Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Hua, J., Björling, M., Grahn, M., Larsson, R. & Shi, Y. (2019). A smart friction control strategy enabled by CO2 absorption and desorption. Scientific Reports, 9(1), Article ID 13262.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A smart friction control strategy enabled by CO2 absorption and desorption
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 13262Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intelligent control of friction is an attractive but challenging topic and it has rarely been investigated for full size engineering applications. In this work, it is instigated if it would be possible to adjust friction by controlling viscosity in a lubricated contact. By exploiting the ability to adjust the viscosity of the switchable ionic liquids, 1,8-Diazabicyclo (5.4.0) undec-7-ene (DBU)/ glycerol mixture via the addition of CO2, the friction could be controlled in the elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) regime. The friction decreased with increasing the amount of CO2 to the lubricant and increased after partial releasing CO2. As CO2 was absorbed by the liquid, the viscosity of the liquid increased which resulted in that the film thickness increased. At the same time the pressure-viscosity coefficient decreased with the addition of CO2. When CO2 was released again the friction increased and it was thus possible to control friction by adding or removing CO2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2019
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Chemical Technology; Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76046 (URN)10.1038/s41598-019-49864-w (DOI)000485680900059 ()31519987 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85072208170 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-09-18 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-09-18 Created: 2019-09-18 Last updated: 2019-10-25Bibliographically approved
Hua, J. (2019). Active friction control by using CO2 and moisture. (Licentiate dissertation). Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Active friction control by using CO2 and moisture
2019 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Nowadays the demand for intelligent control of tribological interactions is strongly increasing in various applications. We often strive to minimize friction but there are also many situations where high friction is desirable. In some cases, something in between, i.e. optimum friction, is attractive. Driven by the broad application prospects, many controllable friction systems regulated with external stimuli such as solvent, pH, temperature, electric potential, and magnetic field have been designed and fabricated. When external stimuli are imposed on the smart materials, the macroscopic physicochemical properties of the materials are dramatically changed, making controllable friction behavior to become possible. However, most of these exploratory works are in nano/micro size and it’s difficult to use these incredible methods in macroscale directly due to that macroscopic laws of friction do not generally apply to nanoscale contacts. This thesis attempts to find more versatile methods of friction control and try to find the possibility to achieve friction control at macro-size.

Firstly, since viscosity plays an important role in elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL) at macro-size, it is instigated if it would be possible to adjust friction by controlling viscosity in a lubricated contact. By exploiting the ability to adjust the viscosity of the switchable ionic liquids, 1,8-Diazabicyclo (5.4.0) undec-7-ene (DBU)/ glycerol mixture via the addition of CO2, the friction could be controlled in the EHL regime (Paper Ⅰ). In order to understand more about the lubricating mechanism of DBU/glycerol/CO2 mixture, the central film thickness of the lubricants as a function of the entrainment speed was investigated.

Secondly, due to that adhesion could have influence on boundary lubrication (BL) friction at macro-size, it is investigated if it would be possible to adjust friction in a lubricated contact by controlling environmental humidity, which can alter the H-bond types, leading the change of adhesion. By exploiting the ability to adjust the environmental humidity by various saturated salt solutions, friction behavior lubricated by Choline L-Proline ([Cho][Pro]) could be modulated in a wide range of relative humidities (RH) (Paper Ⅱ).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2019
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Keywords
friction control
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76512 (URN)978-91-7790-488-5 (ISBN)978-91-7790-489-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2019-12-05, E231, Luleå uninversity of technology, Luleå, 16:29 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-10-28 Created: 2019-10-25 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Hua, J. & Shi, Y. (2019). Non-corrosive Green Lubricant With Dissolved Lignin in Ionic Liquids Behave as Ideal Lubricants for Steel-DLC Applications. Frontiers in Chemistry, 7, Article ID 857.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-corrosive Green Lubricant With Dissolved Lignin in Ionic Liquids Behave as Ideal Lubricants for Steel-DLC Applications
2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Chemistry, E-ISSN 2296-2646, E-ISSN 2296-2646, Vol. 7, article id 857Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Diamond-like carbon (DLC)–steel contacts become more and more popular in the

industry now. Since the surface chemical properties of DLC are quite different from

those of iron, traditional formulated lubricants have problems to form tribo-chemical

films, which are effective to improve the tribological performance for steel-steel contacts,

on the surface of DLC. Thus, new lubricants formulation strategies are needed to be

considered for steel-DLC applications. A kind of green lubricant (lignin-[Choline][L-Proline]

