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Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Đurić, M., Martinec, T., Porobija, M. & Štorga, M. (2023). Designing for Legal Practitioners: Lessons Learned from Legal Tech Development and Implementation. In: Proceedings of the Design Society, ICED 2023: . Paper presented at 24th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2023, Bordeaux, France, July 24-28, 2023 (pp. 1377-1386). Cambridge University Press, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Designing for Legal Practitioners: Lessons Learned from Legal Tech Development and Implementation
2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society, ICED 2023, Cambridge University Press , 2023, Vol. 3, p. 1377-1386Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recently, the design and digitalisation approaches have become increasingly utilised in the legal context, typically under the names of legal design and legal tech. One of their goals is to help legal practitioners be more efficient and to provide better quality and more comprehensive legal services. Also, given that both movements rely heavily on participatory and co-design, they will require increased support not only from design practitioners but also from design researchers and educators. Therefore, this paper investigates, from a design research viewpoint, the opportunities and challenges of developing and implementing legal tech, with a particular focus on legal practitioners. It reports on four cases of designing legal tech solutions and their implementation in a law firm. The main insights are related to the importance of value perception through participatory and co-design, the need for efficient and effective testing methodologies, and the opportunity to test a wide range of design methods and tools in the legal context. The paper also complements the legal design and legal tech literature with additional arguments on why designing in the legal context is challenging compared to designing in other domains.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2023
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
Case study, Legal design, Legal tech, Participatory design, Service design
National Category
Law and Society
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-100644 (URN)10.1017/pds.2023.138 (DOI)2-s2.0-85165458399 (Scopus ID)
Conference
24th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2023, Bordeaux, France, July 24-28, 2023
Note

Funder: EIT (22112); Croatian Science Foundation (IP-2018-01-7269)

Licens fulltext: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Available from: 2023-08-17 Created: 2023-08-17 Last updated: 2023-08-17Bibliographically approved
Perišić, M. M., Štorga, M. & Gero, J. (2023). The Emergence and Impact of Synchrony in Design Teams: A Computational Study. In: Proceedings of the Design Society, ICED 2023: . Paper presented at 24th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2023, Bordeaux, France, July 24-28, 2023 (pp. 3385-3394). Cambridge University Press, 3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Emergence and Impact of Synchrony in Design Teams: A Computational Study
2023 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society, ICED 2023, Cambridge University Press , 2023, Vol. 3, p. 3385-3394Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Studies revealed that, while collaborating, humans tend to synchronise on multiple levels (e.g., neurocognitive or physiological). Inter-brain synchrony has been linked to improved problem-solving, decision-making, and creativity. Nevertheless, studies on synchrony in design teams started to emerge only recently. This study contributes to this stream of research by utilising a computational model of a design team to explore the relationships between team cohesion, synchrony, and team performance. The experiments revealed a positive link between team cohesion level and the emergence of (cognitive) synchrony. Furthermore, cohesive teams were found to be more efficient, converging quicker and producing solutions at a higher rate. In addition, the diversity of the solutions generated by highly cohesive teams tends to increase over time. Teams in medium- and low-cohesive settings initially generate highly diverse solutions, but such diversity decreases as the simulation progresses. Finally, highly-cohesive teams were found to be prone to premature convergence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2023
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
Design cognition, Simulation, Synchrony, Teamwork
National Category
Design
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-100643 (URN)10.1017/pds.2023.339 (DOI)2-s2.0-85165428722 (Scopus ID)
Conference
24th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2023, Bordeaux, France, July 24-28, 2023
Note

Funder: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of Republic of Croatia; US National Science Foundation (CMMI-1400466, CMMI-1762415, EEC-1929896); Croatian Science Foundation (IP-2018-01-7269)

