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Publications (10 of 47) Show all publications
Padyab, A. M., Päivärinta, T., Ståhlbröst, A. & Bergvall-Kåreborn, B. (2019). Awareness of Indirect Information Disclosure on Social Network Sites. Social Media + Society, 5(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Awareness of Indirect Information Disclosure on Social Network Sites
2019 (English)In: Social Media + Society, ISSN 2056-3051, E-ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research investigates user awareness and attitudes toward potential inferences of information posted on social network sites (SNSs). The study reports how user attitudes change after exposure to inferences made based upon information they have disclosed on an SNS, namely, on Facebook. To demonstrate this, two sub-studies involving three focus group sessions were conducted with Facebook users. In the first sub-study, the users received a general introduction to information that can be inferred from posts by using a prototypical privacy-enhancement tool called DataBait. Then, the second sub-study allowed the users to witness the potential inferences of their own Facebook photos and posts by using the DataBait tool. Next, qualitative content analysis was conducted to analyze the results, and these showed that the participants’ attitudes toward privacy on SNSs changed from affective to cognitive when they became aware of potential inferences from actual information posted on their own Facebook accounts. The results imply that end users require more cognitive awareness regarding their genres of disclosure and the effect of their disclosures on their privacy. Moreover, as privacy awareness is contextual, there is a need for more research and development of online tools that will allow users to manage and educate themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
social network site, privacy awareness, affective attitude, cognitive attitude, genre of disclosure, secondary use of personal information, data mining
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73994 (URN)10.1177/2056305118824199 (DOI)000470281800001 ()
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-05 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Westerlund, P., Andersson, I., Nilsson, J. & Päivärinta, T. (2019). Towards automated pre-ingest workflow for bridging information systems and digital preservation services. Records Management Journal, 29(3), 289-304
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards automated pre-ingest workflow for bridging information systems and digital preservation services
2019 (English)In: Records Management Journal, ISSN 0956-5698, E-ISSN 1758-7689, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 289-304Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper aims to automate pre-ingest workflow for preserving digital content, such as records, through middleware that integrates potentially many information systems with potentially several alternative digital preservation services.

Design/methodology/approach

This design research approach resulted in a design for model- and component-based software for such workflow. A proof-of-concept prototype was implemented and demonstrated in context of a European research project, ForgetIT.

Findings

The study identifies design issues of automated pre-ingest for digital preservation while using middleware as a design choice for this purpose. The resulting model and solution suggest functionalities and interaction patterns based on open interface protocols between the source systems of digital content, middleware and digital preservation services. The resulting workflow automates the tasks of fetching digital objects from the source system with metadata extraction, preservation preparation and transfer to a selected preservation service. The proof-of-concept verified that the suggested model for pre-ingest workflow and the suggested component architecture was technologically implementable. Future research and development needs to include new solutions to support context-aware preservation management with increased support for configuring submission agreements as a basis for dynamic automation of pre-ingest and more automated error handling.

Originality/value

The paper addresses design issues for middleware as a design choice to support automated pre-ingest in digital preservation. The suggested middleware architecture supports many-to-many relationships between the source information systems and digital preservation services through open interface protocols, thus enabling dynamic digital preservation solutions for records management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2019
Keywords
Workflow, Middleware, Long-term digital preservation
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73317 (URN)10.1108/RMJ-05-2018-0011 (DOI)000491603900001 ()
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-12-06 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-03-26 Created: 2019-03-26 Last updated: 2019-12-06Bibliographically approved
Päivärinta, T., Smolander, K. & Yli-Huumo, J. (2019). Towards Stakeholder Governance on Large E-Government Platforms - A Case of Suomi.fi. In: Samuli Pekkola, Henri Pirkkalainen, Pasi Hellsten, Ilona Ilvonen (Ed.), 10th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems: . Paper presented at Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems. Atlanta, GA, Article ID 11.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Stakeholder Governance on Large E-Government Platforms - A Case of Suomi.fi
2019 (English)In: 10th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems / [ed] Samuli Pekkola, Henri Pirkkalainen, Pasi Hellsten, Ilona Ilvonen, Atlanta, GA, 2019, article id 11Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

