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Mäkitaavola, Henrik
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Eliasson, J., Punal, P., Mäkitaavola, H., Delsing, J., Nilsson, J. & Gebart, J. (2014). A Feasibility Study of SOA-enabled Networked Rock Bolts (ed.). In: (Ed.), Proceedings of 2014 IEEE 19th International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA 2014): Barcelona, Spain, 16-19 Sept. 2014. Paper presented at International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation : 16/09/2014 - 19/09/2014 (pp. 1-8). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, Article ID 7005072.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Feasibility Study of SOA-enabled Networked Rock Bolts
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2014 (English)In: Proceedings of 2014 IEEE 19th International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA 2014): Barcelona, Spain, 16-19 Sept. 2014, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014, p. 1-8, article id 7005072Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The use of rock bolts in the mining industry is a widely used approach for increasing mine stability. However, when compared to the automation industry, where the use of sensors and real-time monitoring of processes have evolved rapidly, the use rock bolts have not changed a lot during the last 100 years. What is missing are technologies for keeping installed rock bolts under real-time and online monitoring. One problem is that rock bolts can become damaged by seismic activities or movements within the rock, and thus lose their load bearing capacity. If that happens, the outer shell of a tunnel’s walls or ceiling can collapse, with disaster as a result. Therefore, there is a clear need for online and real-time monitoring solutions for strain and thereby stress, as well as seismic activity. In this paper, the current state of art in research around intelligent rock bolts is presented. An intelligent rock bolt is the combination of a traditional rock bolt with an Internet of Things device, i.e. a rock bolt with embedded sensors, actuators, processing capabilities and wireless communication. In the proposed architecture, every rock bolt has its own IPv6 address and can establish a wireless mesh network in an ad-hoc manner. Bymeasuring strain and seismic activity and exposing the sensors in the form of services, large gains in terms of safety and efficiently can be achieved. A number of mining related activities such as stress on the rock bolt can be detected, falling rocks and the presence of mobile machinery can be observed. Since the network is based on standard communication protocols such as IPv6, it is vital to add security mechanisms to prevent eavesdropping and tampering of data traffic. By utilizing the real-time monitoring capabilities of a network of Internet-connected intelligent rock bolt, it is possible to drastically improve monitoring of mining activities and thereby providing workers with a safer working environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2014
Series
IEEE Emerging Technology and Factory Automation (ETFA)
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31759 (URN)10.1109/ETFA.2014.7005072 (DOI)000360999100023 ()84946689484 (Scopus ID)6066743b-088b-46c4-ae3d-da49bd25816a (Local ID)978-1-4799-4845-1 (ISBN)6066743b-088b-46c4-ae3d-da49bd25816a (Archive number)6066743b-088b-46c4-ae3d-da49bd25816a (OAI)
Conference
International Conference on Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation : 16/09/2014 - 19/09/2014
Projects
Arrowhead, I2Mine
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20140320 (jench)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Gustafsson, J., Kyusakov, R., Mäkitaavola, H. & Delsing, J. (2014). Application of service oriented architecture for sensors and actuators in district heating substations (ed.). Sensors, 14(8), 15553-15572
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Application of service oriented architecture for sensors and actuators in district heating substations
2014 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, E-ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 15553-15572Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hardwired sensor installations using proprietary protocols found in today’s district heating substations limit the potential usability of the sensors in and around the substations. If sensor resources can be shared and re-used in a variety of applications, the cost of sensors and installation can be reduced, and their functionality and operability can be increased. In this paper, we present a new concept of district heating substation control and monitoring, where a service oriented architecture (SOA) is deployed in a wireless sensor network (WSN), which is integrated with the substation. IP-networking is exclusively used from sensor to server; hence, no middleware is needed for Internet integration. Further, by enabling thousands of sensors with SOA capabilities, a System of Systems approach can be applied. The results of this paper show that it is possible to utilize SOA solutions with heavily resource-constrained embedded devices in contexts where the real-time constrains are limited, such as in a district heating substation.

National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8947 (URN)10.3390/s140815553 (DOI)000341499900111 ()25196165 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-84939544923 (Scopus ID)780ca67d-d6c4-4fb3-9905-531fb76273e2 (Local ID)780ca67d-d6c4-4fb3-9905-531fb76273e2 (Archive number)780ca67d-d6c4-4fb3-9905-531fb76273e2 (OAI)
Note

Validerad; 2014; 20140903 (gusjon)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Delsing, J., Eliasson, J., Kyusakov, R., Punal, P., Mäkitaavola, H. & Larsmark, M. (2014). Project: Arrowhead. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Project: Arrowhead
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2014 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Embedded Systems
Research subject
Industrial Electronics; Embedded System
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36022 (URN)2c7039c5-b106-436a-b066-cece1ba34aa7 (Local ID)2c7039c5-b106-436a-b066-cece1ba34aa7 (Archive number)2c7039c5-b106-436a-b066-cece1ba34aa7 (OAI)
Note

