Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Carolin, Anders
Publications (10 of 55) Show all publications
Bagge, N., Nilimaa, J., Sarmiento, S., Puurula, A., Gonzalez-Libreros, J., Sas, G., . . . Coric, I. (2021). Full Scale Test of a PC Bridge to Calibrate Assessment Methods. In: H.H. (Bert) Snijder, Bart De Pauw, Sander van Alphen, Movares, Pierre Mengeot (Ed.), IABSE Congress Ghent 2021: Structural Engineering for Future Societal Needs. Paper presented at IABSE Congress 2021: Structural Engineering for Future Societal Needs, Ghent, Belgium, September 22-24, 2021 (pp. 965-973). International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Full Scale Test of a PC Bridge to Calibrate Assessment Methods
Show others...
2021 (English)In: IABSE Congress Ghent 2021: Structural Engineering for Future Societal Needs / [ed] H.H. (Bert) Snijder, Bart De Pauw, Sander van Alphen, Movares, Pierre Mengeot, International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE) , 2021, p. 965-973Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper, experiences on the development of an assessment method for existing bridges are presented. The method is calibrated using the results of full-scale testing to failure of a prestressed bridge in Sweden. To evaluate the key parameters for the structural response, measured by deflections, strains in tendons and stirrups and crack openings, a sensitivity study based on the concept of fractional factorial design is incorporated to the assessment. Results showed that the most significant parameters are related to the tensile properties of the concrete (tensile strength and fracture energy) and the boundary conditions. A finite element (FE) model in which the results of the sensitivity analysis were applied, was able to predict accurately the load-carrying capacity of the bridge and its failure mode. Two additional existing prestressed concrete bridges, that will be used to improve further the method, are also described, and discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), 2021
Keywords
Assessment methods, calibration, boundary conditions, existing prestressed concrete bridges, tensile strength, fracture energy, full-scale testing, finite element modelling
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87372 (URN)10.2749/ghent.2021.0965 (DOI)2-s2.0-85119063548 (Scopus ID)
Conference
IABSE Congress 2021: Structural Engineering for Future Societal Needs, Ghent, Belgium, September 22-24, 2021
Funder
Swedish Transport AdministrationSvenska Byggbranschens Utvecklingsfond (SBUF)
Note

Funder: BBT; LKAB; Swedish Universities of the Built Environment

Available from: 2021-10-04 Created: 2021-10-04 Last updated: 2023-09-06Bibliographically approved
Nilimaa, J., Sabau, C., Bagge, N., Puurula, A., Sas, G., Blanksvärd, T., . . . Elfgren, L. (2018). Assessment and Loading to Failure of Three Swedish RC Bridges. In: Eva Lantsoght and Pinar Okumus (Ed.), Evaluation of Concrete Bridge Behavior through Load Testing: International Perspectives (pp. 8.1-8.18). Faarmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute, 323, Article ID SP-323-8.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment and Loading to Failure of Three Swedish RC Bridges
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Evaluation of Concrete Bridge Behavior through Load Testing: International Perspectives / [ed] Eva Lantsoght and Pinar Okumus, Faarmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute, 2018, Vol. 323, p. 8.1-8.18, article id SP-323-8Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Current codes often underestimate the capacity of existing bridges. The purpose of the tests presented here has been to assess the real behaviour and capacity of three types of bridges in order to be able to utilize them in a more efficient way.

The three studied bridges are: (1) Lautajokk – A one-span trough bridge tested in fatigue to check the shear capacity of the section between the slab and the girders; (2) Övik – A two span trough bridge strengthened with Near Surface Mounted Reinforcement (NSMR) of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) tested in bending, shear and torsion; and (3) Kiruna – A five-span prestressed three girder bridge tested to shear-bending failures in the girders and in the slab.

