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Wang, D., Zhao, J., Claesson, P., Christakopoulos, P., Rova, U., Matsakas, L., . . . Shi, Y. (2024). A strong enhancement of corrosion and wear resistance of polyurethane-based coating by chemically grafting of organosolv lignin. Materials Today Chemistry, 35, Article ID 101833.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A strong enhancement of corrosion and wear resistance of polyurethane-based coating by chemically grafting of organosolv lignin
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2024 (English)In: Materials Today Chemistry, E-ISSN 2468-5194, Vol. 35, article id 101833Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Corrosion and wear pose significant challenges to equipment operating in harsh environments. Thus, protective coatings are needed. Anti-corrosion and anti-wear coatings are traditionally fossil-based and often contain environmentally harmful additives. Achieving anti-corrosion and anti-wear coatings based on environmentally benign and sustainable materials is important and a significant challenge. This work focused on the development of organosolv lignin-based polyurethane (OS_lignin-PU) coatings. The coatings were synthesised and evaluated for corrosion protection using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and for wear properties using nanoindentation and nano scratch measurements. EIS revealed that the optimal lignin content for corrosion protection purposes in the OS_lignin-PU coatings was 15 wt%. Moreover, addition of 15 wt% lignin to the OS_lignin-PU coatings also enhanced their wear resistance, as evidenced by reduced thickness loss during tribometer tests. The nano scratch measurements revealed that OS_lignin-PU coatings containing 15 wt% lignin exhibited the lowest scratch depth and friction coefficient. It is found that the developed lignin-containing coating exhibits remarkable corrosion and wear resistance, making it a promising sustainable material in various applications for pursuing sustainable development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Organosolv lignin, Polyurethane, Coating, Anti-corrosion, Wear resistance
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Research subject
Machine Elements; Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103257 (URN)10.1016/j.mtchem.2023.101833 (DOI)001135558500001 ()2-s2.0-85179131576 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, (Formas, Project No. 2022- 01047, 2021-00728, 2020-01258)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-12-08 (joosat);

Full text: CC BY License;

Funder: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), (EP/Y022009/1);

Available from: 2023-12-08 Created: 2023-12-08 Last updated: 2024-03-07Bibliographically approved
Yin, X., Pang, H., Liu, H., Zhao, J., Zhang, B., Liu, D. & Shi, Y. (2024). Achieving ultralow friction under high pressure through operando formation of PbS QDs/graphene heterojunction with 0D/1D nanostructure. Carbon, 218, Article ID 118748.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Achieving ultralow friction under high pressure through operando formation of PbS QDs/graphene heterojunction with 0D/1D nanostructure
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2024 (English)In: Carbon, ISSN 0008-6223, E-ISSN 1873-3891, Vol. 218, article id 118748Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this work, ultralow friction (0.054) of graphene was achieved under high contact pressure (1.03 GPa) and atmosphere environment via the operando formation of PbS quantum dots (QDs)/graphene heterojunction at the frictional interface. It is found that PbS QDs are trapped in graphene nanosheets via shear-induced rearrangement for obtaining the PbS QDs/graphene heterojunctions, which provide an excellent rolling effect to lower friction. It is also found that the heterogeneous PbS QDs/graphene tribofilms have a strong Pb-enriched function and heterojunction nanorod phase. Our objective is to uncover the physical and chemical mechanisms governing the friction of 0D/1D nanostructures within PbS QDs/graphene heterostructures through our studies. This research will enhance our comprehension of nanomaterials' frictional behavior while offering valuable guidance and optimization strategies for their application in mechanical engineering and functional nanomaterials. Consequently, our efforts aim to foster the advancement of nanoscience and technology, leading to additional scientific and technological breakthroughs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Heterojunction, Interfacial nanostructure, Nanocomposites, Quantum dots, Tribo-physicochemical
National Category
Physical Chemistry
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103517 (URN)10.1016/j.carbon.2023.118748 (DOI)001146695900001 ()2-s2.0-85180553153 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova, 2023-00993
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-01-24 (signyg);

Funder: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51905295; 52275170); Liaoning Key Laboratory of Aero-engine Materials Tribology (LKLAMTF202304); the Tribology Science Fund of State Key Laboratory of Tribology in Advanced Equipment (SKLTKF21B09; SKLTKF21A04);

