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Lindwall, A. (2023). Creativity in Design for Additive Manufacturing. (Doctoral dissertation). Luleå: Luleå University of Technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Creativity in Design for Additive Manufacturing
2023 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) brings opportunities to create designs with complex geometries that would be impossible or very difficult to produce using conventional manufacturing technologies. While AM is widely seen as a means to increase the creativity of designers and thus innovation within organisations, there is a lack of understanding of how designers can manage their creativity while working with Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM). In this thesis, designers are suggested to engage in individual creativity management, which refers to a system of practices and methods for managing creativity in design practices. Ultimately, designers may need to adopt a new set of practices and methods when designing for AM. Although it is often argued that AM brings a higher degree of design freedom that allows them to ‘think outside the box’, this freedom is not limitless as AM comes with its own set of boundaries in design. It can also be difficult for designers to grasp the new limitations and possibilities offered by this manufacturing technology and to incorporate them into their design work. There are a wide range of DfAM tools, methods and frameworks available, all with different emphases, making it difficult for designers to discern directions for managing their creative work. The purpose of the research presented in this thesis is to advance the understanding of creativity in DfAM. This thesis adopts an iterative approach to qualitative research based on empirical data and literature studies. Empirical data comes from five cases across the three studies reported in the six appended papers. The majority of the collected empirical data has been gathered through semi-structured interviews designed to capture the experiences and viewpoints of designers working creatively in DfAM. Three of the cases have also been studied in a longitudinal study, providing an in-depth understanding of the progress of DfAM for each design.

Based on the studies, a framework for creativity in DfAM is proposed. This framework is intended to assist designers in nurturing their creative abilities while adapting to working with AM. Initially, three important components of creativity in DfAM were identified: motivation, creative thinking, and expertise. Furthermore, three key characteristics that influence the designer in managing their creativity were then identified for each of these components. AM motivation concerns the individual designer’s goals and values in adopting AM, as well as the influence of the incentive to adopt AM within the design team, the organisation, and the industry as a whole. Three key characteristics of creativity management related to motivation were derived: collaboration, freedom for learning and defining DfAM boundaries. AM creative thinking concerns the need to reach a creative solution fit for AM. Here, the three key characteristics the visionary, realistic and analytic perspectives are derived. AM expertise is covered by both AM knowledge and AM experience. Here, the three key characteristics were identified as the knowledge domains: materials, machine and process and design.

The framework presented in this thesis highlights key characteristics of creativity in DfAM and is intended to assist designers in managing their own creativity when working in additive manufacturing. The framework may help individual designers to reach their full creative potential during the adoption of AM. The identification of key characteristics also contributes to the research areas product development in engineering design, design for additive manufacturing (DfAM), and creativity in design. All three of these research areas may well benefit from the results presented in this thesis, providing a greater understanding of creativity when applied to design for additive manufacturing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2023
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Keywords
DfAM, Creativity in Design, AM
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95640 (URN)978-91-8048-268-4 (ISBN)978-91-8048-269-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2023-04-21, A109, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2024-04-21Bibliographically approved
Lindwall, A., Dordlofva, C., Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. & Törlind, P. (2022). Innovation in a box: exploring creativity in design for additive manufacturing in a regulated industry. Journal of engineering design (Print), 33(8-9), 567-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Innovation in a box: exploring creativity in design for additive manufacturing in a regulated industry
2022 (English)In: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, Vol. 33, no 8-9, p. 567-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is often considered to increase opportunities for creativity in design compared to traditional manufacturing methods. At the same time, it is suggested that regulated work can have a negative effect on engineers’ creative abilities, which are linked to three components of creativity (expertise, motivation, and creative thinking skills). Due to the ‘newness’ of AM, engineers need to broaden their expertise to fully exploit their creative potential while using AM. Previous research has presented support tools to assist engineers to understand the complexity of AM. A majority of such studies focus on novice engineers, rather than providing an understanding of how AM is involved in industrial practices. This paper follows three case studies from the space industry, a regulated industry, that aims to re-design a product for AM over a 21-month time period. The purpose is to explore how restrictions affect engineers’ opportunities to build AM expertise for creativity in a regulated industry. Results show the importance that case-specific aspects have on an engineer’s learning path for adopting AM. Engineers find themselves in a complex situation, with a conflict between being ‘safe’ or innovative, where innovation within such regulated industries is often compared to innovating ‘in a box’.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022
Keywords
DfAM, design for space, AM knowledge, design restictions
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94188 (URN)10.1080/09544828.2022.2139967 (DOI)000889546700001 ()2-s2.0-85142430987 (Scopus ID)
Funder
European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), 20201811Swedish National Space BoardLuleå University of Technology, Graduate School of Space Technology
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-12-02 (sofila);

