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Häggquist, ElisabethORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8738-2715
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Häggquist, E. & Nilsson, I. (2017). Factors influencing the adoption of geological information in Swedish municipalities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 60(6), 1112-1126
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors influencing the adoption of geological information in Swedish municipalities
2017 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 60, no 6, p. 1112-1126Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A geological map includes a description (e.g., geological composition and structures) as well as an interpretation of materials (e.g., porosity or extraction capacity). Geological maps are pertinent to city planning, infrastructure projects and environmental impact assessments. While the maps are identified in the literature as beneficial to society, few have discussed the adoption of geological maps. By investigating factors influencing information adoption, one can identify barriers for potential users. We consider the literature on diffusion of innovation and discuss the effects of information being a so-called ‘experience good,’ which implies high opportunity costs and sunk costs. The framework is empirically tested on survey data collected from officials in Swedish municipalities. The results suggest that perceived usefulness and educational effort have the largest influence on the adoption decision. Furthermore, the results indicate that organizational effects exist on the working unit level, but there are no spatial interactions across municipal boundaries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-59850 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2016.1198252 (DOI)000398537600010 ()2-s2.0-84990181174 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-24 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-10-19 Created: 2016-10-19 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2017). The Economic Value and Use of Geological Information. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Economic Value and Use of Geological Information
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate the economic value and use of geological information. Earthobservations of a geological nature, may have profound impacts on peoples everyday lives. Geological informationplays a key role in addressing the challenges of sustainable development, and contributes to improved decisionmakingprocesses related to, for instance, land degradation and water protection. Still, few have researched theeconomic values attached to such information. This thesis contains an introduction and five self-contained papers.Paper (I) provides a review of previous research addressing the economic value of geological information andother earth observations, as well as, related products, services and infrastructure. The paper also identifiesimportant lessons and topics that require increased attention in future research. The review of prior research showsthat significant economic benefits can be attached to the use of geological information. Still, it is often difficult tocompare results across studies since they differ in scope and make alternative assumptions concerning whichsectors to cover. Furthermore, previous research is not uniform in its treatment of potential (rather than onlyexisting) users, and it employs varying conceptions of avoided costs. The paper concludes that future researchshould devote more attention to the public and experience good characteristics of geological information and othertypes of earth observations, thus highlighting the preconditions for information adoption as well as addressing therole of potential users.Papers (II) and (III) investigate the determinants of adopting geological information in the public sector, with anemphasis on Swedish municipalities. Paper (II) contributes to the literature by providing theoretical explanationsand empirical findings on various individual and organizational factors influencing the adoption of geologicalinformation. The paper employs an information adoption model based on literature on diffusion of innovation. Itis estimated using data collected from 677 officials in all Swedish municipalities. The results indicate thatperceived usefulness and educational efforts have the largest influence on the adoption decision followed by agender effect. Furthermore, the results also show that organizational effects exist at the working unit level, butthere appear to be no spatial interactions across municipal boundaries.Paper (III) further investigates the adoption of geological information in the public sector by considering whetheranalyses of user patterns can be improved by considering an interrelated model estimation involving two types ofgeoinformation. The empirical tests focus on whether there are gender differences in how peer advice affects theuse of geoinformation. The information adoption model is estimated using probit and bivariate probits. Overall theresults indicate a more accurate prediction pattern when a secondary geoinformation decision was included, thussuggesting that different types of geoinformation should be analyzed jointly. The officials at Swedishmunicipalities tend to use both types of geoinformation, thus alluding to a demand for combined geoinformationproducts among the target population. Finally, there is evidence of women’s decisions to use geoinformation beingaffected by peer advice.Paper (IV) focuses on the economic value of hydrogeological information, namely water quality. The willingnessto pay (WTP) for reduced health risks following the exposure to emerging contaminants and microbial outbreaksin drinking water is assessed. Emerging contaminants, such as highly fluorinated substances (e..g., PFOA andPFOS), have been found in drinking water post treatment on a global level. The drinking water is the main sourceof exposure for humans. The WTP is assessed through a choice experiment approach, which also accounts fordifferences in perceptions between PFASs and microbial outbreaks due to parasites or bacteria. Knowledge aboutpublic preferences across different health threats is key to assessing support for policies aimed at reducing suchhealth risks. A majority of the respondents were found to have a higher WTP for reducing the risk of chemicalexposure to