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Exploring creativity management of design for additive manufacturing
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8760-9139
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik, konst och samhälle, Människa och teknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8992-9470
2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, ISSN 2165-0349, E-ISSN 2165-0357, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 217-235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

While many argue that Additive Manufacturing (AM) opens up new possibilities in design due to its higher degree of design freedom, it is also suggested that it can increase creativity in product design. It has been further proposed that creative outcomes are limited by the imagination of the designer: designers are often asked to take full advantage of the new design potentials given by AM, yet without having the supports that are needed to increase their creativity. Current literature focuses neither on supporting creative perspectives in Design for AM (DfAM) nor on how to manage the higher degree of design freedom that can be present. As a consequence of this noticeable gap in the literature, this paper continue to explore what areas that need to be considered in creativity management, to fully support designers in utilising their creative abilities in relation to AM in design. The paper proceeds through a literature study on creativity in DfAM and presents a case study with experienced designers who are just starting to work with AM in their design practices. This paper contributes to the field with the notion of a creativity layer laid upon DfAM, visualized by three characteristics of creativity (expertise, creative thinking skills and motivation) drawn from previous research. This results in three concrete propositions of areas that need to be considered in future research on how to include a creativity management perspective in DfAM.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Taylor & Francis, 2021. Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 217-235
Nyckelord [en]
Additive Manufacturing, Creativity Management, Creative Perspectives, Product Innovation, Design for Additive Manufacturing
Nationell ämneskategori
Design
Forskningsämne
Produktinnovation; Industriell design
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86452DOI: 10.1080/21650349.2021.1951359ISI: 000673218500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85110759840OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-86452DiVA, id: diva2:1581823
Anmärkning

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-01-11 (johcin);

Funder: Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (Vols 10240897), LTU Graduate School of Space Technology, EU project RIT (Space for Innovation and Growth)

Tillgänglig från: 2021-07-26 Skapad: 2021-07-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-02-16Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Creativity in Design for Additive Manufacturing
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Creativity in Design for Additive Manufacturing
2023 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Additive Manufacturing (AM) brings opportunities to create designs with complex geometries that would be impossible or very difficult to produce using conventional manufacturing technologies. While AM is widely seen as a means to increase the creativity of designers and thus innovation within organisations, there is a lack of understanding of how designers can manage their creativity while working with Design for Additive Manufacturing (DfAM). In this thesis, designers are suggested to engage in individual creativity management, which refers to a system of practices and methods for managing creativity in design practices. Ultimately, designers may need to adopt a new set of practices and methods when designing for AM. Although it is often argued that AM brings a higher degree of design freedom that allows them to ‘think outside the box’, this freedom is not limitless as AM comes with its own set of boundaries in design. It can also be difficult for designers to grasp the new limitations and possibilities offered by this manufacturing technology and to incorporate them into their design work. There are a wide range of DfAM tools, methods and frameworks available, all with different emphases, making it difficult for designers to discern directions for managing their creative work. The purpose of the research presented in this thesis is to advance the understanding of creativity in DfAM. This thesis adopts an iterative approach to qualitative research based on empirical data and literature studies. Empirical data comes from five cases across the three studies reported in the six appended papers. The majority of the collected empirical data has been gathered through semi-structured interviews designed to capture the experiences and viewpoints of designers working creatively in DfAM. Three of the cases have also been studied in a longitudinal study, providing an in-depth understanding of the progress of DfAM for each design.

Based on the studies, a framework for creativity in DfAM is proposed. This framework is intended to assist designers in nurturing their creative abilities while adapting to working with AM. Initially, three important components of creativity in DfAM were identified: motivation, creative thinking, and expertise. Furthermore, three key characteristics that influence the designer in managing their creativity were then identified for each of these components. AM motivation concerns the individual designer’s goals and values in adopting AM, as well as the influence of the incentive to adopt AM within the design team, the organisation, and the industry as a whole. Three key characteristics of creativity management related to motivation were derived: collaboration, freedom for learning and defining DfAM boundaries. AM creative thinking concerns the need to reach a creative solution fit for AM. Here, the three key characteristics the visionary, realistic and analytic perspectives are derived. AM expertise is covered by both AM knowledge and AM experience. Here, the three key characteristics were identified as the knowledge domains: materials, machine and process and design.

The framework presented in this thesis highlights key characteristics of creativity in DfAM and is intended to assist designers in managing their own creativity when working in additive manufacturing. The framework may help individual designers to reach their full creative potential during the adoption of AM. The identification of key characteristics also contributes to the research areas product development in engineering design, design for additive manufacturing (DfAM), and creativity in design. All three of these research areas may well benefit from the results presented in this thesis, providing a greater understanding of creativity when applied to design for additive manufacturing.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2023
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Nyckelord
DfAM, Creativity in Design, AM
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Forskningsämne
Produktinnovation
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95640 (URN)978-91-8048-268-4 (ISBN)978-91-8048-269-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2023-04-21, A109, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2023-02-16 Skapad: 2023-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-04-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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Lindwall, AngelicaWikberg Nilsson, Åsa

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