Licens fulltext: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Available from: 2023-08-17 Created: 2023-08-17 Last updated: 2023-08-17Bibliographically approved
Čeh, I., Štorga, M. & Delač, G. (2022). Agent-Based Modelling: Parallel and Distributed Simulation of Product Development Team. Technical Gazette, 29(4), 1424-1432
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agent-Based Modelling: Parallel and Distributed Simulation of Product Development Team
2022 (English)In: Technical Gazette, ISSN 1330-3651, E-ISSN 1848-6339, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 1424-1432Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The successful collaboration of team members plays a crucial role in product development. Research of different teamwork factors may help understand the process, and computer simulation can be a suitable method of achieving this goal. This work aims to give an overview of agent-based modelling of product development teams and survey existing models that tackle this problem. Some tools and frameworks for agent-based modelling will be described with an emphasis on parallel and distributed architectures which are used to improve performance and enable very big and complex simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Strojarski Facultet, 2022
Keywords
agent-based models, crowdsourcing, distributed systems, multi-agent models, parallel computing, product development, social innovation, teamwork
National Category
Business Administration Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92134 (URN)10.17559/tv-20200922160617 (DOI)000818875800024 ()2-s2.0-85133191137 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-07-13 (joosat);

Funder: Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia; Croatian Science Foundation (7269)

Available from: 2022-07-13 Created: 2022-07-13 Last updated: 2022-08-30Bibliographically approved
Lukačević, F., Škec, S., Martinec, T. & Štorga, M. (2022). Challenges of Utilizing Sensor Data Acquired by Smart Products in Product Development Activities. Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, 19(4), 165-187
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges of Utilizing Sensor Data Acquired by Smart Products in Product Development Activities
2022 (English)In: Acta Polytechnica Hungarica, ISSN 1785-8860, E-ISSN 2064-2687, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 165-187Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Emerging digital technologies enable capturing of a product’s digital footprint through continuous monitoring of its performance, usage, and working environment while using data acquired by its embedded sensors. However, it seems that product development (PD) teams, within engineering companies, have not yet embraced the usage of sensor data acquired by smart products (SPs) when conducting PD activities. This study discusses several challenges that hinder a broader utilization of SP's sensor data, within PD. In addition to the literature review, the discussion is supported with empirical data gathered through a qualitative exploratory case study conducted in a large engineering and manufacturing company. As a result, three challenges are outlined. First, it is challenging for the company's management and PD team to gain transparency over the benefits of sensor data utilization for PD. Second, solutions providing accessibility and visualization of gathered data should be tailored to the PD activities and teams, which requires a holistic understanding. Finally, it is suggested that new skills, roles and processes should be introduced, in order to enable SP's sensor data utilization, within PD activities. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Óbuda University, 2022
Keywords
smart product, sensor data, product development, digital twin, data-driven design
National Category
Information Systems, Social aspects
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-92712 (URN)10.12700/aph.19.4.2022.4.9 (DOI)000918321100009 ()2-s2.0-85129299467 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-09-02 (hanlid);

Funder: Croatian Science Foundation (IP-2018-01-7269)

