Fragen und stärkt die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit der Unternehmen – so wie es auch von der Europäischen Union unterstützt und gefördert wird.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Arbeitssicherheit, Gesundheitsschutz, Mine Health and Safety (MHS), Sicherheit, Hochschulbildung, Graduiertenprogram, Lehre Bergbau, Tunnelbau
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76949 (URN)10.1007/s00501-019-00920-y (DOI)
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2019-12-02
Lööw, J. & Nygren, M. (2019). Initiatives for increased safety in the Swedish mining industry: Studying 30 years of improved accident rates. Safety Science, 117, 437-446
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Initiatives for increased safety in the Swedish mining industry: Studying 30 years of improved accident rates
2019 (English)In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 117, p. 437-446Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates safety-related developments in the Swedish mining industry over a 30-year period, from the 1980s to the 2010s. It studies what may have contributed to lowering the accident frequency rates and improvement of safety more broadly in the industry. On this basis, interviews were conducted with informants from mining companies. This material was supplemented with a workshop with mining health and safety representatives and documents relating to the subject. The results are divided into four main themes, showing that from the 1980s and onwards, lowered rates and general safety improvements followed in the wake of technology development. This was complemented by a more direct focus on organisational aspects of safety beginning in the early 2000s. Still the effectiveness of the individual measures is not clear; while they theoretically have an effect, causality is hard to show. In other words, the improvements may not necessarily depend on the specifics of these initiatives. Given this, the article discusses the different initiatives in-depth, and gives suggestions for future research and industry action. This includes recommendations for approaching safety holistically and the development of new proactive indicators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Mining industry, Safety, Accidents, Safety management
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73869 (URN)10.1016/j.ssci.2019.04.043 (DOI)000474322600043 ()2-s2.0-85065132322 (Scopus ID)
Funder
VinnovaSwedish Energy AgencySwedish Research Council Formas
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-05-14 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-05-07 Created: 2019-05-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Lööw, J., Abrahamsson, L. & Johansson, J. (2019). Mining 4.0—the Impact of New Technology from a Work Place Perspective. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, 36(4), 701-707
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mining 4.0—the Impact of New Technology from a Work Place Perspective
2019 (English)In: Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, ISSN 2524-3462, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 701-707Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industry 4.0 offers new possibilities to combine increased productivity with stimulating workplaces in a good work environment. Used correctly, digitalization can create attractive jobs in safe control room environments, which provide space for the employee’s full expertise and creativity. This is true also for the mining industry. But, to succeed, it is important to analyze the development from a worker’s perspective. What will happen to their work? What skills will be needed in the mine of tomorrow? We must also consider the risks, such as privacy issues, increased stress, and work-life boundaries. These questions must be understood if we are to create workplaces that can attract a young and diverse workforce to tomorrow’s mining industry. In this article, we try to illustrate what the new technology can mean for the individual miners. We formulate the notion of Mining 4.0 (Industry 4.0 in the mining industry), where we try to create an image of how the future might look from a miner’s perspective and how mining companies may navigate their way to a future that works for all miners. To illustrate the range of possible outcomes, we formulate two scenarios: one utopian and one dystopic. At the end of our article, we bring forward six recommendations that can be considered a beginning of a road map for the human side of Mining 4.0.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
Keywords
Industry 4.0, Mining 4.0, Attractive jobs, Safety, Utopia, Dystopia
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75459 (URN)10.1007/s42461-019-00104-9 (DOI)000477587100010 ()2-s2.0-85069501165 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Sustainable Intelligent Mining Systems
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-08-13 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-08-09 Created: 2019-08-09 Last updated: 2019-08-13Bibliographically approved
Lööw, J. (2018). An investigation into lean production practice in mining. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 10(1), 123-142
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An investigation into lean production practice in mining
2018 (English)In: International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, ISSN 2040-4166, E-ISSN 2040-4174, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 123-142Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

Using a theory of translation of ideas, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how the mining industry has implemented and practices lean production as well as the form of this practice.

