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Publications (10 of 13) Show all publications
Shetty, P., Mu, L. & Shi, Y. (2020). Polyelectrolyte Cellulose Gel with PEG/Water: Toward Fully Green Lubricating Grease. Carbohydrate Polymers, 230, Article ID 115670.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Polyelectrolyte Cellulose Gel with PEG/Water: Toward Fully Green Lubricating Grease
2020 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 230, article id 115670Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Developing a fully green lubricant is an urgent need due to the growing consciousness of environmental protection and dwindling resources. In this work, fully green gel lubricants were developed out of cellulose derivatives as gelator and mixture of water and poly(ethylene glycol) 200 (PEG 200) as the base fluid. The non-ionic hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) and anionic sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (NaCMC) were chosen to understand the effect of ionic and non-ionic gelators on the thermal, rheological and the tribological properties of the gel lubricant. HEC or NaCMC is demonstrated as effective additive to reduce wear, stabilize friction coefficient and enhance the thermal stability of developed lubricants. It is shown that anionic gelator will result in producing lower friction and wear in comparison to non-ionic gelator, which may be attributed to the possible tribo-film formation due to the negative charge in the NaCMC molecules and its larger molecular weight.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Cellulose, Green, lubricant, PEG/Water, Gel
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-76921 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2019.115670 (DOI)000504402300109 ()31887933 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85075898313 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-13 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2019-11-28 Last updated: 2020-04-14Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Cao, D., Zhuang, W., Yu, Q., Cai, M. & Shi, Y. (2020). Stable Dispersed Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites in Ionic Liquids Resulting in High Lubricating Performance. Advanced Materials Interfaces, Article ID 1902194.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stable Dispersed Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework/Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites in Ionic Liquids Resulting in High Lubricating Performance
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2020 (English)In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, ISSN 2196-7350, article id 1902194Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The “block‐on‐plate” nanocomposite structure material is realized with the zeolitic imidazolate framework (ZIF‐67) on graphene oxide (GO) with surface oxygen‐rich functional groups. Scanning electron microscopy, X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X‐ray diffractograms, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and ZIF‐67/GO demonstrate a high capability of promoting the lubricating performance of [Choline][Proline] ([CH][P]) bio‐ionic liquid. Specifically, the wear volume of the disc by [CH][P]‐0.1 ZIF‐67/GO is only 52% of the one lubricated by pure [CH][P]. Moreover, ZIF‐67/GO shows a long time, high dispersion stability in [CH][P]. In addition, the combination of GO nanosheets and ZIF‐67 can make ZIF‐67/GO have better polishing effect between the steels during the friction process, which can effectively form a robust lubrication layer and improves overall lubricating properties. As a result, the interfacial lubrication can be significantly improved by these newly developed [CH][P]‐ZIF‐67/GO lubricants. This work offers a new promising application for ZIF‐67 nanocomposites with GO in advanced lubrication systems. This work also provides a new strategy of producing lubricants containing nanoparticles with high dispersion stability, which may solve the biggest challenge in this field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
dispersion, graphene oxide, ionic liquids, lubrication, Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78232 (URN)10.1002/admi.201902194 (DOI)2-s2.0-85081747883 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-03-27 Created: 2020-03-27 Last updated: 2020-03-27
Roy, A., Mu, L. & Shi, Y. (2020). Tribological properties of polyimide coating filled with carbon nanotube at elevated temperatures. Polymer Composites
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tribological properties of polyimide coating filled with carbon nanotube at elevated temperatures
2020 (English)In: Polymer Composites, ISSN 0272-8397, E-ISSN 1548-0569Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This work mainly focuses on the development and characterization of polyimide (PI) based composite coatings filled with multi‐walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) on a steel substrate. The tribological properties of PI/MWCNT composite coatings at different temperatures ranging from room temperature (RT) to 200°C were investigated. Also, the influence of MWCNT and thermal & mechanical properties of PI composites coatings were measured. The addition of MWCNT could reduce the friction coefficient as well as wear volume at elevated temperatures. The PI/3MWCNT composites coatings show better wear‐resistant properties as compared to other composites. Also, the PI/MWCNT composites showed improved mechanical properties such as micro‐hardness and nanoindentation. Formation of an organic‐inorganic structure due to the inclusion of MWCNT, enhance the mechanical properties and reduce the thermo‐degradation of composites coatings. The glass transition temperature (Tg) of the PI/MWCNT composites was improved as the MWCNT content increases from 0.1 to 5 wt%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2020
