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Automated Control Configuration Selection Considering System Uncertainties
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system. Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kufa, Najaf, Iraq.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7598-4815
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9992-7791
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Signaler och system.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5888-8626
Antal upphovsmän: 32017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, E-ISSN 1520-5045, Vol. 56, nr 12, s. 3347-3359Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper proposes an automated pairing approach for configuration selection of decentralized controllers which considers system uncertainties. Following the Relative Interaction Array (RIA) pairing rules, the optimal control configuration, i.e. the configuration that fits best the pairing rules, is obtained automatically by formulating the control configuration selection problem as an Assignment Problem (AP). In this AP, the associated costs related to each input-output pairing are given by the RIA coefficients. The Push-Pull algorithm is used to solve the AP for the nominal system and to obtain the set of costs for which the resulting configuration remains optimal, also called the perturbation set. The introduction of uncertainty bounds on the RIA-based costs enables the testing of the possible violation of the optimality conditions. Examples to illustrate the proposed approach for a 3×3 system and 4×4 gasifier plant are given.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017. Vol. 56, nr 12, s. 3347-3359
Nationell ämneskategori
Reglerteknik
Forskningsämne
Reglerteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-62421DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b04035ISI: 000398248000021Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85019961627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-62421DiVA, id: diva2:1080714
Projekt
OPTi Optimisation of District Heating Cooling systems, OPTiIntegrated Process Control based on Distributed In-Situ Sensors into Raw Material and Energy Feedstock, DISIRE
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horisont 2020, 649796EU, Horisont 2020, 636834VINNOVA
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2017; Nivå 2; 2017-03-29 (rokbeg)

Tillgänglig från: 2017-03-10 Skapad: 2017-03-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Selection of Decentralized Control Configuration for Uncertain Systems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Selection of Decentralized Control Configuration for Uncertain Systems
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Industrial processes nowadays involve hundreds or more of variables to be maintained within predefined ranges to achieve the production demands. However, the lack of accurate models and practical tools to design controllers for such large processes motivate the engineers/practitioners to break the processes down into smaller subsystems and applying decentralized controllers.

In contrast to the centralized controller, the decentralized controller is favourable in large-scale systems due to its robustness against loop failures and model uncertainties as well as being easier to tune and update. Yet, two steps are required prior to synthesizing these single-input single-output (SISO) controllers that comprise the decentralized controller. In the first step, a set of manipulated and the controlled variables need to be selected while the second step deals with pairing these variables to close the SISO control loops in a manner that limits the interaction between the loops. The latter step, called "input-output pairing", is usually performed by means of interaction measures (IM) tools using a nominal system model. Taking model uncertainties into consideration when deciding the pairing selection of the decentralized controller is necessary since adopting the pairing based on the nominal system model might be misleading and resulting in poor system performance or instability. It is therefore essential to have tools indicating the extent to which the pairing based on the nominal model persists against gain variations due to uncertainties.

The work in this thesis presents a methodology that determines whether the effect of gain uncertainty would invalidate the selected pairing. This has been done following the definition of the most established IM tool used in the industry, the relative gain array (RGA), and some of its variants. Further, a procedure has been developed to automatically obtain the optimal input-output pairing by formulating the pairing rules of relative interaction array (RIA) method as an \textit{assignment problem} (AP), and thus, simplifying the pairing selection for large-scale systems. Thereafter, uncertainty bounds of the RIA elements are employed to validate the pairing selection under the effect of given variations of the system gain. Moreover, following the RIA pairing rules, a method is proposed to calculate a minimum amount of uncertainty that renders a perturbed system for which the pairing, obtained from the nominal system model, becomes invalid.

In the aforementioned methodologies, a parametric system model is assumed to be known. To relax this constraint, an approach is therefore proposed and evaluated which identifies the pairing of the decentralized controller directly from the input-output data. This approach has the advantage of exempting the user from deriving a complete parametric model of the plant to decide the input-output pairing, and hence saves the efforts by finding the parameters of the most significant subsystems in a multivariable system. The frequency response of the system and its covariance, and subsequently the dynamic RGA (DRGA) and corresponding uncertainty bounds, are estimated from the input-output data by employing a nonparametric system identification approach. 

In short, the work presented in this thesis provides beneficial methodologies for researchers in academia as well as engineers in industry to predict the influence of the system gain uncertainty on the pairing selection of decentralized controllers.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier Reglerteknik
Forskningsämne
Reglerteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67649 (URN)978-91-7790-053-5 (ISBN)978-91-7790-054-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-04-10, A109, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-14 Skapad: 2018-02-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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