Design/methodology/approach

The study reviewed the scientific literature on lean production in the mining industry, as well as in the reported practice of the concept in a mining company. The results were then analyzed using content analysis.

Findings

Lean production has not seen a full implementation in the mining industry. Rather, select practices are focused, though the literature covers several more. The findings suggest that the form and extension of lean production in mining differ from other industries owing to characteristics of the industry itself.

Research limitations/implications

The scientific literature on the subject is limited. Additional material was used to attempt to offset this. However, there are still blind spots relating to practice that is not reported in the type of material investigated.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to understanding the evolution of lean production in a unique industry. It suggests why lean implementation may be unsuccessful in this type of industry while also identifying the focal point of its lean production practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Implementation, Literature review, Mining industry, Lean production, Lean mining
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71268 (URN)10.1108/IJLSS-07-2017-0085 (DOI)000461199200007 ()2-s2.0-85054882356 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-04-08 (inah)

Available from: 2018-10-18 Created: 2018-10-18 Last updated: 2019-04-08Bibliographically approved
Johansson, J., Johansson, B., Lööw, J., Nygren, M. & Abrahamsson, L. (2018). Attracting young people to the mining industry: six recommendations. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 9(2), 94-108
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attracting young people to the mining industry: six recommendations
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2018 (English)In: International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, ISSN 1754-890X, E-ISSN 1754-8918, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 94-108Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present workforce in the mining industry is ageing, and mining companies have difficulties recruiting young people who are not particularly interested in working in the industry. Simultaneously, mining companies tend to rely on contractors that offer volume flexibility and expertise, often in a combination that is economically appealing. This makes recruitment and development of the whole of the mining workforce complex. To recruit the right workforce, mining companies and their contractors need to cooperate and improve their knowledge about both attractive and repelling work features so that they can make wiser strategic decisions based on facts. On the basis of a Swedish context, we discuss different aspects of attractive workplaces and summarise our 'lessons learned' in six recommendations dealing with general health and safety issues, work organisation, competence development, gender equality, social responsibility and outsourcing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
InderScience Publishers, 2018
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68898 (URN)10.1504/IJMME.2018.091967 (DOI)2-s2.0-85047609834 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 1;2018-05-25 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-05-25 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-08-21Bibliographically approved
Lööw, J., Johansson, B., Andersson, E. & Johansson, J. (2018). Designing Ergonomic, Safe, and Attractive Mining Workplaces (1ed.). CRC Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing Ergonomic, Safe, and Attractive Mining Workplaces
2018 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The mining industry has experienced important improvements with regard to its safety record and work environment. But there is still room for further improvement and the mining industry now faces the challenge of securing a future workforce: The current workforce is aging, and mining work increasingly requires a more qualified workforce. Designing Ergonomic, Safe, and Attractive Mining Workplaces seeks to give an understanding of what must be considered in the design of mining workplaces. By reviewing and discussing the historic and current development of the mining industry as well as problems related to the safety, ergonomics, and attractiveness of mining workplaces, it demonstrates that the challenges facing the mining industry often need to be solved on a case-to-case basis.

The processes through which these issues are managed are of significant importance. To facilitate a proactive approach, the book covers the principles of systematic work environment management, together with examples of methods for risk management and work environment monitoring. It introduces a systematic and iterative design and planning method for the mining industry. This method acknowledges that all relevant stakeholders must be able to influence the design of ergonomic, safe, and attractive mining workplaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CRC Press, 2018. p. 162 Edition: 1
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71645 (URN)9781138092211 (ISBN)9781315107332 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
Lööw, J., Nygren, M. & Johansson, J. (2017). Säkerhet i svensk gruvindustri: 30 år av sänkta olycksfallsfrekvenser - och den fortsatta vägen framåt. Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Säkerhet i svensk gruvindustri: 30 år av sänkta olycksfallsfrekvenser - och den fortsatta vägen framåt
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

I denna studie undersöker vi olycksfallsutvecklingen och säkerhetsrelaterade initiativ inom den svenska gruvindustrin de senaste 30 åren, samt ger förslag på fokusområden för att ytterligare öka säkerheten.