Keywords
carbon nanotube, elevated temperature, PI coatings, tribological properties
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-78101 (URN)10.1002/pc.25564 (DOI)000517532900001 ()2-s2.0-85081035613 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2020-03-18 Created: 2020-03-18 Last updated: 2020-04-01
Roy, A., Mu, L. & Shi, Y. (2020). Tribological properties of polyimide-graphene composite coatings at elevated temperatures. Progress in organic coatings, 142, Article ID 105602.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tribological properties of polyimide-graphene composite coatings at elevated temperatures
2020 (English)In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 142, article id 105602Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper focuses on developing a polyamic acid (PAA) of polyimide (PI) and PI filled with graphene (PI/GP) on 100CR6 ESU hardened steel. The tribological testing result of the pure PI and PI/GP against 100Cr6 steel ball at room temperature (RT) and elevated temperatures (50 °C, 100 °C, 150 °C, 200 °C) exhibits that the addition of GP clearly enhances the friction reduction and wear-resistant properties of PI, due to the excellent lubricating properties of GP. The 3 wt % of GP content in the PI is the optimum loading for the lowest friction and wear at RT and elevated temperatures. The SEM analysis of the worn surfaces showed that the high wear-resistant of the PI/GP composite is due to the generation of the loose particles from the coating surfaces which could be embedded on the friction pairs and rolled over there as a lubrication film. Also, at 60 % weight residue the PI/3 G P showed the high decomposition temperature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Polyimide coating, Graphene, Tribological properties, Elevated temperature, Dry conditions
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77830 (URN)10.1016/j.porgcoat.2020.105602 (DOI)2-s2.0-85079673422 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-02-24 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-02-24 Created: 2020-02-24 Last updated: 2020-04-22Bibliographically approved
Dai, B., Zhu, W., Mu, L., Guo, X., Qian, H., Liang, X. & Kontogeorgis, G. (2019). Effect of the composition of biomass on the quality of syngas produced from thermochemical conversion based on thermochemical data prediction. Energy & Fuels, 33(6), 5253-5262
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of the composition of biomass on the quality of syngas produced from thermochemical conversion based on thermochemical data prediction
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2019 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 5253-5262Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Syngas produced from thermochemical conversion of biomass has been given more attention because it can be converted to a variety of fuels and chemicals as substitutes for petroleum-based chemicals via the Fischer–Tropsch process. In this study, one wheat straw and its element content fluctuation in the feasible range are selected as samples first to study the effect of the biomass composition on the quality of syngas produced. Then, the thermochemical data (standard molar enthalpy of formation, standard molar entropy, and heat capacity) of samples are predicted by highly accurate prediction models. Thermochemical conversions of the samples are simulated by the Gibbs energy minimization method based on the results of thermochemical data prediction. At last, the effect of the biomass composition on the resource index (amounts of CO and H2 and ratio of H2/CO) and energy index (lower heat value) of syngas is calculated and analyzed. This study provides a method to obtain the relationship between the composition of biomass and the quality of syngas produced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2019
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75269 (URN)10.1021/acs.energyfuels.9b00106 (DOI)000472800900054 ()2-s2.0-85067958903 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-07-09 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved
Wu, J., Mu, L., Feng, X., Lu, X., Larsson, R. & Shi, Y. (2019). Poly(alkylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide)-Based Polymerized Ionic Liquids: A Potential  High-Performance Lubricating Grease. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 6(5), Article ID 1801796.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poly(alkylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide)-Based Polymerized Ionic Liquids: A Potential  High-Performance Lubricating Grease