The failure capacities were considerably higher than what the code methods indicated. With calibrated and stepwise refined finite element models, it was possible to capture the real behaviour of the bridges. The experiences and methods may be useful in assessment and better use of other bridges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Faarmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute, 2018
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-69992 (URN)978-1-64195-007-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-08-10Bibliographically approved
Täljsten, B., Blanksvärd, T., Sas, G., Bagge, N., Nilimaa, J., Popescu, C., . . . Häggström, J. (2018). Bridges tested to failure in Sweden. In: IABSE Conference Copenhagen 2018: Engineering the Past, to Meet the Needs of the Future. Paper presented at IABSE Conference 2018 'Engineering the Past, to Meet the Needs of the Future', 25-27 June, 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark (pp. 64-70). International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridges tested to failure in Sweden
Show others...
2018 (English)In: IABSE Conference Copenhagen 2018: Engineering the Past, to Meet the Needs of the Future, International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE) , 2018, p. 64-70Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Five bridges of different types have been tested to failure and the results have been compared to analyses of the load-carrying capacity using standard code models and advanced numerical methods. The results may help to make accurate assessments of similar existing bridges. There it is necessary to know the real behaviour, weak points, and to be able to model the load-carrying capacity in a correct way.The five bridges were: (1) a strengthened one span concrete road bridge - Stora Höga ; (2) a one span concrete rail trough bridge loaded in fatigue – Lautajokk; (3) a two span strengthened concrete trough railway bridge - Övik; (4) a one span railway steel truss bridge -Åby; and (5) a five span prestressed concrete road bridge - Kiruna. The unique results in the paper are the experiences of the real failure types, the robustness/weakness of the bridges, and the accuracy and shortcomings/potentials of different codes and models for safety assessment of existing structures

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), 2018
Series
IABSE Symposium Report ; 111
Keywords
Test to failure, bridges of concrete and steel, Assessment, Strengthening, Monitoring, Bending, Shar, Torsion, Bond, Fatigue, Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP)
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72378 (URN)2-s2.0-85067126405 (Scopus ID)
Conference
IABSE Conference 2018 'Engineering the Past, to Meet the Needs of the Future', 25-27 June, 2018, Copenhagen, Denmark
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-5108-9208-8

Available from: 2018-12-28 Created: 2018-12-28 Last updated: 2023-10-06Bibliographically approved
Puurula, A., Enochsson, O., Sas, G., Blanksvärd, T., Ohlsson, U., Bernspång, L., . . . Elfgren, L. (2015). Assessment of the Strengthening of an RC Railway Bridge with CFRP utilizing a Full-Scale Failure Test and Finite-Element Analysis (ed.). Journal of Structural Engineering, 141(1), Article ID D4014008.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of the Strengthening of an RC Railway Bridge with CFRP utilizing a Full-Scale Failure Test and Finite-Element Analysis
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Journal of Structural Engineering, ISSN 0733-9445, E-ISSN 1943-541X, Vol. 141, no 1, article id D4014008Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A finite element (FE) model was calibrated using the data obtained from a full-scale test to failure of a 50 year old reinforced concrete (RC) railway bridge. The model was then used to assess the effectiveness of various strengthening schemes to increase the loadcarrying capacity of the bridge. The bridge was a two-span continuous single-track trough bridge with a total length of 30 m, situated in Örnsköldsvik in northern Sweden. It was tested in situ as the bridge had been closed following the construction of a new section of the Railway line. The test was planned to evaluate and calibrate models to predict the load-carrying capacity of the bridge and assess the strengthening schemes originally developed by the European research project called Sustainable bridges. The objective of the test was to investigate shear failure, rather than bending failure for which good calibrated models are already available. To that end, the bridge was strengthened in flexure before the test using near-surface mounted square section carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) bars. The ultimate failure mechanism turned into an interesting combination of bending, shear, torsion, and bond failures at an applied load of 11.7 MN (2,630 kips). A computer model was developed using specialized software to represent the response of the bridge during the test. It was calibrated using data from the test and was then used to calculate the actual capacity of the bridge in terms of train loading using the current Swedish load model which specifies a 330 kN (74 kips) axle weight. These calculations show that the unstrengthened bridge could sustain a load 4.7 times greater than the current load requirements (which is over six times the original design loading), whilst the strengthened bridge could sustain a load 6.5 times greater than currently required. Comparisons are also made with calculations using codes from Canada, Europe, and the United States.