Studien har fyra delar. I den första delen redogör vi för tidigare internationell forskning med fokus på säkerhet i gruvindustrin generellt och olycksfall specifikt. Vi gör även en fördjupning i frågan om mätbarhet och säkerhetsindikatorer. I den andra delen gör vi en analys av statistik som finns att tillgå via relevanta statistikleverantörer. Den tredje delen innehåller en intervjustudie med representanter från två svenska gruvföretag med fokus på vilka tekniska, organisatoriska och strukturella förändringar och initiativ som kan ha bidragit till den sjunkande olycksfallsfrekvensen de senaste 30 åren. I den fjärde delen analyseras resultaten och förslag ges på vidare fokusområden lämpade för en huvudstudie. Vi ämnar i och med detta att lägga grunden för en färdplan för gruvindustrins framtida arbete med att ytterligare förbättra olycksfallsfrekvensen inom industrin för att sedermera ta fram ett förslag för ett fullskaligt innovationsprojekt, där dessa frågor utvecklas, konkretiseras och analyseras djupare.

Vi tydliggör i studien vilka direkta såväl som indirekta åtgärder som två olika företag i den svenska gruvindustrin har genomfört i syfte att sänka olycksfallsfrekvenserna, genom såväl dokumentstudier som intervjuer med representanter från dessa två företag. Dessa studier ger en inblick i hur de direkta (exempelvis säkerhetskulturprogram) som indirekta (exempelvis automatisering) initiativen kan ha bidragit till att sänka olycksfallsfrekvenserna.

En ytterligare aspekt som vi täcker in är hur svensk gruvindustrin beskrivs av publikt tillgänglig statistik, hur denna statistik kan användas för att t.ex. utvärdera arbetsmiljö- och säkerhetsinitiativ i vidare studier, samt till vilken grad denna statistik kan användas som indikator för t.ex. arbetsmiljö. Detta har undersökts genom att undersöka de största relevanta statistikleverantörerna: Arbetsmiljöverket, Statistiska centralbyrån, SveMin, AFA Försäkring och Sveriges geologiska undersökning.

Resultaten visar att olycksfallsfrekvensen inom den svenska gruvindustrin har sjunkit påtagligt under de senaste 30 åren och att detta vanligen tillskrivs omfattande förändringar inom teknik samt krav på systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete och nya organisationsformer. Detta gäller för båda undersökta företag. Branschen är dock fortfarande i behov av utvärdering av den relativa effekten av dessa förändringar, samt hur de olika faktorerna har påverkat varandra. Även i forskningen finns här en tydlig kunskapslucka.

Abstract [en]

In this study, we investigate the accident trend and safety initiatives within the Swedish mining industry during the past 30 years, and suggest focus areas to further increase workplace safety.

The study has four parts. In the first part we investigate international research with focus on safety in the mining industry generally and accidents specifically. We also examine the question of measurability and safety indicators. In the second part, we analyse the statistics that are available through relevant statistics providers. The third part contains an interview study with representatives from two Swedish mining company that focused on the technical, organisational and structural changes and initiatives that may have contributed to the declining rate of accidents in the past 30 years. In the fourth part, we analyse the results and make suggestions for further focus-areas suitable for a main study. With this, we intend to lay the foundation for a roadmap for the mining industry’s future efforts to further improve the accident rate in the industry and to subsequently develop a proposal for a full-scale innovation project, where these issues are developed, concretised and analysed deeper.

In the study, we clarify, through the use of both document and interview studies, the direct and indirect measures two different companies in the Swedish mining industry have implemented in order to reduce accident frequency. These studies provide an insight into how the direct (e.g. safety programmes) and indirect (e.g. automation) initiatives may have contributed to lower accident rates.

An additional aspect that we cover is how the Swedish mining industry is described by public statistics, how these statistics can be used to e.g. evaluate the work environment and safety initiatives in further studies, as well as the degree to which these statistics can be used as an indicator for e.g. the working environment. This was investigated by examining the most relevant statistics providers: The Swedish Work Environment Authority, Statistics Sweden, SveMin, AFA Insurance, and the Geological Survey of Sweden.