Available from: 2022-08-30 Created: 2022-08-30 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved
Mansouri, M. & Štorga, M. (2022). Dynamics and Emergence: Case Examples from Literature (1ed.). In: Anja Maier, Josef Oehmen, Pieter E. Vermaas (Ed.), Handbook of Engineering Systems Design: (pp. 557-592). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamics and Emergence: Case Examples from Literature
2022 (English)In: Handbook of Engineering Systems Design / [ed] Anja Maier, Josef Oehmen, Pieter E. Vermaas, Springer, 2022, 1, p. 557-592Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The concept of emergence has roots in systems complexity and dynamics, with prominent impact in contemporary science and in design, analysis, and governance of complex engineering systems. It is almost impossible to effectively model emergence within the dynamics of systems, due to the obscurity of its nature and imperfection of our information on its relational systemic interactions. Thus, paying attention to basic meta-questions about emergent properties of complex engineering systems is crucially important in understanding both the trajectories of evolution of systems and correspondingly the patterns of system behaviour. From this trajectorial/behavioural perspective, emergence and dynamics are considered as very close concepts: understanding the variables of one can be realised by tracing and modelling the other. This chapter reviews and summarises the topics of emergence and dynamics through their applications in six case examples. Six studies conducted by researchers around the world are selected, representing a portfolio of cases studied with multiple theoretical foundations, levels of scope, application domains of engineering systems design, phenomena of emergence, and modelling methods used that detect and identify emergence through dynamics. The case reviews provide a gateway to comprehending emergence in systems through emphasising the dynamics of interactions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2022 Edition: 1
Keywords
Case studies, Complex systems, Dynamic behaviour, Emergence, Engineering systems, Modelling and simulation, Resilience
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-97551 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-81159-4_11 (DOI)2-s2.0-85153637996 (Scopus ID)978-3-030-81158-7 (ISBN)978-3-030-81159-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2023-05-24 Created: 2023-05-24 Last updated: 2023-05-24Bibliographically approved
Horvat, N., Kunnen, S., Štorga, M., Nagarajah, A. & Škec, S. (2022). Immersive virtual reality applications for design reviews: Systematic literature review and classification scheme for functionalities. Advanced Engineering Informatics, 54, Article ID 101760.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Immersive virtual reality applications for design reviews: Systematic literature review and classification scheme for functionalities
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2022 (English)In: Advanced Engineering Informatics, ISSN 1474-0346, E-ISSN 1873-5320, Vol. 54, article id 101760Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of immersive virtual reality (IVR) applications for design reviews is a major trend in the design field. While many different applications have been developed, there is little consensus on the functionalities necessary for these applications. This paper proposes a classification scheme for IVR functionalities related to design reviews (DRs), combining conceptual-to-empirical and empirical-to-conceptual strategies. The classification scheme consists of eight class categories (Input, Representation, Navigation, Manipulation, Collaboration, Edit, Creation, and Output), 22 class subcategories, and 55 classes. The classification scheme has been validated by analysing several commercial IVR applications for DRs. As part of the classification scheme development, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was utilised to review 70 articles that develop IVR applications for DRs. The results from systematic literature reviews suggest the development of solutions that integrate several class categories, are better connected to current design workflows, include various design information, support a DR planning cycle, and support distributed work. The proposed classification scheme helps to orient the future development of IVR applications for DRs and provides a framework to systematically accumulate evidence on the effect of such applications on DRs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
Immersive virtual reality, Design review, Classification scheme, Functionalities, Systematic literature review, PRISMA
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93451 (URN)10.1016/j.aei.2022.101760 (DOI)000866392000004 ()2-s2.0-85138464833 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-10-05 (sofila);

Funder: Croatian Science Foundation (project IP-2018-01-7269); Team Adaptability for Innovation-Oriented Product Development (TAIDE); Erasmus+ (project 2018-1-HR01-KA203-047486); E-learning Platform for Innovative Product Development (ELPID)

Available from: 2022-10-05 Created: 2022-10-05 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved
Cascini, G., Nagai, Y., Georgiev, G. V., Zelaya, J., Becattini, N., Boujut, J. F., . . . Wodehouse, A. J. (2022). Perspectives on design creativity and innovation research: 10 years later. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 10(1), 1-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on design creativity and innovation research: 10 years later
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2022 (English)In: International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, ISSN 2165-0349, E-ISSN 2165-0357, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-30Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2022
National Category
Design
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-89381 (URN)10.1080/21650349.2022.2021480 (DOI)000744850300001 ()2-s2.0-85123403775 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2022-02-23 Created: 2022-02-23 Last updated: 2023-09-13Bibliographically approved
Perisic, M. M., Štorga, M. & Gero, J. S. (2021). Computational study on design space expansion during teamwork. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: . Paper presented at 23rd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21), Gothenburg, Sweden, August 16-20, 2021 (pp. 691-700). Cambridge University Press, 1:ICED21
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Computational study on design space expansion during teamwork
2021 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society, Cambridge University Press, 2021, Vol. 1:ICED21, p. 691-700Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

When observing a design space expansion during teamwork, several studies found that cumulative solution-related issues' occurrence follows a linear trend. Such findings contradict the hypothesis of solution-related issues being characteristic for the later design stages. This work relies on agent-based simulations to explore the emerging patterns in design solution space expansion during teamwork. The results demonstrate trends that accord with the empirical findings, suggesting that a cognitive effort in solution space expansion remains constant throughout a design session. The collected data on agents' cognitive processes and solution space properties enabled additional insights, which led to the detection of four distinct regimes of design solution space expansion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2021
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, E-ISSN 2732-527X
Keywords
Design cognition, Design space expansion, Simulation, Teamwork
National Category
Computer Sciences
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-94911 (URN)10.1017/pds.2021.69 (DOI)2-s2.0-85117824173 (Scopus ID)
Conference
23rd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED21), Gothenburg, Sweden, August 16-20, 2021
Note

Funder: US National Science Foundation (CMMI-1400466, CMMI-1762415); Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia; Croatian Science Foundation (IP-2018-01-7269);