Keywords
Bridge, Train load, Failure analysis, Ultimate load-carrying capacity, Shear, Near-surfacemounted reinforcement (NSMR)
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15842 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0001116 (DOI)000346338100011 ()2-s2.0-84920771165 (Scopus ID)f66f5694-cfe1-40be-a43e-24618eb23eae (Local ID)f66f5694-cfe1-40be-a43e-24618eb23eae (Archive number)f66f5694-cfe1-40be-a43e-24618eb23eae (OAI)
Projects
Mainline-MAINtenance, renewaL and Improvement of rail transport iNfrastructure to reduce Economic and environmental impacts, Centrum för riskanalys och riskhantering, CRR, Sustainable Bridges
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20140524 (elfgren)

License fulltext: CC BY;

Special Issue: Field Testing of Bridges and Buildings

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2023-11-01Bibliographically approved
Nilimaa, J., Blanksvärd, T., Täljsten, B., Elfgren, L., Carolin, A. & Paulsson, B. (2014). Extending the life of elderly rail bridges by strengthening (ed.). In: (Ed.), Airong Chen; Dan M. Frangopol; Xin Ruan (Ed.), Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China. Paper presented at International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management : 07/07/2014 - 11/07/2014 (pp. 1082-1088). London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extending the life of elderly rail bridges by strengthening
Show others...
2014 (English)In: Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China / [ed] Airong Chen; Dan M. Frangopol; Xin Ruan, London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group , 2014, p. 1082-1088Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a need to extend the life of many existing railway bridges. To facilitate this is one of the objects of the EC-FP7-Project MAINLINE, covering a period from 2011 to 2014. New or improved technologies are investigated to help with this. For bridges, the most promising techniques are enhanced inspection, assessment and strengthening methods. Case studies are presented where three different strengthening techniques have been applied to existing concrete trough bridges. First, sawn in Near Surface Mounted Reinforcement (NSMR) of Carbon Fibre Reinforce Polymers (CFRP) are used; followed by a bridge where carbon fibre cables were drilled through the bridge and finally a bridge was strengthened with post tensioned bars in drilled holes through the slab in the transverse direction. All three methods proved to be very successful.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27512 (URN)2-s2.0-84906679681 (Scopus ID)0fe4bfe5-1a18-44f4-818b-4903b741535c (Local ID)978-1-138-00103-9 (ISBN)978-1-315-76069-8 (ISBN)0fe4bfe5-1a18-44f4-818b-4903b741535c (Archive number)0fe4bfe5-1a18-44f4-818b-4903b741535c (OAI)
Conference
International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management : 07/07/2014 - 11/07/2014
Projects
Mainline-MAINtenance, renewaL and Improvement of rail transport iNfrastructure to reduce Economic and environmental impacts, Centrum för riskanalys och riskhantering, CRR, Sveriges Bygguniversitet
Note

Godkänd; 2014; 20140820 (jonnil)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2023-10-06Bibliographically approved
Nilimaa, J., Häggström, J., Bagge, N., Blanksvärd, T., Sas, G., Ohlsson, U., . . . Paulsson, B. (2014). Maintenance and Renewal of Concrete Rail Bridges - Results from EC project MAINLINE (ed.). Paper presented at Nordic Concrete Research Symposia : 13/08/2014 - 15/08/2014. Nordic Concrete Research, 50, 25-28
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maintenance and Renewal of Concrete Rail Bridges - Results from EC project MAINLINE
Show others...
2014 (English)In: Nordic Concrete Research, ISSN 0800-6377, Vol. 50, p. 25-28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a need to extend the life and capacity of many existing railway bridges. One of the objects of the EC-FP7-Project MAINLINE, 2011-2014, is to facilitate this. Guidelines for assessment and strengthening methods are presented as well as case studies in which existing bridges are being studied in order to extend their life length. Case studies on bridges tested to failure in order to calibrate assessment methods are also presented. Fatigue is often a vital question. A Life Cycle Assessment Tool (LCAT) is being prepared to enable Infrastructure Managers to choose optimal maintenance strategies.