Full text license: CC BY-4.0

Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-04-04Bibliographically approved
Chen, J., Björling, M., Marklund, P. & Shi, Y. (2024). Effect of anti-icing coating functional groups on ice adhesion.. Applied materials today
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of anti-icing coating functional groups on ice adhesion.
2024 (English)In: Applied materials today, ISSN 2352-9407Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105227 (URN)
Available from: 2024-04-24 Created: 2024-04-24 Last updated: 2024-04-24
Chen, J., Parsi, P. K., Marklund, P., Björling, M. & Shi, Y. (2024). Graphene-enhanced, wear-resistant and thermal-conductive, anti-/de-icing Gelcoat composite coating. Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials, 7(1), Article ID 9.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Graphene-enhanced, wear-resistant and thermal-conductive, anti-/de-icing Gelcoat composite coating
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2024 (English)In: Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials, ISSN 2522-0128, Vol. 7, no 1, article id 9Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wind power is considered as a sustainable and environmentally friendly energy source. However, the occurrence of icing poses significant challenges to energy production, particularly in frigid regions during the winter season. Conventional strategies employed for preventing and removing ice formation have proven inadequate due to their inability to satisfy intricate requirements or their high energy consumption. In this study, a commercial gelcoat coating was adopted as an anti-/de-icing coating by introducing different concentrations of graphene and boron nitride into the gelcoat coating through physical mixing. Extensive investigations were conducted on the correlation between anti-/de-icing, wear resistance, and thermal conductivity. Notably, the incorporation of nanoparticles induced a rise in the surface roughness, resulting in prolonged resistance to water icing on the coated surface. The wear resistance and thermal conductivity of the composite coating were enhanced through the inclusion of boron nitride and graphene. The building of thermal conductive particle networks improved thermal conductivity which can lead to improved heat transfer and heat distribution. At the same time, the enhanced gelcoat composite coating exhibited exceptional passive anti-/de-icing performance and wear resistance. This coating can replace commercial coatings to improve anti-/de-icing efficiency for the existing active heating anti-/de-icing techniques available in the market.

In this study, we aimed to enhance the wear resistance, thermal conductivity, and anti-/de-icing properties of a gelcoat composite coating by incorporating graphene and boron nitride. The gelcoat graphene coating showed better performance than the gelcoat boron nitride coating and pure gelcoat coating. The improved wear resistance of the gelcoat graphene coating can be attributed to the two-dimensional layer structure of graphene, while the addition of graphene resulted in a threefold increase in the thermal conductivity of the gelcoat composite coating compared to the pure gelcoat coating. The gelcoat composite coatings exhibited a high-water contact angle and low ice adhesive force. It was observed that as the surface roughness increased, the water contact angle also increased. The increase in ice adhesion after abrasion proves that abrasion is always detrimental to de-icing. Despite the extension of icing delay time, the large number of grooves and bumps created by wear results in stronger mechanical interlocking. It is worth mentioning that gelcoat graphene coating still demonstrated lower ice adhesive strength than gelcoat boron nitride coating and pure gelcoat coating. Overall, we successfully developed a gelcoat graphene coating with improved thermal conductivity, wear resistance, and low ice adhesive properties. This novel composite coating has the potential to significantly enhance the efficiency of existing heating technologies for anti-/de-icing applications, thereby reducing energy consumption associated with the turbine blades’ anti-/de-icing system.

Keywords
Graphene, Wear, Coating, Anti-/de-icing
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103447 (URN)10.1007/s42114-023-00820-3 (DOI)2-s2.0-85181582111 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019–00904Swedish Research Council, 2019– 04941Swedish Energy Agency, 2018–003910Interreg Nord, 20202472
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-02 (hanlid);

