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Padyab, Ali MohammadORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5286-4850
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Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Padyab, A. M., Habibipour, A., Rizk, A. & Ståhlbröst, A. (2020). Adoption Barriers of IoT in Large Scale Pilots. Information, 11(23), 1-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Adoption Barriers of IoT in Large Scale Pilots
2020 (English)In: Information, E-ISSN 2078-2489, Vol. 11, no 23, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pervasive connectivity of devices enabled by Internet of Things (IoT) technologies is leading the way in various innovative services and applications. This increasing connectivity comes with its own complexity. Thus, large scale pilots (LSPs) are designed to develop, test and use IoT innovations in various domains in conditions very similar to their operational scalable setting. One of the key challenges facing the diffusion of such innovations within the course of an LSP is understanding the conditions in which their respective users decide to adopt them (or not). Accordingly, in this study we explore IoT adoption barriers in four LSPs in Europe from the following domains: smart cities, autonomous driving, wearables and smart agriculture and farming. By applying Roger’s Diffusion of Innovation as a theoretical lens and using empirical data from workshops and expert interviews, we identify a set of common and domain specific adoption barriers. Our results reveal that trust, cost, perceived value, privacy and security are common concerns, yet shape differently across domains. In order to overcome various barriers, the relative advantage or value of using the innovation needs to be clearly communicated and related to the users’ situational use; while this value can be economic in some domains, it is more hedonic in others. LSPs were particularly challenged in applying established strategies to overcome some of those barriers (e.g., co-creation with end-users) due to the immaturity of the technology as well as the scale of pilots. Accordingly, we reflect on the theoretical choice in the discussion as well as the implications of this study on research and practice. We conclude with providing practical recommendations to LSPs and avenues for future research

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
internet of things, adoption, end-user, innovation, barrier, large scale pilot
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77357 (URN)10.3390/info11010023 (DOI)000513801000023 ()2-s2.0-85079058476 (Scopus ID)
Projects
U4IoT
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-15 (svasva)

Available from: 2020-01-12 Created: 2020-01-12 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A. M., Päivärinta, T., Ståhlbröst, A. & Bergvall-Kåreborn, B. (2019). Awareness of Indirect Information Disclosure on Social Network Sites. Social Media + Society, 5(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Awareness of Indirect Information Disclosure on Social Network Sites
2019 (English)In: Social Media + Society, ISSN 2056-3051, E-ISSN 2056-3051, Vol. 5, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This research investigates user awareness and attitudes toward potential inferences of information posted on social network sites (SNSs). The study reports how user attitudes change after exposure to inferences made based upon information they have disclosed on an SNS, namely, on Facebook. To demonstrate this, two sub-studies involving three focus group sessions were conducted with Facebook users. In the first sub-study, the users received a general introduction to information that can be inferred from posts by using a prototypical privacy-enhancement tool called DataBait. Then, the second sub-study allowed the users to witness the potential inferences of their own Facebook photos and posts by using the DataBait tool. Next, qualitative content analysis was conducted to analyze the results, and these showed that the participants’ attitudes toward privacy on SNSs changed from affective to cognitive when they became aware of potential inferences from actual information posted on their own Facebook accounts. The results imply that end users require more cognitive awareness regarding their genres of disclosure and the effect of their disclosures on their privacy. Moreover, as privacy awareness is contextual, there is a need for more research and development of online tools that will allow users to manage and educate themselves.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2019
Keywords
social network site, privacy awareness, affective attitude, cognitive attitude, genre of disclosure, secondary use of personal information, data mining
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73994 (URN)10.1177/2056305118824199 (DOI)000470281800001 ()
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-05 (oliekm)