Keywords
Aging, Knowledge and Teaching, Modelling, Repair, Structural Design, Sustainable, Testing, Railway bridges, extended life, assessment methods, concrete bridges, strengthening, calibrate model, loading to failure, fatigue, Life Cycle Assessment
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37680 (URN)bc5dcd40-5dc2-49de-a7aa-8ad276c767f9 (Local ID)bc5dcd40-5dc2-49de-a7aa-8ad276c767f9 (Archive number)bc5dcd40-5dc2-49de-a7aa-8ad276c767f9 (OAI)
Conference
Nordic Concrete Research Symposia : 13/08/2014 - 15/08/2014
Projects
Sveriges Bygguniversitet, Centrum för riskanalys och riskhantering, CRR, Mainline-MAINtenance, renewaL and Improvement of rail transport iNfrastructure to reduce Economic and environmental impacts
Note

Godkänd; 2014; 20140820 (jonnil); Konferensartikel i tidskrift

Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2023-11-11Bibliographically approved
Blanksvärd, T., Häggström, J., Nilimaa, J., Sabourova, N., Grip, N., Täljsten, B., . . . Tu, Y. (2014). Test to failure of a steel truss bridge – Calibration of assessment methods (ed.). In: (Ed.), Airong Chen; Dan M. Frangopol; Xin Ruan (Ed.), Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China. Paper presented at International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management : 07/07/2014 - 11/07/2014 (pp. 1076-1081). London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Test to failure of a steel truss bridge – Calibration of assessment methods
Show others...
2014 (Swedish)In: Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension: proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China / [ed] Airong Chen; Dan M. Frangopol; Xin Ruan, London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group , 2014, p. 1076-1081Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The steel truss railway bridge at Åby River was built in 1957 with a span of 32 m (105 feet). In 2012 it was replaced by a new steel beam bridge and the old bridge was placed beside the river. It was tested to failure to study its remaining load-carrying capacity in September 2013. The test was carried out by Luleå University of Technology by commission from Trafikverket as a part of the European Research Project MAINLINE (www.mainline-project.eu). In this paper some preliminary results are given. Two hydraulic jacks, anchored by cables to the bedrock, pulled the bridge downwards. The bridge remained elastic up to about three times the original design load and the load could then be almost doubled with substantial yielding deformations before a buckling failure appeared in the top girders for a load of ca. 11 MN (1000 short tons) for a midpoint deflection of ca. 0, 2 m (8 inches). No brittle or fatigue failure in any of the joints appeared and the bridge proved to behave in a ductile way with a substantial hidden capacity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering Mathematical Analysis
Research subject
Structural Engineering; Mathematics; Attractive built environment (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38516 (URN)cf14b28e-b3d1-4c23-b3bc-c2418f271a03 (Local ID)978-1-138-00103-9 (ISBN)978-1-315-76069-8 (ISBN)cf14b28e-b3d1-4c23-b3bc-c2418f271a03 (Archive number)cf14b28e-b3d1-4c23-b3bc-c2418f271a03 (OAI)
Conference
International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management : 07/07/2014 - 11/07/2014
Projects
Centrum för riskanalys och riskhantering, CRR, Sveriges Bygguniversitet, Mainline-MAINtenance, renewaL and Improvement of rail transport iNfrastructure to reduce Economic and environmental impacts
Note

Godkänd; 2014; 20140820 (jonnil)

Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved
Nilimaa, J., Blanksvärd, T., Täljsten, B., Elfgren, L., Carolin, A. & Paulsson, B. (2013). Extended Life of Railway Bridges. Results from EC-FP7-project MAINLINE (ed.). In: (Ed.), Philippe Van Bogaert (Ed.), Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures: IABSE Conference Rotterdan 2013. Paper presented at IABSE Confrence Rotterdam : Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructure 06/05/2013 - 08/05/2013 (pp. 314-315). Zürich: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Extended Life of Railway Bridges. Results from EC-FP7-project MAINLINE
Show others...
2013 (English)In: Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructures: IABSE Conference Rotterdan 2013 / [ed] Philippe Van Bogaert, Zürich: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2013, p. 314-315Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