PFASs than reducing the corresponding risk of microbial outbreaks.In Paper (IV) it is evident that risk adverse individuals have a higher WTP for reducing health risks of drinkingwater, compared with individuals with other risk preferences. However, there is no consensus in the literature onhow to accurately capture risk preferences beyond financial decisions. Paper (V) therefore discusses thetheoretical assumptions used when measuring risk preferences and whether it is necessary to address domain riskspecific preferences. In order to test if a general risk preference is enough we present a hypothetical experimenton risk preferences for the health and financial domains, respectively. We also consider the design of theexperiment and compare the format with a reduced form to control for potential framing effects. The riskpreferences were elicited using switch multiple price list lotteries with hypothetical payments, and the questionswere adapted to the health domain by framing the lotteries as improvements in current health status using a visualanalogue scale as the reference point. The results show that individual risk preferences tend to be relativelyinconsistent across the two studied domains, and that the respondents appear to be more risk averse in the healthdomain than in the financial. The majority of the respondents tend to give too much weight to low-probabilityevents, which is consistent with cumulative prospect theory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2017
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
geological information, earth observations, economic value, information adoption
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65731 (URN)978-91-7583-969-1 (ISBN)978-91-7583-970-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-03, A109, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
The Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU), 61-1451/2011
Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-19 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2017). The interrelated use of geological information and other types of geoinformation in local governments. Transactions on GIS, 21(5), 1010-1022
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The interrelated use of geological information and other types of geoinformation in local governments
2017 (English)In: Transactions on GIS, ISSN 1361-1682, E-ISSN 1467-9671, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 1010-1022Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing interest in the use of geoinformation in government decision-making. Studies on the usability of geological information, which is one type of geoinformation, have however been scarce in the literature. A system built for an efficient organization may, therefore, not be catering to the needs of the individual user and understanding the perceived barriers to using geological information should be an important goal of geodata implementation. The objectives of this article are to: (1) investigate whether the analyses of user patterns are improved by considering an interrelated estimation with two types of geoinformation, and (2) explore whether there are gender differences in how peer advice affects the use of geoinformation. The data were collected in 2014 through a web survey, and the sample consisted of 390 women and 287 men working in Swedish municipalities. The results indicates a more accurate prediction pattern when a secondary geoinformation decision was included, thus suggesting that different types of geoinformation should be jointly analyzed. The officials tend to use both types of geoinformation, alluding to a demand for combined geoinformation products among the target population. Finally, there is evidence of women's decision to use geoinformation being affected by peer advice

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2017
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-61134 (URN)10.1111/tgis.12258 (DOI)000412577200010 ()
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-10-10 (svasva)

Available from: 2016-12-19 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. & Wårell, L. (2016). Challenges and opportunities with charging for geological information in land use planning (ed.). Paper presented at . European Geologist Magazine (41), 31-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges and opportunities with charging for geological information in land use planning
2016 (English)In: European Geologist Magazine, ISSN 1028-267X, no 41, p. 31-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Land use should meet current and future societal needs while keeping conflicts bounded and functional (e.g. at a minimum). Analysis of mapped data has become an important part of understanding and managing land use. This paper discusses the economic characteristics of geological information in relation to land use conflicts and the impact of adopting different pricing models for the provision of geological information. Moreover, we highlight some aspects that may make geological maps less pertinent than other geoinformation sources, given the often scarce data, slow diffusion and the high cost of investing in additional information.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6838 (URN)523cff8d-691c-48fa-bbea-3955d42a76bb (Local ID)523cff8d-691c-48fa-bbea-3955d42a76bb (Archive number)523cff8d-691c-48fa-bbea-3955d42a76bb (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160803 (lindaw)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Wårell, L. & Häggquist, E. (2016). Defining Mineral Deposits of National Interest: The Case of Sweden (ed.). Paper presented at . European Geologist Magazine (41), 35-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Defining Mineral Deposits of National Interest: The Case of Sweden