Funder: EU, project RIT (Space for Innovation and Growth)

Available from: 2022-11-21 Created: 2022-11-21 Last updated: 2024-03-23Bibliographically approved
Lindwall, A. & Wikberg Nilsson, Å. (2021). Exploring creativity management of design for additive manufacturing. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 9(4), 217-235
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring creativity management of design for additive manufacturing
2021 (English)In: International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, ISSN 2165-0349, E-ISSN 2165-0357, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 217-235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While many argue that Additive Manufacturing (AM) opens up new possibilities in design due to its higher degree of design freedom, it is also suggested that it can increase creativity in product design. It has been further proposed that creative outcomes are limited by the imagination of the designer: designers are often asked to take full advantage of the new design potentials given by AM, yet without having the supports that are needed to increase their creativity. Current literature focuses neither on supporting creative perspectives in Design for AM (DfAM) nor on how to manage the higher degree of design freedom that can be present. As a consequence of this noticeable gap in the literature, this paper continue to explore what areas that need to be considered in creativity management, to fully support designers in utilising their creative abilities in relation to AM in design. The paper proceeds through a literature study on creativity in DfAM and presents a case study with experienced designers who are just starting to work with AM in their design practices. This paper contributes to the field with the notion of a creativity layer laid upon DfAM, visualized by three characteristics of creativity (expertise, creative thinking skills and motivation) drawn from previous research. This results in three concrete propositions of areas that need to be considered in future research on how to include a creativity management perspective in DfAM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2021
Keywords
Additive Manufacturing, Creativity Management, Creative Perspectives, Product Innovation, Design for Additive Manufacturing
National Category
Design
Research subject
Product Innovation; Industrial Design
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86452 (URN)10.1080/21650349.2021.1951359 (DOI)000673218500001 ()2-s2.0-85110759840 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-01-11 (johcin);

Funder: Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (Vols 10240897), LTU Graduate School of Space Technology, EU project RIT (Space for Innovation and Growth)

Available from: 2021-07-26 Created: 2021-07-26 Last updated: 2023-02-16Bibliographically approved
Valjak, F. & Lindwall, A. (2021). Review of Design Heuristics and Design Principles in Design for Additive Manufacturing. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21): . Paper presented at 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21), Gothenburg, Sweden, August 16-20, 2021 (pp. 2571-2580). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review of Design Heuristics and Design Principles in Design for Additive Manufacturing
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21), Cambridge University Press, 2021, Vol. 1, p. 2571-2580Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The advent of additive manufacturing (AM) in recent years have had a significant impact on the design process. Because of new manufacturing technology, a new area of research emerged – Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM) with newly developed design support methods and tools. This paper looks into the current status of the field regarding the conceptual design of AM products, with the focus on how literature sources treat design heuristics and design principles in the context of DfAM. To answer the research question, a systematic literature review was conducted. The results are analysed, compared and discussed on three main points: the definition of the design heuristics and the design principles, level of support they provide, as well as where and how they are used inside the design process. The paper highlights the similarities and differences between design heuristics and design principles in the context of DfAM.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, ISSN 2732-527X
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-89069 (URN)10.1017/pds.2021.518 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117808532 (Scopus ID)
Conference
23rd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21), Gothenburg, Sweden, August 16-20, 2021
Funder
Luleå University of Technology
Note

Funder:  The EU - RIT (Space for Innovation and Growth)

Available from: 2022-02-01 Created: 2022-02-01 Last updated: 2023-02-16Bibliographically approved
Lindwall, A., Dordlofva, C. & Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. (2017). Additive Manufacturing and the Product Development Process: insights from the Space Industry. In: 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August 2017 (Ed.), he 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): 21-25 August 2017, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada : proceedings of ICED17. Paper presented at 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August 2017 (pp. 345-354). , 5
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Additive Manufacturing and the Product Development Process: insights from the Space Industry
2017 (English)In: he 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17): 21-25 August 2017, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada : proceedings of ICED17 / [ed] 21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August 2017, 2017, Vol. 5, p. 345-354Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