Full text license: CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2024-01-02 Created: 2024-01-02 Last updated: 2024-04-24Bibliographically approved
Wang, D., Zhao, J., Claesson, P., Zhang, F., Pan, J. & Shi, Y. (2024). Green synergy: Eco-friendly, high-performance anti-corrosion and wear-resistant coatings utilizing organosolv lignin and polydimethylsiloxane. Progress in organic coatings, 190, Article ID 108365.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green synergy: Eco-friendly, high-performance anti-corrosion and wear-resistant coatings utilizing organosolv lignin and polydimethylsiloxane
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2024 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 190, article id 108365Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Anti-corrosion and anti-wear coatings provide an effective solution. However, traditional coatings are often fossil-based and contain heavy metals, posing environmental concerns. The drive for eco-friendly coatings has led to the exploration of green materials. This study combined lignin, an abundant organic material, and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), a known hydrophobic material, to address the challenges. Organosolv lignin was functionalised with (3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES), then chemically grafted on PDMS for the final coating synthesis. The optimised coating achieved through an eco-friendly process, exhibiting enhanced hydrophobicity and barrier properties, showing excellent long-term corrosion resistance in NaCl solution. The optimal coating formulation contained 15 wt% lignin and 40 wt% PDMS, demonstrating a high corrosion resistance (measured impedance of 1010 Ω·cm2), which remains effective even after 3 weeks of immersion in 1 M NaCl solution. This coating also showed good wear resistance, with a low friction coefficient evident from nano scratch tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V., 2024
Keywords
Anti-corrosion, Coating, Organosolv lignin, Polydimethylsiloxane, Wear resistance
National Category
Corrosion Engineering
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104879 (URN)10.1016/j.porgcoat.2024.108365 (DOI)2-s2.0-85187216477 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-05 (marisr);

Funder: Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (Formas (2019-00904, 2022-01047, 2022-01988); Swedish Research Council (2019-04941); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/Y022009/1); Svenska Forskningsrådet Formas; Vetenskapsrådet;

Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2024-03-26 Created: 2024-03-26 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved
Johansson, P., Marklund, P., Björling, M. & Shi, Y. (2024). Mechanisms behind the environmental sensitivity of carbon fiber reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Friction, 12(5), 997-1015
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mechanisms behind the environmental sensitivity of carbon fiber reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
2024 (English)In: Friction, ISSN 2223-7690, E-ISSN 2223-7704, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 997-1015Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbon fiber reinforced polytetrafluoroethylene (CF/PTFE) composites are known for their exceptional tribological performance when sliding against steel or cast iron in inert gas environments. Compared to experiments in humid air, about an order of magnitude lower wear rate and several times lower coefficient of friction have been reported for tests conducted in dry nitrogen and hydrogen. Moreover, trace moisture has been shown to affect the friction and wear significantly of this tribosystem, although a possible effect of oxygen cannot be ruled out due to uncertainties regarding the oxygen concentrations. While several studies have pointed out the environmental sensitivity of CF/PTFE, the understanding of the underlying mechanisms are very limited. The objective of this research is to investigate the individual and combined effect of oxygen and moisture on the tribological behavior of CF/PTFE sliding against steel. Additionally, this study aims to elucidate the underlying mechanisms that govern the environmental sensitivity of the system. Climate-controlled three-pin-on-disc experiments were conducted in nitrogen atmospheres at various concentrations of oxygen and moisture. The tribological results clearly demonstrate that both moisture and oxygen contribute to increased friction and wear. However, the adverse effect was much more pronounced for oxygen than moisture. A qualitative method was developed to estimate the tribofilm coverage on the CF/PTFE surface. Results showed strong correlation between high coverage of strongly adhered tribofilm and low wear rate. Moreover, a loosely adhered tribofilm was observed on top of the CF/PTFE surface in presence of moisture. FTIR analysis indicated that the loosely adhered tribofilm found in the moisture-enriched environment contained a significant amount of adsorbed water, which may explain the lower coefficient of friction in presence of moisture compared to oxygen. The adsorbed water in the loosely adhered tribofilm could be an indication of moisture-driven lubrication by the non-graphitic carbon in the tribofilm.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
Keywords
polymer composite, tribofilm, tribochemistry, atmosphere
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101605 (URN)10.1007/s40544-023-0824-9 (DOI)001113623800003 ()2-s2.0-85178446936 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-02 (hanlid);