Available from: 2019-05-20 Created: 2019-05-20 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved
Habibipour, A., Padyab, A. M. & Ståhlbröst, A. (2019). Social, Ethical and Ecological Issues in Wearable Technologies. In: AMCIS 2019 Proceedings: . Paper presented at AMCIS 2019, Twenty-fifth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Cancun, México, Augusti 15-17, 2019. Association for Information Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social, Ethical and Ecological Issues in Wearable Technologies
2019 (English)In: AMCIS 2019 Proceedings, Association for Information Systems, 2019Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT) has given rise to a plethora of wearable devices integrated into daily life, however achieving end-user’s long-term adoption is still an issue. The purpose of this paper is to investigate social, ethical and ecological issues related to wearable technologies from end-users’ perspectives. We undertook a systematic literature review as well as two rounds of interviews with domain experts as well as end-users of IoT wearable devices to find relevant issues related to social, ethical and ecological. After synthesizing the results, eighteen issues found to be relevant to the wearable technologies. These issues have important implications for reducing the negative barriers that challenge the adoption of wearable technologies. The originality of this study lies with its non-technological focus that provides insights into issues that are rooted into individuals’ concerns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Association for Information Systems, 2019
Keywords
Wearable Technologies, IoT, Social issues, Ethical issues, Ecological Issues, End-users
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75336 (URN)2-s2.0-85084018691 (Scopus ID)
Conference
AMCIS 2019, Twenty-fifth Americas Conference on Information Systems, Cancun, México, Augusti 15-17, 2019
Projects
U4IoT
Note

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-0-9966831-8-0

Available from: 2019-07-16 Created: 2019-07-16 Last updated: 2020-05-08Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A. (2018). Exploring Impacts of Secondary Information Use on Individual Privacy. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Impacts of Secondary Information Use on Individual Privacy
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Utforskar implikationer av användandet av sekundärdata påindividens integritet
Abstract [en]

Information collected from individuals via online social networks and Internet of things devices can be used by institutions and service providers for different business purposes to tailor and customize their services, which is defined as secondary use of information. Although the literature on secondary use is well developed, prior studies have largely focused on direct use of information such as those instances of information use that do not stem from data mining. Advances in data mining and information-processing techniques facilitate discovery of customers’ and users’ behaviors and needs. Research shows that individuals’ behavior can be inferred with high accuracy from their shared information, which may in turn jeopardize privacy. A recent scandal of Cambridge Analytica using about 87 million Facebook profiles to target those users with customized micro-targeted political ads has created public outrage and raised criticisms of secondary use. Given this background, the purpose of this thesis is to explore impacts of organizations’ and service providers’ secondary use of personal information in order to draw conclusions related to how individuals’ attitudes are formed and what role secondary use plays in managing privacy.

This research investigates user awareness and attitudes towards potential secondary uses of information. To pursue this, a multi-method qualitative approach using a descriptive questionnaire with 1000 European citizens and a total of 10 focus groups with 43 participants was employed. A qualitative content analysis using both inductive and deductive approaches was conducted to analyze the results. The conceptual framework employed in this thesis was genres of disclosure.

The research results suggest that user awareness of the potential for indirect personal information disclosure was relatively low. It was consequently found that participant attitudes toward privacy and disclosure shifted from affective to cognitive when they experienced firsthand the potential inferences that could be made from their own data. Generally, the participant users only considered their direct disclosure of information; through observing potential indirect inferences about their own shared contents and information, however, the participants became more aware of potential infringements on their privacy.