Available from: 2022-12-19 Created: 2022-12-19 Last updated: 2022-12-19Bibliographically approved
Smojver, V., Štorga, M. & Zovak, G. (2021). Exploring knowledge flow within a technology domain by conducting a dynamic analysis of a patent co-citation network. Journal of Knowledge Management, 25(2), 433-453
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring knowledge flow within a technology domain by conducting a dynamic analysis of a patent co-citation network
2021 (English)In: Journal of Knowledge Management, ISSN 1367-3270, E-ISSN 1758-7484, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 433-453Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This paper aims to present a methodology by which future knowledge flow can be predicted by predicting co-citations of patents within a technology domain using a link prediction algorithm applied to a co-citation network.

Design/methodology/approach

Several methods and approaches are used: a dynamic analysis of a patent citation network to identify technology life cycle phases, patent co-citation network mapping from the patent citation network and the application of link prediction algorithms to the patent co-citation network.

Findings

The results of the presented study indicate that future knowledge flow within a technology domain can be predicted by predicting patent co-citations using the preferential attachment link prediction algorithm. Furthermore, they indicate that the patent – co-citations occurring between the end of the growth life cycle phase and the start of the maturation life cycle phase contribute the most to the precision of the knowledge flow prediction. Finally, it is demonstrated that most of the predicted knowledge flow occurs in a time period closely following the application of the link – prediction algorithm.

Practical implications

By having insight into future potential co-citations of patents, a firm can leverage its existing patent portfolio or asses the acquisition value of patents or the companies owning them.

Originality/value

It is demonstrated that the flow of knowledge in patent co-citation networks follows a rich get richer intuition. Moreover, it is show that the knowledge contained in younger patents has a greater chance of being cited again. Finally, it is demonstrated that these co-citations can be predicted in the short term when the preferential attachment algorithm is applied to a patent co-citation network.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2021
Keywords
network analysis, knowledge flow, link prediction, patent citation analysis, future-oriented analysis
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80121 (URN)10.1108/JKM-01-2020-0079 (DOI)000541882600001 ()2-s2.0-85102095361 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Team Adaptability for Innovation-Oriented Product Development (TAIDE)
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-03-15 (alebob);

Finansiär: Croatian Science Foundation Team Adaptability for Innovation-Oriented Product Development (TAIDE) project; Center for Vehicles of Croatia (CVH)

Available from: 2020-07-09 Created: 2020-07-09 Last updated: 2021-03-15Bibliographically approved
Lukačević, F., Škec, S., Törlind, P. & Štorga, M. (2021). Identifying subassemblies and understanding their functions during a design review in immersive and non-immersive virtual environments. Frontiers of Engineering Management, 8(3), 412-428
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Identifying subassemblies and understanding their functions during a design review in immersive and non-immersive virtual environments
2021 (English)In: Frontiers of Engineering Management, ISSN 2095-7513, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 412-428Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Design review (DR) is a product development (PD) activity used to inspect the technical characteristics of a design solution. Immersive virtual reality (IVR) technology enables the presentation of spatial information and interaction with 3D CAD models inside an immersive virtual environment (IVE). Such capabilities have shown the potential to mitigate the cognitive load needed for the visual perception of spatial information and, consequently, enhance design understanding and DR performance. Thus, an increasing number of studies have explored the effect of IVR technology on DR activities in different domains. However, determining when the implementation of IVR technology rather than a conventional user interface for DRs in mechanical engineering PD projects will be beneficial remains unclear. Hence, a conceptual DR experimental study was conducted to investigate the differences in the ability of engineering students to identify mechanisms and understand their functions when a design solution for a technical system is presented in an IVE by IVR technology and in a non-immersive virtual environment (nIVE) by a conventional user interface (monitor display, keyboard, and mouse). Data were collected by performing DR tasks and having participants complete a prior experience questionnaire, presence questionnaire, and mental rotations test. Findings of the study indicate that IVR does not support an enhanced ability of engineering students to identify mechanisms and understand their functions compared with a conventional user interface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland: Springer, 2021
Keywords
design review, virtual environment, virtual reality, mechanism, function
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Product Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78415 (URN)10.1007/s42524-020-0099-z (DOI)000523064100002 ()
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-07-13 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-04-08 Created: 2020-04-08 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-9700-008x

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