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Publications (9 of 9) Show all publications
Müller, A., Österlund, H., Nordqvist, K., Marsalek, J. & Viklander, M. (2019). Building surface materials as sources of micropollutants in building runoff: A pilot study. Science of the Total Environment, 680, 190-197
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Building surface materials as sources of micropollutants in building runoff: A pilot study
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2019 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 680, p. 190-197Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Control of diffuse pollution is critical for achieving good surface water quality status. In this context, pollutant contributions from building materials have received increased attention in recent decades. This study examined the releases of metals, nonylphenols and phthalates from ten common building surface materials (installed in triplicates) into rainwater runoff from six rain events. The highest releases of metals were from copper and zinc sheets (average concentrations of 3090 μg/L Cu and 7770 μg/L Zn respectively), while other metal materials, e.g., Corten weathering steel, exhibited lower releases. PVC roofing released high concentrations of nonylphenols and phthalates (average concentrations of up to 26 μg/L nonylphenols and 455 μg/L Diisononyl phthalate, DINP) which have not been investigated in the earlier studies. Pollutant releases varied between events, likely because of weather conditions and rainfall characteristics. Study findings should be valuable for environmentally responsible applications of the existing building materials and the development of new ones, as well as the investigations and risk assessment of specific pollutants in stormwater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Building surface materials, Diffuse pollution sources, Metals, Nonylphenols, Phthalates, Stormwater quality
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73883 (URN)10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.088 (DOI)000468863400019 ()31108449 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85065712456 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942 – 2016-73Vinnova, 2016-05176
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-05 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved
Viklander, M., Österlund, H., Müller, A., Marsalek, J. & Borris, M. (2019). Kunskapssammanställning: Dagvattenkvalitet. Svensktvatten AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kunskapssammanställning: Dagvattenkvalitet
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2019 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Alternative title[en]
State of knowledge : Stormwater quality
Abstract [sv]

Rapporten sammanställer internationella forskningsresultat om källor till dagvattenföroreningar samt föroreningarnas koncentration, mängd och variation mellan platser och årstider. Den beskriver vad man bör tänka på vid utformning av provtagningsprogram och vid val av modellverktyg, och den diskuterar effekter på hälsa, miljö och samhälle samt vilka regelverk och riktlinjer som finns.

Abstract [en]