2016 (English)In: European Geologist Magazine, ISSN 1028-267X, no 41, p. 35-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The exploitation of minerals in Europe is a necessary activity for securing continued growth and development of the European society. In order to ensure this, it is vital that access to mineral deposits is safeguarded, which is why there is currently an increased focus on “defining mineral deposits of public importance” in Europe. However, there are a number of countries that have already defined mineral deposits of public interest on a national level, for example Sweden. The main purpose of this paper is to analyse the definition of mineral deposits of national interest in Sweden. The paper further aims at discussing the value of geological information in this process.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8238 (URN)6b752fb0-84a7-4463-8827-220d2a00692e (Local ID)6b752fb0-84a7-4463-8827-220d2a00692e (Archive number)6b752fb0-84a7-4463-8827-220d2a00692e (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160803 (lindaw)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2016). Valuation of health risk reduction in municipal drinking water (ed.). Paper presented at Data to Decisions : Valuing the Societal Benefit of Geospatial Information 10/03/2016 - 11/03/2016. Paper presented at Data to Decisions : Valuing the Societal Benefit of Geospatial Information 10/03/2016 - 11/03/2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Valuation of health risk reduction in municipal drinking water
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Prioritization of policy measures concerning health risks is required in modern water management. In this project we elicit individuals willingness to pay (WTP) for health risk reduction through a choice experiment based on users of the municipal drinking water. The commodity tap water is descried as a bundle of attributes, each describing some valuable characteristics. We are looking at the public’s preferences with respect to reducing water-soluble perfluorinated alkylate substances (PFASs) in their tap water. PFASs have been used in commercial products such as fire-fighting foams and paints, yet is mostly known as a main ingredient in Scotchgard and Teflon. PFASs are interesting environmental risks to study since they are emerging persistent organic pollutions that bioaccumulate in humans and nature. Moreover, high exposure of PFASs are connected to an increased risk of infertility. To our knowledge, this paper is the first effort to elicit willingness to pay (WTP) for health risk reductions from PFASs, focusing of the trade-offs between infertility and microbial risks.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-32772 (URN)75cc4700-fafb-4fd0-9043-d57c3eb487e9 (Local ID)75cc4700-fafb-4fd0-9043-d57c3eb487e9 (Archive number)75cc4700-fafb-4fd0-9043-d57c3eb487e9 (OAI)
Conference
Data to Decisions : Valuing the Societal Benefit of Geospatial Information 10/03/2016 - 11/03/2016
Note
Godkänd; 2016; 20160331 (eliols)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2015). Added value of hydrogeological information in the case of PFA's contamination (ed.). Paper presented at Grundvattendagarna 2015 : 13/10/2015. Paper presented at Grundvattendagarna 2015 : 13/10/2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Added value of hydrogeological information in the case of PFA's contamination
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37559 (URN)b9f939c3-740c-43e9-8c71-09e74aae30db (Local ID)b9f939c3-740c-43e9-8c71-09e74aae30db (Archive number)b9f939c3-740c-43e9-8c71-09e74aae30db (OAI)
Conference
Grundvattendagarna 2015 : 13/10/2015
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20160331 (eliols)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2015). The Adoption of Geological Information in the Public Sector: A Joint Estimation with Related Information (ed.). Paper presented at Advancing GIS : Vespucci Institute 29/06/2015. Paper presented at Advancing GIS : Vespucci Institute 29/06/2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Adoption of Geological Information in the Public Sector: A Joint Estimation with Related Information
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this paper is to examine the impacts of individual, social and organizational effects on the adoption of geological information in the public sector, and to test if this information is jointly adopted with related information. Variables covering the motivation to adopt, perceived skills, perceived usefulness, gender, working unit and collegial advice are included in the estimation. The related information considered in this paper includes map data, demographic information and building information. The empirical results build in data from Swedish municipalities, and suggest that the adoption of geological and related information is a joint and complementary decision. Officials tend to adopt both geological and related information, which supports the idea for combined geoinformation products. The results also indicate that collegial advice, perceived skills from education, motivation to adopt, perceived usefulness, gender and working unit affiliation affect the adoption of geological information. Perceived usefulness has the largest effect on the likelihood of adopting, followed by motivation to adopt and perceived skills from education. This confirms the importance of potential adopters’ perception of the characteristics of the information. Moreover, the results also suggest that interpersonal contacts act as an important source of information that can affect the level of individual involvement with the information.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-28097 (URN)1c0b3ead-4a64-4bab-b78d-b2a7d1c7704e (Local ID)1c0b3ead-4a64-4bab-b78d-b2a7d1c7704e (Archive number)1c0b3ead-4a64-4bab-b78d-b2a7d1c7704e (OAI)
Conference
Advancing GIS : Vespucci Institute 29/06/2015
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20160331 (eliols)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. (2015). The Economic Value and Adoption of Geological Information in Sweden (ed.). (Licentiate dissertation). Paper presented at . : Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Economic Value and Adoption of Geological Information in Sweden
