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Microstructure of NiAl-Ta-Cr in situ alloyed by induction-assisted laser-based directed energy deposition
Department of Additive Manufacturing and Printing, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany; Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering, TUD Dresden University of Technology, Helmholtzstr. 7, 01069 Dresden, Germany.
Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering, TUD Dresden University of Technology, Helmholtzstr. 7, 01069 Dresden, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1371-593X
Department of Additive Manufacturing and Printing, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany; Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering, TUD Dresden University of Technology, Helmholtzstr. 7, 01069 Dresden, Germany.
Department of Additive Manufacturing and Printing, Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology, Winterbergstraße 28, 01277 Dresden, Germany.
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2024 (English)In: Materials & design, ISSN 0264-1275, E-ISSN 1873-4197, Vol. 238, article id 112667Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of new high temperature materials for coatings as well as structural components is an important topic to contribute to a higher efficiency and sustainability of e.g. gas turbine engines. One promising new class of high temperature materials are NiAl-based alloys. Within this study, the microstructure and microhardness of NiAl-Ta-Cr alloys with varying Cr and Ta content were investigated. Graded specimens were fabricated by laser-based directed energy deposition utilizing an in situ alloying approach by mixing elemental Ta and Cr as well as pre-alloyed NiAl powder. Thermodynamic calculations were performed to design the alloy compositions beforehand. Inductive preheating of the substrate was used to counter the challenge of cracking due to the high brittleness. The results show that the cracking decreases with increasing preheating temperature. However, even at 700 °C, the cracking cannot be fully eliminated. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron backscatter diffraction revealed the formation of the phases B2-NiAl, A2-Cr and C14-NiAlTa within NiAl-Ta and NiAl-Cr alloys. For NiAl-Ta-Cr compositions, deviations regarding the phase formation between calculation and experiment were observed. Maximum hardness values were achieved within the NiAl-Ta and NiAl-Ta-Cr systems for the eutectic compositions at 14 at.-% Ta with maximum values above 900 HV0.1.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2024. Vol. 238, article id 112667
Keywords [en]
Additive manufacturing, Advanced materials, Direct energy deposition, In situ alloying, Intermetallics, Nickel aluminide
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Research subject
Manufacturing Systems Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104289DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2024.112667Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85183602891OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-104289DiVA, id: diva2:1837880
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-02 (joosat);

Funder: German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG), (457729030);

Full text license: CC BY-NC-ND

Available from: 2024-02-15 Created: 2024-02-15 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Brueckner, Frank

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