This report summarizes stormwater pollutants, their sources, concentrations, and variations in concentrations. Practical guidance for field data collection, adoption of standard data from the literature and computer modelling are given. Furthermore, the effects on health, the environment and society, and associated regulations are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Svensktvatten AB, 2019. p. 82
Keywords
Micropollutants, sampling, stormwater quality models, urban drainage, Dagvatten, dagvattenkvalitetsmodeller, föroreningar, provtagning
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72952 (URN)
Projects
Kunskapssammanställning: från regn till recipient – dagvattnets innehåll och dess variationer
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-06-10Bibliographically approved
Müller, A. (2019). Urban Surfaces as Sources of Stormwater Pollution: An Evaluation of Substances Released from Building Envelopes. (Licentiate dissertation). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban Surfaces as Sources of Stormwater Pollution: An Evaluation of Substances Released from Building Envelopes
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Urbana ytor som källor till dagvattenförorening : En utvärdering av bidraget av ämnen från byggnadsmaterial
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2019
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76045 (URN)978-91-7790-442-7 (ISBN)978-91-7790-443-4 (ISBN)
Presentation
2019-11-15, E632, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-11-05Bibliographically approved
Tondera, K., Blecken, G.-T., Tournebize, J., Viklander, M., Österlund, H., Andersson-Wikström, A. & Tanner, C. C. (2018). Emerging Contaminants: Occurrence, Treatment Efficiency and Accumulation Under Varying Flows. In: Katharina Tondera, Godecke-Tobias Blecken, Florent Chazarenc, Chris C. Tanner (Ed.), Ecotechnologies for the Treatment of Variable Stormwater and Wastewater Flows: (pp. 93-109). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Emerging Contaminants: Occurrence, Treatment Efficiency and Accumulation Under Varying Flows
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2018 (English)In: Ecotechnologies for the Treatment of Variable Stormwater and Wastewater Flows / [ed] Katharina Tondera, Godecke-Tobias Blecken, Florent Chazarenc, Chris C. Tanner, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 93-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Emerging contaminants became a major topic in water treatment when laboratory detection methods for concentrations at a nanogram-scale improved approximately two decades ago. Research on using ecotechnologies to remove emerging contaminants in variable stormwater and wastewater flows has been conducted for more than a decade, but so far, not all removal mechanisms are well understood and only few setups have been investigated. This chapter summarises the current knowledge, focussing on pesticides and emerging contaminants listed on the watch list of the European Union. However, large-scale investigations are still rare and further research will have to be conducted in this field to enable practitioners to provide recommendations for design and maintenance of treatment facilities in the field of ecotechnologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology, ISSN 2194-7244, E-ISSN 2194-7252
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66683 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-70013-7_6 (DOI)978-3-319-70012-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-70013-7 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-21 Created: 2017-11-21 Last updated: 2018-02-26Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Wikström, A., Österlund, H. & Viklander, M. (2016). Size fractionation of dissolved metals in stormwater in Umeå, Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at NOVATECH 2016 : International conference NovaTech, Urban Water – Planning and technologies for sustainable management 28/06/2016 - 01/07/2016. Paper presented at NOVATECH 2016 : International conference NovaTech, Urban Water – Planning and technologies for sustainable management 28/06/2016 - 01/07/2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Size fractionation of dissolved metals in stormwater in Umeå, Sweden
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Dissolved metals are generally considered the most mobile, toxic and bioavailable form of metals. However, the partition between dissolved and particulate phases is conventionally defined by the fraction passing through a 0.45 μm membrane, even though it is widely known that this fraction also includes different types of organic and inorganic colloids. Further size fractionation of metals in the dissolved phase can be performed using different techniques. The knowledge on the metal fractionation in stormwater is useful for assessments of the metals’ bioavailability as well as the performance of stormwater treatment systems. In this study, the size fractionation of dissolved metals in stormwater from four different urban areas in the city of Umeå, Sweden, is determined using ultrafiltration. The objective is to find a pattern for the size fractionation of different metals in the dissolved phase in stormwater and, by this, estimate the bioavailability of the metals. The investigated catchment areas include a parking space, a highway and two different commercial sites. The sampling campaigns will take place in the spring of 2016, taking samples from the stormwater drainage system using automatic samplers.

National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35838 (URN)a860b1c2-de5e-461a-90d1-5966c2e477db (Local ID)a860b1c2-de5e-461a-90d1-5966c2e477db (Archive number)a860b1c2-de5e-461a-90d1-5966c2e477db (OAI)
Conference
NOVATECH 2016 : International conference NovaTech, Urban Water – Planning and technologies for sustainable management 28/06/2016 - 01/07/2016
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160705 (aleand)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Wikström, A. (2015). Potential Sources of Stormwater Pollutants: Leaching of Metals and Organic Compounds from Roofing Materials (ed.). (Student paper). Luleå tekniska universitetPaper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Potential Sources of Stormwater Pollutants: Leaching of Metals and Organic Compounds from Roofing Materials
2015 (English)Student thesis
Abstract [en]

Runoff from paved surfaces in the urban environment is recognised as a major contributing source to deteriorated water quality. In stormwater, both various metals and organic compounds can be present and the quality of stormwater is dependent on e.g. the characteristics of the surfaces that the runoff encounters. Diffuse pollution sources, i.e. anthropogenic emissions from e.g. traffic or constructions, has been pointed out by the European Water Framework Directive to significantly contribute to pollution of stormwater receivers. In order to create and obtain a sustainable, liveable and aesthetical urban environment it is critical to be able to mitigate stormwater pollution, not least considering the increasing amount of stormwater due to climate change.The aim of this master’s thesis was to evaluate the potential release of inorganic- and organic stormwater pollutants from conventional roofing materials by laboratory leaching experiments. The study was mainly aimed to serve as a first screening on the roofing materials, in order to be able to select a number of materials for further investigation later on. The organic compounds included in this study were polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nonylphenols and -ethoxylates, phthalates and herbicides. Previous research on stormwater pollution has mainly focused on metals and there is therefore a knowledge gap on organic compounds in urban runoff. The leaching experiments were designed considering previous similar studies. Synthetic rainwater was prepared based on measurements of rainwater quality in Sweden. Duplicates of 16 commonly used roofing materials were prepared and immersed in beakers of synthetic rainwater. The beakers were agitated on an orbital shaking device for 24 hours and pH as well as conductivity was recorded in the leachates before sending the samples to the contracted laboratory for analysis. Metals were analysed on all materials and the organic compound analyses were performed on selected materials based on each material’s composition and was limited with the substance’s probability to release from each material.From the analysis results, mean values for the leached concentrations of all duplicates were calculated. The annual potential release of substances from materials was estimated based on the leached concentrations and data on the average annual precipitation in Sweden, in order to get an indication of the order of magnitude of the pollutant release. The results showed a potential release of a number of the included substances from many of the studied roofing materials, in varying order of magnitude. The shingle roofing was the material that showed the ability to release the largest number of pollutants. Some materials e.g. the clay tile also showed potential to adsorb substances on the material surface. Metals were mainly released in dissolved form from most materials. Phthalates were not present in concentrations above report limits in the leachates from any of the studied materials. The results also indicate a significant different in the release potential from materials that were considered similar in their composition and expected to have similar leaching behaviour prior to the laboratory experiments, e.g. two similar felt roof materials from different manufacturers.