The results show that the accident rate within the Swedish mining industry has dropped significantly over the past 30 years and that this drop can be attributed to extensive changes in technology and requirements for systematic work environment management and new forms of organization. This applies to both investigated companies. The industry is still in need of evaluation of the relative impact of these changes as well as how the different factors have influenced each other. In the research, too, there is an obvious knowledge gap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2017. p. 49
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63440 (URN)
Projects
Rekommendationer för att minska olycksfall i svensk gruvindustri
Funder
VINNOVA, 2016-02600
Available from: 2017-05-18 Created: 2017-05-18 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved
Abrahamsson, L., Lööw, J., Nygren, M. & Segerstedt, E. (2016). Challenges in obtaining a social licence to mine. AusIMM Bulletin, 6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges in obtaining a social licence to mine
2016 (English)In: AusIMM Bulletin, E-ISSN 1034-6775, Vol. 6Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Human Work Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62673 (URN)2-s2.0-85014856014 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2018-05-17Bibliographically approved
Lööw, J., Johansson, B. & Andersson, E. (2016). Designing the Safe and Attractive Mine (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing the Safe and Attractive Mine
2016 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016. p. 142
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment; Human Work Science; Gender and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-24784 (URN)c82ab3f9-242a-4b62-a564-cc479cd690a0 (Local ID)978-91-7583-617-1 (ISBN)c82ab3f9-242a-4b62-a564-cc479cd690a0 (Archive number)c82ab3f9-242a-4b62-a564-cc479cd690a0 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160503 (joeloo)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Bodin, U., Grane, C. & Lööw, J. (2016). Teknisk rapport BASIE: Bärbara sensorer för ökad personsäkerhet. Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teknisk rapport BASIE: Bärbara sensorer för ökad personsäkerhet
2016 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Industriella arbetsmiljöer utgör trots omfattande säkerhetsarbete fortfarande en risk för hälsa och välbefinnande för arbetstagarna. Moderna sensorer och tekniker möjliggör att upptäcka risker och olyckor i tid och därmed öka säkerheten inom industrier. Industriella miljöer utrustas idag ofta med vältäckande trådlösa kommunikationsnät som möjliggör positionering och kommunikation med sensorer som bärs av personal. Den här rapporten beskriver aktuella tillämpningar och tekniklösningar. Förstudien har inte identifierat någon särskild tillämpning som kraftfullt driver utveckling av bärbara sensorer för industriella miljöer. Däremot har ett flertal lovande tillämpningar hittats som för närvarande provas av industrier eller finns kommersiellt tillgängliga som tidiga produkter. Några initiativ kan stödja flera tillämpningar och/eller funktioner med samma arkitektur och hårdvara. Flera lösningar bygger på positionering och i viss mån kontextanpassning.

 

För fortsatt arbete föreslås utvärdera tillämpningar såsom (1) insamling av information för bättre uppföljning och analys av tillbud och olyckor, (2) stöd för genomförande av säkerhetsförbättrande åtgärder, baserat på analys av tillbud/olycka eller av annan anledning, samt (3) automatisk larmning vid ensamarbete och/eller särskilt riskfyllt arbete. Som ansats för fortsatt arbete föreslås att (A) definiera en flexibel arkitektur som möjliggör tester med olika typer av sensorer för olika tillämpningar, och etablera ett sådant testsystem, (B) identifiera existerande system till vilka integration behövs, samt (C) definiera återanvändbara funktioner för att säkert skydda den personliga integriteten efter behov som styrs av aktuell tillämpning och överenskommelse med företrädare för personal (dvs. fackföreningar), samt (D) hitta tydliga och väl avgränsade tillämpningar som kan provas praktiskt i målmiljöer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2016. p. 16
Series
Research report / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1528
National Category
Computer Systems Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Industrial Work Environment
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60822 (URN)978-91-7583-774-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-30 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-1091-5039

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