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2019 (English)In: Advanced Materials Interfaces, ISSN 2196-7350, Vol. 6, no 5, article id 1801796Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Polymers prepared from ionic liquids are widely called polymerized ionic liquids (PILs). Compared to monocationic and dicationic ILs, PILs have higher molecular weights, charge, and greater intermolecular interactions, which make PILs have a higher possibility to generate better lubricity. PILs of poly‐alkylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (PImC6NTf2) is studied herein. Dicationic ILs of 1,1′‐(pentane‐1,5‐diyl)‐bis(3‐butylimidazolium) bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (BIm5‐(NTf2)2) is used as additive to decrease the crystallization temperature of PImC6NTf2. Lubricity of PImC6NTf2 and PImC6NTf2+BIm5‐(NTf2)2, as well as BIm5‐(NTf2)2 for comparison is evaluated under severe conditions, i.e., 3.0 to 3.5 GPa and 200 °C. The rheological study suggests that PImC6NTf2 can be classified into grease. Tribological test results show that PImC6NTf2 has much better antiwear property than BIm5‐(NTf2)2, especially at 3.5 GPa. Adding 4% BIm5‐(NTf2)2 to PImC6NTf2 is able to reduce friction under high pressure. At 200 °C, PImC6NTf2 exhibits excellent lubricity. The mixture of 96%PImC6NTf2+4%BIm5‐(NTf2)2 shows even better antiwear property than neat PImC6NTf2 and exhibits the highest friction reducing property among the ILs at 200 °C. It is speculated that the robust strength of PILs and strong adhesion between PILs and solids are key factors in achieving the excellent antiwear property.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
Keywords
grease, high pressure and high temperature, lubricity, polymerized ionic liquids
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72623 (URN)10.1002/admi.201801796 (DOI)000460657100002 ()
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-03-11 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-01-18 Created: 2019-01-18 Last updated: 2019-06-14Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Ma, X., Guo, X., Chen, M., Ji, T., Hua, J., . . . Shi, Y. (2019). Structural strategies to design bio-ionic liquid: Tuning molecular interaction with lignin for enhanced lubrication. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 280, 49-57
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural strategies to design bio-ionic liquid: Tuning molecular interaction with lignin for enhanced lubrication
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Liquids, ISSN 0167-7322, E-ISSN 1873-3166, Vol. 280, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lignin strengthened ionic liquids (ILs) have shown high potential to be used as high performance green lubricants. Strengthened lignin-ILs molecular interaction is an effective approach to improve their lubrication properties. The molecular interactions of ILs’ cation and anion containing different functional groups with lignin and efficiency on the lubricating properties have rarely been studied yet. In this work, a series of novel green lubricants with dissolved lignin in [Choline][Amino Acid] ([CH][AA]), [Tetramethylammonium][Glycine] ([N 1111 ][Gly]) and [Tetrabutylammonium][Glycine] ([N 4444 ][Gly]) ILs have been synthesized and their tribological properties were systematically investigated. The longer alkyl chain in cation without reciprocal H-bond interaction between ILs’ cation and anion has the positive effect on the anti-wear properties. In addition, the less steric effect and more negative natural charges of amino acid anion synergistically contribute to the stronger H-bond interaction between lignin and choline base ILs, which enhances lubrication film strength and thus resulting in the better tribological property of ILs/lignin green lubricants. Specifically, the wear volume loss of the steel disc lubricated by [N 4444 ][Gly] with the addition of 15% lignin is only 12% of the one lubricated by pure [N 4444 ][Gly]. This work presents a method to tune molecular interaction between lignin and ILs via the structural design of ILs’ cation and anion, which are revealed as the key factor that bridges the individual components and improves overall lubricating properties. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Amino acid, Hydrogen bond, Ionic liquids, Lignin, Lubrication, Structure
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72933 (URN)10.1016/j.molliq.2019.02.022 (DOI)000464089800007 ()2-s2.0-85061426516 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-18 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-04-29Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Wu, J., Matsakas, L., Chen, M., Rova, U., Christakopoulos, P., . . . Shi, Y. (2019). Two important factors of selecting lignin as efficient lubricating additives in poly (ethylene glycol): Hydrogen bond and molecular weight. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 129, 564-570
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Two important factors of selecting lignin as efficient lubricating additives in poly (ethylene glycol): Hydrogen bond and molecular weight
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2019 (English)In: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, ISSN 0141-8130, E-ISSN 1879-0003, Vol. 129, p. 564-570Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Lignin, one of the most abundant natural polymers, has been successfully used as an effective lubricant additive with high value. The chemical structure of lignin is very diverse and strongly affected by both the source of lignin (i.e. plant species) and the lignin extraction process. In this work, a series of lignin from different biomass sources (hard or soft wood) and extraction process (organosolv with or without acid catalyst) has been successfully incorporated into poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and fortified lubricating properties were achieved. The effects of different lignin on the rheological, thermal and tribological properties of the lignin/EG lubricants were systematically investigated by different characterization techniques. Lignin in PEG significantly improves the lubricating property, where a wear reduction of 93.8% was observed. The thermal and lubrication properties of the PEG lubricants filled with different kinds of lignin are tightly related to the synergistic state of hydrogen bonding and molecular weight distribution. Lignin with broader molecular weight distribution and higher hydroxyl content shows better adhesion on metal surfaces and strengthened lubricating film, which could be used as the efficient lubricating additives. This work provides a criterion for selecting appropriate lignin as the efficient lubricant additive and accelerates the application of lignin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Lignin, Lubrication, Poly (ethylene glycol), Hydrogen bonding, Molecular weight