Publikationer: A Distributed Framework for Supporting 3D Swarming Applications; Energy harvesting technologies for wireless sensors in rotating environments; Efficient Web Services for End-To-End Interoperability of Embedded Systems; A Feasibility Study of SOA-enabled Networked Rock Bolts; The Arrowhead Approach for SOA Application Development and Documentation; Towards Industrial Internet of Things: An Efficient and Interoperable Communication Framework; An Authentication and Access Control Framework for CoAP-based Internet of Things; Plant descriptions for engineering tool interoperability; IoT Interoperability - On-demand and low latency Transparent Multi-protocol Translato; Status: Pågående; Period: 01/01/2013 → …

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, P., Kyusakov, R., Eliasson, J., Mäkitaavola, H. & Pietrzak, P. (2013). A SOA approach to delay and jitter tolerant distributed real-time complex event processing (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE 2013): Taipei, Taiwan, 28 - 31 May 2013; [proceedings]. Paper presented at International Symposium on Industrial Electronics : 28/05/2013 - 31/05/2013. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A SOA approach to delay and jitter tolerant distributed real-time complex event processing
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2013 (English)In: 2013 IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics (ISIE 2013): Taipei, Taiwan, 28 - 31 May 2013; [proceedings], Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The combination of Service Oriented Architectures (SOAs) and Complex Event Processing (CEP) is gaining momen- tum for event centric management and processing of informa- tion in complex distributed systems (e.g., business automation). Whereas systems for factory automation have traditionally been deployed using dedicated buses and proprietary (often scan based) protocols, a recent trend in process automation is towards adopting open internet based technologies and event based communication. This trend is driven by the increasing number and capabilities of devices used for monitoring and control, and the increased flexibility, maintainability and price/performance gains expected from IP (potentially SOA/CEP) enabled systems.In this paper we discuss the challenges involved to apply SOA and CEP to the field of factory automation. In particular, real- time aspects are highlighted, both w.r.t. to accurate time-stamping of physical events in a distributed system, as well as end-to-end timing including communication and CEP processing.We approach the challenges by an architecture combining state-of-the-art synchronisation mechanisms for wired and wire- less networks together with real-time communication and dis- tributed query processing based on the notion of time constrained reactions. We discuss the impact of synchronisation inaccuracies and delays introduced by processing and communication, and present a method for implementation of safe potential- and certain matches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2013
Keywords
Information technology - Systems engineering, Informationsteknik - Systemteknik
National Category
Embedded Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Embedded System; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-40064 (URN)10.1109/ISIE.2013.6563815 (DOI)2-s2.0-84881619662 (Scopus ID)f0af212f-e1ea-469a-883d-ca7cc1d7d53f (Local ID)978-1-4673-5193-5 (ISBN)f0af212f-e1ea-469a-883d-ca7cc1d7d53f (Archive number)f0af212f-e1ea-469a-883d-ca7cc1d7d53f (OAI)
Conference
International Symposium on Industrial Electronics : 28/05/2013 - 31/05/2013
Projects
Architecture for Service-Oriented Process – Monitoring and Control, ESIS
Note
Godkänd; 2013; Bibliografisk uppgift: Article number 6563815; 20130701 (pln)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, P., Pietrzak, P. & Mäkitaavola, H. (2013). Real-time complex event processing using concurrent reactive objects (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology: ICIT 2013, Cape Town, South Africa 25 February 2013 - 28 February 2013. Paper presented at IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology : 25/02/2013 - 27/02/2013 (pp. 1994-1999). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Real-time complex event processing using concurrent reactive objects
2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology: ICIT 2013, Cape Town, South Africa 25 February 2013 - 28 February 2013, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2013, p. 1994-1999Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Service Oriented Architectures (SOAs) and Complex Event Processing (CEP) are established technologies in the area of business automation. In combination, SOA and CEP allow for event centric management and processing of information in complex distributed systems. Whereas systems for process monitoring and control traditionally have been deployed using dedicated buses and proprietary (often scan-based) protocols, a recent trend in process automation is towards adopting open Internet-based technologies. This trend is driven by the increasing number and capabilities of devices used for monitoring and control

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2013
National Category
Embedded Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Embedded System; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31183 (URN)10.1109/ICIT.2013.6505984 (DOI)84877604018 (Scopus ID)5498ca47-d1a6-4279-ab93-241c621f653d (Local ID)9781467345699 (ISBN)5498ca47-d1a6-4279-ab93-241c621f653d (Archive number)5498ca47-d1a6-4279-ab93-241c621f653d (OAI)
Conference
IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology : 25/02/2013 - 27/02/2013
Note
Godkänd; 2013; 20121116 (pawpie)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved
Kyusakov, R., Mäkitaavola, H., Delsing, J. & Eliasson, J. (2012). Efficient XML interchange in factory automation systems (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), IECON 2011: 37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Melbourne, Vic. 7 Nov. - 10 Nov. 2011. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 07/11/2011 - 10/11/2011 (pp. 4478-4483). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficient XML interchange in factory automation systems
2012 (English)In: IECON 2011: 37th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Melbourne, Vic. 7 Nov. - 10 Nov. 2011, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 4478-4483Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The advent of Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) in the automation domain has made possible the cross-layer vertical integration of devices, manufacturing systems and business processes. However, the use of standard web service technologies is not always possible in an industrial environment with high real-time requirements and limited hardware resources due to the overhead connected to XML processing. The work presented in this paper analyses the opportunities, advantages and challenges when applying the newly emerged Efficient XML Interchange (EXI) standard for XML encoding to the factory automation systems. The two major SOA-based automation middleware architectures, namely OPC Unified Architecture (OPC UA) and Devices Profile for Web Services (DPWS), were investigated. Furthermore, we present an EXI-based approach for extending the reach of the service technology covering deployments on resource constrained embedded devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012
Series
I E E E Industrial Electronics Society. Annual Conference. Proceedings, ISSN 1553-572X ; 37
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-30491 (URN)10.1109/IECON.2011.6120046 (DOI)2-s2.0-84856555739 (Scopus ID)453d5829-80c6-4055-9fcc-7d09e799d8f2 (Local ID)978-1-61284-969-0 (ISBN)453d5829-80c6-4055-9fcc-7d09e799d8f2 (Archive number)453d5829-80c6-4055-9fcc-7d09e799d8f2 (OAI)
Conference
Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 07/11/2011 - 10/11/2011
Projects
Architecture for Service-Oriented Process – Monitoring and Control, Embeddable EXI implementation in C
Note
Validerad; 2012; 20120228 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, P., Mäkitaavola, H., Eriksson, J. & Eliasson, J. (2012). Leveraging tinyos for integration in process automation and control systems (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), IECON 2012: 38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 25/10/2012 - 28/10/2012 (pp. 5779-5785). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Leveraging tinyos for integration in process automation and control systems
2012 (English)In: IECON 2012: 38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 5779-5785Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The number and complexity of networked sensors and actuators in industrial monitoring and control systems is rapidly increasing. This calls for flexible yet efficient methods (w.r.t. time and money) for designing, deploying and maintaining such systems. To this end, Service Oriented Architectures (SOAs) and wireless technologies are foreseen to play important roles. In the area of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), TinyOS (TOS) has gained wide spread use, mainly because it offers a simple programming model. Moreover TOS comes with a ready made code base (e.g., protocol stacks needed to implement SOA enabled devices) and is available for a large number of light-weight target platforms. However, TOS has yet to make its way into industrial applications where real-time operation is required (which is typical to monitoring and control systems). As being designed primarily with simplicity in mind, the TOS execution model for tasks is non-preemptive, limiting system responsiveness and schedulability. To overcome this problem preemptive TOSThreads has been introduced. However, this introduces the additional complexity of traditional multi-thread programming, thus the main benefit of TOS is lost. In this paper we present an alternative execution model for TOS, that allows preemptive execution while preserving the simplicity of vintage TOS. We exemplify the impact of scheduling to a typical sensor/actuator node scenario. Our results indicate that the proposed preemptive execution model is capable of reducing both delay and drop rate for the given scenario.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012
Series
I E E E Industrial Electronics Society. Annual Conference. Proceedings, ISSN 1553-572X
National Category
Embedded Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Embedded System; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37393 (URN)10.1109/IECON.2012.6389040 (DOI)2-s2.0-84872947441 (Scopus ID)b658115e-efbd-44b8-a1cd-58730328bf0a (Local ID)9781467324212 (ISBN)b658115e-efbd-44b8-a1cd-58730328bf0a (Archive number)b658115e-efbd-44b8-a1cd-58730328bf0a (OAI)
Conference
Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 25/10/2012 - 28/10/2012
Note
Godkänd; 2012; 20130208 (andbra)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Pietrzak, P., Lindgren, P. & Mäkitaavola, H. (2012). Towards a lightweight CEP engine for embedded systems (ed.). In: (Ed.), (Ed.), IECON 2012: 38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Paper presented at Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 25/10/2012 - 28/10/2012 (pp. 5805-5810). Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a lightweight CEP engine for embedded systems
2012 (English)In: IECON 2012: 38th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012, p. 5805-5810Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Industrial process automation systems are adopting event based communication. Pushing control loops towards low- level devices implies a need for lightweight embedded devices that are able to recognize and to react to events. Atomic events however, such as a value read by an individual sensor exceeding certain value, do not separately suffice to capture scenarios where a reaction should occur to a sequence of low-level events matching certain pattern, rather than to a single atomic event. Therefore, it becomes desirable that resource-constrained low- level devices are equipped with some, possibly lightweight, form of event filtering and processing. In this paper we propose to implement a lightweight complex event processing using the concurrent reactive objects (CRO) model. A core feature of the CRO model is its s ability to react to atomic events. Between the reactions, which basically are function executions, the system remains idle, and thus does not occupy the CPU and is energy-efficient. Additionally, CRO models can be executed in an efficient and predictable manner onto resource constrained platforms and offers low-overhead real-time scheduling through exploiting underlying interrupt hardware according to given time constraints.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Communications Society, 2012
Series
I E E E Industrial Electronics Society. Annual Conference. Proceedings, ISSN 1553-572X
National Category
Embedded Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Embedded System; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-35424 (URN)10.1109/IECON.2012.6389134 (DOI)2-s2.0-84872914895 (Scopus ID)9f5d5586-822b-43a9-b56f-0c6797a5022c (Local ID)978-1-4673-2419-9 (ISBN)978-1-4673-2420-5 (ISBN)9f5d5586-822b-43a9-b56f-0c6797a5022c (Archive number)9f5d5586-822b-43a9-b56f-0c6797a5022c (OAI)
Conference
Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society : 25/10/2012 - 28/10/2012
Note
Validerad; 2012; 20121012 (pawpie)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Riliskis, L., Osipov, E., Hostettler, R., Mäkitaavola, H., Birk, W. & Eliasson, J. (2011). Enabling remote controlled road surface networks for enhanced ITS (ed.). Paper presented at European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2011) : 23/02/2011 - 25/02/2011. Paper presented at European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2011) : 23/02/2011 - 25/02/2011.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enabling remote controlled road surface networks for enhanced ITS
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2011 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) will, in the future, play a key role to improve transportation efficiency and safety. However, cost-benefit of deploying traditional ITS is retarded by expensive equipment, infrastructure, installation and maintenance. The demo presents a replica of a real world experimental ITS application using recently proposed Road Surface Network architecture. The demonstrated "intelligent roundabout'' application is intended to warn and inform drivers about an upcoming roundabout and to prevent driving straight into collision. We show a lab prototype system consisting of: an authentic sensor node platform enabled for car detection, secure multihop communications and the running light application, a base station with system control center.

National Category
Computer Sciences Control Engineering Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Dependable Communication and Computation Systems; Control Engineering; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-40108 (URN)f189abf5-699f-40c6-8be4-4f1b6ba4886b (Local ID)f189abf5-699f-40c6-8be4-4f1b6ba4886b (Archive number)f189abf5-699f-40c6-8be4-4f1b6ba4886b (OAI)
Conference
European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2011) : 23/02/2011 - 25/02/2011
Projects
iRoad
Note
Godkänd; 2011; Bibliografisk uppgift: Publicerat i 8th European Conference on Wireless Sensor Networks (EWSN 2011) IEEE; 20110107 (lauril)Available from: 2016-10-03 Created: 2016-10-03 Last updated: 2018-06-05Bibliographically approved
Birk, W., Hostettler, R., Lundberg Nordenvaad, M., Eliasson, J., Gylling, A., Delsing, J., . . . Mäkitaavola, H. (2011). Project: iRoad. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Project: iRoad
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2011 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Control Engineering Signal Processing Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Control Engineering; Signal Processing; Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36044 (URN)3eec9c4d-d768-46f4-aa14-6a5f353f56e5 (Local ID)3eec9c4d-d768-46f4-aa14-6a5f353f56e5 (Archive number)3eec9c4d-d768-46f4-aa14-6a5f353f56e5 (OAI)
Note

Publikationer: Analysis of the adaptive threshold vehicle detection algorithm applied to traffic vibrations; Enabling remote controlled road surface networks for enhanced ITS; Feasibility of road vibrations-based vehicle property sensing; Road surface networks technology enablers for enhanced ITS; PCB Integration of dye-sensitised solar cells for low-cost networked embedded systems; A comparison of two modes for AEAD services in wireless sensor networks; Low-cost PCB integration of dye-sensitised solar cells for WSAN applications; Vehicle Speed Determination (Patent pending); Classification of driving direction in traffic surveillance using magnetometers; Analysis of the adaptive threshold vehicle detection algorithm applied to traffic vibrations; Status: Pågående; Period: 02/06/2008 → 31/12/2012

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2018-03-28Bibliographically approved
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