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Development of guidelines for the vacuum infusion process
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6958-5508
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1033-0244
Luleå tekniska universitet.
2000 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Fibre Reinforced Composites, FRC 2000: Centre for Composite Materials Engineering, University of Newcastle, UK, 13 - 15 September 2000 / [ed] A. G. Gibson, Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Materials , 2000, p. 113-120Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The current trend towards increased use of vacuum infusion moulding for large surface area parts has increased the interest for an advanced modelling of the process. This paper presents a detailed experimental investigation of laminate thickness and out-of-plane flow front shape during impregnation of high permeability reinforcement on top of a non-crimp fabric reinforcement lay-up. The goal with the experiments is to increase the understanding of the process and to provide accurate data that can later be used for validation of numerical models. The laminate thickness was measured during impregnation with a stereoscopic digital speckle photography system and the flow front shape was determined by tracking of colour marks in the stacking. The laminate lay-ups studied are different combinations of non-crimp fabrics and flow layers while the resin used was a polyester developed specifically for vacuum infusion moulding. Results are presented both for the instantaneous thickness and the flow front shape for several different material combinations. It was found that the skewness of the flow front became more pronounced with increasing number of flow layers when the number of non-crimp fabric layers was kept constant. As a first step towards a complete numerical model of the impregnation process a simplified model for the compressibility and a proven model for permeability was implemented in a commercial CFD package that can handle moving boundaries and moving flow fronts. Only a qualitative comparison with experiments was done but the conclusion was that the overall behaviour of the model was encouraging. A validation of the numerical model based on the measurements in this paper is under development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing Materials , 2000. p. 113-120
National Category
Energy Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Energy Engineering; Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31099Local ID: 529a4f00-a0b9-11db-8975-000ea68e967bISBN: 1-85573-550-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-31099DiVA, id: diva2:1004329
Conference
International Conference on Fibre Reinforced Composites : 13/09/2000 - 15/09/2000
Note
Godkänd; 2000; 20070105 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2017-11-25Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, MagnusGebart, RikardLundström, Staffan

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