(L-[CH][Pro])) without any traditional tribo-chemical active element, i.e., free of P, S, B,

etc., was studied in this paper for the steel-DLC contact. To find the difference between

this new ILs and the traditional lubricants, a commercially available fully formulated

lubricant was used as a reference. An Optimol SRV-III oscillating friction and wear tester

was used to evaluate the tribological performance. Three different kinds of commercially

available DLC coatings (Tribobond 40(Cr + a-C:H:W), Tribobond 43 [(Cr+) a-C:H),

and Tribobond 44(a-C:Cr)] were investigated. The results show that the ILs exhibit an

obviously lower friction coefficient than that of the traditional commercially available fully

formulated lubricant. Among those three DLC coatings, the (Cr+) a-C:H DLC coating

exhibits the biggest improvement of wear resistance lubricated with the new ILs than

that of the commercially available fully formulated lubricant. It’s expected that its excellent

tribological properties are attributed to the affinity of the ILs to the metal surface and

the strength of the ionic liquids interactions by hydrogen bonding. Thus, forming strong

physical adsorption strategy, instead of forming chemical tribo-films, is recommended to

enhance the lubricating performance of lubricants for DLC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Avenue du Tribunal Fédéral 34 CH – 1005 Lausanne Switzerland: , 2019
Keywords
lubricants, ionic liquids, ILs, lignin, DLC
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77086 (URN)10.3389/fchem.2019.00857 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-12-06 Created: 2019-12-06 Last updated: 2019-12-06
Mu, L., Ma, X., Guo, X., Chen, M., Ji, T., Hua, J., . . . Shi, Y. (2019). Structural strategies to design bio-ionic liquid: Tuning molecular interaction with lignin for enhanced lubrication. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 280, 49-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural strategies to design bio-ionic liquid: Tuning molecular interaction with lignin for enhanced lubrication
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, ISSN 0167-7322, E-ISSN 1873-3166, Vol. 280, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lignin strengthened ionic liquids (ILs) have shown high potential to be used as high performance green lubricants. Strengthened lignin-ILs molecular interaction is an effective approach to improve their lubrication properties. The molecular interactions of ILs’ cation and anion containing different functional groups with lignin and efficiency on the lubricating properties have rarely been studied yet. In this work, a series of novel green lubricants with dissolved lignin in [Choline][Amino Acid] ([CH][AA]), [Tetramethylammonium][Glycine] ([N 1111 ][Gly]) and [Tetrabutylammonium][Glycine] ([N 4444 ][Gly]) ILs have been synthesized and their tribological properties were systematically investigated. The longer alkyl chain in cation without reciprocal H-bond interaction between ILs’ cation and anion has the positive effect on the anti-wear properties. In addition, the less steric effect and more negative natural charges of amino acid anion synergistically contribute to the stronger H-bond interaction between lignin and choline base ILs, which enhances lubrication film strength and thus resulting in the better tribological property of ILs/lignin green lubricants. Specifically, the wear volume loss of the steel disc lubricated by [N 4444 ][Gly] with the addition of 15% lignin is only 12% of the one lubricated by pure [N 4444 ][Gly]. This work presents a method to tune molecular interaction between lignin and ILs via the structural design of ILs’ cation and anion, which are revealed as the key factor that bridges the individual components and improves overall lubricating properties. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Amino acid, Hydrogen bond, Ionic liquids, Lignin, Lubrication, Structure
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72933 (URN)10.1016/j.molliq.2019.02.022 (DOI)000464089800007 ()2-s2.0-85061426516 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-18 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Shi, Y., Hua, J., Zhuang, W. & Zhu, J. (2017). Engineering Hydrogen Bonding Interaction and Charge Separation in Bio-polymers for Green Lubrication. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 121(22), 5669-5678
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engineering Hydrogen Bonding Interaction and Charge Separation in Bio-polymers for Green Lubrication
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 121, no 22, p. 5669-5678Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Synthetic additives are widely used in lubricants nowadays to upgrade lubrication properties. The potential of integrating sustainable components in modern lubricants has rarely been studied yet. In this work, two sustainable resources lignin and gelatin have been synergistically incorporated into ethylene glycol (EG), and their tribological properties were systematically investigated. The abundant hydrogen bonding sites in lignin and gelatin as well as their interchain interaction via hydrogen bonding play the dominating roles in tuning the physicochemical properties of the mixture and improving lubricating properties. Moreover, the synergistic combination of lignin and gelatin induces charge separation of gelatin that enables its preferable adsorption on the friction surface through electrostatic force and forms a robust lubrication layer. This layer will be strengthened by lignin through the interpolymer chain hydrogen bonding. At an optimized lignin:gelatin mass ratio of 1:1 and 19 wt % loading of each in EG, the friction coefficient can be greatly stabilized and the wear loss was reduced by 89% compared to pure EG. This work presents a unique synergistic phenomenon between gelatin and lignin, where hydrogen bonding and change separation are revealed as the key factor that bridges the individual components and improves overall lubricating properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63516 (URN)10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b03194 (DOI)000403191700022 ()28525712 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85021063830 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-06-15 (rokbeg)

Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Shi, Y., Guo, X., Zhuang, W., Chen, L., Ji, T., . . . Zhu, J. (2017). Grafting Heteroelement-Rich Groups on Graphene Oxide: Tuning Polarity and Molecular Interaction with Bio-Ionic Liquid for Enhanced Lubrication. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 498, 47-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grafting Heteroelement-Rich Groups on Graphene Oxide: Tuning Polarity and Molecular Interaction with Bio-Ionic Liquid for Enhanced Lubrication
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 498, p. 47-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two different heteroelement-rich molecules have been successfully grafted on graphene oxide (GO) sheets which were then used as lubricant additives in bio-ionic liquid. The grafting was processed with reactions between GO sheets and synthesized heteroelement-rich molecules (Imidazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride and 1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride, respectively). The modified GO (m-GO) was added into [Choline][Proline] ([CH][P]) bio-ionic liquid, and has been demonstrated effective additive in promoting lubrication. Different characterization techniques have been utilized to study the reaction between GO and the two modifiers. The effect of molecular structure of the modifiers on the rheological and tribological properties of m-GO/[CH][P] lubricants was systematically investigated. Both theoretical calculation and experimental results demonstrated that the introduced heteroelement-rich groups are beneficial to increase the robustness of lubrication film by intensified hydrogen bonding and enhance the lubricant/friction surface adhesion by increased polarity of the m-GO. As a result, the interfacial lubrication could be significantly improved by these newly developed m-GO/[CH][P] lubricants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62450 (URN)10.1016/j.jcis.2017.03.044 (DOI)000399855600005 ()28319840 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85015699247 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-23 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-13 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Shi, Y., Guo, X., Wu, J., Ji, T., Chen, L., . . . Zhu, J. (2016). Enriching Heteroelements in Lignin as Lubricating Additives for Bioionic Liquids (ed.). A C S Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4(7), 3877-3887
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enriching Heteroelements in Lignin as Lubricating Additives for Bioionic Liquids
Show others...
2016 (English)In: A C S Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 4, no 7, p. 3877-3887Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Depolymerization and modification of lignin have been achieved simultaneously in a one-pot chemical reaction. Two heteroelement-rich modifiers, imidazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride and 1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride, were selected to react with lignin in this work. The modified lignin (m-lignin) is demonstrated as an effective lubricating additive for [choline][amino acid] ([CH][AA]) bioionic liquids. Different characterization techniques have been utilized to study the lignin depolymerization, reaction between lignin and modifiers and m-lignin/[CH][AA] interaction. The effect of the molecular structure of the modifiers on the rheological and tribological properties of m-lignin/[CH][AA] lubricants was systematically investigated. Density function theory is used to calculate the electronic structure of lignin, m-lignin, and [CH][AA]. The atomic natural charge analysis revealed the most negative charge on nitrogen bonded to a phosphorus atom and the strongest capability of forming hydrogen bonding with [CH][AA]. The introduced nitrogen and phosphorus elements not only increase the hydrogen bonding density in m-lignin/[CH][AA] but also enhance the polarity of the m-lignin, both of which facilitate a strong adhesion of lubricant on a metal surface and thus promote lubrication. A larger fraction of heteroatom groups in m-lignin contributes to a better lubrication property of these lubricants

Keywords
Depolymerization, Heteroelement, Hydrogen bonding, Lignin, Lubrication
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-14572 (URN)10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b00669 (DOI)000380291200036 ()2-s2.0-84979076065 (Scopus ID)df69cea5-8ec2-4d4c-8898-0d25356410d0 (Local ID)df69cea5-8ec2-4d4c-8898-0d25356410d0 (Archive number)df69cea5-8ec2-4d4c-8898-0d25356410d0 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160627 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8157-4644

Search in DiVA

Show all publications