National Category
Bioprocess Technology Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements; Biochemical Process Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72899 (URN)10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.01.175 (DOI)000466621200058 ()2-s2.0-85061540788 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-20 (svasva)

Available from: 2019-02-14 Created: 2019-02-14 Last updated: 2019-06-18Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Wu, J., Matsakas, L., Chen, M., Vahidi, A., Grahn, M., . . . Shi, Y. (2018). Lignin from Hardwood and Softwood Biomass as a Lubricating Additive to Ethylene Glycol. Molecules, 23(3), Article ID 537.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lignin from Hardwood and Softwood Biomass as a Lubricating Additive to Ethylene Glycol
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2018 (English)In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 23, no 3, article id 537Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ethylene glycol (EG)-based lubricant was prepared with dissolved organosolv lignin from birch wood (BL) and softwood (SL) biomass. The effects of different lignin types on the rheological, thermal, and tribological properties of the lignin/EG lubricants were comprehensively investigated by various characterization techniques. Dissolving organosolv lignin in EG results in outstanding lubricating properties. Specifically, the wear volume of the disc by EG-44BL is only 8.9% of that lubricated by pure EG. The enhanced anti-wear property of the EG/lignin system could be attributed to the formation of a robust lubrication film and the strong adhesion of the lubricant on the contacting metal surface due to the presence of a dense hydrogen bonding (H-bonding) network. The lubricating performance of EG-BL outperforms EG-SL, which could be attributed to the denser H-bonding sites in BL and its broader molecular weight distribution. The disc wear loss of EG-44BL is only 45.7% of that lubricated by EG-44SL. Overall, H-bonding is the major contributor to the different tribological properties of BL and SL in EG-based lubricants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2018
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear) Bioprocess Technology Chemical Process Engineering
Research subject
Machine Elements; Biochemical Process Engineering; Chemical Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67800 (URN)10.3390/molecules23030537 (DOI)000428514100028 ()29495559 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85043353975 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-03-01 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-03-01 Created: 2018-03-01 Last updated: 2019-04-02Bibliographically approved
Mu, L., Shi, Y., Guo, X., Zhuang, W., Chen, L., Ji, T., . . . Zhu, J. (2017). Grafting Heteroelement-Rich Groups on Graphene Oxide: Tuning Polarity and Molecular Interaction with Bio-Ionic Liquid for Enhanced Lubrication. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 498, 47-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grafting Heteroelement-Rich Groups on Graphene Oxide: Tuning Polarity and Molecular Interaction with Bio-Ionic Liquid for Enhanced Lubrication
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 498, p. 47-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two different heteroelement-rich molecules have been successfully grafted on graphene oxide (GO) sheets which were then used as lubricant additives in bio-ionic liquid. The grafting was processed with reactions between GO sheets and synthesized heteroelement-rich molecules (Imidazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride and 1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl phosphonic dichloride, respectively). The modified GO (m-GO) was added into [Choline][Proline] ([CH][P]) bio-ionic liquid, and has been demonstrated effective additive in promoting lubrication. Different characterization techniques have been utilized to study the reaction between GO and the two modifiers. The effect of molecular structure of the modifiers on the rheological and tribological properties of m-GO/[CH][P] lubricants was systematically investigated. Both theoretical calculation and experimental results demonstrated that the introduced heteroelement-rich groups are beneficial to increase the robustness of lubrication film by intensified hydrogen bonding and enhance the lubricant/friction surface adhesion by increased polarity of the m-GO. As a result, the interfacial lubrication could be significantly improved by these newly developed m-GO/[CH][P] lubricants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62450 (URN)10.1016/j.jcis.2017.03.044 (DOI)000399855600005 ()28319840 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85015699247 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-23 (andbra)

Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-13 Last updated: 2019-02-22Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4893-0886

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