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Jamali, Maryam
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Eriksson, P. E., Jamali, M., Mendrok, J. & Buehler, S. (2015). On the microwave optical properties of randomly oriented ice hydrometeors (ed.). Paper presented at . Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(5), 1913-1933
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the microwave optical properties of randomly oriented ice hydrometeors
2015 (English)In: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, ISSN 1867-1381, E-ISSN 1867-8548, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 1913-1933Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Microwave remote sensing is important for observing the mass of ice hydrometeors. One of the main error sources of microwave ice mass retrievals is that approximations around the shape of the particles are unavoidable. One common approach to represent particles of irregular shape is the soft particle approximation (SPA). We show that it is possible to define a SPA that mimics mean optical particles of available reference data over narrow frequency ranges, considering a single observation technique at the time, but that SPA does not work in a broader context. Most critically, the required air fraction varies with frequency and application, as well as with particle size. In addition, the air fraction matching established density parameterisations results in far too soft particles, at least for frequencies above 90 GHz. That is, alternatives to SPA must be found. One alternative was recently presented by Geer and Baordo (2014). They used a subset of the same reference data and simply selected as "shape model" the particle type giving the best overall agreement with observations. We present a way to perform the same selection of a representative particle shape but without involving assumptions on particle size distribution and actual ice mass contents. Only an assumption on the occurrence frequency of different particle shapes is still required. Our analysis leads to the same selection of representative shape as found by Geer and Baordo (2014). In addition, we show that the selected particle shape has the desired properties at higher frequencies as well as for radar applications. Finally, we demonstrate that in this context the assumption on particle shape is likely less critical when using mass equivalent diameter to characterise particle size compared to using maximum dimension, but a better understanding of the variability of size distributions is required to fully characterise the advantage. Further advancements on these subjects are presently difficult to achieve due to a lack of reference data. One main problem is that most available databases of precalculated optical properties assume completely random particle orientation, while for certain conditions a horizontal alignment is expected. In addition, the only database covering frequencies above 340 GHz has a poor representation of absorption as it is based on outdated refractive index data as well as only covering particles having a maximum dimension below 2 mm and a single temperature

National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Atmospheric science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9329 (URN)10.5194/amt-8-1913-2015 (DOI)000355288900001 ()2-s2.0-84929224489 (Scopus ID)7ee04c9e-a3a0-45e5-a76c-dfb76f111b29 (Local ID)7ee04c9e-a3a0-45e5-a76c-dfb76f111b29 (Archive number)7ee04c9e-a3a0-45e5-a76c-dfb76f111b29 (OAI)
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150525 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved
Ekman, J., Antti, M.-L., Martin-Torres, J., Emami, R., Törlind, P., Kuhn, T., . . . Fakhardji, W. (2015). Projekt: Rymdforskarskolan. Paper presented at .
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Projekt: Rymdforskarskolan
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2015 (English)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The Graduate School of Space Technology

National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Other Materials Engineering Aerospace Engineering Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear) Chemical Process Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics; Engineering Materials; Atmospheric science; Onboard space systems; Product Innovation; Machine Elements; Chemical Technology; Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-36154 (URN)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (Local ID)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (Archive number)8c1c49e5-8fd1-4b50-992e-abd48bc5619c (OAI)
Note

Publikationer: Opportunities and Challenges for Additive Manufacturing in Space Applications; Status: Ongoing; Period: 01/01/2015 → …; End date: 31/12/2018

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2019-05-03Bibliographically approved
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