E-government evolves towards large-scale software platforms that integrate access to and information exchange among public services. Governance of large-scale e-government platforms is challenging because of the large number of stakeholders with diverging needs, agendas, and changing service portfolios. This paper presents a revelatory case, the e-government platform Suomi.fi, its stakeholders and stakeholder interactions related to development and governance of the platform. Our stakeholder analysis of Suomi.fi identified 15 stakeholder interaction types and related issues regarded as important for governance of large-scale e-government platforms. The results contribute by addressing the importance of stakeholder identification and continuing governance beyond individual development and implementation projects. Such a large-scale platform involved additional stakeholder types of external influencers (including media, other countries, the European Union, third party software integrators) and other external platforms, compared to the project-centric stakeholder models. Hence, we argue for extended stakeholder governance models and practices for large-scale e-government platforms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Atlanta, GA: , 2019
Keywords
e-Government, platform, ecosystem, stakeholder, governance
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76795 (URN)
Conference
Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems
Available from: 2019-11-21 Created: 2019-11-21 Last updated: 2019-11-21
Runardotter, M. & Päivärinta, T. (2018). Smarta hållbara byar i Övre Norrland: Användarnas perspektiv.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smarta hållbara byar i Övre Norrland: Användarnas perspektiv
2018 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 9
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71794 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-11-29Bibliographically approved
Yli-Huumo, J., Päivärinta, T., Rinne, J. & Smolander, K. (2018). Suomi.fi: Towards Government 3.0 with a National Service Platform. In: Peter Parycek, Olivier Glassey, Marijn Janssen, Hans Jochen Scholl, Efthimios Tambouris, Evangelos Kalampokis, Shefali Virkar (Ed.), Electronic Government: 17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2018, Krems, Austria, September 3-5, 2018, Proceedings. Paper presented at 17th International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2018, Krems, Austria, 3-5 September 2018 (pp. 3-14). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Suomi.fi: Towards Government 3.0 with a National Service Platform
2018 (English)In: Electronic Government: 17th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2018, Krems, Austria, September 3-5, 2018, Proceedings / [ed] Peter Parycek, Olivier Glassey, Marijn Janssen, Hans Jochen Scholl, Efthimios Tambouris, Evangelos Kalampokis, Shefali Virkar, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 3-14Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The KaPa (Kansallinen Palveluarkkitehtuuri, in Finnish) program establishes the national e-government service platform in Finland. The platform, Suomi.fi, provides a one-stop portal for citizens and organizations to access both public and related private sector services. This research reports a case study of the platform by analyzing it in light of recent characteristics identified with the emerging concept of Government 3.0: openness and transparency, sharing, increased communication and collaboration, government re-organization through integration and interoperability, and use of new technologies. Our results contribute by concretizing the hitherto abstract and loosely defined concept of Government 3.0 by describing a timely and complex national e-government implementation in detail in light of such characteristics. Our study also suggests three emergent themes in relation to contemporary Government 3.0 characteristics: opening up technologies and solutions in addition to open data, cross-border integration and development, and the enhanced role of the private sector in both development activities and merging into the portfolios of one-stop services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2018
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349 ; 11020
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70532 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-98690-6_1 (DOI)978-3-319-98689-0 (ISBN)978-3-319-98690-6 (ISBN)
Conference
17th International Conference on Electronic Government, EGOV 2018, Krems, Austria, 3-5 September 2018
Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-08-22Bibliographically approved
Westerlund, P., Andersson, I. & Päivärinta, T. (2018). Towards Automated, Context-Aware Management of Preservation Submissions. In: : . Paper presented at 41th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 41). Aarhus, Denmark
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Automated, Context-Aware Management of Preservation Submissions
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Research in digital preservation field has realized the need for au-tomation of digital preservation activities. Without automation, the preservation of digital entities will be a complex and labor-intensive task. A middleware con-cept has been introduced by scholars to support automation of interactions be-tween content management systems and digital preservation systems. To boost the automation of workflows in the middleware, we introduce a component within the middleware, namely Context-aware Preservation Manager (CaPM), which is in charge of administration of the inner components of the middleware and the workflows for bi-directional interactions between content management systems and digital preservation systems. We describe the specifications of the Context-aware Preservation Manager and depict its inner components. Further, we explain about the processes that are improved, supported or can run automat-ically as a result of functionalities of Context-aware Preservation Manager.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aarhus, Denmark: , 2018
Keywords
Long-term Digital Preservation, Automation, Middleware, Context-aware Preservation Manager
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76035 (URN)
Conference
41th Information Systems Research Seminar in Scandinavia (IRIS 41)
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Available from: 2019-09-17 Created: 2019-09-17 Last updated: 2019-10-22
Juell-Skielse, G., Lönn, C.-M. & Päivärinta, T. (2017). Modes of collaboration and expected benefits of inter-organizational E-government initiatives: A multi-case study. Government Information Quarterly, 34(4), 578-590
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modes of collaboration and expected benefits of inter-organizational E-government initiatives: A multi-case study
2017 (English)In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 578-590Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Collaboration among governmental organizations has been regarded as essential for realizing benefits of e-government investments. Inter-organizational collaboration on e-government can appear in several forms and can aim at varying types of benefits. However, few if any studies have delved deeper into analysis of how chosen forms of collaboration might relate to targeted e-government benefits. This article studies five cases of how contemporary acquisitions and implementations of digital archiving systems have been launched through five modes of collaboration (autonomous, standardization, framework agreement, consortium, and central service organization) among organizations in the Swedish public sector. Our analysis reveals that whereas the target system, digital archive in our case, stays similar, expected benefits vary. The article contributes by elaborating the concept of mode of collaboration that identifies typical benefits justifying a choice of a particular collaboration form on e-government development and describing the five modes in more detail based on a multi-case study. The article also outlines fourteen related propositions of the correlation between the collaboration modes and expected benefits to be verified by further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-66313 (URN)10.1016/j.giq.2017.10.008 (DOI)000418209700002 ()
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-12-06 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-10-30 Created: 2017-10-30 Last updated: 2018-02-27Bibliographically approved
Elragal, A. & Päivärinta, T. (2017). Opening Digital Archives and Collections With Emerging Data Analytics Technology: A Research Agenda. Tidsskriftet Arkiv, 8(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opening Digital Archives and Collections With Emerging Data Analytics Technology: A Research Agenda
2017 (English)In: Tidsskriftet Arkiv, ISSN 1891-8107, E-ISSN 1891-8107, Vol. 8, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the public sector, the EU legislation requires preservation and opening of increasing amounts of heterogeneous digital information that should be utilized by citizens and businesses. While technologies such as big data analytics (BDA) have emerged, opening of digital archives and collections at a large scale is in its infancy. Opening archives and collections involve also particular requirements for recognizing and managing issues of privacy and digital rights. As well, ensuring the sustainability of the opened materials and economical appraisal of digital materials for preservation require robust digital preservation practices. We need to proceed beyond the state-of-the-art in opening digital archives and collections through the means of emerging big data analytics and validating a novel concept for analytics which then enables delivering of knowledge for citizens and the society. We set out an agenda for using BDA as our strategy for research and enquiry and for demonstrating the benefit of BDA for opening digital archives by civil servants and for citizens. That will –eventually -transform the preservation practices, and delivery and use opportunities of public digital archives. Our research agenda suggests a framework integrating four domains of inquiry, analytics-enhanced appraisal, analytics-prepared preservation, analytics-enhanced opening, and analytics-enhanced use, for utilizing the BDA technologies in the domain of digital archives and collections. The suggested framework and research agenda identifies initially particular BDA technologies to be utilized in each of the four domains, and contributes by highlighting a need for an integrated “public understanding of big data” in the domain of digital preservation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ABM-media AS, 2017
Keywords
Digital Preservation, Digital Archives, Big Data Analytics, Text Mining, Research Agenda
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61846 (URN)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 1; 2017-02-15 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Runardotter, M., Gylling, A., Lindberg, J., Päivärinta, T., Tingström, J. & Ylinenpää, R. (2017). Smarta hållbara byar i Övre Norrland: Förstudie – nuläge och framtid.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Smarta hållbara byar i Övre Norrland: Förstudie – nuläge och framtid
Show others...
2017 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Publisher
p. 21
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Information systems; Pervasive Mobile Computing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71793 (URN)
Note