Full text license: CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2023-10-09 Created: 2023-10-09 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved
Zapata Tamayo, J. G., Björling, M., Shi, Y., Hardell, J. & Larsson, R. (2024). Micropitting performance and friction behaviour of DLC coated bearing steel surfaces : On the influence of Glycerol-based lubricants. Tribology International, 196, Article ID 109674.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Micropitting performance and friction behaviour of DLC coated bearing steel surfaces : On the influence of Glycerol-based lubricants
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2024 (English)In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 196, article id 109674Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A better understanding about the rolling contact fatigue and micropitting performance of machine component surfaces lubricated with environmentally friendly lubricants is critical to designing and further formulating new lubricants intended to be used in rolling–sliding contacts such as those found in gear and bearing applications. In this work, the frictional behaviour and rolling contact fatigue (RCF) performance of DLC, Cr/a-WC:H/a-C:H and a-C:Cr coatings under glycerol-based lubrication in rolling sliding contact conditions have been investigated. Traction maps, Stribeck curves, and fatigue plots have been generated by using a micropitting test rig (MPR). The initiation and progression of micropitting was monitored by means of white light optical interferometry and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Results indicated that glycerol-based lubricants exhibited a significant friction reduction as the hydrodynamic effect is enhanced at higher rolling-speeds. Under boundary lubrication the friction coefficient was significantly higher compared to the values obtained with a commercial mineral-based transmission oil. Compared to uncoated steel surfaces, DLC coatings effectively reduced the volume loss and micropitting progression. Irrespective of the coating thickness, DLC showed an excellent tribological behaviour when the base lubricant favours the onset of mild-wear, over micropitting. When the lubricant formulation favoured the onset of micropitting, the coatings tended to prematurely fail due to debonding from the substrate, and local micro-spallation. The experiments demonstrated that friction reduction does not necessarily correspond with a reduction of micropitting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Micropitting, Surface coating, Glycerol, Rolling contact fatigue
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105398 (URN)10.1016/j.triboint.2024.109674 (DOI)2-s2.0-85190736825 (Scopus ID)
Note

Full text license: CC BY 4.0;

Funder: Swedish Research Council (2017-04914, 2019-04941); Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, Formas (2019-00904); 

Available from: 2024-05-08 Created: 2024-05-08 Last updated: 2024-05-08
Mehamud, I., Björling, M., Marklund, P. & Shi, Y. (2024). Self-powered online practical machine condition monitoring and wireless communication achieved on integrated, efficient, and durable triboelectric nanogenerator. Nano Energy, 123, Article ID 109439.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Self-powered online practical machine condition monitoring and wireless communication achieved on integrated, efficient, and durable triboelectric nanogenerator
2024 (English)In: Nano Energy, ISSN 2211-2855, E-ISSN 2211-3282, Vol. 123, article id 109439Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) can effectively scavenge ambient mechanical energy with cost, weight, and effectiveness advantages despite critical issues of TENG such as integration to complex components, low current output, and durability. In this work, we designed an adaptive TENG on a mechanical shaft for harvesting rotational energy which can easily assemble and disassemble. The proposed TENG presents an excellent performance for a wide range of rotational speeds (0–2000rpm) and delivers a high power of up to about 80mW (a high short circuit current of 3mA) for a size of 216 cm3, which is high enough for many types of machine condition monitoring purposes. The designed TENG has been evaluated under the noncontact mode of operation within a 0–0.5mm gap between TENG films. The TENG demonstrates excellent electrical stability of 99% without surface wear under noncontact mode within the whole test period for continuous operation of 420,000 cycles. The contact mode with a contact pressure of 0.76 Pa results in 90% electrical stability and apparent surface degradation. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the proposed TENG can power a wireless vibration sensor (60 mW) within 10 minutes energy harvesting for 9 seconds to send data via Bluetooth to a smartphone at up to 30 m, and a wireless temperature sensor (1.2 mW) in real-time for machine condition monitoring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Condition monitoring, Durability, Energy harvesting, TENG, Triboelectric nanogenerator, Wireless communication
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104623 (URN)10.1016/j.nanoen.2024.109439 (DOI)2-s2.0-85186960197 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019–00904Swedish Research Council, 2019–04941, 2023–04962
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-03-18 (hanlid);Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2024-03-18 Created: 2024-03-18 Last updated: 2024-03-18Bibliographically approved
Lu, X., Gu, X. & Shi, Y. (2023). A review on the synthesis of MXenes and their lubrication performance and mechanisms. Tribology International, 179, Article ID 108170.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A review on the synthesis of MXenes and their lubrication performance and mechanisms
2023 (English)In: Tribology International, ISSN 0301-679X, E-ISSN 1879-2464, Vol. 179, article id 108170Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