The study contributes to information privacy and information systems literature by raising understanding of the impacts of secondary use, in particular its effects on individual privacy management. In addition, this thesis suggests that information privacy is affected differently by direct and indirect uses. Its contribution to information privacy research is to complement previous methodological approaches by suggesting that if users are made aware of indirect inferences that can be made from their content, negative affective responses decrease while cognitive reactions increase through the processing of information related to their disclosure genres. The reason is that indirect use of information inhibits the negotiation of information privacy boundaries and creating unresolved tensions within those boundaries. Cognitive awareness of inferences made to individual information significantly affects the privacy decision-making process. The implication is that there is a need for more dynamic privacy awareness mechanisms that can empower users by providing them with increased awareness of the indirect information they are sharing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Information Systems Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68991 (URN)978-91-7790-158-7 (ISBN)978-91-7790-159-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-09-26, A3012, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-31 Created: 2018-05-30 Last updated: 2019-03-05Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A. & Ståhlbröst, A. (2018). Exploring the dimensions of individual privacy concerns in relation to the Internet of Things use situations. Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, 20(6), 528-544
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring the dimensions of individual privacy concerns in relation to the Internet of Things use situations
2018 (English)In: Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, ISSN 2398-5038, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 528-544Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The integration of internet of things (IoT) devices into daily life introduces challenges for the privacy of their users and those who are affected by these devices. This paper explores the factors that affect individual concerns regarding IoT use and how those factors affect the dynamics of privacy management with the presence of an IoT device. Design/methodology/approach: Four focus groups of individuals and IoT experts were studied to understand the groups? privacy concerns. The authors adopted a qualitative research method based on grounded theory to find relevant dimensions of situational privacy concerns in IoT use situations. Findings: The results revealed that fourteen dimensions of individuals? privacy concerns regarding the IoT are relevant and can be categorized under four key influential factors: collection, IoT device, collected data storage and use of collected data. The authors also analyzed the focus groups using genres of disclosure theory and explored how privacy concerns affect individual privacy management regulations. Research limitations/implications: This paper contributes to how future research can employ genres of disclosure as a theoretical framework to identify situations where privacy violations occur. Practical implications: This study can assist service providers and IoT manufacturers in deriving design principles and decreasing concerns by addressing the information that must be communicated to their users. Originality/value: As opposed to the previous research, which was more inclined to dispositional privacy concerns, this study provides insights into situational privacy concerns when individuals are confronted with the IoT. This study represents the first attempt to investigate the process individuals experience in managing their privacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2018
Keywords
Internet of Things, Individual privacy, Situational privacy concern, Privacy concern, Genre of disclosure
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71134 (URN)10.1108/DPRG-05-2018-0023 (DOI)000449829000002 ()2-s2.0-85054558140 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-11-13 (johcin)

Available from: 2018-10-08 Created: 2018-10-08 Last updated: 2018-11-26Bibliographically approved
Habibipour, A., Padyab, A., Bergvall-Kåreborn, B. & Ståhlbröst, A. (2017). Exploring Factors Influencing Participant Drop-Out Behavior in a Living Lab Environment. In: Susanne Stigberg, Joackim Karlsen, Harald Holone, Cathrine Linnes (Ed.), Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems: 8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-8, 2017, Proceedings. Paper presented at 8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-9, 2017 (pp. 28-40). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Factors Influencing Participant Drop-Out Behavior in a Living Lab Environment
2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems: 8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-8, 2017, Proceedings / [ed] Susanne Stigberg, Joackim Karlsen, Harald Holone, Cathrine Linnes, Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 28-40Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concept of “living lab” is a rather new phenomenon that facilitates user involvement in open innovation activities. The users’ motivations to contribute to the living lab activities at the beginning of the project are usually higher than once the activities are underway. However, the literature still lacks an understanding of what actions are necessary to reduce the likelihood of user drop-out throughout the user engagement process. This study aims to explore key factors that are influential on user drop-out in a living lab setting by engaging users to test an innovation during the pilot phase of the application’s development. The stability of the prototype, ease of use, privacy protection, flexibility of the prototype, effects of reminders, and timing issues are the key influential factors on user drop-out behavior. This paper summarizes the key lessons learned from the case study and points to avenues for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2017
Series
Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, ISSN 1865-1348 ; 294
Keywords
User engagement, Drop-out, Living lab, Case study, Field test
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects Information Systems
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65068 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-64695-4_3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85028300455 (Scopus ID)978-3-319-64694-7 (ISBN)978-3-319-64695-4 (ISBN)
Conference
8th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2017, Halden, Norway, August 6-9, 2017
Projects
USEMP, Privacy Flag, U4IOTUser Engagement for Large Scale Pilots in the Internet of Things, U4IoT
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 732078
Available from: 2017-08-14 Created: 2017-08-14 Last updated: 2018-06-19Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A., Päivärinta, T., Ståhlbröst, A. & Bergvall-Kåreborn, B. (2016). Facebook Users Attitudes towards Secondary Use of Personal Information. In: Proceedings of the Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems: ICIS 2016. Paper presented at 37th International Conference on Information Systems, Dublin, Ireland, 11-14 December 2016 (pp. 1-15).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Facebook Users Attitudes towards Secondary Use of Personal Information
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the Thirty Seventh International Conference on Information Systems: ICIS 2016, 2016, p. 1-15Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper reports on a study of how user attitudes to institutional privacy change after exposing users to potential inferences that can be made from information disclosed on Facebook. Two sets of focus group sessions with Facebook users were conducted. Three sessions were conducted by demonstrating to the users, on a general level, what can be inferred from posts using prototypical software called DataBait. Another set of three sessions let the users experience the potential inferences from their own actual Facebook profiles by using the DataBait tool. Findings suggest that the participants’ attitudes to secondary use of information changed from affective to cognitive when they were exposed to potential third-party inferences using their own actual personal information. This observation calls for more research into online tools that allow users to manage and educate themselves dynamically about their own disclosure practices.

