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The Role of Pilot and Demonstration Plants in Technology Development and Innovation Policy
Chalmers University of Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Division of Environmental Systems Analysis.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8103-2519
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Samhällsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2264-7043
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Innovation och Design.
Rekke forfattare: 42016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1743-1761Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Pilot- and demonstration plants (PDPs) represent bridges between generating basic knowledge and technological breakthroughs on the one hand, and industrial applications and commercial adoption on the other. This paper reports on a longitudinal study of how two technological fields that received significant public funding evolved—biochemical conversion of biomass and thermal conversion of black liquor. In doing so, this study makes two contributions. First, it provides a framework for analyzing the roles of various types of PDPs in developing new technology. The framework highlights the learning processes taking place at and around these plants and how they contribute to reducing different types of risks. It also elaborates on the importance of actor networks and institutional preconditions, and how both network performance and institutions can be influenced through various strategies. Second, the article contributes with new insights into the challenges of innovation policy in a PDP context. A policy mix is often required because policy cannot be considered meaningfully at a single level of government and will therefore be influenced heavily by limited foresight and politics (both nationally and locally). Therefore, policy must address both the need for parallel and iterative public funding of R&D and different types of plants, as well as attempts to directly influence collaborative processes in actor networks.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2016. Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1743-1761
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Entreprenörskap och innovation; Nationalekonomi; Effektiv innovation och organisation (FOI)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5576DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2016.05.005ISI: 000383931900008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84973904837Lokal ID: 3b61070c-5fae-458e-b2a2-390b0c5eb19cOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5576DiVA, id: diva2:978450
Merknad

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 2016-10-14 (andbra)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-29 Laget: 2016-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2018-07-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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