Keywords
Technology, Diffuse pollution sources, Micropollutants, Stormwater quality, Teknik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-46864 (URN)47ace144-d2d5-4a09-836a-2254c6329917 (Local ID)47ace144-d2d5-4a09-836a-2254c6329917 (Archive number)47ace144-d2d5-4a09-836a-2254c6329917 (OAI)
Thesis level
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis, at least 30 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Note

Validerat; 20150715 (global_studentproject_submitter)

Available from: 2016-10-04 Created: 2016-10-04 Last updated: 2019-02-20Bibliographically approved
Andersson-Wikström, A., Österlund, H., Hedström, A. & Viklander, M. (2015). The release of pollutants from roofing materials in laboratory experiments (ed.). Paper presented at IWA International Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication : 14/09/2015 - 18/09/2015. Paper presented at IWA International Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication : 14/09/2015 - 18/09/2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The release of pollutants from roofing materials in laboratory experiments
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Diffuse pollution sources have been recognised by the European Water Framework Directive to significantly contribute to pollution of stormwater receivers. Stormwater runoff is considered to represent diffuse pollution sources. The aim of this study was to clarify the contributions of specific sources in the urban environment to the content of organic and inorganic pollutants in stormwater. This was done by conducting laboratory screening tests of several conventional roofing materials and coatings to determine which pollutants they release and how they might contribute to the deterioration of stormwater quality. The studied pollutants include metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, V, Zn) as well as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), phthalates, pesticides, nonylphenols and –ethoxylates. Many of the studied roofing materials, e.g. roofing shingle, a PVC sheet and a bitumen paste for felt roof maintenance, exhibited the potential to release several of these substances into stormwater runoff. However, phthalates were not released from any of the studied materials under the tested conditions. In addition, quite similar materials exhibited rather different substance release profiles.

National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38046 (URN)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (Local ID)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (Archive number)c4ccc759-346f-4a63-975c-d30711bb2775 (OAI)
Conference
IWA International Conference on Diffuse Pollution and Eutrophication : 14/09/2015 - 18/09/2015
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20151030 (aleand)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2019-09-18Bibliographically approved
Alakangas, L., Maurice, C., Macsik, J., Nyström, E., Sandström, N., Andersson-Wikström, A. & Hällström, L. (2014). Kartläggning av restprodukter för efterbehandling och inhibering av gruvavfall: funktion tillgång och logistik (ed.). Paper presented at . Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kartläggning av restprodukter för efterbehandling och inhibering av gruvavfall: funktion tillgång och logistik
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2014 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2014. p. 86
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
Applied Geology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-24560 (URN)b78d91cf-a10d-4643-8e64-6ad24e133129 (Local ID)b78d91cf-a10d-4643-8e64-6ad24e133129 (Archive number)b78d91cf-a10d-4643-8e64-6ad24e133129 (OAI)
Projects
Användning av restprodukter för förhindrande sulfid oxidation i reaktivt gruvavfall- en förstudie
Note

Godkänd; 2014; 20140416 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Müller, A., Österlund, H., Marsalek, J. & Viklander, M. The pollution conveyed by urban runoff: A review of sources. Science of the Total Environment
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The pollution conveyed by urban runoff: A review of sources
(English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Urban Water Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76044 (URN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 942 – 2016-73Vinnova, 2016-05176
Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-09-18
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3518-1273

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