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Managing exploration and exploitation in construction projects
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1746-2637
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och -produktion.
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings for 7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation / [ed] Ole Jonny Klakegg, Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013, s. 451-460Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

Prior research has shown that companies in various industrial contexts need to achieve both exploitation of current knowledge and technologies to make profits today, and exploration of new knowledge and technologies to adapt to changing conditions and prepare for tomorrow’s demands. The capacity to achieve both exploration and exploitation is especially problematic in project based organizations due to projects’ discontinuous nature. In spite of its theoretical and practical importance, research on exploration and exploitation in projects and project-based organizations is scarce. The purpose of this study is to investigate how exploration and exploitation is managed in construction projects. Empirical data was collected through a multiple case study involving interviews with the client’s project manager, the contractor’s project manager, and the design manager in seven construction projects. Tentative findings show that the project actors often focus more on exploitation than on exploration although they acknowledge the importance of exploration too. However, exploitation often involves adopting conventional methods and solutions based on existing knowledge without any development efforts. Time constraints in tight schedules are hindering both radical innovations and continuous developments. The findings also reveal that explorative solutions must be possible to exploit in the same project. Sufficient project size and/or long-term contracts over a series of projects therefore enhance both investments in explorative activities and exploitation through continuous developments from project to project. Exploration activities are mostly performed in early stages while the focus on exploitation strengthens as the project proceeds. Exploration is often conducted by the contractor or by the client, consultant and contractor together. Hence, in design-bid-build contracts the client and consultant often miss opportunities to explore new technical solutions. Early contractor involvement, (e.g. in Design-build contracts) thereby enable the achievement of both exploration and exploitation

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013. s. 451-460
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Entreprenörskap och innovation; Byggproduktion
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-37903Lokal ID: c181235c-3c52-4cee-8411-816b68a2cca5ISBN: 9788232102730 (digital)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-37903DiVA, id: diva2:1011401
Konferanse
Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization : 12/06/2013 - 14/06/2013
Merknad
Godkänd; 2013; 20130909 (pererik)Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-10-03 Laget: 2016-10-03 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-25bibliografisk kontrollert

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Totalt: 46 treff
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