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purposes of this thesis are to: (a) provide a review of previous research on the economic value of geological information, including the identification of important lessons from such work: and (b) assess the current use and non-use of geological information in Swedish municipalities. The thesis consists of three papers all related to the assessment or adoption of geological information.Paper I provides a review of previous research on the economic value of geological information and other earth observations as well as related products, services and infrastructure. Furthermore, the paper identifies important lessons and issues that require increased attention in future research. The review of prior research shows that significant economic benefits are attached to the use of geological information. The value of geological information has typically been measured in terms of avoided costs. Still, it is difficult to compare results across studies since they differ in scope and make alternative assumptions concerning which sectors to cover. Furthermore, previous research is not uniform in its treatment of potential (rather than only existing) users, and it employs varying conceptions of avoided costs. The paper concludes that future research should devote more attention to the public and experience good characteristics of this type of information, thus highlighting the preconditions for information adoption as well as addressing the role of potential users. A number of specific methodological challenges also deserve further scrutiny in future research, such as the use of discount rates and benefit-transfer approaches in the empirical context of geological information.Based on the results of Paper I it is important to also analyze what, beyond technological advances, influences the adoption of geological information. Paper II and III investigate the determinants of adopting geological information in the public sector with an emphasis on Swedish municipalities. Paper II contributes to the literature by theoretical explanations and empirical findings on individual and organizational effects influencing the adoption of geological information. In this paper an information adoption model is proposed and tested against data collected from 677 officials in Swedish municipalities. The model is estimated using linear probability (LPM) and instrument variable generalized method of moment (IV-GMM) approaches. The results suggest that perceived advantages have the largest effect on the likelihood of adopting geological information, but also follow-up education (motivation) and gender are found to affect adoption behavior. In addition, the results also indicate a group effect within working units. Some implications of the findings and future research areas are discussed.Paper III further investigates the adoption of geological information in the public sector by considering social effects (collegial advice), and whether the information is jointly adopted with related information. The related information considered in this paper is other geoinformation such as map data, demographic information concerning population or building information. The empirical analysis builds on the survey sent out to officials at Swedish municipalities. The information adoption model is estimated using probit and bivariate probits. The results suggest that the adoption of geological and related information is a joint and complementary decision. It is also found that collegial advice, perceived skills from education, motivation to adopt, perceived advantage, gender and working unit affect the likelihood of adopting geological information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå tekniska universitet, 2015
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17921 (URN)5deaf60d-3b2d-4374-8ce8-270cc509646c (Local ID)978-91-7586-228-9 (ISBN)978-91-7583-229-6 (ISBN)5deaf60d-3b2d-4374-8ce8-270cc509646c (Archive number)5deaf60d-3b2d-4374-8ce8-270cc509646c (OAI)
Note
Godkänd; 2015; 20150212 (eliols); Nedanstående person kommer att hålla licentiatseminarium för avläggande av ekonomie licentiatexamen. Namn: Elisabeth Häggquist Ämne: Nationalekonomi / Economics Uppsats: The Economic Value and Adaption of Geological Information in Sweden Examinator: Professor Patrik Söderholm Avdelning Samhällsvetenskap Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle Diskutant: Universitetslektor Jonas Lundberg Handelshögskolan vid Umeå Universitet Tid: Tisdag den 24 mars 2015 kl 13.00 Plats: A109, Luleå tekniska universitetAvailable from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2017-11-24Bibliographically approved
Häggquist, E. & Söderholm, P. (2015). The economic value of geological information: Synthesis and directions for future research (ed.). Paper presented at . Resources policy, 43, 91-100
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The economic value of geological information: Synthesis and directions for future research
2015 (English)In: Resources policy, ISSN 0301-4207, E-ISSN 1873-7641, Vol. 43, p. 91-100Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Geological information can play a key role in addressing challenges of sustainable development such as land degradation and groundwater protection, and contribute to improved decision-making processes. In this paper we: (a) provide a review of previous research on the economic value of geological information and other earth observations as well as related products, services and infrastructure; and (b) identify important lessons from this work as well as methodological challenges that require increased attention in future research. The review of prior research shows significant economic benefits attached to the generation of this type of public information. The value of geological information has typically been measured in terms of avoided costs. Still, it is difficult to compare results across studies since they differ in scope and make alternative assumptions concerning which sectors to cover. Furthermore, previous research is not uniform in their treatment of potential (rather than only existing) users, and employ varying conceptions of avoided costs. The paper concludes that future research should devote more attention to the public and experience good characteristics of this type of information, thus highlighting the preconditions for information adoption as well as addressing the role of potential users. A number of specific methodological challenges also deserve further scrutiny in future research, such as the use of discount rates and benefit-transfer approaches. We also provide some thoughts on how to proceed with such research.

National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics; Future mining (AERI)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14017 (URN)10.1016/j.resourpol.2014.11.001 (DOI)000350940800009 ()2-s2.0-84920183571 (Scopus ID)d56cc340-d46d-4703-acbe-711c01f9f778 (Local ID)d56cc340-d46d-4703-acbe-711c01f9f778 (Archive number)d56cc340-d46d-4703-acbe-711c01f9f778 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20141229 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8738-2715

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