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Building information modeling and discrete event simulation: towards an integrated framework
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4695-5369
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5661-5237
2014 (English)In: Automation in Construction, ISSN 0926-5805, E-ISSN 1872-7891, Vol. 44, p. 73-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of a realistic Discrete Event Simulation (DES) model needs the complete specification of the interdependencies between activities and resources. Also, the maintenance of an existing DES model is challenging especially when changes in the logical relationships between activities, resource allocation and design need to be considered. The process of development and maintenance is time-consuming, error-prone and it restricts the application of DES within the construction industry. In this research, a Building Information Modeling (BIM) and DES framework is proposed to enable the implementation and integration of DES in the planning and follow-up of construction activities. The framework consists of: (1) A building information modeling process that exports material quantity take-offs, schedules and required resources to a relational database and (2) An intelligent simulation engine that automatically reads information from the database at the start of each simulation run. This implies that changes in the building information modeling process, such as design modification, different resource allocations and alternative construction methods can be explored without manually checking and re-formalizing the simulation model. A preliminary prototype has been developed using the proposed BIM-DES framework. The initial results show that the proposed BIM-DES framework reinforces both elements by providing valuable additional information. BIM provides the product and process information to DES, facilitating the building and maintenance of the DES model; the DES model evaluates the construction performances and provides valuable feedback to the BIM process for decision support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 44, p. 73-83
Keywords [en]
BIM, DES, change, intelligence, maintenance, Civil engineering and architecture - Building engineering
Keywords [sv]
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik och arkitektur - Byggnadsteknik
National Category
Construction Management
Research subject
Construction Engineering and Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-15755DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2014.04.001ISI: 000338818100008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84899618073Local ID: f4cf0a66-72df-435d-93c1-923a302c4b5aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-15755DiVA, id: diva2:988730
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140407 (welu)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09265805

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Lu, WeizhuoOlofsson, Thomas

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