Keywords
Privacy, Facebook, User attitude, DataBait
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-60685 (URN)2-s2.0-85019398333 (Scopus ID)978-0-9966831-3-5 (ISBN)
Conference
37th International Conference on Information Systems, Dublin, Ireland, 11-14 December 2016
Projects
USEMP
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2016-11-25 Created: 2016-11-25 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Popescu, A., Hildebrandt, M., Breuer, J., Claeys, L., Papadopoulos, S., Petkos, G., . . . Padyab, A. (2016). Increasing Transparency and Privacy for Online Social Network Users: USEMP Value Model, Scoring Framework and Legal (ed.). In: (Ed.), Bettina Berendt; Thomas Engel; Demosthenes Ikonomou; Daniel Le Métayer; Stefan Schiffner (Ed.), Privacy Technologies and Policy: Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Paper presented at Annual Privacy Forum : 07/10/2015 - 08/10/2015 (pp. 38-59). Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Increasing Transparency and Privacy for Online Social Network Users: USEMP Value Model, Scoring Framework and Legal
Show others...
2016 (English)In: Privacy Technologies and Policy: Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Bettina Berendt; Thomas Engel; Demosthenes Ikonomou; Daniel Le Métayer; Stefan Schiffner, Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2016, p. 38-59Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper we present research results from the multi-disciplinary EU research project USEMP (USEMP is a project funded from EU research framework, additional information about project scope and deliverables are available at project’s public website at: http://​www.​usemp-project.​eu/​). In particular, we look at the legal aspects of personal data licensing and profile transparency, the development of a personal data value model in Online Social Networks (OSNs) and the development of disclosure scoring and personal data value frameworks. In the first part of the paper we show how personal data usage licensing and profile transparency for OSN activities provides for Data Protection by Design (DPbD). We also present an overview of the existing personal data monetization ecosystem in OSNs and its possible evolutions for increasing privacy and transparency for consumers about their OSN presence. In the last part of the paper, we describe the USEMP scoring framework for personal information disclosure and data value that can assist users to better perceive how their privacy is affected by their OSN presence and what the value of their OSN activities is.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology/Springer Verlag, 2016
Series
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 9484
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-38248 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-31456-3_3 (DOI)2-s2.0-84961219092 (Scopus ID)c93a49a4-3b47-4983-9333-35c22ff7ad36 (Local ID)978-3-319-31455-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-31456-3 (ISBN)c93a49a4-3b47-4983-9333-35c22ff7ad36 (Archive number)c93a49a4-3b47-4983-9333-35c22ff7ad36 (OAI)
Conference
Annual Privacy Forum : 07/10/2015 - 08/10/2015
Note

För godkännande; 2016; 20160314 (alipad)

Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ståhlbröst, A., Padyab, A., Sällström, A. & Hollosi, D. (2015). Design of Smart City Systems from a Privacy Perspective (ed.). Paper presented at . IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, 13(1), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design of Smart City Systems from a Privacy Perspective
2015 (English)In: IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, ISSN 1645-7641, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

All around the globe the concept of smart cities is growing at fast pace meaning that an increasingly amount of people are moving to cities, which causes problems for cities with energy supply, waste management, transportation, environmental issues and security to mention a few. To answer to these challenges, the concept of smart cities emerges referring to cities that invest in human and social capital, and traditional (transport) and modern (ICT) communication infrastructure that will fuel sustainable economic growth and a high quality of life, with a wise management of natural resources, through participatory governance. Hence, for cities to be smart they cannot only install technologies, but they also need to invest in human capital and sustain a high quality of life. It is therefore important that solutions being implemented in smart cities answer to the needs and expectations citizens have as well as protect them from being exposed or forced into unwanted situations. In earlier studies it has become clear that people often are worried about their privacy due to our life being so easy to track and technologies becoming increasingly ubiquitous and pervasive. In this paper we will report on a study carried out with focus on understanding citizens view on information privacy concerns related to an intelligent acoustic smart city solution for audio monitoring. By means of this technology it was possible to detect events such as sirens, recognise speech commands and detects presence in public buildings. Audio monitoring is a relatively new and under research phenomena. Hence, in this paper an analysis of a survey on information privacy concerns, carried out with 1000 respondents around Europe, is presented and discussed. The basic findings from this study indicate that people have information privacy concerns related to this type of solution on a general level. However, when being more thoroughly introduced to the solution and its usage area, the citizens also became more positive towards the solution. The study also identified design principles that aims to support the design and implementation of smart city solutions that take not only users, but also affectees perspectives into consideration.

Keywords
Smart cities, Citizens, Information Privacy, Audio Monitoring, Action Design Research, Design Principles, Statistics, computer and systems science - Informatics, computer and systems science, Statistik, data- och systemvetenskap - Informatik, data- och systemvetenskap
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems; Enabling ICT (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6955 (URN)547f3b26-d807-4d6e-8f0c-5684fa1529be (Local ID)547f3b26-d807-4d6e-8f0c-5684fa1529be (Archive number)547f3b26-d807-4d6e-8f0c-5684fa1529be (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2016; Nivå 1; 20151208 (stahlis)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-05-30Bibliographically approved
Padyab, A. M., Päivärinta, T. & Harnesk, D. (2015). Genre-Based Approach to Assessing Information and Knowledge Security Risks (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Transportation Systems and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 1237-1253). Paper presented at . Hershey, PA: IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Genre-Based Approach to Assessing Information and Knowledge Security Risks
2015 (English)In: Transportation Systems and Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, p. 1237-1253Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary methods for assessing information security risks have adopted mainly technical views on information and technology assets. Organizational dynamics of information management and knowledge sharing have gained less attention. This article outlines a new, genre-based, approach to information security risk assessment in order to orientate toward organization- and knowledge-centric identification and analysis of security risks. In order to operationalize the genre-based approach, we suggest the use of a genre-based analytical method for identifying organizational communication patterns through which organizational knowledge is shared. The genre-based method is then complemented with tasks and techniques from a textbook risk assessment method (OCTAVE Allegro). We discuss the initial experiences of three experienced information security professionals who tested the method. The article concludes with implications of the genre-based approach to analyzing information and knowledge security risks for future research and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Information systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-20441 (URN)10.4018/978-1-4666-8473-7.ch063 (DOI)2-s2.0-84958898758 (Scopus ID)4f915b99-5950-48be-a771-c3f14943ef25 (Local ID)9781466684737 (ISBN)9781466684744 (ISBN)4f915b99-5950-48be-a771-c3f14943ef25 (Archive number)4f915b99-5950-48be-a771-c3f14943ef25 (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20160303 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-5286-4850

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