There is a need to extend the life of many existing railway bridges. To facilitate this is one of the objects of the EC-FP7-Project MAINLINE, covering a period from 2011 to 2014. Three case studies are presented in which existing bridges are being studied in order to extend their life length: First a concrete trough bridge strengthened with post stressed bars in drilled holes through the slab is considered; followed by another concrete trough bridge strengthened with sawn in Near Surface Mounted Reinforcement (NSMR) of Carbon Fibre Reinforce Polymers (CFRP); and finally a steel truss bridge which will be loaded to failure to calibrate the assessment methods.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zürich: International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, 2013
Series
IABSE Report, ISSN 1025-9104 ; 99
Keywords
railway bridges, extended life, assessment methods, concrete trough bridge, steel truss bridge, strengthening, calibrate model, loading to failure, fatigue
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-34759 (URN)90b01c7c-1d26-48da-9158-a2f2d6750247 (Local ID)978-3-85748-123-9 (ISBN)90b01c7c-1d26-48da-9158-a2f2d6750247 (Archive number)90b01c7c-1d26-48da-9158-a2f2d6750247 (OAI)
Conference
IABSE Confrence Rotterdam : Assessment, Upgrading and Refurbishment of Infrastructure 06/05/2013 - 08/05/2013
Projects
Mainline-MAINtenance, renewaL and Improvement of rail transport iNfrastructure to reduce Economic and environmental impacts
Note

Godkänd; 2013; 20130714 (elfgren)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2022-10-12Bibliographically approved
Sas, G., Blanksvärd, T., Nilimaa, J., Täljsten, B., Elfgren, L., Bennitz, A. & Carolin, A. (2012). Strengthening of concrete structures with carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP): case studies (ed.). In: (Ed.), Dirch H. Bager; Johan Silfwerbrand (Ed.), Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community: proceedings of the International FIB Symposium 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, 11 - 14 June 2012. Paper presented at FIB Symposium : Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community 11/06/2012 - 14/06/2012 (pp. 423-426). Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strengthening of concrete structures with carbon fibre reinforced polymers (CFRP): case studies
Show others...
2012 (English)In: Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community: proceedings of the International FIB Symposium 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, 11 - 14 June 2012 / [ed] Dirch H. Bager; Johan Silfwerbrand, Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association , 2012, p. 423-426Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) has found an increased application in strengthening of concrete structures. Mostly the CFRP is used as externally bonded reinforcement. However, prestressing of it gives a possibility to increase the capacity and stiffness of existing concrete structures. A number of tests in the laboratory as well as field case studies have been carried out. The paper describes some of them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association, 2012
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-29762 (URN)35605e8c-0f23-4d04-8001-a28ec7443723 (Local ID)978-91-980098-1-1 (ISBN)35605e8c-0f23-4d04-8001-a28ec7443723 (Archive number)35605e8c-0f23-4d04-8001-a28ec7443723 (OAI)
Conference
FIB Symposium : Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community 11/06/2012 - 14/06/2012
Note

Godkänd; 2012; 20120614 (jonnil)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Sabourova, N., Grip, N., Puurula, A., Enochsson, O., Tu, Y., Ohlsson, U., . . . Thun, H. (2012). The railway concrete arch bridge over Kalix river: dynamic properties and load carrying capacity (ed.). In: (Ed.), Dirch H Bager; Johan Silfwerbrand (Ed.), Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community: proceedings of the International FIB Symposium 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, 11 - 14 June 2012. Paper presented at FIB Symposium : Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community 11/06/2012 - 14/06/2012 (pp. 609-612). Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The railway concrete arch bridge over Kalix river: dynamic properties and load carrying capacity
Show others...
2012 (English)In: Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community: proceedings of the International FIB Symposium 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, 11 - 14 June 2012 / [ed] Dirch H Bager; Johan Silfwerbrand, Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association , 2012, p. 609-612Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Swedish Concrete Association, 2012
National Category
Mathematical Analysis Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Mathematics; Structural Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-27231 (URN)0995d66a-9097-44cb-838f-92a00c30f8bf (Local ID)978-91-980098-1-1 (ISBN)0995d66a-9097-44cb-838f-92a00c30f8bf (Archive number)0995d66a-9097-44cb-838f-92a00c30f8bf (OAI)
Conference
FIB Symposium : Concrete Structures for Sustainable Community 11/06/2012 - 14/06/2012
Note
Godkänd; 2012; 20120328 (grip)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2023-09-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications