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Silvearv, Fredrik
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Silvearv, F., Larsson, P. O., Jones, S. L., Ahuja, R. B. & Larsson, A. (2015). Establishing the most favorable metal-carbon bond strength for carbon nanotube catalysts (ed.). Paper presented at . Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 3(14), 3422-3427
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Establishing the most favorable metal-carbon bond strength for carbon nanotube catalysts
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, E-ISSN 2050-7534, Vol. 3, no 14, p. 3422-3427Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We have studied a wide range of transition metals to find potential carbon nanotube (CNT) catalysts for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) production. The adhesion strengths between a CNT and a metal cluster were calculated using first principle density functional theory (DFT) for all 1st, 2nd and 3rd row transition metals. We have developed the criterion that the metal-carbon adhesion strength per bond must fulfill a Goldilocks principle for catalyzing CNT growth and used it to identify, besides the well known catalysts Fe, Co and Ni, a number of other potential catalysts, namely Y, Zr, Rh, Pd, La, Ce and Pt. Our results are consistent with previous experiments performed either in a carbon arc discharge environment or by a CVD-process with regard to CNT catalyst activity

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Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Tillämpad fysik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7112 (URN)10.1039/c5tc00143a (DOI)000351871600025 ()2-s2.0-84925949919 (Scopus ID)56e881e9-25eb-4a08-819c-2dd21904c532 (Local ID)56e881e9-25eb-4a08-819c-2dd21904c532 (Archive number)56e881e9-25eb-4a08-819c-2dd21904c532 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150410 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Århammar, C., Silvearv, F., Bergman, A., Norgren, S. M., Pedersen, H. & Ahuja, R. B. (2014). A theoretical study of possible point defects incorporated into α-alumina deposited by chemical vapor deposition (ed.). Paper presented at . Theoretical Chemistry accounts, 133(2), 1-11
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A theoretical study of possible point defects incorporated into α-alumina deposited by chemical vapor deposition
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2014 (English)In: Theoretical Chemistry accounts, ISSN 1432-881X, E-ISSN 1432-2234, Vol. 133, no 2, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The energetics and electronic structure of carbon, chlorine, hydrogen, and sulfur in α-Al2O3 was investigated by first principles and thermodynamical calculations. These species are present in the gas phase during the synthesis of α-Al2O3 by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) but little is known of their solubility in this compound. The heat of formation from standard reference states of the elements varying the chemical potential of each element was calculated. An attempt to model the actual conditions in the CVD process was made, using the species and solid compounds present in a common CVD process as reference states. Our calculations suggest that sulfur from the catalyzing agent H2S will not solve in α-Al2O3 during deposition by CVD. It is found that the neutral chlorine and hydrogen interstitial defects display the lowest heat of formation, 281 and 280 kJ/mol, respectively, at the modeled CVD conditions. This energy is too high in order for neutral defects to form during CVD of α-Al2O3 at any significant amounts. The charged defects and their compensation were studied. Carbon substituting oxygen is found to be energetically favored under the modeled CVD conditions, considering carbon dioxide as competing species to solid solubility in α-Al2O3 at an energy of -128 kJ/mol. However, care needs to be taken when choosing the possible competing carbon-containing phases. Compensation of carbon substituting for oxygen by oxygen vacancies takes place at 110 kJ/mol from standard reference states, graphite, fcc-Al and O2. The carbon solubility in Al2O3 is difficult to measure with standard analysis techniques such as X-ray diffraction and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, but several stable compounds in the Al-C-O are available in the literature

National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Tillämpad fysik
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3014 (URN)10.1007/s00214-013-1433-x (DOI)000329115900001 ()2-s2.0-84897667598 (Scopus ID)0c37a904-45c1-4675-bd9d-b6f5284b61a6 (Local ID)0c37a904-45c1-4675-bd9d-b6f5284b61a6 (Archive number)0c37a904-45c1-4675-bd9d-b6f5284b61a6 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140107 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
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