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The Fundamentals of Policy Crowdsourcing
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Industriell Ekonomi.
School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University.
Department of Business Information Systems, Central Michigan University.
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Policy & Internet, ISSN 1944-2866, E-ISSN 1944-2866, Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 340-361Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

What is the state of the research on crowdsourcing for policymaking? This article begins to answer this question by collecting, categorizing, and situating an extensive body of the extant research investigating policy crowdsourcing, within a new framework built on fundamental typologies from each field. We first define seven universal characteristics of the three general crowdsourcing techniques (virtual labor markets, tournament crowdsourcing, open collaboration), to examine the relative trade-offs of each modality. We then compare these three types of crowdsourcing to the different stages of the policy cycle, in order to situate the literature spanning both domains. We finally discuss research trends in crowdsourcing for public policy and highlight the research gaps and overlaps in the literature

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 7, nr 3, s. 340-361
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Industriell marknadsföring
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-4297DOI: 10.1002/poi3.102ISI: 000214136000005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84941177145Lokal ID: 239d8522-3049-489f-b81d-29abdd7edce7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-4297DiVA, id: diva2:977161
Merknad
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 1; 20150820 (andbra)Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-29 Laget: 2016-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2018-07-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Specifying and Operationalizing an Organizational Theory of Crowdsourcing
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Specifying and Operationalizing an Organizational Theory of Crowdsourcing
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Despite rapid developments across multiple areas of research and practice, an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing has yet to emerge.

Objectives: Therefore, this thesis has two major objectives; 1) specify the boundaries, constructs, and relationships of an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing, and 2) begin the theoretical validation process by operationalizing the theory for new exploratory, explanatory, and conceptual research.

Methods: In respect to the first objective, an organizational-level theory of Crowdsourcing is created through inductive processes based upon observations of the real-world, and the extant organizational literature. In respect to the second objective, a mixed-methods research design is implemented to present three separate studies that use the theoretical perspective as a lens to operationalize new exploratory, explanatory, and conceptual Crowdsourcing research.

Results: The Crowd Capital perspective is introduced, and defines three new constructs for the Crowdsourcing research; Dispersed Knowledge, Crowd Capability, and Crowd Capital. Crowd Capital theory is shown to be a valid theoretical contribution in the management research by illustrating the perspective’s incremental originality and scientific utility.

Conclusion: The thesis develops and validates an organizational-level theory explaining how and why organizations implement Crowdsourcing, and through the exploratory and explanatory operationalizations of the Crowd Capital perspective, this work contributes to the empirical knowledge-base in the Crowdsourcing research. Further, this thesis contributes methodologically by illustrating and implementing a mixed-methods research design for theory validation in the Crowdsourcing research, while also supplying managers and executives with detailed guidance on the trade-offs inherent to the different modalities of Crowdsourcing.

Thesis Organization: This thesis is organized in a monograph format comprised of eight chapters; 1) Introduction, 2) Literature review, 3) Theoretical model, 4) Methodology, 5) Exploratory research, 6) Explanatory research, 7) Conceptual research, and 8) Conclusion. As an outcome of this thesis, three journal articles and five conference proceedings have been accepted in peer-reviewed outlets1, and the author has been awarded a mini-track about Crowdsourcing at one of the most prestigious conferences in the field. The articles and the conference mini-track details are listed in Appendix A & B at the end of the dissertation.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Emneord
crowdsourcing, organizations, theory specification, theory operationalization, theory validation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Industriell marknadsföring
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62985 (URN)978-91-7583-876-2 (ISBN)978-91-7583-877-9 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-06-09, A109, Luleå, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-04-13 Laget: 2017-04-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-04-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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