With Additive Manufacturing (AM), manufacturing companies have the potential to develop more geometrically and functionally complex products. Design for AM (DfAM) has become an expression implying the need to design differently for the AM process, compared to for conventional, usually "subtractive" manufacturing methods. There is a need to understand how AM will influence the product development process and the possibilities to create innovative designs, from the perspective of the product development engineer. This paper explores the expected influence of AM on the product development process in a space industry context. Space industry is characterized by small-scale production, and is increasingly cost-oriented. There is a general belief that AM could pave the way for more efficient product development. Three companies have been studied through interviews, observations and workshops. Results show that engineers' expected implications of introducing AM in the space industry are: The involvement and influence of customers and politics on innovativeness; the need for process understanding and usage of new tools for DfAM-thinking; the need for qualification of AM processes.

Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ISSN 2220-4334
Keywords
Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM), Design engineering, Design process, Space industry, Product development process
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-65373 (URN)2-s2.0-85029782661 (Scopus ID)
Conference
21th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED17), Vancouver, 21-25 August 2017
Available from: 2017-08-28 Created: 2017-08-28 Last updated: 2023-02-16Bibliographically approved
Dordlofva, C., Lindwall, A. & Törlind, P. (2016). Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications (ed.). In: (Ed.), Casper Boks, Johannes Sigurjonsson Martin Steinert, Carlijn Vis, Andreas Wulvik (Ed.), Proceedings of Norddesign 2016: Biannual conference on Design and Development, 10-12 August, NTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheim, Norway. Paper presented at 12th Biennial Norddesign 2016 Conference "Highlighting the Nordic Approach", Trondheim, Norway, 10-12 August 2016 (pp. 401-410). Glasgow: The Design Society, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of Norddesign 2016: Biannual conference on Design and Development, 10-12 August, NTNU – Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheim, Norway / [ed] Casper Boks, Johannes Sigurjonsson Martin Steinert, Carlijn Vis, Andreas Wulvik, Glasgow: The Design Society, 2016, Vol. 1, p. 401-410Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a fast developing manufacturing technology that brings many opportunities for the design teams at companies working with product development. One industry that has embraced this is aerospace, and more specifically within space applications (satellites and launchers). Although there are huge possibilities with this technology, there are also several challenges that need to be overcome. This paper is based on interviews, study visits and a state of the art review from the current literature. The focus of this work has been to map the opportunities and challenges with AM in space applications and to highlight the research gaps that have been found. There are few documents available that address AM and/or innovation within space applications. The results show that design for AM, as well as product and process qualification, are areas that need to be further investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Glasgow: The Design Society, 2016
Series
DS / Design Society ; 85
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-26864 (URN)000387791100040 ()2-s2.0-84995873393 (Scopus ID)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (Local ID)978-1-904670-80-3 (ISBN)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (Archive number)01f5f145-b3c7-43b3-9681-cfba4a8985b9 (OAI)
Conference
12th Biennial Norddesign 2016 Conference "Highlighting the Nordic Approach", Trondheim, Norway, 10-12 August 2016
Projects
Rymdforskarskolan
Note

Upprättat; 2016; 20160403 (petert)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J., Antti, M.-L., Martin-Torres, J., Emami, R., Törlind, P., Kuhn, T., . . . Fakhardji, W. (2015). Projekt: Rymdforskarskolan.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projekt: Rymdforskarskolan
Show others...
2015 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The Graduate School of Space Technology

National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Other Materials Engineering Aerospace Engineering Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear) Chemical Process Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics; Engineering Materials; Atmospheric science; Onboard space systems; Product Innovation; Machine Elements; Chemical Technology; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36154 (URN)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (Local ID)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (Archive number)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (OAI)
Note

Publikationer: Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications; Status: Ongoing; Period: 01/01/2015 → …; End date: 31/12/2018

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Lindwall, A., Wikberg Nilsson, Å. & Öhrwall Rönnbäck, A. Thinking Additively: Mapping Design Engineers’ Creative Abilities in Design for Additive Manufacturing.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Thinking Additively: Mapping Design Engineers’ Creative Abilities in Design for Additive Manufacturing
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Keywords
DfAM, Creativity Management, Innovation Management, metal AM
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95646 (URN)
Available from: 2023-02-16 Created: 2023-02-16 Last updated: 2023-02-16
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8760-9139

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