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Selecting local constraint for alignment of batch process data with dynamic time warping
DTU Compute, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby.
Chr. Hansen A/S, Hvidovre.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi. DTU Compute, Technical University of Denmark.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-4222-9631
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems, ISSN 0169-7439, E-ISSN 1873-3239, Vol. 167, s. 161-170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

There are two key reasons for aligning batch process data. The first is to obtain same-length batches so that standard methods of analysis may be applied, whilst the second reason is to synchronise events that take place during each batch so that the same event is associated with the same observation number for every batch. Dynamic time warping has been shown to be an effective method for meeting these objectives. This is based on a dynamic programming algorithm that aligns a batch to a reference batch, by stretching and compressing its local time dimension. The resulting ”warping function” may be interpreted as a progress signature of the batch which may be appended to the aligned data for further analysis. For the warping function to be a realistic reflection of the progress of a batch, it is necessary to impose some constraints on the dynamic time warping algorithm, to avoid an alignment which is too aggressive and which contains pathological warping. Previous work has focused on addressing this issue using global constraints. In this work, we investigate the use of local constraints in dynamic time warping and define criteria for evaluating the degree of time distortion and variable synchronisation obtained. A local constraint scheme is extended to include constraints not previously considered, and a novel method for selecting the optimal local constraint with respect to the two criteria is proposed. For illustration, the method is applied to real data from an industrial bacteria fermentation process.

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Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 167, s. 161-170
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-63575DOI: 10.1016/j.chemolab.2017.05.019ISI: 000408790200019Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020743125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-63575DiVA, id: diva2:1099091
Merknad

Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-06-16 (rokbeg)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-05-29 Laget: 2017-05-29 Sist oppdatert: 2018-07-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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