OBS

Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-11-30Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A., Päivärinta, T., Ståhlbröst, A. & Bergvall-Kåreborn, B. (2016). Facebook Users Attitudes towards Secondary Use of Personal Information. In: Proceedings of the Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems: ICIS 2016. Paper presented at 37th International Conference on Information Systems, Dublin, Ireland, 11-14 December 2016 (pp. 1-15).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facebook Users Attitudes towards Secondary Use of Personal Information
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems: ICIS 2016, 2016, p. 1-15Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper reports on a study of how user attitudes to institutional privacy change after exposing users to potential inferences that can be made from information disclosed on Facebook. Two sets of focus group sessions with Facebook users were conducted. Three sessions were conducted by demonstrating to the users, on a general level, what can be inferred from posts using prototypical software called DataBait. Another set of three sessions let the users experience the potential inferences from their own actual Facebook profiles by using the DataBait tool. Findings suggest that the participants’ attitudes to secondary use of information changed from affective to cognitive when they were exposed to potential third-party inferences using their own actual personal information. This observation calls for more research into online tools that allow users to manage and educate themselves dynamically about their own disclosure practices.

Keywords
Privacy, Facebook, User attitude, DataBait
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60685 (URN)2-s2.0-85019398333 (Scopus ID)978-0-9966831-3-5 (ISBN)
Conference
37th International Conference on Information Systems, Dublin, Ireland, 11-14 December 2016
Projects
USEMP
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2016-11-25 Created: 2016-11-25 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7477-0783

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