MXenes (MXs), as an emerging 2D family of transition metal carbides and nitrides, have been considered as new candidates for solid lubrication/lubricant additives due to their mono-layered graphene-like structure with similar mechanical properties, abundant surface terminations (i.e., -O, -OH, -F), relatively low shear strength and inherent self-lubrication ability. In this review, we introduced MXs’ synthesis and their lubrication performance and mechanisms. Typically, pure MXs and MXs-based composites like MXs/polymers, MXs/graphene (MoS2) or MXs/metals (metal oxide) were used as reinforcement materials to form protective coatings with excellent mechanical properties and solid lubrication performance. As liquid lubricant additives, MXs can be used as water-/oil-based lubricant additives, and exhibit improved friction and wear. At the same time, chemically functionalized MXs with better dispersibility and compatibility were introduced as the improved oil-based lubricant additives. Some parameters (such as MXs’ structural effects and working conditions) affecting MXs’ lubrication performance, and the lubrication mechanisms (such as the formation of tribofilm, the hydrophilicity-/interlayer-dependent lubrication mechanism and adsorption effect) were all discussed. Finally, some future perspectives for MXs’ lubrication were proposed at the end of this review.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2023
Keywords
Lubrication, MXenes, Synthesis
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95162 (URN)10.1016/j.triboint.2022.108170 (DOI)000912477200001 ()2-s2.0-85144384513 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-00904Swedish Research Council, 2019-04941
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-01-09 (hanlid);

Funder: National Natural Science Foundation of China (21774059); China Scholarship Council, CSC (202108320294); Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions

Available from: 2023-01-09 Created: 2023-01-09 Last updated: 2024-04-04Bibliographically approved
Long, W., Chen, Z., Li, Z., Królczyk, G. & Shi, Y. (2023). A study on the tribological behavior of hybrid and all-steel rough sliding contacts. Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, 237(3), 562-577
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A study on the tribological behavior of hybrid and all-steel rough sliding contacts
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2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, ISSN 1350-6501, E-ISSN 2041-305X, Vol. 237, no 3, p. 562-577Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hybrid bearing is a kind of bearing that uses ceramic materials instead of steel and other metal materials as rolling elements. It is often used to reduce (i.e., rolling or sliding) friction resistance. Although many published works have shown that hybrid bearings are more effective than ordinary bearings in reducing friction resistance, improving service life, and reducing the occurrence of bearing failure, many few works have been focused on the tribological properties of hybrid bearings only under sliding friction conditions. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the tribological behavior of the bearing materials to evaluate the sliding tribological process. In this paper, the tribological properties of silicon nitride-bearing steel friction pair (Si3N4-GCr15 pair) and bearing steel-bearing steel friction pair (GCr15-GCr15 pair) under oil lubrication were experimentally studied. An optical three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method was used to investigate the microscopic and 3D morphologies of the friction pairs during the wear evolution process. The results show that the changing trends of the micrograph, 3D topography, friction coefficient, and surface roughness are consistent. A wear failure evaluation model was built based on the data extracted from the worn surface morphology. The model indicated that the friction performance of the Si3N4-GCr15 pair is better than that of the GCr15-GCr15 pair. The mechanism of friction performance of different friction pairs under lubrication conditions is studied, which provides good reference for the design of subsequent hybrid bearings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2023
Keywords
Hybrid ceramic bearings, tribological experiment, wear mechanism, wear modeling, 3D topography
National Category
Applied Mechanics Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92968 (URN)10.1177/13506501221121906 (DOI)000845035900001 ()2-s2.0-85136814825 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-04-13 (sofila);

Funder: Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 52072176); Fast-Support project, China  (grant no.  JZX7Y20210163401101)

Available from: 2022-09-19 Created: 2022-09-19 Last updated: 2023-04-13Bibliographically approved
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