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Efficient numerical simulations on the forest barrier for seismic wave attenuation: engineering safe constructions
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China; Department of Civil Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and IT, Amran University, Amran, Yemen.
School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia; Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and IT, Amran University, Amran, Yemen.
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and IT, Amran University, Amran, Yemen.
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2024 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Built Environment, E-ISSN 2297-3362, Vol. 10, artikel-id 1301049Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper aims to elucidate the clear visibility of attenuating seismic waves (SWs) with forest trees as natural metamaterials known as forest metamaterials (FMs) arranged in a periodic pattern around the protected area. In analyzing the changeability of the FM models, five distinct cases of “metawall” configurations were considered. Numerical simulations were conducted to study the characteristics of bandgaps (BGs) and vibration modes for each model. The finite element method (FEM) was used to illustrate the generation of BGs in low frequency ranges. The commercial finite element code COMSOL Multiphysics 5.4a was adopted to carry out the numerical analysis, utilizing the sound cone method and the strain energy method. Wide BGs were generated for the Bragg scattering BGs and local resonance BGs owing to the gradual variations in tree height and the addition of a vertical load in the form of mass to simulate the tree foliage. The results were promising and confirmed the applicability of FEM based on the parametric design language ANSYS 17.2 software to apply the boundary conditions of the proposed models at frequencies below 100 Hz. The effects of the mechanical properties of the six layers of soil and the geometric parameters of FMs were studied intensively. Unit cell layouts and an engineered configuration for arranging FMs based on periodic theory to achieve significant results in controlling ground vibrations, which are valuable for protecting a large number of structures or an entire city, are recommended. Prior to construction, protecting a region and exerting control over FM characteristics are advantageous. The results exhibited the effect of the ‘trees’ upper portion (e.g., leaves, crown, and lateral bulky branches) and the gradual change in tree height on the width and position of BGs, which refers to the attenuation mechanism. Low frequency ranges of less than 100 Hz were particularly well suited for attenuating SWs with FMs. However, an engineering method for a safe city construction should be proposed on the basis of the arrangement of urban trees to allow for the shielding of SWs in specific frequency ranges.

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Frontiers Media S.A., 2024. Vol. 10, artikel-id 1301049
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104864DOI: 10.3389/fbuil.2024.1301049Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85188241040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-104864DiVA, id: diva2:1847023
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Validerad;2024;Nivå 1;2024-03-26 (hanlid);

Funder: Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University (PSAU/2023/R/1444); Beijing Municipal Education Commission; Islamic University of Madinah, Saudi Arabia;

Full text license: CC BY

Tillgänglig från: 2024-03-26 Skapad: 2024-03-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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